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Middlebury College is a
private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two decades from the charts. Both "In Pri ...
liberal arts college A liberal arts college or liberal arts institution of higher education is a college A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, constituent part of one. A college may be a academic degree, degree-aw ...
in
Middlebury, Vermont Middlebury is the County seat, shire town (county seat) of Addison County, Vermont, Addison County, Vermont, United States. As of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 U.S. Census, the population was 9,152. Middlebury is home to Middlebury College an ...
. Founded in 1800 by
Congregationalists Congregational churches (also Congregationalist churches; Congregationalism) are Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Crit ...
, Middlebury was the first operating college or university in Vermont. The college currently enrolls 2,526 undergraduates from all 50 states and 74 countries and offers 44 majors in the
arts The arts refers to the theory, human application and physical expression of creativity Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something somehow new and somehow valuable is formed. The created item may be intangible (such as an idea, a scienti ...
,
humanities Humanities are List of academic disciplines, academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. In the Renaissance, the term contrasted with Divinity (academic discipline), divinity and referred to what is now called classic ...

humanities
,
literature Literature broadly is any collection of Writing, written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama, and poetry. In recent centuries, the definition has expand ...

literature
, foreign languages, social sciences, and natural sciences, as well as joint engineering programs with
Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a in . Established in 1754 as King's College on the grounds of in , Columbia is the oldest institution of higher education in and ...

Columbia University
,
Dartmouth College Dartmouth College ( ) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...
, and
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute () (RPI) is a private university, private research university in Troy, New York, with additional campuses in Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford and Groton, Connecticut. It was established in 1824 by Stephen Van Re ...
. In addition to its undergraduate liberal arts program, the school also has graduate schools, the
Middlebury College Language Schools The Middlebury Language Schools are language schools administered by Middlebury College. The programs comprise undergraduate and graduate instruction in 11 languages during six-, seven-, or eight-week summer sessions. The Schools enroll approxima ...
, the
Bread Loaf School of English Middlebury College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1800 by Congregationalism in the United States, Congregationalists, Middlebury was the first opera ...
, and the
Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College, a private college in Middlebury, Vermont. Establis ...
, as well as its C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad international programs. It is the among the ''
Little Ivies The Little Ivies are an unofficial group of small, academically competitive Private school, private liberal arts colleges in the Northeastern United States. The term Little Ivy derives from these schools' small student bodies, standards of academi ...
'', an unofficial group of academically selective liberal arts colleges, mostly in the northeastern United States. Middlebury is known for progressive teaching and thought. The college was the first American institution of higher education to award a bachelor's degree to an African-American, graduating
Alexander Twilight Alexander Lucius Twilight (September 23, 1795 – June 19, 1857) was an American educator, minister and politician. He is the first African-American man known to have earned a bachelor's degree from an American college or university, graduating ...
in the class of 1823. Middlebury was also one of the first formerly all-male liberal arts colleges in
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography G ...

New England
to become a
coeducational Mixed-sex education, also known as mixed-gender education, co-education, or coeducation (abbreviated to co-ed or coed), is a system of education Education is the process of facilitating , or the acquisition of , s, , morals, s, s, and ...
institution, following the trustees' decision in 1883 to accept women. In 1965, the college established the first undergraduate
Environmental Studies Environmental studies, a term first coined by George Perkins Marsh in his book '' Man and Nature,'' is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects princip ...
program in the United States, and, in 2019, publicly committed to full divestment of the college's endowment from the fossil fuel industry through its Energy2028 initiative. Middlebury's 31 varsity teams are the
Middlebury Panthers The Middlebury Panthers are the 31 varsity teams of Middlebury College that compete in the New England Small College Athletic Conference. The Panthers lead the NESCAC in total number of national championships, having won 34 team titles since the co ...
and compete in the
NCAA Division III NCAA Division III (DIII) is a division of the National Collegiate Athletic Association The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization that regulates student athletes from up to 1,268 North American instituti ...
's
NESCAC The New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC) is an American collegiate athletic conference An athletic conference is a collection of sports teams, playing competitively against each other at the professional, collegiate, or high sc ...
conference.


History


19th century

Middlebury received its founding charter on November 1, 1800, as an outgrowth of the ''Addison County Grammar School'', which had been founded three years earlier in 1797. The college's first president— Jeremiah Atwater—began classes a few days later, making Middlebury the first operating college or university in Vermont.W.L. Kingsley et al., "The College and the Church," ''New Englander and Yale Review'' 11 (Feb 1858): 600
accessed 2010-6-16
Note: Middlebury is considered the first "operating" college in Vermont as it was the first to hold classes in November 1800. It issued the first Vermont degree in 1802;
University of Vermont The University of Vermont (UVM), officially The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, is a Public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in Burlington, Vermont. It was founded in 1791 and is am ...
followed in 1804.
One student named Aaron Petty graduated at the first commencement held in August 1802. The college's founding religious affiliation was loosely Congregationalist. Yet the idea for a college was that of town fathers rather than clergymen, and Middlebury was clearly "the Town's College" rather than the Church's. Chief among its founders were
Seth Storrs Seth Storrs (January 24, 1756 – October 5, 1837) was a Vermont political and civic leader who took part in the founding of Middlebury College and served as Vermont Auditor of Accounts, State Auditor. Biography Storrs was born in Mansfield, ...

Seth Storrs
and , the former credited with the idea for a college and the latter as its greatest early benefactor. In addition to receiving a diploma upon graduation, Middlebury graduates also receive a replica of Gamaliel Painter's cane. Painter bequeathed his original cane to the college and it is carried by the college President at official occasions including first-year convocation and graduation.
Alexander Twilight Alexander Lucius Twilight (September 23, 1795 – June 19, 1857) was an American educator, minister and politician. He is the first African-American man known to have earned a bachelor's degree from an American college or university, graduating ...
, class of 1823, was the first black graduate of any college or university in the United States; he also became the first African American elected to public office, joining the
Vermont House of Representatives The Vermont House of Representatives is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated comm ...

Vermont House of Representatives
in 1836. At its second commencement in 1804, Middlebury granted an honorary master's degree, the first
advanced degree An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-sec ...
ever bestowed upon an African American. In 1883, the trustees voted to accept women as students in the college, making Middlebury one of the first formerly all-male liberal arts colleges in New England to become a coeducational institution. The first female graduate—May Belle Chellis—received her degree in 1886. As valedictorian of the class of 1899,
Mary Annette Anderson Mary Annette Anderson (July 27, 1874 – May 2, 1922) was an Americans, American professor of grammar and history and the first African American woman elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Anderson was born in Shoreham, Vermont, Shoreham, Vermont, to William ...
became the first African-American woman elected to Phi Beta Kappa.


20th century

The college's centennial in 1900 began a century of physical expansion beyond the three buildings of Old Stone Row.
York and Sawyer York and Sawyer was an American architectural firm active between 1898 and 1949. The firms' work is exemplary of Beaux-Arts architecture 300px, Beaux-arts buildings at the University of California, Berkeley, designed by John Galen Howard ''Beau ...
designed the Egbert Starr Library (1900), a Beaux-Arts edifice later expanded and renamed the Axinn Center, and Warner Hall (1901). Growth in enrollment and the endowment led to continued expansion westward. McCullough Hall (1912) and Voter Hall (1913) featured gymnasium and laboratories, respectively, adopting Georgian Revival styling while confirming the campus standard of grey Vermont limestone, granite, and marble. The national fraternity
Kappa Delta Rho Kappa Delta Rho (ΚΔΡ), commonly known as KDR, is an American college A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, constituent part of one. A college may be a academic degree, degree-awarding Tertiar ...
was founded in Painter Hall on May 17, 1905. Middlebury College abolished fraternities in the early 1990s, but the organization continued on campus in the less ritualized form of a social house. Due to a policy at the school against single-sex organizations, the house was forced to coeducate during the same period as well. The German Language School, founded in 1915 under the supervision of then-President
John Martin Thomas John Martin Thomas (December 27, 1869 – February 26, 1952) was the ninth president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, universi ...
, began the tradition of the
Middlebury College Language Schools The Middlebury Language Schools are language schools administered by Middlebury College. The programs comprise undergraduate and graduate instruction in 11 languages during six-, seven-, or eight-week summer sessions. The Schools enroll approxima ...
. These Schools, which take place on the Middlebury campus during the summer, enroll about 1,350 students in the Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish Language Schools. Middlebury President
Paul Dwight MoodyPaul Dwight Moody (April 11, 1879 – August 18, 1947), son of famed evangelical minister Dwight L. Moody, served as pastor at South Congregational Church in St. Johnsbury, VT from 1912 to 1917 and as the 10th president of Middlebury College from ...
began the American tradition of a
National Christmas Tree The National Christmas Tree is a large evergreen tree located in the northeast quadrant of The Ellipse near the White House in Washington, D.C. Each year since 1923, the tree has been decorated as a Christmas tree. Every year, early in December, ...
in 1923 when the college donated a 48-foot
balsam fir ''Abies balsamea'' or balsam fir is a North American fir Firs (''Abies'') are a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology Biology is the natur ...
for use at the White House.National Park Service
''1923 National Christmas Tree''
(December 23, 2010.)
The tree was illuminated when Vermont native Calvin Coolidge flipped an electric switch in the first year of his presidency. The
Bread Loaf School of English Middlebury College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1800 by Congregationalism in the United States, Congregationalists, Middlebury was the first opera ...
, Middlebury's graduate school of English, was established at the college's
Bread Loaf Mountain Bread Loaf Mountain is a mountain located in Addison County, Vermont, Addison County, Vermont, in the Breadloaf Wilderness in the Green Mountain National Forest. The mountain is part of the central Green Mountains. Bread Loaf Mountain is flanked ...
campus in 1920. The
Bread Loaf Writers' ConferenceThe Middlebury Bread Loaf Writers' Conference is a List of writers' conferences, writers' conference held every summer at the Bread Loaf Inn, near Bread Loaf Mountain (Vermont), Bread Loaf Mountain, east of Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1926, it ha ...
was established in 1926. In 1978, the
Bread Loaf School of English Middlebury College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1800 by Congregationalism in the United States, Congregationalists, Middlebury was the first opera ...
expanded to include a campus at
Lincoln College, Oxford University Lincoln College (formally, The College of the Blessed Mary and All Saints, Lincoln) is one of the Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent colleges of the University of Oxford, situated on Turl Street in central Oxford. Lincoln was found ...
. In 1991, the School expanded to include a campus at St. John's College in New Mexico, and to the University of North Carolina, Asheville, in 2006. The C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad began in 1949 with the school in
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
; they now host students at 38 sites in
Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America South America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ...

Argentina
,
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

Brazil
,
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
,
Cameroon Cameroon (, french: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (french: République du Cameroun, links=no), is a country in west 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West or Occident is one of the four cardinal direc ...

Cameroon
,
Chile Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a country in the western part of South America South America is a entirely in the and mostly in the , with a relatively small portion in the . It can also be described as the southern ...

Chile
,
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identi ...

Egypt
,
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
,
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
,
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
,
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
,
Jordan Jordan ( ar, الأردن; tr. ' ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan,; tr. ') is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In ge ...

Jordan
,
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...

Mexico
,
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
,
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
, and
Uruguay Uruguay (; ; pt, Uruguai), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay ( es, República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in South America. It shares borders with Argentina to its west and southwest and Brazil to its north and northeast; whi ...

Uruguay
. The Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies was founded as an educational charity in 1975 by Drs John and Sandy Feneley in
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
, England, establishing a facility at St. Michael's Hall in 1978, including the Feneley Library, and close links with
Keble College, Oxford Keble College () is one of the Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. Its main buildings are on Parks Road, opposite the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, University Museum ...
; in 2014, CMRS became part of Middlebury College Schools Abroad as Middlebury-CMRS, offering U.S. undergraduates an Oxford Humanities Research Program and Middlebury Museum Studies in Oxford. In 1965, Middlebury established its
Environmental Studies Environmental studies, a term first coined by George Perkins Marsh in his book '' Man and Nature,'' is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects princip ...
program, creating the first undergraduate Environmental Studies program in the U.S. Nationally affiliated fraternities were abolished in 1990; some chose to become co-educational social houses which continue today.


21st century

In May 2004, an anonymous benefactor made a $50 million donation to Middlebury. It is the largest cash gift the school has ever received. The donor asked only that Middlebury name its recently built science building, Bicentennial Hall, after outgoing President
John McCardell Jr John Malcolm McCardell Jr. (born June 17, 1949) is an American historian and academic administrator. On June 17, 2020, he stepped down as the Vice-Chancellor and University president, President of Sewanee: The University of the South, where he will ...
. As of July 2014, Middlebury's endowment stood at approximately $1 billion. Campus expansion has continued and recently completed projects have included new libraries, dorms, academic buildings, and athletic facilities. In 2005, Middlebury signed an affiliation agreement with the
Monterey Institute of International Studies The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College Middlebury College is a private liberal arts colle ...
, a
graduate school File:CCMDonation49.JPG, Student receives degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Mexico City, 2013 A graduate school (sometimes shortened to grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (e.g., ma ...
in
Monterey, California Monterey ( es, Monterrey; Ohlone The Ohlone, formerly known as Costanoans (from Spanish ''costeño'' meaning "coast dweller"), are a Native American people of the Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a ...
. On June 30, 2010, the Monterey Institute was officially designated as a graduate school of Middlebury College. In the summer of 2008, Middlebury and the
Monterey Institute of International Studies The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College Middlebury College is a private liberal arts colle ...
launched a collaborative program to offer summer language immersion programs in
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
,
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
, ,
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
,
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
, and
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
to middle and high school students through the Middlebury-Monterey Language Academy (MMLA). In January 2014, as part of a new brand identity system, Middlebury announced that the Monterey Institute of International Studies would be renamed the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. In June 2010, Middlebury announced that it had a 40% stake in a joint-venture with K12 Inc. to build online language software to be marketed under the brand "Middlebury Interactive Languages." The initial release will cover basic Spanish and French and be aimed at high school students. By 2013, the French language was available online to schools for $12,000 annually. Elementary schools were eligible, starting at the third grade. Students proceed at their own pace with a local teacher giving individual guidance. Middlebury has a pledge to attain
carbon neutrality Carbon neutrality refers to achieving net-zero carbon dioxide emissions Greenhouse gas emissions from human activities strengthen the greenhouse effect, causing climate change. Most is carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels: coal, petroleum, ...
by 2016. As part of this, a biomass gasification plant was built on college land as well as solar and wind installations to reduce reliance on traditional fuel sources and cut carbon emissions. On March 2, 2017, political scientist
Charles MurrayCharles Murray may refer to: Politicians *Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (1661–1710) was a British peer, previously Lord Charles Murray. The second son of John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, he ros ...
was shouted down by students and outside agitators at the campus, and prevented from speaking at the McCullough Student Center. Murray had been named a white nationalist by the Southern Poverty Law Center, and has been criticized for a teenaged incident in 1960 where he burned a cross on a hill in his hometown of Newton, Iowa, an act which Murray himself later characterized as "incredibly dumb". After the protest, Murray's talk was moved to Wilson Hall and published online; however, after the talk there was a violent attack by protesters who attempted to obstruct and damage the vehicle of Bill Burger (the Vice President of communications at Middlebury College), Murray, and Middlebury professor Allison Stanger, who was injured in the attack, requiring her hospitalization with a neck injury and concussion. Middlebury students alleged that College Public Safety officers instigated violence against students, and that Bill Burger hit students with his car as he drove Murray away from the building. Middlebury President Laurie L. Patton responded after the event, saying the school would respond to the clear violations of college policy by students that occurred. Some students (and faculty) felt that by refusing to allow Murray to speak, and by injuring Stanger, the Middlebury College student community "trod all over the ideas of free speech this country was founded upon". The school took disciplinary action against 74 students for their involvement in the incident. In the spring of 2017, the college also faced allegations of racial profiling, after a student was faced with disciplinary action despite evidence that they had not been present at the protest. Middlebury released a statement asserting that such allegations had been investigated that the college had determined that no such racial profiling had taken place. The statement also noted than an investigation had refuted the anonymous allegations against Burger. On January 26, 2019, the Middlebury Board of Trustees unanimously endorsed the Energy2028 Plan, which most notably involved full divestment of the school's endowment from the fossil fuel industry. Recognizing the profound threat of climate change, the plan includes
fossil fuel divestment Fossil fuel divestment or fossil fuel divestment and investment in climate solutions is an attempt to reduce climate change Contemporary climate change includes both the global warming caused by humans, and its impacts on Earth's w ...
, a massive shift towards renewable energy, an energy consumption reduction and internal carbon tax, and a reinvigoration of environmental education initiatives on campus. The plan came as a result of generations of student activism, particularly on the part of the Divest Middlebury campaign, an initiative founded in 2012 by the Middlebury Sunday Night Environmental Group (SNEG).


Academics

Founded in 1800, the college enrolls approximately 2,500 undergraduates from all 50 states and 70 countries. The college offers 40 undergraduate departments and programs. Middlebury was the first institution of higher education in the United States to offer an
environmental studies Environmental studies, a term first coined by George Perkins Marsh in his book '' Man and Nature,'' is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects princip ...
major, establishing the major in 1965. Middlebury College is
accredited Accreditation is a third-party attestation related to a conformity assessment body (such as certification body, inspection body or laboratory) conveying formal demonstration of its competence to carry out specific conformity assessment tasks (such a ...
by the
New England Commission of Higher EducationThe New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), previously the Commission on Institutions of Higher Education (CIHE) of the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Inc. (NEASC), is an Higher education accreditation in the United Stat ...
. The most popular majors at Middlebury by number of recent graduates are:
economics Economics () is a social science that studies the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interact ...

economics
,
international studies __TOC__ International studies (IS) is the study of international relations from a multidisciplinary perspective. Predominant topics are global politics, international economics and International law, law, which is used to scientifically study the ...
, ,
political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as ...
,
psychology Psychology is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. ...

psychology
, and
environmental studies Environmental studies, a term first coined by George Perkins Marsh in his book '' Man and Nature,'' is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects princip ...
. Close to 40 percent of graduating seniors choose a single major in a traditional academic discipline, and about 30 percent of students complete a double or joint major combining two disciplines. Another 30 percent of students major in one of the college's interdisciplinary programs. The academic year follows a 4–1–4 schedule of two four-course semesters in the autumn and spring plus what is known as a "Winter Term" session in January. The Winter Term, often called "J-Term" for January Term, allows students to enroll in one intensive course, pursue independent research, or complete an off-campus internship. Winter Term courses are taught by a mix of traditional faculty and special instructors.


Language schools

The Middlebury College Language Schools, which began with the establishment of the School of German in 1915, offer intensive instruction in 10 languages during six-, seven-, or eight-week summer sessions. The schools enroll about 1,350 students every summer. The Schools all use an immersion-based approach to language instruction and acquisition. All students in the Language Schools must sign and abide by Middlebury's "''Language Pledge''," a pledge to use their target language exclusively during the duration of their time at the School. Undergraduate instruction, available to undergraduate students, government employees and individuals from professional backgrounds, is offered in
Abenaki The Abenaki (Abnaki, Abinaki, ''Alnôbak'') are a Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native America ...
(as of Summer 2020, with the first accredited session taking place summer 2021),
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
,
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
, ,
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
,
Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as one of the spoken languages of the Israelites and their longest-survivi ...
,
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
,
Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or ...

Japanese
,
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
,
Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (россияне), Russian language term ...
,
Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language **Korean alphabet, known as Hangul or Chosŏn'gŭl **Korean dialects and the Jeju language **S ...
, and
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
. Middlebury's Language Schools have historically been conducted at the college's campus in Vermont. In the summer of 2009 the college opened a satellite campus at
Mills College Mills College is a Private college, private Women's colleges in the United States, women's Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Oakland, California. Mills is an Undergraduate education, undergraduate Women's college ...
in
Oakland, California Oakland is the largest city and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public ad ...
to accommodate a growth in enrollment. For the summer of 2011, Middlebury at Mills will offer Arabic, French, Japanese, and Spanish instruction. Since the summer of 2015, Mills College in Oakland hosts the newly founded Middlebury School of Korean (2015), as well as the School of Arabic and the School of Italian.


Associated programs

The
Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College, a private college in Middlebury, Vermont. Establis ...
, in
Monterey, California Monterey ( es, Monterrey; Ohlone The Ohlone, formerly known as Costanoans (from Spanish ''costeño'' meaning "coast dweller"), are a Native American people of the Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a ...
became an affiliate of Middlebury following the signing of an affiliation agreement between the two in December 2005. The Institute currently enrolls 790 graduate students in the fields of
international relations International relations (IR), international affairs (IA) or international studies (IS) is the scientific study of interactions between sovereign states. In a broader sense, it concerns all activities between states—such as war, diplomacy ...
,
international business International business refers to the trade of goods, services, technology, capital and/or knowledge across national borders and at a global or transnational scale. It involves cross-border transactions of goods and services between two or more ...
,
language teaching A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language A spoken language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), g ...
, and
translation Translation is the communication of the meaning Meaning most commonly refers to: * Meaning (linguistics), meaning which is communicated through the use of language * Meaning (philosophy), definition, elements, and types of meaning discusse ...

translation
and
interpretation Interpretation may refer to: Culture * Aesthetic interpretation, an explanation of the meaning of a work of art * Allegorical interpretation, an approach that assumes a text should not be interpreted literally * Dramatic Interpretation, an event i ...
. The
Middlebury College Language Schools The Middlebury Language Schools are language schools administered by Middlebury College. The programs comprise undergraduate and graduate instruction in 11 languages during six-, seven-, or eight-week summer sessions. The Schools enroll approxima ...
offers a Doctor of Modern Languages. Unique to Middlebury, the D.M.L. prepares teacher-scholars in two modern foreign languages, helping them develop as teachers of
second-language acquisition Second-language acquisition (SLA), sometimes called second-language learning — otherwise referred to as L2 (language 2) acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second language. Second-language acquisition is also the scientific dis ...
, literature, linguistics, and language pedagogy. Middlebury also offers summer language immersion programs in
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

Arabic
,
Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a populat ...
, ,
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
, and
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...

Spanish
to middle and high school students through the Middlebury-Monterey Language Academy. The
Bread Loaf School of English Middlebury College is a Private college, private Liberal arts colleges in the United States, liberal arts college in Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1800 by Congregationalism in the United States, Congregationalists, Middlebury was the first opera ...
is based at the college's
Bread Loaf Mountain Bread Loaf Mountain is a mountain located in Addison County, Vermont, Addison County, Vermont, in the Breadloaf Wilderness in the Green Mountain National Forest. The mountain is part of the central Green Mountains. Bread Loaf Mountain is flanked ...
campus in Ripton, just outside Middlebury, in sight of the main ridge of the
Green Mountains The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. The range runs primarily south to north and extends approximately from the border with Massachusetts to the border with Quebec, Canada. The part of the same range that is in ...

Green Mountains
. The poet
Robert Frost Robert Lee Frost (March26, 1874January29, 1963) was an American poet. His work was initially published in England before it was published in the United States. Known for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloqu ...

Robert Frost
is credited as a major influence on the school. Frost "first came to the School on the invitation of Dean Wilfred Davison in 1921. Friend and neighbor to Bread Loaf, (he) returned to the School every summer with but three exceptions for 42 years." Every summer since 1920, Bread Loaf has offered students from around the United States and the world intensive courses in literature, creative writing, the teaching of writing, and theater. Many prominent faculty and staff have been associated with the college.Robert Frost at Bread Loaf
. Midddigital.middlebury.edu. Retrieved on 2010-12-23.
The C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad, operated by Middlebury College in 17 countries across 5 continents, offer overseas academic programs for undergraduates from various U.S. institutions, as well as graduate-level programs for students from Middlebury College's Language Schools and the
Monterey Institute of International Studies The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College Middlebury College is a private liberal arts colle ...
. The Rohatyn Center for Global Affairs, was founded by
Felix Rohatyn Felix George Rohatyn ( ; May 29, 1928 – December 14, 2019) was an American investment banker and diplomat. He spent most of his career with Lazard, where he brokered numerous large corporate mergers and acquisitions from the 1960s through ...
'49, investment banker, former
U.S. Ambassador to France The United States Ambassador to France is the official representative of the President of the United States to the President of France. The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with France since the American Revolution The Am ...
, and founder of Rohatyn Associates. Located at the Robert A. Jones '59 House, the center combines Middlebury's strengths in political, linguistic, and cultural studies to offer internationally focused symposia, lectures, and presentations. The Center for the Comparative Study of Race and Ethnicity engages in interdisciplinary and comparative approaches for understanding formations of race and ethnicity and their effects on human relations. The Center for Social Entrepreneurship encourages students to develop innovative solutions to address society's most pressing social problems. Programs on Creativity and Innovation (PCI) is a series of initiatives designed to encourage Middlebury students to explore ideas in nonacademic settings.


Bread Loaf Writers' Conference

In addition to the six-week summer program, Middlebury College's Bread Loaf campus is also the site of the Bread Loaf Writers' Conference for established authors, founded in
1926 Events January * January 1 ** The Rhine River floods; 50,000 are forced to evacuate their homes in Cologne. ** Ireland's first regular radio service, 2RN (later ''Radio Éireann''), begins broadcasting. * January 3 – Theodoros Pangalo ...
. It was called by ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism Journalism is the production and distribution of report Image:Hurt Report cover page.png, 220px, Example of a front page of a report A report is a document that pr ...

The New Yorker
'' "the oldest and most prestigious writers' conference in the country." The conference is administered by director Michael Collier and assistant director Jennifer Grotz. Many Bread Loaf Writers' Conference, prominent members of society have been associated with the Writers' Conference. Bread Loaf Writers' Conference Faculty, Guests, Staff


Admissions

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Carnegie Foundation classifies Middlebury as one of the "most selective" institutions whose first-year students' test scores places these institutions in roughly the top fifth of Baccalaureate college, baccalaureate institutions. For the class of 2023, the college offered admission to 1,547 students out of an applicant pool of 9,750, yielding an overall acceptance of 15.9%. Middlebury enrolls around 600 students to begin in the fall semester and an additional 100 to begin in the spring. Those accepted for the fall admissions program begin the academic year in September and are referred to as "Regs." Those accepted for the spring admissions program begin the academic year in February and are referred to as "Febs." Students accepted to the Feb program use the fall semester, called a "Febmester," to travel, volunteer, enroll at other universities, or work. Febs graduate in the annual mid-year commencement at the Middlebury College Snow Bowl. Tuition, room, and board at Middlebury is $71,830 for the 2019–20 academic year. For the class entering in 2019–20, the average financial aid grant award is $49,647.Class Profile , Middlebury
. Middlebury.edu. Retrieved on 2020-05-10.


Rankings

''U.S. News & World Report'' ranked Middlebury as tied for 9th-best liberal arts college overall in the U.S., tied for 16th out of 63 in "Best Undergraduate Teaching", 21st out of 102 for "Best Value", and tied for 24th out of 50 "Most Innovative" among liberal arts colleges for 2021, and classifies it as "most selective." They also named Middlebury 7th in the nation for "colleges most beloved by their alumni," measured by the percentage of alumni who donate to their school, in 2012. ''Washington Monthly'' ranked the school 8th in its 2020 liberal arts college rankings based on their contribution to the public good, as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service. ''Kiplinger's Personal Finance'' places Middlebury at No. 15 in its 2019 ranking of 20 Best College Values in the U.S. The 2016 ''Princeton Review'' includes Middlebury in "The Best 380 Colleges," and ranks the college 2nd for "Impact Schools," 3rd for "Best Science Lab Facilities," 6th for "Best College Library" and "Students Study the Most," 9th for "Their Students Love These Colleges" and "Top 50 Green Colleges," 13th for "Best Financial Aid" and "Professors Get High Marks," 15th for "Best-Run Colleges," 16th for "Best Classroom Experience," 18th for "Best Quality of Life" and "Happiest Students," 19th for "Least Religious Students," 20th for "Great Financial Aid," and 46th for "Top 50 – Colleges that Pay You Back."
. Princetonreview.com (2015). Retrieved on 2015-08-16.
The 2015 ''Parchment'' student choice college ranking, which tracks 441,822 college acceptances of thousands of students who have been accepted to multiple schools in order to reveal their preference for their chosen school compared to the other schools that admitted the student, ranks Middlebury as 9th nationally and 2nd for liberal arts colleges for student preference.


Campus

The main campus is located in the Champlain Valley between Vermont's Green Mountains (Vermont), Green Mountains to the east and New York (state), New York's Adirondack Mountains to the west. The campus is situated on a hill to the west of the village of Middlebury (town), Vermont, Middlebury, a traditional
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography G ...

New England
village centered on Otter Creek (Vermont), Otter Creek Falls. Middlebury's campus is characterized by quads and open spaces, views of the Green Mountains and the Adirondacks, and historic granite, marble, and limestone buildings. '' Old Stone Row'', consisting of the three oldest buildings on campus—Old Chapel, Painter Hall, and Starr Hall—is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Painter Hall, constructed in 1815, is the oldest extant college building in Vermont. Emma Willard House, a National Historic Landmark, hosts the admissions office. Since the mid-1990s, student housing has been grouped into five residential Commons: Jeremiah Atwater, Atwater, Ezra Brainerd, Brainerd, Cook, Ross, and Wonnacott. All are named for illustrious college figures. The creation of the Commons accompanied an increase in the size of the student body and an ambitious building campaign. Many new campus advancements include: * John McCardell Jr. Bicentennial Hall, a multidisciplinary science facility built to house the Biology, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Computer Science, Geography, Geology, Physics, and Psychology departments as well as the
Environmental Studies Environmental studies, a term first coined by George Perkins Marsh in his book '' Man and Nature,'' is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects princip ...
, Neuroscience, and Molecular Biology programs (1999) * Davis Family Library (2004) * Two Jeremiah Atwater, Atwater Commons Residence Halls (2004) * Jeremiah Atwater, Atwater Dining Hall (2005) * Hillcrest Environmental Center, an Italianate, Italianate-style farmhouse constructed around 1874, has been renovated to provide a home for the environmental studies program according to Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, LEED standards (2007) * Starr Library, a Beaux-Arts edifice completed in 1900, now hosts the Donald Everett Axinn '51 Center for Literary and Cultural Studies at Starr Library after significant restoration of interior spaces and the addition of two wings for faculty offices, lecture halls, and a video production studio (2008) In the fall of 1994 the President and Board of Trustees of Middlebury College adopted a "One Percent for Art" policy. This decision set aside one percent of the cost of any renovation or new construction at the college for the purchase, installation, maintenance, and interpretation of works of art publicly displayed on campus. There are 19 works in Middlebury's campus public art collection, including ''Frisbee (sculpture), Frisbee,'' George Rickey's ''Two Open Rectangles, Excentric, Variation VI (sculpture), Two Open Rectangles, Excentric, Variation VI,'' Tony Smith (sculptor), Tony Smith's ''Smog (1/3), Smog'', and a version of Robert Indiana's ''Love (sculpture), Love'' series. The collection also includes works by Dan Graham, Scott Burton, Jules Olitski, Joseph Beuys, Matt Mullican, Jenny Holzer, Christian Petersen (sculptor), Christian Petersen, Buky Schwartz, George Rickey, Clement Meadmore, and Jonathan Borofsky.


Middlebury College Museum of Art

The museum opened in the List of Middlebury College buildings, Mahaney Center for the Arts (named after alumni Kevin Mahaney, Kevin P. Mahaney, '84) in 1992, designed by Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer's architectural firm. It was accredited by the American Association of Museums in 2005. The small encyclopedic collection contains Ancient, Asian, European and American art. European painters represented in this art museum include Lippo D'Andrea, Master of the (Bruges) legend of St. Ursula, Master of the Saint Ursula Legend, Govaert Flinck, Isaac Koedijk, Bartolomeo Bassante, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Giuseppe de Nittis, and Eugene Louis Gabriel Isabey. American painters represented in this art museum include William Jennys, Matthew Jouett, John Kensett, and Roy Lichtenstein. The 20th-century and contemporary collection is particularly strong in prints and photographs.


Bread Loaf Mountain Campus

The
Bread Loaf Mountain Bread Loaf Mountain is a mountain located in Addison County, Vermont, Addison County, Vermont, in the Breadloaf Wilderness in the Green Mountain National Forest. The mountain is part of the central Green Mountains. Bread Loaf Mountain is flanked ...
campus hosts the college's Bread Loaf School of English and the
Bread Loaf Writers' ConferenceThe Middlebury Bread Loaf Writers' Conference is a List of writers' conferences, writers' conference held every summer at the Bread Loaf Inn, near Bread Loaf Mountain (Vermont), Bread Loaf Mountain, east of Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1926, it ha ...
every summer. Middlebury owns the Robert Frost Farm (Ripton, Vermont), Robert Frost Farm, where American poet
Robert Frost Robert Lee Frost (March26, 1874January29, 1963) was an American poet. His work was initially published in England before it was published in the United States. Known for his realistic depictions of rural life and his command of American colloqu ...

Robert Frost
lived and wrote in the summer and fall months from 1939 until his death in 1963. This National Historic Landmark occupies adjacent to the Bread Loaf campus.


Middlebury College Snow Bowl

The mountain campus is the site of the Middlebury College Snow Bowl, the college-owned ski mountain, and the Carroll and Jane Rikert Ski Touring Center. Along with the Dartmouth Skiway, the Snow Bowl is one of two remaining college-owned ski areas in the eastern United States. A volunteer ski patrol, staffed by students, provides on-mountain medical services. Members are certified as Outdoor Emergency Care technicians and trained in first aid, chairlift evacuation, and toboggan handling. The Middlebury College Snow Bowl is host to ski races during the annual Middlebury Winter Carnival as well as the February mid-year graduation.


Sustainability

Middlebury recently incorporated environmental stewardship into its new mission statement. The college is a signatory to the American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment and the Talloires Declaration. Additionally, the college has committed to be carbon neutral by 2016. Middlebury was one of only six universities to receive a grade of "A-" from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card 2008, the highest grade awarded. In the 2008–2009 academic year, Middlebury College opened a new state-of-the-art biomass plant on campus that is estimated to cut the college's carbon dioxide output by 40 percent and reduce its use of fuel oil by 50 percent. In 2010, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Middlebury College announced the creation of the Sustainable Investments Initiative, a co-mingled fiscal vehicle seeking investments that generate long-term social, environmental, and economic value. The Initiative will seek investments focused specifically on sustainability issues such as clean energy, water, climate science, and green building projects, in an effort to identify businesses positioned to become a part of the worldwide shift to improve energy efficiency, decrease dependence on fossil fuels, and mitigate the effects of global climate change. Also in 2010, Middlebury College and Integrated Energy Solutions, a Vermont developer of farm-based methane energy, agreed to explore a bio-methane gas collection and delivery system that could help Middlebury further reduce its use of fossil fuels. Middlebury has agreed to purchase bio-methane gas from IES over a 10-year period, with the agreement contingent on the college raising money to build storage facilities for the gas on campus and retrofit its current heating plant to burn the new fuel.


Student life

The 2013 ''Princeton Review'' ranks Middlebury as one of the top 20 schools in the US for "best quality of life." There are over 140 registered student organizations at Middlebury. Students register for organizations of interest during the Fall Activities Fair in September. ''The Middlebury Campus'' is the student weekly of Middlebury College. ''The Campus'' was founded in 1900, and employs a 100% student staff. In 2019, the ''Middlebury Independent'', a monthly journal, was established. ''The Local Noodle'', a satirical student publication founded in 2016, publishes multiple times a semester and maintains a consistent online presence. WRMC-FM 91.1 is the student-volunteer-run radio station of Middlebury. WRMC broadcasts a variety of content types, including talk, news, and radio drama, although the majority of the schedule is music.


Student body

The median family income of Middlebury students is $244,300, with 53% of students coming from the top 5% highest-earning families and 14.2% from the bottom 60%. As of the 2019 school year, the student body consisted of 53% women and 47% men.


Traditions

Middlebury's Winter Carnival is the oldest student-run winter carnival in the country, started in 1923. The Winter Carnival is a weekend-long event and traditionally includes a bonfire and fireworks on the opening night, ski races at the Middlebury College Snow Bowl on Friday and Saturday, and the Winter Ball on Saturday night. Middlebury offers a mid-year graduation for those students who complete coursework at the end of January. These students are usually "Febs," students who began their Middlebury careers as February first-years. The mid-year graduation tradition is for all graduating seniors to ski down the Middlebury College Snow Bowl in their caps and gowns to receive their diplomas. Middlebury Outdoor Programs organizes outdoor orientations for incoming students in September and February. These orientations involve several days of hiking, rock climbing, kayaking, snowshoeing, and other activities in the wilderness around Middlebury. Following the New Traditions Contest initiated by President Laurie Patton in the spring of 2018, Middlebury held its first Panther Day on October 20, 2018. The new tradition was held during Homecoming Weekend and included a parade of student clubs and organizations, in an effort to build school spirit. A group of student protesters lined the side of the parade route to call attention to the lack of support by the college for survivors of sexual assault. Protesters silently held signs with phrases including “We believe survivors, Midd should too” and “Green Dot is not enough” (Green Dot refers to a College initiative to train students to intervene in situations of potential sexual violence, specifically focused on parties as sites of sexual violence).


''New England Review''

The ''New England Review'' (''NER'') is a quarterly literary journal published by Middlebury College. Founded in New Hampshire in 1978 by poet, novelist, editor and professor Sydney Lea and poet Jay Parini, it was published as ''New England Review & Bread Loaf Quarterly'' from 1982 (when it moved to Middlebury College), until 1991 as a formal division of the
Bread Loaf Writers' ConferenceThe Middlebury Bread Loaf Writers' Conference is a List of writers' conferences, writers' conference held every summer at the Bread Loaf Inn, near Bread Loaf Mountain (Vermont), Bread Loaf Mountain, east of Middlebury, Vermont. Founded in 1926, it ha ...
. In 1991, the magazine reverted to its original name, ''New England Review'', and opted to have only informal ties with the Writers' Conference. ''NER'' publishes poetry, fiction, translations, and a wide variety of non-fiction in each issue. ''NER'' consistently publishes work from established writers as well as work from up-and-coming new writers. It has published work by many who have gone on to win major awards such as the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and the National Book Critics Circle Award.


Athletics

Middlebury competes in the New England Small College Athletic Conference. The Panthers lead the NESCAC in total number of National Championships, having won 33 team championships since the conference lifted its ban on NCAA play in 1994. Middlebury enjoys national success in soccer, tennis, cross country running, lacrosse, ice hockey, field hockey, and skiing, and fields 31 varsity National Collegiate Athletic Association, NCAA teams and several competitive club teams. Since 2000, Middlebury's varsity squads have won 54 NESCAC titles. Currently, 28% of students participate in varsity sports. In the early 20th century, Middlebury's traditional athletic rivals included the
University of Vermont The University of Vermont (UVM), officially The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, is a Public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university in Burlington, Vermont. It was founded in 1791 and is am ...
and Norwich University. In football, Middlebury is rivals with Hamilton College (New York), Hamilton College; the rivalry dates to 1911 and since 1980 the game between the two schools has been called the "Rocking Chair Classic," with the Mack-Jack Rocking Chair going to the winner (Middlebury has historically dominated the rivalry). The real-life version of Quidditch (real-life sport), Quidditch was brought to life in 2005 at Middlebury College, by Xander Manshel and Alex Benepe, who later became the first commissioner of quidditch. It has grown into its own separate and distinct sport after 15 publications of rulebooks. The ''Princeton Review'' ranks Middlebury's athletic facilities as 18th-best in the United States. Middlebury's athletic facilities include: * 3,500-seat Youngman Field at Alumni Stadium for football and lacrosse * 2,600-seat hockey arena * Pepin gymnasium, home of the men's and women's basketball and volleyball teams * Virtue Field House, including a 200-meter indoor track and 180-foot by 130-foot artificial-turf infield * Olympic-size swimming pool * Squash CenterUnder construction as of July 2013, completion expected in October 2013. * Ralph Myhre golf course * Middlebury College Snow Bowl, the college-owned ski mountain * Carroll and Jane Rikert Ski Touring Center at the
Bread Loaf Mountain Bread Loaf Mountain is a mountain located in Addison County, Vermont, Addison County, Vermont, in the Breadloaf Wilderness in the Green Mountain National Forest. The mountain is part of the central Green Mountains. Bread Loaf Mountain is flanked ...
campus * Allan Dragone Track and Field Complex * Regulation rugby pitch * Field Turf men's soccer field * Henry Zee Persons Baseball Stadium


Notable people


Alumni

File:Alexander Lucius Twilight (daguerrotype).jpg,
Alexander Twilight Alexander Lucius Twilight (September 23, 1795 – June 19, 1857) was an American educator, minister and politician. He is the first African-American man known to have earned a bachelor's degree from an American college or university, graduating ...

First African-American college graduate
AB 1823 File:Brian Deese official portrait.jpg, Brian Deese
Director of the National Economic Council (United States), National Economic Council under President Joe Biden
AB 2000 File:Eve Ensler at a Hudson Union Society event in March 2011 (cropped).jpg, Eve Ensler
Tony Awards, Tony-award winning playwright, performer, creator of ''The Vagina Monologues''
AB 1975 File:Ari Fleischer 1.jpg, Ari Fleischer
White House Press Secretary for George W. Bush, President George W. Bush
AB 1982 File:Julia Alvarez 2009 (cropped).jpg, Julia Alvarez
poet, novelist, National Medal of Arts winner, author of ''How the García Girls Lost Their Accents''
AB 1971 File:RonBrownUS.JPG, Ron Brown
Secretary of Commerce for Bill Clinton, President Clinton
AB 1962 File:Vendela Vida Portrait.png, Vendela Vida
Novelist
AB 1993 File:Jeff lindsay 2013.jpg, Jeff Lindsay (writer), Jeff Lindsay
Creator of the ''Dexter Morgan, Dexter'' series
AB 1975 File:Roger Easton.jpg, Roger L. Easton, Roger Easton
Principal inventor and designer of Global Positioning System, GPS
AB 1943 File:Shawn Ryan Deauville 2011.jpg, Shawn Ryan
creator of ''The Shield''
AB 1988 File:Jim Douglas-2009 (cropped).jpg, Jim Douglas
80th Governor of Vermont
AB 1972 File:Anaïs Mitchell New Bedford Music Festival Summerfest New Bedford MA July 2010.jpg, Anaïs Mitchell
Folk singer-songwriter
AB 2004 File:Dan Schulman.jpg, Dan Schulman
CEO of PayPal
AB 1980 File:Jason Mantzoukas (27974248644) (cropped).jpg, Jason Mantzoukas
Comedian, writer, and actor
AB 1995 File:Bill Maris Wiki.jpg, Bill Maris
Founder and CEO of GV (company), Google Ventures
AB 1997 File:Samuel Nelson - Brady-Handy.jpg, Samuel Nelson
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court
AB 1813 File:Lado Gurgenidze (August 25, 2008).jpg, Lado Gurgenidze
17th Prime Minister of Georgia (country), Georgia
(''attended'')


Presidents

# Jeremiah Atwater, 1800–09 # Henry Davis (clergyman), Henry Davis, 1809–18 # Joshua Bates (educator), Joshua Bates, 1818–40 # Benjamin Labaree, 1840–66 # Harvey Denison Kitchel, 1866–75 # Calvin Butler Hulbert, 1875–80 # Cyrus Hamlin, 1880–85 # Ezra Brainerd, 1885–1908 #
John Martin Thomas John Martin Thomas (December 27, 1869 – February 26, 1952) was the ninth president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, universi ...
, 1908–21 #
Paul Dwight MoodyPaul Dwight Moody (April 11, 1879 – August 18, 1947), son of famed evangelical minister Dwight L. Moody, served as pastor at South Congregational Church in St. Johnsbury, VT from 1912 to 1917 and as the 10th president of Middlebury College from ...
, 1921–43 # Samuel Somerville Stratton, 1943–63 # James Isbell Armstrong, 1963–75 # Olin Clyde Robison, 1975–90 # Timothy Light, 1990–91 # John McCardell Jr., 1991–2004 # Ronald D. Liebowitz, 2004–15 # Laurie L. Patton, 2015–present


See also

* List of Middlebury College buildings * Dispatch (band) * Dissipated Eight, a cappella ensemble * Middlebury College Rugby Club * Davis United World College Scholars Program


References


External links

*
Middlebury Athletics website
{{Authority control Middlebury College, Private universities and colleges in Vermont Liberal arts colleges in Vermont Educational institutions established in 1800 Education in Addison County, Vermont Buildings and structures in Addison County, Vermont Tourist attractions in Addison County, Vermont Vermont culture 1800 establishments in Vermont