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Juliana Horatia Ewing (née Gatty, 3 August 1841 – 13 May 1885) was an English writer of
children's stories Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are created for children. Modern children's literature is classified in two different ways: genre or the intended age of the reader. Children's ...

children's stories
. Her writings display a sympathetic insight into children's lives, an admiration for things military, and a strong religious faith.


Life

Known as Julie, she was the second of ten children of the Rev. Alfred Gatty, Vicar of
Ecclesfield Ecclesfield is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administra ...
in
Yorkshire Yorkshire (; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England Northern England, also known as the North of England or simply the North, is the most northern area of England England ...

Yorkshire
, and
Margaret Gatty Margaret Gatty (''née'' Scott, 3 June 1809 – 4 October 1873) was an English children's author and writer on marine biology. In some writings she argues against Charles Darwin's ''Origin of Species''. She became a popular writer of tales for y ...
, who was herself a
children's author Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are created for children. Modern children's literature is classified in two different ways: genre or the intended age of the reader. Children's ...
. Their children were educated mainly by their mother, but Julie was often the driving force behind their various activities: drama, botany and so on. Later she was responsible for setting up a village library in Ecclesfield and helped out in the parish with her three sisters. Early stories of hers appeared in
Charlotte Mary Yonge Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823–1901) was an English novelist, who wrote in the service of the church. Her abundant books helped to spread the influence of the Oxford Movement and show her keen interest in matters of public health and sanitation. H ...

Charlotte Mary Yonge
's magazine ''
The Monthly Packet''The Monthly Packet'' was an English magazine published between 1851 and 1899, founded by members of the Oxford Movement to counter Anglo-Catholic extremism. It was strongly influenced by its first editor, the novelist Charlotte Mary Yonge, with aim ...
''. On 1 June 1867, Julie married Major Alexander Ewing (1830–1895) of the Army Pay Corps. A musician, composer and translator, he was also a keen churchgoer and shared his wife's interest in literature. Within a week of their marriage, the Ewings left England for
Fredericton Fredericton (; ) is the capital city of the Canadian province The provinces and territories of Canada () are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada under the jurisdiction of the Constitution of Canada, Canadian Cons ...
,
New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , capital = Fredericton Fredericton (; ) is the capital city of the Canadian provinc ...

New Brunswick
, Canada, where he had received a new posting. They remained there for two years, before returning to England in 1869 and spending eight years in the army town of
Aldershot Aldershot () is a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England. It lies on heathland in the extreme northeast corner of the county, about southwest of London. The area is administered by Rushmoor Borough Council. The town has a populat ...
. Although her husband was sent overseas again, to
Malta Malta ( , , ), officially known as the Republic of Malta ( mt, Repubblika ta' Malta ) and formerly Melita, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies south of Italy, east of Tunisi ...

Malta
in 1879 and
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...

Sri Lanka
in 1881, Ewing's poor health precluded her from accompanying him. On her husband's return in 1883, the Ewings moved to
Trull Trull is a village, electoral ward A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes. In some countries, wards are usually named after neighbourhoods, thoroughfares, parishes, landmarks, geographical features and in some ...
,
Somerset ( en, All The People of Somerset) , locator_map = , coordinates = , region = South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the ...

Somerset
, and then in 1885 to
Bath Bath may refer to: * Bathing, immersion in a fluid ** Bathtub, a large open container for water, in which a person may wash their body ** Public bathing, a public place where people bathe * Thermae, ancient Roman public bathing facilities Plac ...
, in the hopes that the change of air would do her good. However, her health continued to decline. After two operations, she died in Bath on 13 May 1885. She was given a military funeral at
Trull Trull is a village, electoral ward A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes. In some countries, wards are usually named after neighbourhoods, thoroughfares, parishes, landmarks, geographical features and in some ...
three days later. Julie's sister Horatia Katharine Frances Gatty (1846–1945) published a memorial of her life and works, which includes a publication history of her stories. A later selection includes some of Julie's letters and drawings about Canada. A biography of her by
Gillian Avery Gillian Elise Avery (30 September 1926 – 31 January 2016) was a British children's novelist, and a historian of childhood education and children's literature. She won the Guardian Children's Fiction Prize in 1972, for ''A Likely Lad.'' It was ...
appeared in 1961.


"Child-novels"

Roger Lancelyn Green Roger Gilbert Lancelyn Green (2 November 1918 – 8 October 1987) was a British biographer and children's writer. He was an Oxford academic who formed part of the Inklings literary discussion group along with C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien. ...
calls Ewing's works the "first outstanding child-novels" in
English literature Literature written in the English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language is a structured system of communication used by ...

English literature
. They show notably sympathetic insight into child life, admiration for things military, and a reflection of Ewing's strong
Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Christianity, Western Christian tradition that has developed from the practices, liturgy, and identity of the Church of England following the English Reformation. Adherents of Anglicanism are called ''Anglicans''; t ...
faith. They include ''Mrs. Overtheway's Remembrances'' (1869), ''A Flat Iron for a Farthing'' (1873), ''Six to Sixteen'' (1875), ''Jackanapes'' (1884), ''Daddy Darwin's Dovecot'' (1884), and ''The Story of a Short Life'' (1885). A talented artist herself, Ewing's works were frequently illustrated by such notable figures as George Cruikshank and Randolph Caldecott. She was also the editor of a number of magazines which published short stories for children, such as the ''Nursery Magazine'' from 1856 onwards, the ''Monthly Packet'', and the monthly ''Aunt Judy's Magazine'' from 1866.


Legacy

''The Story of a Short Life'' inspired Grace Kimmins to start the Guild of the Brave Poor Things to help children with disabilities in London. Grace and later Ada Vachell took their motto ''Laetus sorte mea'' (Happy in my lot) from Ewing's book. Her ''Madam Liberality'' (1873) has been taken to be autobiographical.Virginia Blain, Patricia Clements and Isobel Grundy: ''The Feminist Companion to Literature in English. Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present Day'' (London: Batsford, 1990), p. 349. Rudyard Kipling declared he knew Ewing's novel ''Jan of the Windmill'' (1872–1873, 1876) almost by heart. He wrote in his autobiography, ''Something of Myself'': "One [book] I have still, a bound copy of ''Aunt Judy's Magazine'' of the early 'seventies, in which appeared Mrs. Ewing's "Six to Sixteen". I owe more in circuitous ways to that tale than I can tell. I knew it, as I know it still, almost by heart. Here was a history of real people and real things." Her story ''The Brownies'' (1865) gave Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, the Baden-Powells the idea and the name for the Brownie (Girl Guides), junior level of the Girl Guides. Another admirer of her work was E. Nesbit, herself a prominent children's author. In 1899 a stained-glass window by Charles Eamer Kempe in memory of Alexander and Juliana Horatia Ewing was installed in the Church of All Saints, Trull, overlooking their graves.


Notes


References

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Further reading

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External links

* * *
Juliana Horatia Ewing and her books
by Horatia K. F. Eden, 1896, from Project Gutenberg *
Juliana Horatia Ewing
books with full images of all pages, covers, and spines in the University of Florida Digital Collections * {{DEFAULTSORT:Ewing, Juliana Horatia 1842 births 1885 deaths English children's writers Anglican writers People from Ecclesfield Writers from Sheffield Irish folklorists