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The National Salvation Government ( ar, حكومة الإنقاذ الوطني) was a government body formed by politicians from the
General National Congress The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber language, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the Legislature, legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the ...
's blocs that lost the June 2014 elections in
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
. The NSG was led by
Khalifa al-Ghawil Khalifa or Khalifah (Arabic: خليفة) is a name or title which means "successor", "ruler" or "leader". It most commonly refers to the leader of a Caliphate, but is also used as a title among various Islamic religious groups and others. Khalifa ...
. The term Libya Dawn Coalition was used to refer to the armed groups and/or the wider political movement supporting the NSG. The NSG was one of the major sides in the
Second Libyan Civil War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Second Libyan Civil War , partof = the Arab Winter The Arab Winter is a term for the resurgence of authoritarianism Authoritarianism is a form of government A gov ...
from its formation August 2014 until its dissolution in April 2016.


History


Formation

A faction of the
General National Congress The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber language, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the Legislature, legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the ...
(GNC) claimed to be the legitimate parliament of Libya, but did not represent a majority of the membership of that congress, refused to hand over power to the HoR. The majority of the GNC members belonged to groups now participating in a separate Libyan parliament, the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
. The NSG was backed by the
Muslim Brotherhood The Society of the Muslim Brothers ( ar, جماعة الإخوان المسلمين'' ''), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood ( '), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassa ...
's Libyan party, the
Justice and Construction Party The Justice and Construction Party (JCP) or Justice and Development Party ( ar, حزب العدالة والبناء, ') is a political party in Libya associated with the Muslim Brotherhood. It was officially founded on 3 March 2012 in Tripoli. ...
, and the "Loyalty to Martyrs Bloc" which consists of other smaller groups allied to the Muslim Brotherhood. After their landslide defeat in the 2014 elections dominated by low turnout, Islamist parties acting under the leadership of
Nouri Abusahmain Nouri Abusahmain ( ar, نوري أبو سهمين; born October 25, 1956) is a Libyan politician. He is a major figure on the Islamist side of the 2014 Libyan Conflict and founder of the LROR group which is considered "terrorist" by the internat ...

Nouri Abusahmain
used two armed groups, the
Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room The Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room (Abbreviation, abbreviated LROR; ar, غرفة عمليات ثوار ليبيا) is an armed group loyal to Nouri Abusahmain. It has been declared a terrorist organization by the House of Representatives ( ...
and
Libya Shield Force The Libya Shield Force is an armed organisation formed in 2012 out of anti-Gaddafi armed groups spread throughout Libya. The Libyan parliament designated much of the Libya Shield Force as terrorist and elements of the Libya Shield Force were ide ...

Libya Shield Force
, to take control of the capital
Tripoli Tripoli (; ar, طرابلس, ; ber, ⵜⵔⵢⴱⵓⵍⵙ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Tripoli
. In late August, Islamist militias allegedly abducted rivals (whose whereabouts are unknown) and attacked 280 homes. The NSG has rejected affiliation with any of these activities and it is unknown who the exact perpetrators were, with both sides blaming each other. The leader of the GNC,
Nouri Abusahmain Nouri Abusahmain ( ar, نوري أبو سهمين; born October 25, 1956) is a Libyan politician. He is a major figure on the Islamist side of the 2014 Libyan Conflict and founder of the LROR group which is considered "terrorist" by the internat ...

Nouri Abusahmain
, had appointed
Omar al-Hassi Omar al-Hassi ( ar, عمر الحاسي) (born March 30 1959 in University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya) is a professor of political science at University of Benghazi in Libyan politician. He was the prime minister of the General National Congress ...
then
Khalifa al-Ghawil Khalifa or Khalifah (Arabic: خليفة) is a name or title which means "successor", "ruler" or "leader". It most commonly refers to the leader of a Caliphate, but is also used as a title among various Islamic religious groups and others. Khalifa ...
as prime ministers.


Libyan Political Agreement

Members of the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
and the General National Congress (GNC) signed a United Nations-supported political agreement on 17 December 2015. Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidential Council and a seventeen-member interim
Government of National Accord The Government of National Accord ( ar, حكومة الوفاق الوطني) was an interim government A provisional government, also called an interim government, an emergency government, or a transitional government, is an emergency governme ...
would be formed, with a view to holding new elections within two years. The House of Representatives would continue to exist as a legislature and an advisory body, to be known as the High Council of State, would be formed with members nominated by the General National Congress. The Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord (GNA), Fayez al-Sarraj, arrived in Tripoli on 30 March 2016. The following day, it was reported that the GNA took control of the prime ministerial offices and that the GNC-appointed Prime Minister Khalifa al-Ghawil had fled to Misrata. On 1 April 2016, the head of the media bureau of the National Salvation Government announced that the NSG has resigned and handed its authority back to the General National Congress. Media reports also claimed that the General National Congress had "virtually disintegrated". On April 5, the National Salvation Government of the General National Congress announced that it was resigning, "ceasing operations" and ceding power to the Presidential Council. Following the dissolution of the GNC, former members of that body declared the establishment of the State Council, as envisaged by the LPA.


October 2016 takeover

On 15 October 2016, forces loyal to the GNC took over the building of the High Council of State and announced the comeback of the Ghawil cabinet. Then fighting occurred between Sarraj loyalists and Ghawil forces.


Second withdrawal from Tripoli

The fighting spread to other areas of Tripoli on 14 March. The GNA forces had recaptured the Guest Palace complex as well as the Rixos hotel. The channel was taken off-air while Khalifa al-Ghawil was also reported by one of his aides to have been injured in the clashes. An agreement called for withdrawal of all armed groups from Tripoli in 30 days. On 28 May, the 7th Brigade of the Presidential Guard (Al-Kani brigade) from
Tarhuna Tarhuna (; ar, ترهونة), also Tarhoona or Tarhunah, is a Libyan town to the southeast of Tripoli, in the Murqub District. The city derives its name from that of its pre-Libya in the Roman era, Roman-era inhabitants, a Berbers, Berber trib ...
, took over the
Tripoli International Airport Tripoli International Airport () was an international airport built to serve Tripoli, the capital city of Libya. The airport is located in the area of Qasr bin Ghashir, from central Tripoli. It used to be the airline hub, hub for Libyan Airli ...
as a neutral side after Misratan militias loyal to Khalifa al-Ghawil withdrew from there following two days of heavy clashes. By the next day, the city of
Tripoli Tripoli (; ar, طرابلس, ; ber, ⵜⵔⵢⴱⵓⵍⵙ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals ...

Tripoli
was fully under control of GNA forces, with all GNC forces withdrawing as a result of clashes with GNA forces.


Prime Ministers of the National Salvation Government


See also

*
Syrian Salvation Government The Syrian Salvation Government is a de facto alternative government of the Syrian opposition in Idlib Governorate, formed in early November 2017. There followed weeks of conflict between the Syrian Salvation Government (SSG) and the Syrian Interi ...


References


External links


General National Congress - Official website

General National Congress - Official Facebook feed

National Salvation Government - Official Facebook feed
{{Libya topics 2014 in Libya Aftermath of the First Libyan Civil War Government of Libya Second Libyan Civil War Rebel groups in Libya