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Pre-1600

* 17
Germanicus Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a popular and prominent Roman general, known for his campaigns in Germania Germania ( , ), also called Magna Germania (English: ''Great Germania''), Germania Libera (English: '' ...

Germanicus
celebrates a triumph in Rome for his victories over the
Cherusci The Cherusci were an early Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguistic group identified by their use of the Germanic languages ** List of ancient Germanic peoples and tribes * Germanic languages :* Proto-Germanic langu ...
,
Chatti The Chatti (also Chatthi or Catti) were an ancient Germanic tribe This list of ancient s is an inventory of ancient Germanic cultures, tribal groupings and other alliances of Germanic tribes and civilisations in ancient times. The information c ...
, and other
German tribes A stem duchy (german: Stammesherzogtum, from '' Stamm'', meaning "tribe", in reference to the Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of whose name was first mentioned in 3rd-century Roman sources, and associated with tribes betwe ...

German tribes
west of the
Elbe The Elbe (, ; cs, Labe ; nds, Ilv or ''Elv''; Upper and dsb, Łobjo), historically in English also Elve, is one of the major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake o ...

Elbe
. * 451
Battle of Avarayr A battle is an occurrence of combat in warfare between opposing military units of any number or size. A war usually consists of multiple battles. In general, a battle is a military engagement that is well defined in duration, area, and force c ...

Battle of Avarayr
between
Armenian Armenian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Armenia, a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia * Armenians, the national people of Armenia, or people of Armenian descent ** Armenian language, the Indo-European language spoken ...
rebels and the
Sasanian Empire The Sasanian () or Sassanid Empire, officially known as the Empire of Iranians (, ''Ērānshahr The Sasanian () or Sassanid Empire, officially known as the Empire of Iranians (Middle Persian Middle Persian or Pahlavi, also known by its ...

Sasanian Empire
takes place. The Sasanids defeat the Armenians militarily but guarantee them freedom to openly practice
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semitic religions, are a group of Semitic-originated religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of ...

Christianity
. *
946 Year 946 (Roman numerals, CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * Summer – King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I invades the West Fr ...
– King
Edmund I Edmund I or Eadmund I (920/921 – 26 May 946) was King of the English from 27 October 939 until his death. He was the elder son of Edward the Elder and his third wife Eadgifu of Kent, Eadgifu, and a grandson of Alfred the Great. When Edward die ...

Edmund I
of
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
is murdered by a thief whom he personally attacks while celebrating
St Augustine
St Augustine
's Mass Day. * 961 – King
Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henr ...

Otto I
elects his six-year-old son
Otto II Otto II (955 – 7 December 983), called the Red (''der. Rote''), was Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator The Latin word "imperator" derives from the stem of the ...

Otto II
as
heir apparent An heir apparent is a person who is first in an order of succession An order of succession or right of succession is the line of individuals entitled to hold a high office when it becomes vacated such as head of state A head of state ...
and co-ruler of the East Frankish Kingdom. He is crowned at
Aachen Aachen ( ; Aachen dialect Aachen dialect (natively ''Öcher Platt'') is a dialect of Ripuarian language, Ripuarian Franconian spoken in the German Rhineland city of Aachen. This dialect, as part of the large West Germanic languages, West Ger ...

Aachen
, and placed under the tutelage of his grandmother
Matilda Mesa Associates' Tactical Integrated Light-Force Deployment Assembly (MATILDA) is a remote controlled surveillance and reconnaissance robot created and designed by the Mesa Robotics Corporation. It is available in many different models such as the U ...

Matilda
. *
1135 Year 1135 (Roman numerals, MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Levant * Spring – Shams al-Mulk Isma'il, Seljuk ruler of Damascus, sends envoy ...
Alfonso VII of León and Castile Alfonso VII (1 March 110521 August 1157), called the Emperor (''el Emperador''), became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 91 ...
is crowned in
León Cathedral Santa María de León Cathedral, also called ''The House of Light'' or the ''Pulchra Leonina'' is a Catholic church in the city of León, León, León in north-western Spain. It is one of the most relevant examples of the Gothic architecture, Got ...
as ''
Imperator totius Hispaniae is a Latin title meaning "Emperor of All Spain". In Spain in the Middle Ages, the title "emperor" (from Latin ''imperator'') was used under a variety of circumstances from the ninth century onwards, but its usage peaked, as a formal and practi ...
'' (''Emperor of all of Spain''). *
1293 Year 1293 ( MCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additi ...
– An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 23,000. *
1328 Year 1328 ( MCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on FridayA leap year starting on Friday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Friday 1 January and ends on Saturday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are C ...
William of Ockham William of Ockham (; also Occam, from la, Gulielmus Occamus; 1287 – 10 April 1347) was an English Franciscan friar The Franciscans are a group of related Mendicant orders, mendicant Christianity, Christian Catholic religious order, relig ...

William of Ockham
, the
Franciscan , image = FrancescoCoA PioM.svg , image_size = 250px , caption = A cross, Christ's arm and Saint Francis's arm, a universal symbol of the Franciscans , abbreviation = OFM , predecessor = , ...
Minister-General
Michael of Cesena Michael of Cesena (''Michele di Cesena'' or ''Michele Fuschi'') (c. 1270 – 29 November 1342) was an Italian Franciscan , image = FrancescoCoA PioM.svg , image_size = 250px , caption = A cross, Chris ...
, and two other Franciscan leaders secretly leave
Avignon Avignon (, ; ; oc, Avinhon, label= Provençal or , ; la, Avenio) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. L ...

Avignon
, fearing a death sentence from
Pope John XXII Pope John XXII ( la, Ioannes PP. XXII; 1244 – 4 December 1334), born Jacques Duèze (or d'Euse), was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by ...

Pope John XXII
. *
1538 __NOTOC__ Year 1538 ( MDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical lette ...
Geneva , neighboring_municipalities= Carouge Carouge () is a Municipalities of Switzerland, municipality in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. History Carouge is first mentioned in the Early Middle Ages as ''Quadruvium'' and ''Quatruvio''. In 124 ...

Geneva
expels
John Calvin John Calvin (; Middle French Middle French (french: moyen français) is a historical division of the French language French ( or ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family The Indo-European languages are a language fami ...

John Calvin
and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in
Strasbourg Strasbourg (, , ; german: Straßburg ; gsw, label=Bas Rhin Bas-Rhin (; Alsatian: ''Unterelsàss'', ' or '; traditional german: links=no, Niederrhein; en, Lower Rhine) is a department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, divi ...

Strasbourg
for the next three years. *
1573 Year 1573 ( MDLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. ...
– The
Battle of Haarlemmermeer The Battle of Haarlemmermeer was a naval engagement fought on 26 May 1573, during the early stages of the Dutch War of Independence. It was fought on the waters of the Haarlemmermeer Haarlemmermeer () is a List of municipalities of the Netherla ...
, a naval engagement in the Dutch War of Independence.


1601–1900

*
1637 Events January–June * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modifica ...
Pequot War The Pequot War was an armed conflict that took place between 1636 and 1638 in New England between the Pequot The Pequot () are a Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Co ...
: A combined English and
Mohegan The Mohegan are an Algonquian peoples, Algonquian Native American tribe historically based in present-day Connecticut. Today the majority of the people are associated with the Mohegan Indian Tribe, a federally recognized tribe living on a reser ...
force under John Mason attacks a village in
Connecticut Connecticut () is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 United States census, 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of List of U.S. states and territories by H ...
, massacring approximately 500
Pequot The Pequot () are a Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indig ...
s. *
1644 It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+500(D)+100(C)+(-10(X)+50(L))+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1644). Events January–June * January 22 Events Pre-1600 *613 __NOTOC__ Year 613 ( DCXIII) was a commo ...
Portuguese Restoration War The Portuguese Restoration War ( pt, Guerra da Restauração) was the war between Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial bo ...
: Portuguese and Spanish forces both claim victory in the
Battle of Montijo The Battle of Montijo was fought on 26 May 1644, in Montijo, Spain, Montijo, Spain, between Portugal, Portuguese and Spain, Spanish forces. Although the battle ended with a Portuguese victory, the Spanish saw it as a strategic success as they cla ...
. *
1736 Events January–March * January 12 Events Pre-1600 * – Julius crosses the Rubikon at the head of the 13th Legion. Civil war between the former allies, Caesar and , is now inevitable. * – is forced to flee his capi ...
– The Battle of Ackia is fought near the present site of
Tupelo, Mississippi Tupelo () is a city in, and the county seat of, Lee County, Mississippi, Lee County, Mississippi, United States. With an estimated population of 38,300, Tupelo is the sixth-largest city in Mississippi and is considered a commercial, industrial, an ...
. British and
Chickasaw The Chickasaw ( ) are an indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands, Southeastern cultures, or Southeast Indians are an ethnographic Ethnography (from Greek ''ethnos'' "folk, peopl ...

Chickasaw
soldiers repel a French and
Choctaw The Choctaw (in the Choctaw language The Choctaw language (Choctaw: ), spoken by the Choctaw, an Indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands, is part of the Muskogean languages, Muskogean language family. Chickasaw language, Chickasaw (C ...

Choctaw
attack on the then-Chickasaw village of Ackia. *
1783 Events January–March * January 20 – At Versailles, Kingdom of Great Britain, Great Britain signs preliminary peace treaties with the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of Spain. * January 23 – The Confederation Congress ...
A Great Jubilee Day held at North Stratford, Connecticut, celebrates the end of fighting in the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
. *
1805 After thirteen years the First French Empire The First French Empire, officially the French Empire, also known as the Napoleonic Empire, was the empire An empire is a "political unit" made up of several territories and peoples, "us ...
Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars, Revolutionary War ...

Napoléon Bonaparte
assumes the title of
King of Italy King of Italy ( it, links=no, Re d'Italia; la, links=no, Rex Italiae) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy after the fall of the Western Roman Empire The Western Roman Empire comprises the western provinces of the Ro ...

King of Italy
and is crowned with the
Iron Crown of Lombardy The Iron Crown ( it, Corona Ferrea; la, Corona Ferrea) is a reliquary A reliquary (also referred to as a ''shrine'', by the French term ''châsse'', and historically including ''wikt:phylactery, phylacteries'') is a container for relics. A p ...
in
Milan Cathedral The Milan Cathedral ( it, Duomo di Milano ; lmo, Domm de Milan ), or Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of the Nativity of Saint Mary ( it, Basilica cattedrale metropolitana di Santa Maria Nascente, links=no), is the cathedral church A cath ...

Milan Cathedral
, the
gothic cathedral Gothic cathedrals and churches are religious buildings created in Europe between the mid-12th century and the beginning of the 16th century. The cathedrals are notable particularly for their great height and their extensive use of stained glass to ...
in
Milan Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome. The city proper has a population of about 1.4 million, while its ...

Milan
. *
1821 Events January–March * January 21 – Peter I Island Peter I Island ( no, Peter I Øy) is an uninhabited volcanic A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth Earth is the third planet f ...
– Establishment of the
Peloponnesian Senate The Senate of the entire People of the Peloponnese provinces ( el, Γερουσία όλου του Δήμου των επαρχιών της Πελοποννήσου), commonly known as the Peloponnesian Senate (Πελοποννησιακή Γερ ...
by the Greek rebels. *
1822 Events January–March * January 1 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 The Greek Constitution of 1822 was a document adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus on January 1, 1822. Formally it was the Provisional Regime of Greec ...
– At least 113 people die in the
Grue Church fire On 26 May 1822, during the Pentecost service, the Grue Church#The old church, church at Grue, Norway, caught fire and at least 113 people were killed. It is the deadliest fire disaster in the history of Norway. Church The old Grue Church was loca ...
, the biggest fire disaster in Norway's history. *
1857 Events January–March * January 1 – The biggest Estonian newspaper, ''Postimees'', is established by Johann Voldemar Jannsen. * January 7 – The partly French-owned London General Omnibus Company begins operating. * Januar ...
Dred Scott Dred Scott (c. 1799 – September 17, 1858) was an enslaved Enslaved may refer to: * Slavery, the socio-economic condition of being owned and worked by and for someone else * Enslaved (band), a progressive black metal band from Haugesund, Norw ...

Dred Scott
is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners. *
1864 Events January–March * January 13 Events Pre-1600 * – transfers the state to the free disposal of the Senate and the people. He receives Spain, Gaul, and Syria as his province for ten years. * – The break out, ...
Montana Montana () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...

Montana
is organized as a
United States territory In the United States, a territory is any extent of region under the sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French ...
. *
1865 Events January–March * January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfre ...
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
: The
Confederate Confederacy may refer to: A confederation, an association of sovereign states or communities. Examples include: * Battle of the Trench, Confederate tribes * Confederate States of America, a confederation of secessionist American states that existed ...

Confederate
General
Edmund Kirby Smith General A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral ...

Edmund Kirby Smith
, commander of the Confederate
Trans-Mississippi Trans-Mississippi was a common name of the geographic area west of the Mississippi River The Mississippi River is the List of longest rivers of the United States (by main stem), second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest Drai ...
division, is the last full general of the Confederate Army to surrender, at
Galveston, Texas Galveston ( ) is a coastal The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The oce ...
. *
1868 Events January–March * January 2 – British Expedition to Abyssinia: Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala, Robert Napier leads an expedition to free captive British officials and missionaries. * January 3 – The 1 ...

1868
– The
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was initiated on February 24, 1868, when the United States House of Representatives resolved to Impeachment in the United States, impeach Andrew Johnson, the List of Presidents of the United States, 17th president ...
ends with his acquittal by one vote. *
1869 Events January–March * January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpicius Galba; 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69) was a Roman ...
Boston University Boston University (BU) is a Private university, private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. The university is nonsectarian but has a historical affiliation with the United Methodist Church. It was founded in 1839 by Methodists with ...
is chartered by the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous U.S. state, state in the New England region of the United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Maine to the east, Connecticut to the southwe ...
. *
1879 Events January–March * January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Y ...
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...
and the United Kingdom sign the
Treaty of Gandamak The Treaty of Gandamak was signed on 26 May 1879 to officially end the first phase of the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Under the treaty, the Afghan Emir, Mohammad Yaqub Khan, ceded various frontier areas to the British Raj, including Quetta District ...

Treaty of Gandamak
establishing an
Afghan state European influence in Afghanistan has been present in the country since the Victorian era In the history of the United Kingdom The history of the United Kingdom began in the early eighteenth century with the Treaty of Union ...
. *
1896 Events January–March * January 2 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legion The Roman legion ( la, legiō, ) was the largest military unit of the Roman army, composed of 4,200 infantry and 300 equites (cavalry) in the ...

1896
Nicholas II Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov . ( 186817 July 1918), known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, . was the last Emperor of All Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until Abdication of Nicholas II ...

Nicholas II
becomes the last
Tsar Tsar ( or ), also spelled ''czar'', ''tzar'', or ''csar'', is a Royal and noble ranks, title used to designate Orthodox Slavs, East and South Slavic monarchs. In this last capacity it lends its name to a system of government, tsarist autocra ...

Tsar
of
Imperial Russia The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. T ...
. * 1896 –
Charles Dow Charles Henry Dow (; November 6, 1851 – December 4, 1902) was an American journalist who co-founded Dow Jones & Company Dow Jones & Company, Inc. is an American publishing firm owned by News Corp and led by CEO Almar Latour. The company ...
publishes the first edition of the
Dow Jones Industrial Average The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), Dow Jones, or simply the Dow (), is a price-weighted measurement stock market index In finance, a stock index, or stock market index, is an Index (economics), index that measures a stock market, or ...

Dow Jones Industrial Average
. *
1897 Events January–March * January 2 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legion The Roman legion ( la, legiō, ) was the largest military unit of the Roman army, composed of 4,200 infantry and 300 equites (cavalry) in the ...

1897
– ''
Dracula ''Dracula'' is a novel by Bram Stoker Abraham Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths or Gothic people, the ...

Dracula
'', a Gothic horror novel by Irish author
Bram Stoker Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths or Gothic people, the ethnonym of a group of East Germanic t ...

Bram Stoker
, is published. * 1897 – The original manuscript of William Bradford's history, ''
Of Plymouth Plantation The front page of the Bradford journal ''Of Plymouth Plantation'' is a journal that was written over a period of years by William Bradford, the leader of the Plymouth Colony Plymouth Colony (sometimes Plimouth) was an British America, English c ...
'', is returned to the Governor of Massachusetts by the Bishop of London after being taken during the
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from Thirteen Colonies, thirteen American colonies of British America in Continental Congress ...
.


1901–present

*
1900 As of March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first Roman triumph, triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. ...

1900
Thousand Days' War The Thousand Days' War ( es, Guerra de los Mil Días) was a civil war fought in Colombia Colombia ( , ; ), officially the Republic of Colombia, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one ...
: The
Colombian Conservative Party The Colombian Conservative Party ( es, Partido Conservador Colombiano) is a conservative Conservatism is a Political philosophy, political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions. The central tenets of conservatism ...
turns the tide of war in their favor with victory against the
Colombian Liberal Party The Colombian Liberal Party ( es, Partido Liberal Colombiano; PLC) is a centre-left political party in Colombia. It was founded as a classical liberalism, classical liberal party but later developed a more social-democratic tradition, joining t ...
in the Battle of Palonegro. *
1908 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of t ...
– The first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made at
Masjed Soleyman Masjed Soleyman ( fa, مسجد سلیمان, Old Persian Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages (the other being Avestan language, Avestan) and it is the ancestor of Middle Persian (the language of Sasanian Empire) ...
in southwest
Persia Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Tu ...

Persia
. The rights to the resource were quickly acquired by the
Anglo-Persian Oil Company The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was a British company founded in 1908 following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, Iran. The British government purchased 51% of the company in 1914, gaining a controlling number of shares, e ...
. *
1917 Events Below, the events of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nation ...
– Several powerful tornadoes rip through Illinois, including the city of Mattoon. *
1918 This year is noted for the end of the First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed co ...
– The
Democratic Republic of Georgia The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; ka, საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა ') was the first modern establishment of a republic A republic () is a form of government ...

Democratic Republic of Georgia
is established. *
1923 Events January * January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921. * January 1–January 7, 7 – Rosewood massacre: In a violent, racially mot ...

1923
– The first
24 Hours of Le Mans 4 (four) is a number, numeral (linguistics), numeral and numerical digit, digit. It is the natural number following 3 and preceding 5. It is the smallest composite number, and is tetraphobia, considered unlucky in many East Asian cultures. In mat ...
is held and has since been run annually in June. *
1927 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the ...
– The last
Ford Model T The Ford Model T (colloquially Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual (informal) communication. It is the most common functional style of speech, the idiom normally employed in ...

Ford Model T
rolls off the
assembly line
assembly line
after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles. *
1936 Events January * January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Al ...

1936
– In the
House of Commons of Northern Ireland The House of Commons of Northern Ireland was the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorpor ...
,
Tommy Henderson Thomas Gibson Henderson (13 October 1887 – 14 August 1970) was an Independent unionist politician. He served in the House of Commons of Northern Ireland The House of Commons of Northern Ireland was the lower house of the Parliament of Nort ...
begins speaking on the
Appropriation bill An appropriation bill, also known as supply bill or spending bill, is a proposed law that authorizes the expenditure of government funds. It is a bill that sets money aside for specific spending. In most democracies, approval of the legislature i ...
. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he had spoken for ten hours. *
1937 Events January * January – February – The Ohio River flood of 1937 takes place, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead. * January 1 – Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua. * January 11 – Th ...

1937
Walter Reuther Walter Philip Reuther (; September 1, 1907 – May 9, 1970) was an American leader of Labor unions in the United States, organized labor and Civil rights movements, civil rights activist who built the United Automobile Workers (UAW) into one of ...
and members of the
United Auto Workers The International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Auto Workers (UAW), is an American labor union A trade union (or a labor union in American English), often simpl ...
(UAW) clash with
Ford Motor Company Ford Motor Company (commonly known as Ford) is an American multinational corporation, multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, Dearborn, Michigan, United States. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated ...
security guards at the River Rouge Complex complex in
Dearborn, Michigan Dearborn is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan Michigan () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * ...
, during the Battle of the Overpass. *
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
– In the United States, the
House Un-American Activities Committee The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA), popularly dubbed the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), and from 1969 onwards known as the House Committee on Internal Security, was an investigative United States Congressional c ...
begins its first session. *
1940 A calendar from 1940 according to the Gregorian calendar, factoring in the dates of Easter and related holidays, cannot be used again until the year 5280. Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January * January ...

1940
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
:
Operation Dynamo Operation or Operations may refer to: Arts, entertainment and media * Operation (game), ''Operation'' (game), a battery-operated board game that challenges dexterity * Operation (music), a term used in musical set theory * Operations (magazine ...
: In northern France,
Allied An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
forces begin a massive evacuation from
Dunkirk Dunkirk ( , ; french: Dunkerque ; vls, label=French Flemish French Flemish (French Flemish: , Dutch language, Standard Dutch: , french: flamand français) is a West Flemish dialect spoken in the north of contemporary France. Place names at ...

Dunkirk
, France. * 1940 – World War II: The Siege of Calais ends with the surrender of the British and French garrison. *
1942 Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January * January 1 – WWII: ** The Declaration by United Nations is signed by China, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and 22 other nations, in ...
– World War II: The
Battle of Gazala The Battle of Gazala (near the modern town of عين الغزالة) was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a that lasted ...
takes place. *
1948 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the . There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in s). This day is known as since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TOC__ ...
– The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 80-557, which permanently establishes the
Civil Air Patrol Civil Air Patrol (CAP) is a congressionally chartered, federally supported non-profit corporation that serves as the official civilian auxiliary of the United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air File:Atm ...
as an auxiliary of the
United States Air Force The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air File:Atmosphere gas proportions.svg, Composition of Earth's atmosphere by volume, excluding water vapor. Lower pie represents trace gases that together compose about 0.043391% of the atmosph ...

United States Air Force
. *
1966 In February, Luna 9 Luna 9 (Луна-9), internal designation Ye-6 No.13, was an of the 's . On 3 February 1966, the Luna 9 spacecraft became the first spacecraft to achieve a survivable landing on a . Spacecraft The lander had a mass ...
British Guiana British Guiana was a British colony, part of the mainland British West Indies, which resides on the northern coast of South America. Since 1966 it has been known as the independent nation of Guyana. The first European to encounter Guiana was ...
gains independence, becoming
Guyana Guyana ( or ), officially the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America and the capital city is Georgetown Guyana, Georgetown. Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the ...

Guyana
. *
1967 Events January * January 1 – Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Confederation, featuring the Expo 67 World's Fair. * January 4 – The Doors release their début album ''The Doors ( ...

1967
The Beatles The Beatles were an English rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compou ...

The Beatles
' ''
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band ''Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band'' is the eighth studio album An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), Phonograph record, vinyl, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded ...
'' is released. *
1968 The year was highlighted by protests and other unrests that occurred worldwide. Events January * January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of L ...

1968
H-dagurinn in Iceland: Traffic changes from driving on the left to driving on the right overnight. *
1969 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
Apollo program The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which succeeded in Moon landing, landing the first humans ...

Apollo program
:
Apollo 10 Apollo 10 (May 18–26, 1969) was a human spaceflight, the fourth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, and the second (after Apollo 8, Apollo8) to orbit the Moon. It was the List of Apollo missions#Alphabetical mission types, Fmis ...
returns to Earth after a successful eight-day test of all the components needed for the forthcoming first crewed
moon The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. At about one-quarter the diameter of Earth (comparable to the width of Australia (continent), Australia), it is the largest natural satellite in the Solar System relative to the size of its plane ...

moon
landing. *
1970 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
– The
Soviet The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a socialist state A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sove ...
Tupolev Tu-144 The Tupolev Tu-144 (russian: Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment from Russia, China, and historically, the Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union and other nations of the Warsaw Pact). The ...

Tupolev Tu-144
becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2. *
1971 The year 1971 had three partial solar eclipses (February 25 Events 175px, Portrait of Paul Reuter, died 25 February 1899 *AD 138, 138 – Roman emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius as his son, effectively making hi ...
Bangladesh Liberation War The Bangladesh Liberation War ( bn, মুক্তিযুদ্ধ, ), also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution In political science Political science is the ...
: The
Pakistan Army The Pakistan Army (; ) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists mainly o ...
slaughters at least 71 Hindus in Burunga,
Sylhet Sylhet ( bn, সিলেট) is a metropolitan city in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for region ...

Sylhet
,
Bangladesh Bangladesh (, bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geography, geographical and culture, ethno-c ...

Bangladesh
. *
1972 Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time Coordinated Universal Time or UTC is the primary time standard A time standard is a specification for measuring time: either the rate at which time passes; or points in time; or both. ...
– The United States and the Soviet Union sign the
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty or ABMT) (1972—2002) was an arms control treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against ballistic ...
. *
1981 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...

1981
Italian Prime Minister
Arnaldo Forlani Arnaldo Forlani, (; born 8 December 1925) is an Italian politician who served as the 43rd Prime Minister of Italy from 18 October 1980 to 28 June 1981. He also held the office of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs A foreig ...
and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the
pseudo-masonic
pseudo-masonic
lodge P2 ''(Propaganda Due)''. * 1981 – An
EA-6B Prowler The Northrop Grumman (formerly Grumman The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century American producer of military and civilian aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle or machin ...
crashes on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier , killing 14 crewmen and injuring 45 others. *1983 – The 7.8 1983 Sea of Japan earthquake, Sea of Japan earthquake shakes northern Honshu with a maximum Mercalli intensity scale, Mercalli intensity of VIII (''Severe''). A destructive tsunami is generated that leaves about 100 people dead. *1986 – The European Community adopts the European flag. *1991 – Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the first elected President of Georgia, President of the Georgia (country), Republic of Georgia in the post-Soviet era. * 1991 – Lauda Air Flight 004 breaks apart in mid-air and crashes in the Phu Toei National Park in the Suphan Buri Province of Thailand, killing all 223 people on board. *1998 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in ''New Jersey v. New York'' that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York. * 1998 – The first "National Sorry Day" is held in Australia. Reconciliation events are held nationally, and attended by over a million people. * 1998 – A MIAT Mongolian Airlines Harbin Y-12 1998 MIAT Mongolian Airlines crash, crashes near Erdenet, Orkhon Province, Mongolia, resulting in 28 deaths. *2002 – The tugboat ''Robert Y. Love'' I-40 bridge disaster, collides with a support pier of Interstate 40 on the Arkansas River near Webbers Falls, Oklahoma, resulting in 14 deaths and 11 others injured. *2004 – United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing. *2008 – 2008 South China floods, Severe flooding begins in eastern and southern China that will ultimately cause 148 deaths and force the evacuation of 1.3 million. *2021 – Ten people are killed in a 2021 San Jose shooting, shooting at a Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, VTA rail yard in San Jose, California, United States.


Births


Pre-1600

*1264 – Prince Koreyasu, Koreyasu, Japanese prince and shōgun (d. 1326) *1478 – Pope Clement VII, Clement VII, pope of the Catholic Church (d. 1534) *1562 – James III, Margrave of Baden-Hachberg, James III, margrave of Baden-Hachberg (d. 1590) *1566 – Mehmed III, Ottoman sultan (d. 1603)


1601–1900

*1602 – Philippe de Champaigne, Dutch-French painter (d. 1674) *1623 – William Petty, English economist and philosopher (d. 1687) *1650 – John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire (d. 1722) *1667 – Abraham de Moivre, French-English mathematician and theorist (d. 1754) *1669 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist and mycologist (d. 1722) *1700 – Nicolaus Zinzendorf, German bishop and saint (d. 1760) *1750 – William Morgan (actuary), William Morgan, British actuary (d. 1833) *1799 – August Kopisch, German poet and painter (d. 1853) *
1822 Events January–March * January 1 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 The Greek Constitution of 1822 was a document adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus on January 1, 1822. Formally it was the Provisional Regime of Greec ...
– Edmond de Goncourt, French author and critic, founded the Académie Goncourt (d. 1896) *1863 – Bob Fitzsimmons, English-New Zealand boxer (d. 1917) *
1865 Events January–March * January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfre ...
– Robert W. Chambers, American author and illustrator (d. 1933) *1867 – Mary of Teck, English-born queen consort of the United Kingdom (d. 1953) *1873 – Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian painter and illustrator (d. 1958) *1876 – Percy Perrin, English cricketer (d. 1945) *1880 – W. Otto Miessner, American composer and educator (d. 1967) *1881 – Adolfo de la Huerta, Mexican politician and provisional president, 1920 (d. 1955) *1883 – Mamie Smith, American singer, actress, dancer, and pianist (d. 1946) *1886 – Al Jolson, American singer and actor (d. 1950) *1887 – Ba U, 2nd President of Burma (d. 1963) *1893 – Eugene Aynsley Goossens, English conductor and composer (d. 1962) *1895 – Dorothea Lange, American photographer and journalist (d. 1965) * 1895 – Paul Lukas, Hungarian-American actor and singer (d. 1971) *1898 – Ernst Bacon, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1990) * 1898 – Christfried Burmeister, Estonian speed skater (d. 1965) *1899 – Antonio Barrette, Canadian lawyer and politician, 18th Premier of Quebec (d. 1968) * 1899 – Muriel McQueen Fergusson, Canadian lawyer and politician, Speaker of the Senate (Canada), Canadian Speaker of the Senate (d. 1997) *
1900 As of March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first Roman triumph, triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. ...

1900
– Karin Juel, Swedish singer, actress, and writer (d. 1976)


1901–present

*1904 – George Formby, English singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1961) * 1904 – Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Turkish author, poet, and playwright (d. 1983) * 1904 – Vlado Perlemuter, Lithuanian-French pianist and educator (d. 2002) *1907 – Jean Bernard (physician), Jean Bernard, French physician and haematologist (d. 2006) * 1907 – John Wayne, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1979) *
1908 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of t ...
– Robert Morley, English actor (d. 1992) * 1908 – Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, Vietnamese politician, 1st Leaders of South Vietnam, Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam (d. 1976) *1909 – Matt Busby, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 1994) * 1909 – Adolfo López Mateos, Mexican politician, 48th President of Mexico (d. 1969) *1910 – Imi Lichtenfeld, Hungarian-Israeli martial artist, boxer, and gymnast (d. 1998) *1911 – Maurice Baquet, French actor and cellist (d. 2005) * 1911 – Henry Ephron, American playwright, screenwriter, and producer (d. 1992) *1912 – János Kádár, Hungarian mechanic and politician, 46th List of Prime Ministers of Hungary, Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1989) * 1912 – Jay Silverheels, Canadian-American actor (d. 1980) *1913 – Peter Cushing, English actor (d. 1994) * 1913 – Pierre Daninos, French author (d. 2005) * 1913 – Karin Ekelund, Swedish actress (d. 1976) * 1913 – Josef Manger, German weightlifter (d. 1991) *1914 – Frankie Manning, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2009) *1915 – Vernon Alley, American bassist (d. 2004) * 1915 – Antonia Forest, English author (d. 2003) *1916 – Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist and author (d. 1972) *1919 – Rubén González (pianist), Rubén González, Cuban pianist (d. 2003) *1920 – Jack Cheetham, South African cricketer (d. 1980) * 1920 – Peggy Lee, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2002) *1921 – Inge Borkh, German soprano (d. 2018) *
1923 Events January * January 1 – The Grouping: All major British railway companies are grouped into four larger companies, under terms of the Railways Act 1921. * January 1–January 7, 7 – Rosewood massacre: In a violent, racially mot ...

1923
– James Arness, American actor (d. 2011) * 1923 – Roy Dotrice, English actor (d. 2017) *1925 – Carmen Montejo, Cuban-Mexican actress (d. 2013) * 1925 – Alec McCowen, English actor (d. 2017) *1926 – Miles Davis, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1991) *
1927 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the ...
– Jacques Bergerac, French actor and businessman (d. 2014) *1928 – Jack Kevorkian, American pathologist, author, and assisted suicide activist (d. 2011) *1929 – J. F. Ade Ajayi, Nigerian historian and academic (d. 2014) * 1929 – Ernie Carroll, Australian television personality and producer * 1929 – Hans Freeman, Australian bioinorganic chemist and protein crystallographer (d. 2008) * 1929 – Catherine Sauvage, French singer and actress (d. 1998) *1930 – Karim Emami, Indian-Iranian lexicographer and critic (d. 2005) *1935 – Eero Loone, Estonian philosopher and academic *
1936 Events January * January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Al ...

1936
– Natalya Gorbanevskaya, Russian-Polish poet and activist (d. 2013) *
1937 Events January * January – February – The Ohio River flood of 1937 takes place, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead. * January 1 – Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua. * January 11 – Th ...

1937
– Manorama (Tamil actress), Manorama, Indian actress and singer (d. 2015) * 1937 – Paul E. Patton, American politician, 59th Governor of Kentucky *
1938 Events January * January 1 ** The California Golden Bears football#Bowl games, California Golden Bears defeat christoper lloyd was born the Alabama Crimson Tide in the 1938 Rose Bowl, with a final score of 13–0. ** The Constitution o ...
– William Bolcom, American pianist and composer * 1938 – Lyudmila Petrushevskaya, Russian author and playwright * 1938 – K. Bikram Singh, Indian director and producer (d. 2013) * 1938 – Teresa Stratas, Canadian soprano and actress *
1940 A calendar from 1940 according to the Gregorian calendar, factoring in the dates of Easter and related holidays, cannot be used again until the year 5280. Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January * January ...

1940
– Monique Gagnon-Tremblay, Canadian academic and politician, Deputy Premier of Quebec * 1940 – Levon Helm, American singer-songwriter, drummer, producer, and actor (d. 2012) *1941 – Aldrich Ames, American CIA officer and criminal * 1941 – Jim Dobbin, Scottish microbiologist and politician (d. 2014) * 1941 – Cliff Drysdale, South African tennis player and sportscaster * 1941 – Imants Kalniņš, Latvian composer *1943 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, journalist, and politician *1944 – Phil Edmonston, American-Canadian journalist and politician * 1944 – Jan Kinder, Norwegian ice hockey player (d. 2013) * 1944 – Sam Posey, American race car driver and journalist *1945 – Vilasrao Deshmukh, Indian lawyer and politician, 17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra (d. 2012) * 1945 – Alistair MacDuff, English lawyer and judge * 1945 – Garry Peterson, Canadian-American drummer *1946 – Neshka Robeva, Bulgarian gymnast and coach * 1946 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 1993) *1947 – Carol O'Connell, American author and painter * 1947 – Glenn Turner, New Zealand cricketer *
1948 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the . There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in s). This day is known as since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TOC__ ...
– Stevie Nicks, American singer-songwriter *1949 – Jeremy Corbyn, British journalist and politician * 1949 – Ward Cunningham, American computer programmer, developed the first wiki * 1949 – Pam Grier, American actress * 1949 – Anne McGuire, Scottish educator and politician * 1949 – Philip Michael Thomas, American actor * 1949 – Hank Williams Jr., American singer-songwriter and guitarist *1951 – Ramón Calderón, Spanish lawyer and businessman * 1951 – Lou van den Dries, Dutch mathematician * 1951 – Sally Ride, American physicist and astronaut, founded Sally Ride Science (d. 2012) * 1951 – Madeleine Taylor-Quinn, Irish educator and politician *1953 – Kay Hagan, American lawyer and politician (d. 2019) * 1953 – Don McAllister, English footballer and manager * 1953 – Michael Portillo, English journalist, politician and TV presenter *1954 – Michael Devine (hunger striker), Michael Devine, Irish Republican 1981 Irish hunger strike, hunger strike participant (died 1981) *1954 – Alan Hollinghurst, English novelist, poet, short story writer, and translator * 1954 – Denis Lebel, Canadian businessman and politician, 29th Minister of Transport (Canada), Canadian Minister of Transport *1955 – Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese-American chef * 1955 – Paul Stoddart, Australian businessman *1956 – Fiona Shackleton, English lawyer * 1956 – Jyoti Gogte, Indian academician *1957 – Diomedes Díaz, Colombian singer-songwriter (d. 2013) * 1957 – François Legault, Canadian businessman and politician * 1957 – Roberto Ravaglia, Italian racing driver *1958 – Ronnie Black, American golfer * 1958 – Arto Bryggare, Finnish hurdler and politician * 1958 – Margaret Colin, American actress *1959 – Ole Bornedal, Danish actor, director, and producer *1960 – Doug Hutchison, American actor * 1960 – Dean Lukin, Australian weightlifter * 1960 – Masahiro Matsunaga, Japanese racing driver * 1960 – Rob Murphy, American baseball player * 1960 – Romas Ubartas, Lithuanian discus thrower *1961 – Steve Pate, American golfer * 1961 – Tarsem Singh, Indian-American director, producer, and screenwriter *1962 – Black (singer), Black, English singer-songwriter (d. 2016) * 1962 – Genie Francis, Canadian-American actress * 1962 – Bobcat Goldthwait, American actor, director, and screenwriter *1963 – Simon Armitage, English poet, playwright and novelist * 1963 – Claude Legault, Canadian actor and screenwriter * 1963 – Mary Nightingale, English journalist * 1963 – Jamie Spence, English golfer *1964 – Caitlín R. Kiernan, Irish-American paleontologist and author * 1964 – Lenny Kravitz, American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer, and actor * 1964 – Argiris Pedoulakis, Greek basketball player and coach *
1966 In February, Luna 9 Luna 9 (Луна-9), internal designation Ye-6 No.13, was an of the 's . On 3 February 1966, the Luna 9 spacecraft became the first spacecraft to achieve a survivable landing on a . Spacecraft The lander had a mass ...
– Helena Bonham Carter, English actress * 1966 – Zola Budd, South African runner *
1967 Events January * January 1 – Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Confederation, featuring the Expo 67 World's Fair. * January 4 – The Doors release their début album ''The Doors ( ...

1967
– Philip Treacy, Irish milliner, hat designer * 1967 – Mika Yamamoto, Japanese journalist (d. 2012) *
1968 The year was highlighted by protests and other unrests that occurred worldwide. Events January * January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of L ...

1968
– Fernando León de Aranoa, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter * 1968 – Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark * 1968 – Steve Sedgley, English footballer and manager *
1969 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
– John Baird (Canadian politician), John Baird, Canadian politician, 10th Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada), Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs * 1969 – Siri Lindley, American triathlete and coach *
1970 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
– Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese illustrator *
1971 The year 1971 had three partial solar eclipses (February 25 Events 175px, Portrait of Paul Reuter, died 25 February 1899 *AD 138, 138 – Roman emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius as his son, effectively making hi ...
– Zaher Andary, Lebanese footballer * 1971 – Matt Stone, American actor, animator, screenwriter, producer, and composer *1973 – Naomi Harris, Canadian-American photographer *1974 – Lars Frölander, Swedish swimmer *1975 – Lauryn Hill, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress *1976 – Paul Collingwood, English cricketer and coach * 1976 – Stephen Curry (comedian), Stephen Curry, Australian comedian and actor * 1976 – Kenny Florian, American mixed martial artist and sportscaster * 1976 – Justin Pierre, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer *1977 – Nikos Chatzivrettas, Greek basketball player * 1977 – Raina Telgemeier, American author and cartoonist * 1977 – Luca Toni, Italian footballer * 1977 – Misaki Ito, Japanese actress and model *1978 – Phil Elvrum, American singer-songwriter and guitarist * 1978 – Fabio Firmani, Italian footballer * 1978 – Dan Parks, Australian-Scottish rugby player *1979 – Amanda Bauer, American astronomer and academic * 1979 – Natalya Nazarova, Russian sprinter * 1979 – Elisabeth Harnois, American actress * 1979 – Mehmet Okur, Turkish basketball player *1980 – Louis-Jean Cormier, Canadian singer and songwriter *
1981 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...

1981
– Robert Copeland, Australian footballer * 1981 – Anthony Ervin, American swimmer * 1981 – Jason Manford, English actor, screenwriter, and television host * 1981 – Isaac Slade, American singer-songwriter and pianist * 1981 – Ben Zobrist, American baseball player *1982 – Sten Lassmann, Estonian pianist * 1982 – Hasan Kabze, Turkish footballer *1983 – Demy de Zeeuw, Dutch footballer * 1983 – Henry Holland (fashion designer), Henry Holland, English fashion designer * 1983 – Nathan Merritt, Australian rugby league player *1985 – Monika Christodoulou, Greek singer-songwriter and guitarist * 1985 – Ashley Vincent, English footballer *1986 – Michel Tornéus, Swedish long jumper *1987 – Olcay Şahan, Turkish footballer * 1987 – Josh Thomas (comedian), Josh Thomas, Australian comedian and actor *1988 – Andrea Catellani, Italian footballer * 1988 – Juan Cuadrado, Colombian footballer * 1988 – Dani Samuels, Australian discus thrower * 1988 – Damian Williams (wide receiver), Damian Williams, American football player *1989 – Paula Findlay, Canadian triathlete *1991 – Ah Young, South Korean singer and actress *1992 – Curtis Rona, New Zealand rugby league player *1993 – Jason Adesanya, Belgian footballer * 1993 – Katerine Savard, Canadian swimmer * 1993 – Jimmy Vesey, American ice hockey player *1996 – Lara Goodall, South African cricketer *1999 – Georgia Wareham, Australian cricketer


Deaths


Pre-1600

* 604 – Augustine of Canterbury, Benedictine monk and archbishop * 735 – Bede, English monk, historian, and theologian * 818 – Ali al-Ridha, Saudi Arabian 8th of The Twelve Imams * 926 – Yuan Xingqin, Chinese general and governor *
946 Year 946 (Roman numerals, CMXLVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * Summer – King Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I invades the West Fr ...
Edmund I Edmund I or Eadmund I (920/921 – 26 May 946) was King of the English from 27 October 939 until his death. He was the elder son of Edward the Elder and his third wife Eadgifu of Kent, Eadgifu, and a grandson of Alfred the Great. When Edward die ...

Edmund I
, king of England (b. 921) *1035 – Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona, Berenguer Ramon I, Spanish nobleman (b. 1005) *1055 – Adalbert, Margrave of Austria, Adalbert, margrave of Austria *1250 – Peter I, Duke of Brittany, Peter I, duke of Brittany *1339 – Aldona of Lithuania, Aldona Ona, queen of Poland *1362 – Louis I of Naples, Louis I, king of Naples (b. 1320) *1421 – Mehmed I, Ottoman sultan (b. 1389) *1512 – Bayezid II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1447) *1536 – Francesco Berni, Italian poet (b. 1498) *1552 – Sebastian Münster, German cartographer and cosmographer (b. 1488)


1601–1900

*1648 – Vincent Voiture, French poet and author (b. 1597) *1653 – Robert Filmer, English theorist and author (b. 1588) *1679 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1636) *1685 – Charles II, Elector Palatine, Charles II, German elector palatine (b. 1651) *1702 – Zeb-un-Nissa, Mughal princess and poet (d. 1638) *1703 – Samuel Pepys, English politician (b. 1633) *1742 – Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1672) *1746 – Thomas Southerne, Irish playwright (b. 1660) *1762 – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher and academic (b. 1714) *1799 – James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish linguist, biologist, and judge (b. 1714) *1818 – Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Russian field marshal and politician, Governor-General of Finland (b. 1761) * 1818 – Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza, Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader (b. 1785) *1824 – Capel Lofft, English lawyer (b. 1751) *1840 – Sidney Smith (Royal Navy officer), Sidney Smith, English admiral and politician (b. 1764) *1881 – Jakob Bernays, German philologist and academic (b. 1824) *1883 – Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian ruler (b. 1808)


1901–present

*1902 – Almon Brown Strowger, American soldier and inventor (b. 1839) *
1908 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of t ...
– Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indian religious leader, founded the Ahmadiyya, Ahmadiyya movement (b. 1835) *1914 – Jacob Riis, Jacob August Riis, Danish-American journalist, photographer, and reformer (b. 1849) *1924 – Victor Herbert, Irish-American cellist, composer, and conductor, founded the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (b. 1859) *1926 – Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (b. 1904) *1933 – Horatio Bottomley, English financier, journalist, and politician (b. 1860) * 1933 – Jimmie Rodgers (country singer), Jimmie Rodgers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1897) *1939 – Charles Horace Mayo, American physician, co-founded Mayo Clinic (b. 1865) *1943 – Edsel Ford, American businessman (b. 1893) * 1943 – Alice Tegnér, Swedish organist, composer, and educator (b. 1864) *1944 – Christian Wirth, German SS officer (b. 1885) *
1948 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the . There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in s). This day is known as since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TOC__ ...
– Torsten Bergström, Swedish actor and director (b. 1896) *1951 – Lincoln Ellsworth, American explorer (b. 1880) *1954 – Lionel Conacher, Canadian football player and politician (b. 1900) *1955 – Alberto Ascari, Italian racing driver (b. 1918) *1956 – Al Simmons, American baseball player and coach (b. 1902) *1959 – Philip Kassel, American gymnast (b. 1876) *1964 – Ruben Oskar Auervaara, Finnish fraudster (b. 1906)Soukola, Timo: "Auervaara, Ruben Oskar (1906–1964)", Suomen kansallisbiografia, volume 1, pp 443–444. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society, 2003.
Online version
*
1966 In February, Luna 9 Luna 9 (Луна-9), internal designation Ye-6 No.13, was an of the 's . On 3 February 1966, the Luna 9 spacecraft became the first spacecraft to achieve a survivable landing on a . Spacecraft The lander had a mass ...
– Elizabeth Dilling, American author and activist (b. 1894) *
1969 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
– Paul Hawkins (racing driver), Paul Hawkins, Australian racing driver (b. 1937) * 1969 – Allan Haines Loughead, American engineer, co-founded the Lockheed Corporation (b. 1889) *1974 – Silvio Moser, Swiss racing driver (b. 1941) *1976 – Martin Heidegger, German philosopher and academic (b. 1889) *1978 – Cybele Andrianou, Greek actress (b. 1887) *1979 – George Brent, Irish-American actor (b. 1904) *1984 – Elizabeth Peer, American journalist (b. 1936) *1989 – Don Revie, English footballer and manager (b. 1927) *1994 – Sonny Sharrock, American guitarist (b. 1940) *1995 – Friz Freleng, American animator, director, and producer (b. 1906) *1997 – Ralph Horween, American football player and coach (b. 1896) *1999 – Paul Sacher, Swiss conductor and philanthropist (b. 1906) * 1999 – Waldo Semon, American chemist and engineer (b. 1898) *2001 – Vittorio Brambilla, Italian racing driver (b. 1937) * 2001 – Anne Haney, American actress (b. 1934) * 2001 – Moven Mahachi, Zimbabwean soldier and politician, Ministry of Defence (Zimbabwe), Zimbabwean Minister of Defence (b. 1952) * 2001 – Dona Massin, Canadian actress and choreographer (b. 1917) *2002 – Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian runner (b. 1932) *2003 – Kathleen Winsor, American journalist and author (b. 1919) *2004 – Nikolai Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931) *2005 – Eddie Albert, American actor (b. 1906) * 2005 – Chico Carrasquel, Venezuelan baseball player and manager (b. 1928) * 2005 – Ruth Laredo, American pianist and educator (b. 1937) * 2005 – Leslie Smith (businessman), Leslie Smith, English businessman, co-founded Lesney Products (b. 1918) *2006 – Édouard Michelin (born 1963), Édouard Michelin, French businessman (b. 1963) * 2006 – Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish footballer and physician (b. 1919) *2007 – Jack Edward Oliver, English illustrator (b. 1942) * 2007 – Howard Porter (basketball), Howard Porter, American basketball player (b. 1948) *2008 – Sydney Pollack, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1934) * 2008 – Zita Urbonaitė, Lithuanian cyclist (b. 1973) *2009 – Mihalis Papagiannakis, Greek journalist and politician (b. 1941) * 2009 – Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey and soccer player (b. 1965) *2010 – Art Linkletter, Canadian-American radio and television host (b. 1912) * 2010 – Chris Moran, English air marshal and pilot (b. 1956) * 2010 – Kieran Phelan, Irish politician (b. 1949) *2011 – Arisen Ahubudu, Sri Lankan scholar, author, and playwright (b. 1920) *2012 – Arthur Decabooter, Belgian cyclist (b. 1936) * 2012 – Leo Dillon, American illustrator (b. 1933) * 2012 – Stephen Healey, Welsh captain and footballer (b. 1982) * 2012 – Hiroshi Miyazawa, Japanese politician (b. 1921) * 2012 – Hans Schmidt (wrestler), Hans Schmidt, Canadian wrestler (b. 1925) * 2012 – Jim Unger, English-Canadian illustrator (b. 1937) *2013 – Ray Barnhart, American businessman and politician (b. 1928) * 2013 – John Bierwirth, American lawyer and businessman (b. 1924) * 2013 – Roberto Civita, Italian-Brazilian businessman (b. 1936) * 2013 – Tom Lichtenberg, American football player and coach (b. 1940) * 2013 – Otto Muehl, Austrian painter (b. 1925) * 2013 – Jack Vance, American author (b. 1916) *2014 – Baselios Thoma Didymos I, Indian metropolitan (b. 1921) * 2014 – Miodrag Radulovacki, Serbian-American academic and neuropharmacologist (b. 1933) * 2014 – William R. Roy, American physician, journalist, and politician (b. 1926) * 2014 – Hooshang Seyhoun, Iranian-Canadian architect, sculptor, and painter (b. 1920) *2015 – Vicente Aranda, Spanish director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926) * 2015 – Les Johnson, Australian politician and diplomat, List of Australian High Commissioners to New Zealand, Australian High Commissioner to New Zealand (b. 1924) * 2015 – Robert Kraft (astronomer), Robert Kraft, American astronomer and academic (b. 1927) * 2015 – João Lucas (footballer, born 1979), João Lucas, Portuguese footballer (b. 1979) *2016 – Hedy Epstein, German-born American human rights activist and Holocaust survivor (b. 1924) *2017 – Zbigniew Brzezinski, Polish-born American politician (b. 1928) *2019 – Prem Tinsulanonda, Former Prime Minister of Thailand


Holidays and observances

*Christian Calendar of saints, feast day: **Augustine of Canterbury (Anglican Communion and Eastern Orthodox) **Lambert of Vence **Peter Sanz (one of Martyr Saints of China) **Philip Neri **Pope Eleuterus **Quadratus of Athens **Zachary, Bishop of Vienne **May 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) *Independence Day (Georgia), Independence Day, commemorates the day of the First Republic in 1918 (Georgia (country), Georgia) *Independence Day, celebrates the independence of
Guyana Guyana ( or ), officially the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America and the capital city is Georgetown Guyana, Georgetown. Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the ...

Guyana
from the United Kingdom in 1966. *Mother's Day (Poland) *National Paper Airplane Day (United States) *National Sorry Day (Australia)


References


External links


BBC: On This Day
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Historical Events on May 26

Today in Canadian History
{{months Days of the year May