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Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug–Yugra (
Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (россияне), Russian language term ...
and
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
: Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ — Югра, ''Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug — Yugra;''
Khanty The Khanty (in older literature: Ostyaks) are a Ugrian The Ugric or Ugrian languages ( or ) are a proposed branch of the Uralic language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spo ...
: Хӑнты-Мансийской Aвтономной Округ) is a
federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Российской Федерации, subyekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) or simply as the subjects of the federation (russian: ...
of
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
(an
autonomous okrug Autonomous okrug ( rus, автономный округ, t=avtonomny okrug), occasionally referred to as "autonomous district", "autonomous area", and "autonomous region", is a type of federal subject of Russia and simultaneously an administrativ ...

autonomous okrug
of
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen Oblast (russian: Тюме́нская о́бласть, ''Tyumenskaya oblast'') is a federal subject The federal subjects of Russia, also referred to as the subjects of the Russian Federation (russian: субъекты Российс ...
). It has a population of 1,532,243 as of the
2010 Census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
. The peoples native to the region are the
Khanty The Khanty (in older literature: Ostyaks) are a Ugrian The Ugric or Ugrian languages ( or ) are a proposed branch of the Uralic language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spo ...
and the
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
, known collectively as Ob-Ugric people, but today the two groups only constitute 2.1% of the region's population. The local languages,
Khanty The Khanty (in older literature: Ostyaks) are a Ugrian The Ugric or Ugrian languages ( or ) are a proposed branch of the Uralic language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spo ...
and
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
, enjoy special status in the autonomous okrug and along with their distant relative
HungarianHungarian may refer to: * Hungary, a country in Central Europe * Kingdom of Hungary, state of Hungary, existing between 1000 and 1946 * Hungarians, ethnic groups in Hungary * Hungarian algorithm, a polynomial time algorithm for solving the assignmen ...
are part of the
Ugric The Ugric or Ugrian languages ( or ) are a proposed branch of the Uralic language family. The name Ugric is derived from Ugrians, an archaic exonym for the Magyars (Hungarians) and Yugra, a region in north-west Russia. Ugric includes three ...
branch of the
Finno-Ugric languages Finno-Ugric ( or ; ''Fenno-Ugric'') or Finno-Ugrian (''Fenno-Ugrian''), is a traditional grouping of all languages in the Uralic language family The Uralic languages (; sometimes called Uralian languages ) form a language family A langua ...

Finno-Ugric languages
.
Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (россияне), Russian language term ...
remains the only official language. In 2012, the majority (51%) of the oil produced in Russia came from Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, giving the region great economic importance in Russia and the world.


History

The okrug was established on December 10, 1930, as Ostyak-Vogul National Okrug (). In October 1940, it was renamed the Khanty-Mansi National Okrug. In 1977, along with other national okrugs of the
Russian SFSR The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links=no, Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика, Rossiyskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya ...
, it became an autonomous okrug (Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug). The administrative center is
Khanty-Mansiysk Khanty-Mansiysk ( rus, Ха́нты-Манси́йск, Khánty-Mansíysk, lit. ''Khanty-Mansi Town''; Khanty language, Khanty: , ''Yomvoḉ''; Mansi language, Mansi: , ''Abga'') is a types of inhabited localities in Russia , city and the adminis ...

Khanty-Mansiysk
. In 2003, the word "
Yugra Yugra or Iuhra (Old Russian Old East Slavic (traditionally also: Old Russian, be, старажытнаруская мова; russian: древнерусский язык; uk, давньоруська мова) was a language used during t ...
" was appended to the official name.


Geography

The okrug occupies the central part of the
West Siberian Plain Western Siberian plain on a satellite map of North Asia The West Siberian Plain, also known as Zapadno-Sibirskaya Ravnina, (russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Si ...
. Principal rivers include the
Ob
Ob
and its
tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") ...
the
Irtysh The Irtysh ( otk, 𐰼𐱅𐰾:𐰇𐰏𐰕𐰏, Ertis ügüzüg, mn, Эрчис мөрөн, ''Erchis mörön'', "erchleh", "twirl"; russian: Иртыш; kk, Ертіс, Ertis, ; : 额尔齐斯河, : ''É'ěrqísī hé'', : عَعَرٿِسِ ...
. The northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude traverses the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug.


Administrative divisions


Demographics

Population: 1 674 676 (2020); Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug has an area of 523,100 km2, but the area is sparsely populated. The administrative center is
Khanty-Mansiysk Khanty-Mansiysk ( rus, Ха́нты-Манси́йск, Khánty-Mansíysk, lit. ''Khanty-Mansi Town''; Khanty language, Khanty: , ''Yomvoḉ''; Mansi language, Mansi: , ''Abga'') is a types of inhabited localities in Russia , city and the adminis ...

Khanty-Mansiysk
, but the largest cities are
Surgut Surgut ( rus, Сургу́т, p=sʊrˈgut) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. ...
,
Nizhnevartovsk Nizhnevartovsk ( rus, Нижневартовск, p=nʲɪʐnʲɪˈvartəfsk) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The ...

Nizhnevartovsk
, and
Nefteyugansk Nefteyugansk (russian: Нефтеюга́нск) is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia' ...
.


Settlements


Ethnic groups

The indigenous population (
Khanty The Khanty (in older literature: Ostyaks) are a Ugrian The Ugric or Ugrian languages ( or ) are a proposed branch of the Uralic language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spo ...
,
Mansi Mansi may refer to: People * Mansi people The Mansi ( Mansi: Мāньси / Мāньси мāхум, ''Māńsi / Māńsi māhum'', ) are a Ugrian indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within Tyumen Oblast Tyumen ...
, and Nenets) is only 2.2% of the total population in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. The exploitation of natural gas in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug has attracted immigrants from all over the former Soviet Union. The 2010 Census counted twenty-five ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each. The ethnic composition is as follows: Population of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug: Historical population figures are shown below:


Vital statistics

:Source
Russian Federal State Statistics Service


Religion

According to a 2012 survey 38.1% of the population of Yugra adheres to the
Russian Orthodox Church , native_name_lang = ru , image = Moscow July 2011-7a.jpg , imagewidth = , alt = , caption = Cathedral of Christ the Saviour The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour ( rus, Храм Хр ...

Russian Orthodox Church
, 5% are unaffiliated generic
Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of ...

Christians
, 1% of the population adheres to the
Slavic native faith The Slavic Native Faith, commonly known as Rodnovery * bg, Родноверие, translit=Rоdnoverie * bs, Rodnovjerje * mk, Родноверие, translit=Rodnoverie * cz, Rodnověří * hr, Rodnovjerje * pl, Rodzimowierstwo; Rodzima ...
(Rodnovery) or to Khanty-Mansi native faith.
Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", ...

Muslim
s (mostly
Tatars The Tatars (; tt, , , , crh, tatarlar; otk, 𐱃𐱃𐰺, Tatar) is an umbrella term for different Turkic peoples, Turkic ethnic groups bearing the name "Tatar". Initially, the ethnonym ''Tatar'' possibly referred to the Tatar confederation ...
) constitute 11% of the population. In addition, 23% of the population declares to be
spiritual but not religious "Spiritual but not religious" (SBNR), also known as "Spiritual but not affiliated" (SBNA), is a popular phrase and initialism used to self-identify a life stanceA person's life stance, or lifestance, is their relation with what they accept as bein ...
, 11% is
atheist Atheism, in the broadest sense, is an absence of belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In psychology Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psy ...

atheist
, and 10.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. According to recent reports Jehovah's Witnesses have been subjected to torture and detention in Surgut.


Transport

In Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, the primary transport of goods is by water and railway transport; 29% is transported by road, and 2% by aviation. The total length of railway tracks is 1,106 km. The length of roads is more than 18,000 km.


See also

* Hockey Club Ugra * List of Chairmen of the Duma of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug


References


External links


Official website of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – YugraOfficial site of Khanty-Mansi DumaInformational website of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra
{{Use mdy dates, date=December 2012 Russian-speaking countries and territories States and territories established in 1930