, officially the ( tgl|Bayan ng ), is a
in the province
of , . According to the , it has a population of people.
A popular attraction is Spanish-era St. Jerome's Parish Church. The town is also known for featuring the ''balaw-balaw'' side dish, as well as for having education as its priority- "''Una Ang Edukasyon''" (Education first), that is why during the early-1970s and early-1990s, it became the center of education. Students from different places mostly in the nearby towns of Rizal would come and study in Morong.
Morong was considered the province before it was called Rizal. Its original name was Politico Militar Distrito de Morong
, which included the towns that make up present-day Rizal province.
Discovery, Founding and Christianization
On January 16, 1572, Captain Juan Maldonado, a trusted officer under Martin de Goiti, a Deputy of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, came to a thriving community by a river while leading a Spanish contingent exploring the areas East of Manila. They named the community, Moron
, after a township in Spain
. This happened almost a year after Martin De Goit occupied Manila after routing the forces of Rajah Soliman
The Spaniards found an organized community along both banks of the river but outlying settlements / barangays were in conflict with each other. The barangays were subjugated and the natives Christianized starting 1578 by Franciscan missionaries Juan de Placencia and Diego de Oropesa. They constructed chapels (visitas) attached to a bigger settlement to allow religious and civil administration. Later, this settlement was converted into a pueblo. which they called Pueblo de Moron. Baras
were the visitas under Pueblo de Morong.
Pueblo de Morong was made the provincial capital of the Franciscan Order at that time.
The visita of Pilang separated from Morong and became the independent town of Pililla
followed in 1621.
Politico-Militar Distrito de Morong
The Politico-Militar Distrito de Morong or Distrito de Morong was created out of the provinces of Manila
composing the pueblos of Morong, Pililla
During the Spanish colonization in the Philippines, each town (pueblo) was admistered by a gobernadorcillo, elected annually by all natives of the locality, subject to the approval of the suerior government in located in Manila. In the 19th century, gobernadorcillos were elected by 12 cabezas de barangay.
In the pueblo of Morong, it was different. A gobernadorcillo was not elected but was appointed by the governor of the province based on his economic wealth, training and educational background. He chose his own people and were not elected to help him with his duties. They did not receive salary but were exempted from paying taxes and doing forced labor.
Public Works Built Under Forced Labor
Puente de San Geronimo
The original Bridge of Morong was made of adobe stones, shaped and placed together, forming an arch over the river. The strength and stability of the bridge came from the weight of its wedge-shaped stone blocks and its upright position. The stones were cemented with mortar, a mixture of fine sand, lime, molasses and juice of ground puso-puso leaves. Heavy piers of the arch were planted on the opposite banks of the river. No metals were used during its construction from 1696 to 1701.
St. Jerome Parish Church
This church was constructed not only by men, but also women and children. Stones dug from a hill called Kay Ngaya; lime from the stones of the mountain Kay Maputi; sand and gravel from Morong River; and timber were contributed by the townspeople.
In 1850, Fr. Maximo Rico drew the plan of the irrigation dam at Uugong where it drew water from the falls and supervised the construction of the irrigation canal from Uugong dam to the ricefield in San Pedro. The canal measured 501 meters long and 2.1 meters deep. Other sources say that the construction started by Franciscan priests in 1848.
During the period of Spanish colonization, this building housed the Comandacia del Distrito Politico-Militar de Morong, the seat of Government for the Distrito. It was originally made of adobe stones, hard wood and galvanized iron sheets for roofing. During the early American period, it was converted into a school. It was damaged after the second world war, but rebuilt with alterations and continued to be used as a primary school building. It was later torn down and rebuilt using reinforced concrete materials and used as the municipal office building for the government of Morong. In 2011, the local government offices were transferred to the new municipal building in a different location. The Comandancia's second floor has since been converted into a public museum.
Bantayan and Torrita
Bantayan was a small guardhouse where civil guards were stationed at the entrance of the town. On the other hand, a torrita was a small tower with bells that provided the signal directed to the central station in front of the Commandancia.
World War I
The first Filipino to die in World War I was Private Tomas Mateo Claudio
, who served with the U.S. Marine Corps as part of the American Expeditionary Forces to Europe. He died in the Battle of Château Thierry
in France on June 29, 1918. The Tomas Claudio Memorial College in Morong, which was founded in 1950, was named in his honor. The main street of the town was also named in his honor.
World War II
The Puente de San Geronimo (old Morong Bridge) was intentionally blasted by the guerrillas so that Japanese troops could not cross and occupy the Northern part of Morong and Rizal until reinforcements could come. The plan worked for a few days but Japanese troops were eventually able to cross the river at a shallower part farther downriver. The Japanese occupation of the town was broken up by then-Lieutenant Edwin Ramsey
, leading the last cavalry charge in U.S. military history with horses from the 26th Cavalry Regiment
which he and a platoon of Philippine Scouts
had ridden there from Fort Stotsenburg
During the Liberation, Filipino troops of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Army and 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary including the recognized guerrillas of the Col. Markings Guerrillas and the Hunters ROTC
guerrillas liberated and captured the towns in Morong, defeated Japanese forces and forced them to surrender by the end of the War.
Morong is politically subdivided into 8 barangays with 3 situated in the poblacion
* San Guillermo/ San Guilmo
* San Pedro (Poblacion)
* San Jose (Poblacion)
* San Juan (Poblacion)
In terms of area, San Guillermo or San Guilmo as locals known is the biggest of the eight barangays of Morong. It borders the towns of Binangonan
. San Guillermo is a farming community with a population of 6,522 and 1,377 total dwellings (2000 census). While majority in the barrio depend on farming as a livelihood, many others are engaged in businesses like garment industry, poultry and piggery.
San Isidro Labrador
is the patron Saint of San Guillermo, a feast in his honor is celebrated annually the 15th of May. In 2005, the small chapel of San Isidro Labrador became a full pledge Parish in thDiocese of Antipolo
serving 10,500 Catholics.
Also in 2005, San Guillermo National High School
The first wave of San Guillermo immigrants to America came in the early-1900s. San Guillermo natives living in California maintain their cultural heritage by hosting a gathering on Memorial Day in celebration of feast of patron saint San Isidro Labrador. Most San Guillermo natives live in the metropolitan areas of Los Angeles
and San Francisco
, and the feast is alternately celebrated in both cities since its conception in 1979.
A Barangay in Morong Rizal, Located in the east of the town. The main industries are Farming, Textile Manufacturing, and Food Industry. There are about 8,709 people who live in this area and the ratio of men to women is 1:2.
Barangay San Juan is the center of business and trade in the town of Morong Rizal. It is also said to be the highest remitting income revenue in the whole barangay of the town. This is where establishments are seen such as Jollibee
, Morong Centerpoint, SM Savemore, RCBC Savings Bank, UCPB Savings Bank, D.I.Y Hardware, Mercury Drugstore, and Mang Inasal. Other local establishments found in this area are THRIFTMART (former: Ronan grocery store), Camillus chicken, Mateo's bookstore, Morong Doctor's Hospital, Rizal Provincial Hospital, Hernandez bookstore, ERWIN'S boutique, Skin Cellance de Rizal, Supreme Care Medical Diagnostic and Imaging Center Inc., Cesar S.D. Mateo Memorial Clinic, and Cristina Mart. The facade of the St. Jerome's church, a Department of Tourism recognized tourist spot is also located.
Barangay San Pedro is the capital barangay of Morong, Rizal. Barangay San Pedro lies adjacent with the Laguna Bay
in the east, bounded at the south with the town of Cardona
, on the west by Barangay Bombongan and on the north by Barangay San Jose and Barangay San Juan. Barangay San Pedro has a total land area of 368 has. and around 7,000 populations as of 2010 census.
As a poblacion barangay, the seat of Local Government of Morong are located here. Barangay San Pedro has many establishments such as Morong Public Market, Sea Oil Gasoline Station, PhilOil Gasoline Station, Aldec Agri-Dynamics Company, Era Plaza Restaurant,Emmas Panciteria Restaurant, Kamalig Restaurant, Kainan, Inuman, At iba pa Beer House, "Sabungan", AMA Bank, Macro Bank.
Barangay San Pedro is the center of education in Morong. There are many educational institution that can be found in this barangay namely San Pedro Day Care Center, Jose S. Mapa, St. Claire School, Jesus My Shepperd Montessori School, Renaissance School of Science and Technology, EAST Systems Colleges of Rizal, Inc., and Timoteo A. Reyes Elementary School.
Barangay San Pedro has many landmarks such as Morong Town Plaza, "Statwa ng Magsasaka",and "Puking Bato" sa Boulevard Park.
Barangay Lagundi is the easternmost barangay of Morong, Rizal. The main road is Raymundo Street which connects to the northernmost barangay and boundary of Baras, Rizal
and the capital of Rizal Province, Antipolo
. The road access towards the aforementioned barangays are concrete and access is easy unlike before. There are two public elementary schools in the barangay, namely: Lagundi Elementary School and Pulong Kumunoy Elementary School. To cater the needs of accessibility of students, Morong National High School annexed a campus beside the Lagundi Elementary School.
Commercial establishments are abundant, most especially to the entry point. Alfamart and certain stores and restaurant chains are located within the vicinity. During All Saint's Day
, the area is known to be a marketplace for flowers from Baguio
and neighboring municipalities in Cordillera.
The barangay's patron saint is the Immaculate Heart of Mary and Sunday masses are celebrated in the chapel every 5:00PM presided by a Roman Catholic Priest from the mother parish, St. Jerome Church. During the feast day in June, a procession is often held.
In the , the population of Morong, Rizal, was people, with a density of .
60% of the population in Morong Rizal is composed of Roman Catholics. Other religions in town are the following:
* Iglesia Filipina Independiente
* Iglesia ni Cristo
* United Methodist
* Protestant Denominations
* Members Church of God International
* Church of Animasola
* Jehovah's Witnesses
* The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
* Morong Bible Church
* Morong Christian Church
* Grace City Church
* Church of Christ
* Sovereign Grace Reformed Christian Church (Reformed Baptist
* Members Church of God International
* Uugong Park - During the early 60's-early 80's Uugong park was known for its breath taking view of the rice fields, different birds can be seen and its majestic waterfalls. It is usually a summer spot for families. Uugong means echo, because of the strong current of the falls it makes a loud echo or sound. People from the town usually wash their clothes there, even water carabao's also takes a dip during the hot summer months.
:Uugong Park now has a resort made and owned by a local artist named Rafael Pacheco, who is known not only locally but internationally because of his paintings. His medium for his paintings are his fingers. The resort does not use the old falls anymore, instead two pools were made, inside the resort you can view the now dead waterfalls and its river. Interesting in the new Uugong resort are the displayed collection of paintings and sculpture of Mr. Pacheco.
* Puking Bato - also called Duckling Society Park, located at Natividad street at Boulevard (ibaba dulo). Many people in Morong likes to go here early morning, to do some jogging, chatting
* Cavalier Statue - Located at Barangay Maybancal in Morong, Rizal. The Cavalier Statue is the symbol of the barangay. Every year the Maybancaleños celebrate the Cavalier's Day on 25 October.
* Morong's old Municipal office - Located in Brgy San Pedro, near the Town Plaza. This building was the former seat of office of the governor of Rizal during the Distrito Politica de Morong, also known as the "Commandancia".
* St. Jerome Parish Church - The most notable landmark in Morong Rizal. Built in by Chinese craftsman during the arrival of the first Spanish priest. It is known for its unique and intricate neo-baroque style design and its three-storey belfry as its facade.
Culture and tradition
*Fiesta - The celebrated fiesta in Morong is the town fiesta, which is the first Sunday of February. During the early times, February would be known for the harvesting month in the town, it is a form of celebration and thanksgiving for a bounty harvest.
*Catholic Fiesta - The patron saint of Morong, Rizal is Saint Jerome. A doctor of the church, a priest and translator of the Bible. His feast day is September 30.
*Pabasa - A holy week activity, which is chanting the life and Passion of Christ. It signifies the start of the 40 days before holy week. In the town of Morong, not an ordinary Pabasa tone is used, but it's mostly a tone of sadness and agony. This is done from different houses, who owns a "santo" or a saint that is an image used during Holy Week.
*Cordero - It is only in Morong that this tradition has been done for almost 60 years. Kordero, which means lamb of God, is a re-enactment of the preparation of the paschal lamb for the passover meal, that Jesus and his 12 apostles took, and eventually became the Institution of the holy Eucharist. Kordero also symbolizes Jesus as a sacrificial lamb who suffered to redeem mankind from sin. In Morong a lamb which is made of sweet potatoes and potatoes is processioned before the Maundy Thursday Mass. A tradition which is also being copied by other nearby towns of Rizal, and has been featured in the national newspaper. The Hermano represents the owner of the upper room, the place where the last supper took place.
*Pabasang bayan - A yearly event/exhibit that showcases the 40+ processional images, that started in 1996. Said event is usually done the Saturday before Palm Sunday in the town's gymnasium wherein a breathtaking tableau is made yearly showing the chronological events of the life of Jesus (e.g. 1996 - 1997 -"Last Supper", 1998 - "Wedding in Canaan", 1999 - "The multiplication of bread and fish", 2004 - "Jesus teaches in the Mountain", 2005 - "The teaching of Christ in the lake of Galilee", 2006 - "The public ministry of Jesus", 2007 -" The baptism of Jesus in the river Jordan", 2008 - "Jesus in the Temple", 2009 - "The calling of the twelve apostles", 2010 - "Jesus calls the tax collector Matthew", 2011 - "Jesus healed the Centurion's servant", 2012 - "Jesus Healed a paralytic man", 2013 - " Sermon in the Mount"). A must see attraction that is first done by the people of Morong, that has captured the attention of some nearby towns in Rizal and Metro Manila such as Pililla, Tanay, Cardona, Baras, Teresa, Binangonan, Cainta, Pasig City, Quezon City, etc. The event was even featured thrice in ''The Philippine Daily Inquirer'' a national news paper in the Philippines and was covered by national networks such as ABS-CBN, TFC ( the Filipino Channel- ABS-CBN), GMA Network and GMA News TV ( former QTV channel 11 ). The difference between the usual Pabasa and Pabasang bayan is that the whole town is welcome to this event. Saturday night before Palm Sunday, anticipated mass is held in the gymnasium.
* Senakulo - A yearly activity during Holy week, a dramatization of the life and death of Christ. Senakulo in Morong is entitled "Ang Tagapagligtas". The play is divided into 3 nights. It starts in the evening of Holy Wednesday and ends on Good Friday, usually after the Procession. On the first night it tells the brief story of the Old Testament starting from the Creation, Adam and Eve, the giving of the Ten Commandments, the fall of Sodom and Gomorrah, Annunciation of Mary, birth of our Savior, and ends in the finding of Jesus in the temple. On the second night it tells the teachings, public life and ministry of Jesus, and ends in the planning to kill him by the Priests. Third night the most dramatic scenes are seen, such as Entry to Jerusalem, Institution of the Eucharist, his Agony in the Garden, the stations of the cross, his death and ends in his Resurrection.
*Kruz Na Mahal - The re-enactment of the finding of the cross of Jesus by Reyna Elena and Prinsepe Constanino. Each barrio will prepare a small caro with a cross. They would go around the place singing the kruz na mahal song: "Krus na mahal, Krus na mapalad, ang dakilang armas, bandila ni Kristo! sumakop sa lahat...." After the mini procession, the children present will be given lengua de patatas.
*Flores de Mayo - An old tradition of Morong that has been banned since the early 1980s up to present as it became a fashion show and where the rich could show off in the town of Morong. The real purpose used to be for the veneration of the Virgin Mary. Girls from Morong, ages 6–30, would offer flowers and prayers to the blessed Mother. Girls included in this procession would also bring the seven alays for the Blessed Mother such as: Rosa Mystica, Torre ni David, Crown of Mary, Gates of Heaven etc. This tradition is attempted to be revived again by the Catholic Church in the year 2007 through voting, but comments such as the main purpose of it might again not be done and the fashion show and showing off would once again reign, the church decided to just make it a simple celebration, by doing a rosary and offering flowers to the Virgin Mother.
* Malatines - Is a Christmas Eve mass or usually called MISA- de Gallo by other places. December 24. Usually celebrated outside the church Patio. The much awaited scenario in the mass is the dancing of the star. Wherein a big parol comes down, from the top of the main facade of the church down to the belen located in front of the altar, while singing "Gloria" or "Papuri".
*Kasalan or Wedding - In the town of Morong Rizal, there is a different way to celebrate a wedding or in Filipino "Kasalan". In other towns such as Batangas they have the money dance, wherein the couple would do their first dance, and visitors would approach them and pin money, in Morong Rizal, a tradition of "Panganga" is done to help the couple start themselves. The couple accompanied by an old member of the family with a lighted candle. they would go to each table with a basket. the candle symbolizes the guiding light of the couple. As the couple approach each table, visitors would put their donation and sip a shot of whisky or wine as a "Thank you". The basket has a green clothe inside to cover the money given, so that the couple would not know how much the visitor would put. Another tradition during weddings would be the "hatiran" or wherein the bride accompanied by her parents would now transfer house. Its like a formal farewell of the bride to her house as she will transfer to the grooms house. What's exciting in this tradition is that each lightpost/ electric post that the couple would pass through going to the grooms house, the newly weds would kiss each other. This is appropriate if both the bride and the groom are from Morong Rizal.
Kayas Kawayan: art made of Bamboo
Morong is also known for its "Kayas Kawayan". The town is the first and is known to make Baluwartes, an art made of bamboo, with intricate designs. Usually used during special events such as weddings, cordero, and fiestas, its usually found in the entrance gate of the event. During cordero, the lamb- which is made of cake, sweet potatoes and potatoes, is placed and processioned around the town until the church in a small kayas kawayan, carried by men, adorned with flowers.
Now this art is being copied by the nearby towns.
Some of the famous games in Morong, Rizal are the following. This dates from the 1940s to 1997.
*Putitiro - It is also called ''patintero''. A Filipino street game. Wherein the "it" person stands in a line, and the other person should cross that line without getting touched by the "It".
*Hulugang Ginto - popular night game especially during full moon.
*Pasenorden - follow the leader game. The leader would shout "''Pasenorden!''" the players will say "''combento''" then the leader will say his command: "''unahan sa pag bigay sa akin ng dahon''" (bring me a leaf) the players will ask: "''anong dahon''?" (what kind of leaf). Once the leader states his command all player will look for that kind of leaf. The first one to bring the given leaf would be the next leader.
*Pati cobra (Pati-Kubra) - Morong (San Guillermo) version of baseball and cricket, uses bamboo stick as paddle or bat.
*Jopolopen - It is a game which uses balls, specifically marbles.
*Stekenapan -"Stick 'em up an" a western cowboy gun game.
*Taguan - Is also known as hide and seek. It is a popular game which usually played during full moon.
*Dirabes - popular games by school kids in 60s and 70s particularly in San Guillermo.
*Sikaran - originated in Lagundi and Baras.
Morong Profile at PhilAtlas.comWebsite of Morong, Rizal
* Philippine Standard Geographic CodePhilippine Census InformationLocal Governance Performance Management System
Category:Municipalities of Rizal
Category:Populated places on Laguna de Bay
Category:Former provincial capitals of the Philippines