Leopold Joseph Franz Johann Fitzinger (13 April 1802 – 20 September 1884) was an
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

zoologist Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is usually regarded as nonstandard, though it is not uncommon. is the branch of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical st ...
. Fitzinger was born in
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and studied
botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ...

at the
University of Vienna The University of Vienna (german: Universität Wien) is a public university, public research university located in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the Geograph ...
Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von Jacquin (16 February 172726 October 1817) was a scientist who studied medicine Medicine is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiari ...

Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin
. He worked at the Vienna
Naturhistorisches Museum The Natural History Museum Vienna (german: Naturhistorisches Museum Wien) is a large natural history Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms, including animals, fungus, fungi, and plants, in their natural environment, leanin ...

Naturhistorisches Museum
between 1817, when he joined as a volunteer assistant, and 1821, when he left to become secretary to the provincial legislature of
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bavarian w ...
; after a hiatus he was appointed assistant curator in 1844 and remained at the Naturhistorisches Museum until 1861. Later he became director of the zoos of
Munich Munich ( ; german: München ; bar, Minga ) is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria. With a population of 1,558,395 inhabitants as of 31 July 2020, it is the List of cities in Germany by population, third-largest city in Germany, ...

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. In 1826 he published ''Neue Classification der Reptilien'', based partly on the work of his friends Friedrich Wilhelm Hemprich and
Heinrich Boie Heinrich Boie (4 May 1794, Meldorf, Holstein – 4 September 1827, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia) was a Germany, German zoologist. He was the brother of Friedrich Boie. In the field of herpetology they described 49 new species of reptiles and seve ...
. In 1843 he published ''Systema Reptilium'', covering
gecko Geckos are small, mostly carnivorous lizards that have a wide distribution, found on every continent except Antarctica. Belonging to the infraorder#Hierarchy of ranks, infraorder Gekkota, geckos are found in warm climates throughout the world. T ...

chameleon Chameleons or chamaeleons (family In human society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory ...

s and
iguana ''Iguana'' (, ) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), c ...

s. Fitzinger is commemorated in the scientific names of five reptiles: '' Algyroides fitzingeri'', '' Leptotyphlops fitzingeri'', '' Liolaemus fitzingerii'', ''
Micrurus tener fitzingeri
Micrurus tener fitzingeri
'', and '' oxyrhopus fitzingeri''. WorksAs given in th
website of the ''Naturhistorisches Museum Wien''
*Fitzinger LJFJ (1826). ''Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften. Nebst einer Verwandtschafts-tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. zoologischen Museum's zu Wien'' (New classification of reptiles according to their natural relationships, appended to a table of their relationships and a sketch of the reptile collection of the imperial and royal zoological museum of Vienna). Vienna: J.G. Hübner. vii + 66 pp. + one plate. (in German and Latin). *Fitzinger LJFJ (1835). ''Entwurf einer systematischen Anordnung der Schildkröten nach den Grundsätzen der natürlichen Methode'' (Draft of a systematic arrangement of turtles based on the principles of the natural method). *Fitzinger LJFJ (1843). ''Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae''. Vienna: Braumüller et Seidel. 106 pp. + indices (in Latin). *Fitzinger LJFJ (1850). ''Über den'' Proteus anguinus ''der Autoren'' (On the author's ''
Proteus anguinus
Proteus anguinus
''). *Fitzinger LJFJ (1861). A catalog of the reptiles and amphibians collected during the ''Novara'' expedition.

See also

* :Taxa named by Leopold Fitzinger


19th-century Austrian zoologists Austrian taxonomists 1802 births 1884 deaths Austrian mammalogists Austrian herpetologists Scientists from Vienna University of Vienna alumni {{Austria-scientist-stub