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North Battleford is a city in west-central
Saskatchewan ("From Many Peoples Strength") , image_map = Saskatchewan in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English language, English , capital = Regina, S ...
, Canada. It is the seventh largest city in the province and is directly across the
North Saskatchewan River The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that flows from the Canadian Rockies continental divide east to central Saskatchewan, where it joins with the South Saskatchewan River to make up the Saskatchewan River. Its water flows eventuall ...

North Saskatchewan River
from the Town of
Battleford Battleford ( 2011 population 4,065) is a small town located across the North Saskatchewan River The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that flows from the Canadian Rockies continental divide east to central Saskatchewan, where it ...
. Together, the two communities are known as "The Battlefords". North Battleford borders the Rural Municipality of North Battleford No. 437, as well as the North Battleford Crown Colony (
census subdivision The census geographic units of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), con ...
). The Battlefords are served by the
Yellowhead Highway The Yellowhead Highway (french: Route Yellowhead) is a major interprovincial highway in Western Canada that runs from Winnipeg to Graham Island off the coast of British Columbia via Saskatoon and Edmonton. It stretches across the four western ...
and Highway 4, Highway 26, Highway 29, and Highway 40. Battlefords Provincial Park is north on Highway 4.


History

For thousands of years prior to European settlement, succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples lived in the area. The Battlefords area (including the present city of North Battleford and town of
Battleford Battleford ( 2011 population 4,065) is a small town located across the North Saskatchewan River The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that flows from the Canadian Rockies continental divide east to central Saskatchewan, where it ...
) was home to several historic indigenous groups, including the Algonquian-speaking Cree and
Blackfeet The Blackfeet Nation, officially named the Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana, is a federally recognized tribe of Blackfoot Confederacy, Siksikaitsitapi people with an Indian reservation in Montana. Tribal member ...
as well as
Siouan Siouan or Siouan–Catawban is a language family A language family is a group of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relation with ...
Assiniboine The Assiniboine or Assiniboin people ( when singular, Assiniboines / Assiniboins when plural; Ojibwe The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe The Anishinaabe are a group of culturally related Indigenous peoples re ...
First Nation The First Nations (french: Premières Nations ) are groups of indigenous peoples in Canada, Canadian indigenous peoples, who are classified as distinct from the Inuit and Métis. Traditionally, the First Nations were peoples who lived south of ...
band government In Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any st ...
s, who contested for control of local resources. Early European settlement began as a result of fur trading by French colonists in the late 18th century. The Canadians founded Fort Montaigne d'Aigle (Eagle Hills Fort) nine miles below the confluence of the Saskatchewan and
Battle River Battle River is a river in central Alberta ("Strong and free") , image_map = Alberta in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English , capital ...
s in 1778. A year later the fort was abandoned following conflict between traders and natives. Permanent European settlement in the area centred around the town of Battleford, founded 1875 and located on the south side of the
North Saskatchewan River The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river that flows from the Canadian Rockies continental divide east to central Saskatchewan, where it joins with the South Saskatchewan River to make up the Saskatchewan River. Its water flows eventuall ...

North Saskatchewan River
. Battleford served as capital of the
North-West Territories The Northwest Territories (commonly abbreviated as NT or NWT; french: Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal provinces and territories of Canada, territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it ...
between 1876 and 1883. In 1905, the construction of the
Canadian Northern Railway The Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR) was a historic Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories o ...
main line to Edmonton placed the line on the north side of the North Saskatchewan River. North Battleford, built along the railway line, was incorporated as a village in 1906, as a town in 1907, and as a city (with a population of 5,000) in 1913. The
Assyrians Assyrian may refer to: * Assyria, a major Mesopotamian kingdom and empire * Assyrian people, an ethnic group indigenous to the Middle East * Assyrian Church (disambiguation) * Assyrian language (disambiguation) * SS Assyrian, SS ''Assyrian'', seve ...
were one of the first settlers of the area in and around North Battleford. The immigrant colony comprised 36 men and a few women from the town of
Urmia Urmia or Orumiyeh ( fa, ارومیه, ;Variously transliterated Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script Script may refer to: Writing systems * Script, a distinctive writing system, based on a repertoire of sp ...

Urmia
in northwestern Persia. It was established in 1903 by Dr. Isaac Adams, an Assyrian Presbyterian missionary. In 1907, 40 more settlers arrived. Eventually, due to economic hardships, Dr. Isaac Adams and a few close relatives emigrated to
Turlock, California Turlock is a city in Stanislaus County, California, United States. Its estimated 2019 population of 73,631 made it the second-largest city in Stanislaus County after Modesto, California, Modesto. History Founded on December 22, 1871, by prom ...
. The descendants of the families who remained in North Battleford have names that are Assyrian in origin. Examples of Assyrian family names include Bakus, Essau, and Odishaw. Population growth stagnated until the 1940s and then grew to approximately 10,000 by the 1960s. The city has grown into an administrative centre and service hub for the economic, education, health and social needs of the region. The Latter Rain Revival, a Christian movement, started here in 1946–48.


Historic sites

A number of heritage buildings are located within the city. The North Battleford Public Library was built in 1916 with a $15,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation of New York. and the Canadian National Railways Station was built in 1956.


Demographics

North Battleford has Census data as a city, as a population centre which includes the town of Battleford and as a metropolitan area. In the Canada Census of 2011 the city had a population of 13,888, the population centre had 17,595 (the fifth largest in Saskatchewan) and the metropolitan area had 19,216. Assyrians from the
Urmia Plain Urmia Plain (Persian language, Persian: جلگه ارومیه, Azerbaijani language, Azerbaijani: Urmu düzü) is a region in the West Azerbaijan Province of Iran. It lies between Lake Urmia to the east, and the Turkish border to the west. It conta ...
s of Iran (West Azerbaijan province) refounded the town in 1906 with 75 people, growing now to around 1-200 presumably. In the late 2000s many
Ruthenians Ruthenians and Ruthenes ( la, Rutheni) are exonyms An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Sou ...
have emigrated to Canada, concentrating in North Battleford. Most of them came from the same town:
Ruski Krstur 250px, The Uniate cathedral. Ruski Krstur ( Serbian Cyrillic: Руски Крстур; Rusyn: Руски Керестур) is a village in Vojvodina Vojvodina ( ) is an autonomous province that occupies the northernmost part of Serbia. It lie ...
.


Crime rate

In 2018, ''
Maclean's ''Maclean's'' is a Canadian news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a ca ...
'' ranked North Battleford as Canada's most dangerous place for overall crime. The prior year, ''Maclean's'' published an article about this, ''Canada’s most dangerous place, North Battleford, is fighting for its future'', discussing the safety initiatives planned by the community. After the article was published, Mayor Ryan Bater said:
The reality is we require the provincial and federal levels of government to take notice of this and align their efforts with ours. This needs to be a partnership. This can’t be something the governments do in silos and we need to be working together. If we can do that, then sometime in the future we can see some great results.http://battlefordsnow.com/article/586628/nb-reacts-article-calling-city-most-dangerous-canada
City Manager Jim Puffalt added that the per person index may not be accurate because the population data does not consider the numerous transients, estimated at just over 14,000. In his view, the city has roughly 30,000 people at any time. "If you put our rates over 30,000 people we wouldn’t be number one n the Maclean's study" he said.


Climate

North Battleford experiences a
humid continental climate A humid continental climate is a climatic Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. More rigorously, it is the mean and variability of meteorological variables over a time spanning from months t ...
(
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
'' Dfb''). The average high during the end of July is and the average low is . For the middle of January the average high is and the average low is . The highest temperature ever recorded in North Battleford was on 13 July 2002. The coldest temperature ever recorded was on 1 February 1893 and 12 January 1916.


Attractions

North Battleford is the home of one of four branches of the
Saskatchewan Western Development Museum The Western Development Museum is a network of four museums in Saskatchewan, Canada preserving and recording the social and economic development of the Provinces and territories of Canada, province. The museum has branches in Moose Jaw, North Batt ...
. This branch focuses on the
agricultural Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors su ...

agricultural
history of Saskatchewan, including a pioneer village. A prominent feature is the former
Saskatchewan Wheat Pool The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool was a grain handling, agri-food processing and marketing company based in Regina, Saskatchewan Regina () is the capital city of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The city is the second-largest in the provinc ...
grain elevator No. 889 from Keatley, Saskatchewan. The
grain elevator A grain elevator is an agrarian facility complex designed to stockpile or store grain. In the grain trade, the term "grain elevator" also describes a tower containing a bucket elevator or a pneumatic conveyor, which scoops up grain from a lower ...
was moved to the museum grounds in 1983. The city also has the
Allen Sapp Allen Sapp, Order of Canada, OC, Saskatchewan Order of Merit, SOM (January 2, 1928 – December 29, 2015) was a Canadian Cree painter, who resided in North Battleford, Saskatchewan. His art and his story have become well known throughout Canada. H ...
Gallery, featuring a noted
Cree The Cree ( cr, Néhinaw, script=Latn, , etc.; french: link=no, Cri) are a North American Indigenous people. They live primarily in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Can ...

Cree
painter.


Sports and recreation

The , a 2,500-seat multi-purpose
arena An arena is a large enclosed platform, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theatre Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to prese ...

arena
, is home to the
Battlefords North Stars The Battlefords North Stars are a junior ice hockey#Junior A, Junior "A" ice hockey team based in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada, that plays in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. The teams was founded in 1973 as the Battleford Barons ...
ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact Contact may refer to: Interaction Physical interaction * Contact (geology)A geological contact is a boundary which separates one rock body from another. A contact can be formed during deposition, by the intrusio ...

ice hockey
team of the
Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League The Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League is a Junior 'A' ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact Contact may refer to: Interaction Physical interaction * Contact (geology)A geological contact is a boundary which separates one rock body from a ...
. It is also home to the North Battleford Kinsmen Indoor Rodeo, held annually in April. The North Battleford CUplex (Credit Union CUplex), which opened in 2013, includes the Dekker Centre for the Performing Arts, the Northland Power Curling Centre, the NationsWest Field House, and the Battlefords CO-OP Aquatic Centre.


Infrastructure

In 2001, a problem with the city's water system led to the infection of approximately 6,280 people with
cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis, sometimes informally called crypto, is a parasitic disease A parasitic disease, also known as parasitosis, is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pathogen, ...
; a lawsuit seeking several million dollars in damages was filed in 2003. Between 5,800 and 7,100 people suffered from diarrheal illness, and 1,907 cases of cryptosporidiosis were confirmed. Equipment failures at the city's antiquated water filtration plant following maintenance were found to have caused the outbreak. The provincial and municipal government offered compensation to victims after the lawsuit was approved in 2017. The North Battleford Energy Centre, a Fossil fuel power plant, natural gas-fired power station owned by Northland Power, has been operational since 2013.


Transportation

North Battleford is served by the North Battleford Airport, while the North Battleford/Hamlin Airport is no longer in use. The city also recently added a public transit system, in addition to the book-as-needed "Handi-bus" for people with disabilities.


Local media


Newspaper

''BattlefordsNOW.com'' is an online local news site focusing on what's happening "right NOW" in the Battlefords and surrounding area. The local newspaper is the ''Battlefords' News-Optimist''. It is published weekly on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and has circulation in the surrounding area. ''Feed The Artist Magazine'' is a local non-profit periodical print and online publication that features the work of primarily local artists, photographers, and writers.


Radio

Three local radio stations serve the area: CJNB, CJCQ-FM ("Q98"), and CJHD-FM ("93.3 The Rock"). Some Saskatoon radio stations can also be received.


Television

The Battlefords were served by CFQC-TV-2 channel 6, an analogue repeater of CTV Television Network, CTV station CFQC-DT Saskatoon. That repeater ended all analog broadcasting transmissions in 2021, and there are no plans for converting it to digital television.https://www.newsoptimist.ca/news/local-news/no-more-analog-signal-for-ctv-saskatoon-in-nb-1.24292324


Notable people

*Andrew Albers: baseball player *Lloyd Axworthy: Canadian politician and spokesman *Wade Belak: former NHL player *Colby Cave: former NHL player *Ron Delorme: former NHL player *Deidra Dionne: Canadian freestyle skier, Olympic medalist *Lillian Dyck: Canadian senator *Johnny Esaw: former sports' broadcaster, former vice-president of CTV Television Network, CTV Sports *Bob Francis (ice hockey), Bob Francis: former National Hockey League, NHL player, NHL coach *Emile Francis: former NHL player, coach, and general manager *Ray Hare: former NFL running back *Bruce Hoffort: former NHL Goaltender *Dale Hoganson: former NHL player *Bill Hunter (ice hockey), Bill Hunter: hockey coach, owner, and general manager; founder of the Western Hockey League *Carole James: politician, former leader of the British Columbia New Democratic Party, Deputy Premier of British Columbia *Dave King (ice hockey), Dave King: NHL coach *Skip Krake: former NHL centre *Jody Lehman: former Elite Ice Hockey League, EIHL goalie *Bernie Lukowich: former NHL player *Alistair MacLeod: author *Merlin Malinowski: former NHL winger (sport), right winger *Rueben Mayes: former NFL player *Joni Mitchell: musician, artist *Nancy Nash: Singer and Performer *Brian Plummer (musician), Brian Plummer: Musician *Lee Richardson (politician), Lee Richardson: Canadian politician *
Allen Sapp Allen Sapp, Order of Canada, OC, Saskatchewan Order of Merit, SOM (January 2, 1928 – December 29, 2015) was a Canadian Cree painter, who resided in North Battleford, Saskatchewan. His art and his story have become well known throughout Canada. H ...
: Canadian
Cree The Cree ( cr, Néhinaw, script=Latn, , etc.; french: link=no, Cri) are a North American Indigenous people. They live primarily in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Can ...

Cree
painter *Corey Schwab: former NHL goalie *Gregg Sheppard: former NHL forward *Fiona Smith-Bell, Fiona Lesley Smith: Member of the Canada women's national ice hockey team *Herbert O. Sparrow, Herbert Sparrow: former Canadian senator *Len Taylor: former Saskatchewan cabinet minister and federal MP *Al Tuer: former NHL defenceman *Jesse Wallin: former NHL defenceman, WJC Gold Medallist, WHL GM/Head Coach *W. Brett Wilson: Entrepreneur and Philanthropist


References


Notes


External links

* {{Coord, 52, 45, 27, N, 108, 17, 10, W, region:CA_type:city, display=title North Battleford, Cities in Saskatchewan Pannonian Rusyns Rusyn Canadian Serbian-Canadian culture Ukrainian-Canadian culture in Saskatchewan