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Joseph is a common masculine given name, derived from the Hebrew Yosef. The form "Joseph" is used mostly in English, French and partially German-speaking (alongside "Josef") countries. This spelling is also found as a variant in the Nordic countries. In Portuguese and Spanish, the name is "José". In Arabic, including in the Quran, the name is spelled ''Yūsuf''. In Persian, the name is "Yousef". The name has enjoyed significant popularity in its many forms in numerous countries, and ''Joseph'' was one of the two names, along with ''Robert'', to have remained in the top 10 boys' names list in the US from 1925 to 1972. It is especially common in contemporary Israel, as either "Yossi" or "Yossef", and in Italy, where the name "Giuseppe" was the most common male name in the 20th century. In the first century CE, Joseph was the second most popular male name for Palestine Jews. In the Book of Genesis Joseph is Jacob's eleventh son and Rachel's first son, and known in the Hebrew Bible as Yossef ben-Yaakov. In the New Testament the most notable two are Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus; and Joseph of Arimathea, a secret disciple of Jesus who supplied the tomb in which Jesus was buried.

Etymology

The Bible offers two explanations of the name ''Yosef:'' first, it is compared to the word ''asaf'' from the root /'sp/, "taken away": "And she conceived, and bore a son; and said, God hath ''taken away'' my reproach"; ''Yosef'' is then identified with the similar root /ysp/, meaning "add": "And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall ''add'' to me another son."Friedman, R. E., ''The Bible with Sources Revealed'' (2003), p. 80 ''The Jewish Encyclopedia'' says that it is a theophoric name referencing YHWH. The name can also consist of the Hebrew ''yadah'' meaning "praise", "fame" and the word ''asaf''.


Variants, diminutives and familiar forms in other languages


Variations for males include: * Afrikaans: Josef, Joesoef * Albanian: Jozë ''(indefinite)'', Joza ''(definite)'', Zef ''(indef.)'', Zefi ''(def.)'', Josif ''(indef.)'', Josifi ''(def.)'', Isuf ''(indef.)'', Isufi ''(def.)'', Bibë ''(indef.)'', Biba ''(def.)'' * Alsatian: Sepp * Amharic: ዮሴፍ (''Yosēfi'') * Armenian: Հովսեփ, Յովսէփ (''Hovsep'') * Arabic: يوسف (''Yūsif'', ''Youssef'', ''Yussef'', ''Yousif, Yousef'', ''Youssof'', ''Yūsuf'') * Azerbaijani: Yusif, Yusuf, Usub * Belarusian: Іосіф (''Iosif''), Язэп (''Jazep'') * Bengali: ইউসুফ (''Iusuf'' or ''Yusuf'') (Islamic), জোসেফ (''Josef'') (Christian) * Bosnian: Josip, Jusuf * Basque: Joseba, Josepe * Brazilian Portuguese: José, Josê, Zé, Zezé, Zê, Zezê * Bulgarian: Йосиф (''Yosif'') * Burmese (Myanmar): ယောသပ်သည် (''Yaw sautsai'') * Cantonese: 約瑟 (''Joek3 sat1'') * Catalan: Josep, Pep (shortened form), Jep (an alternative shortened form) * Circassian: Юсыф (''Yusyf'') * Corsican: Ghjaseppu * Croatian: Josip, Joso, Jozo, Joza, Joze, Joško, Joža, Jože, Bepo, Bepi, Bapi, Pino, Osíp, Bozo, Gonzo, Ganso * Czech: Josef; Diminutives: Pepa, Peppa, Pepík, Pepik, Jožka, Pepan, Pepča, Pepek, Pepino, Jožin * Danish: Josef * Dutch: Jozef, Josephus; Diminutives: Joep, Joost, Jos, Jo, Jef, Seppe * English: Joseph, Diminutives: Joe, Joey * Esperanto: Jozefo * Estonian: Joosep, Joosu * Faroese: Jósef * Fijian: Josefa * Filipino: Joseph, José, Pepe, Peping, Sep, Jojo * Finnish: Jooseppi, Juuso * French: José, Joseph, Jojo * Friulian: Bepi, Bepo, Bapi, Bepùt * Galician: Xosé * Georgian: იოსებ (''Ioseb''), სოსო ("''Soso''") * German: Josef, Joseph; Jupp (familiar); Sepp, Seppl or Pepi (familiar or diminutive forms, particularly in South Germany and Austria) * Greek: Ιωσήφ (''Iōséph''), Ιώσηπος (''Iosipos''), Σήφης ("''Sifis''") (local in Crete) * Gujarati: જોસેફ (''Jōsēfa'') * Hawaiian (''Iokepa'') * (''Yosef''), יוסי ("''Yossi''", diminutive) * Hiligaynon: José, Josef, Josep (rare) * Hindi: यूसुफ (''Yūsuf'') * Hungarian: József; Jóska, Józsi (diminutive) * Icelandic: Jósef, Jói * Igbo: Yôsēp̄, Yossef, Josef * Indonesian: Yoseph, Yosep, Yusuf, Yusup, Jusuf, Joesoef, Josef, Joseph * Interlingua: Joseph * Italian: Giuseppe, Giù, Beppe, Peppe, Peppino, Pepino, Pino, Bepi, Beppo, Pippo, Puccio, Gioseffo * Irish: Seosamh, Iósaf * Japanese: ヨセフ (''Yosefu''), ジョセフ (''Jyosefu'') * Kambaata language, Ethiopia: Yeseffe, Yese, Josse, Jossy * Kannada: ಜೋಸೆಫ್ (''Jōseph'') * Kazakh: Yusuf, Jusip * Khmer: យ៉ូសែប (''Yousaep'') * Korean: 요셉 (''Yosep''), 조셉 (''Joseb'') * Kyrgyz: Жусуп (''Dzhusup'') * Latin: Iosephvs * Latvian: Jāzeps, Jozefs, Josefs, Josifs, Džozefs, Žozefs, Jusufs, Jozis, Zeps, Seps * Limburgish: Joep, Sef * Lithuanian: Juozapas, Juozas (shorter form), Juzas (shortest form), Justas * Lombard: Giüsèpp, Pèpp, Pèpa, Pèppa, Bèpp * Macedonian: Јосиф (''J̌osif'') * Malayalam: ജോസപ്പ് (''Josapp'') or ജോസപ്പൻ (''Josappan''), ഔസേപ്പ് (''Ousepp''), യോസേപ്പ് (''Yosef''), ഔസേപച്ചന്‍ (''Ouseppachen''), കൊച്ചാപ്പു (''Kochaappu''), ഈപ്പൻ (''Eappan''), ഈപ്പച്ചൻ (''Eappachan''), ജോസഫ് (''Jēāsaph'') * Malaysian: Yusuf, Yusop, Yusoff, Jusoh, Eusoff, Usop * Manado Malay: Josef, Yosef, Oce' * Maltese: Ġużeppi, Ġużi, Ġuż, Ġużè, Peppi, Peppu, Peppinu, Pepp, Peppa, Pepa, Żeppi, Żeppu, Żepp * Mandarin: , , 玉素甫 (''Yùsùfǔ''), ''Zho-Zi-Fu'' * Marathi: योसेफ (''Jōsēfa'') * Māori: Hohepa * Mongolian: Иосеф (''Iosyef'') * Nepali: यूसुफ (''Yūsupha'') * Norwegian: Josef * Occitan: Josèp * Persian: يوسف (''Youssef'', ''Yūsuf'', ''Yussef'') * Polish: Józef (Yu-zef), Józek (diminutive), Józio (diminutive) * Portuguese: José, Josefo,In Portuguese, Flavius Josephus, the author of the Jewish Antiquities is known as Flávio Josefo. Diminutive forms: Zé, Zezé * Provençal: Jóusè * Punjabi: ਯੂਸੁਫ਼ (''Yūsufa'') * Quechua: Husiy * Romanian: Iosif, Iosub * Romansch: Giusep, Gisep, Giusi, Sepp * Russian: Иосиф (''Iosif''), Осип ("''Osip''"), Пеппа (''Peppa'') * Samoan: Iosefa, Sefa * Sardinian: Josepe, Zosepe, Gisepu * Scottish Gaelic: Seòsaidh * Serbian: Јосиф (''Josif''), Јосеф (''Josef''), Јозеф (''Jozef'') * Sepedi: Josefa * Sicilian: Giuseppi * Silesian: Zefel, Zeflik (diminutive) * Singapore: Joseph * Sinhala: ජොසේ (''Jose''), ජෝසේෆ් (''Jōsēf'') * Slovak: Jozef, Jožo, Dodo, Ďoďo, Dodô, Doido * Slovene: Jožef, Jože * Somali: Yuusuf, يوسف * Spanish: José; hypocoristic versions: Pepe, Chepe, Che, Cheo, Chelo * Sundanese: Yusup, Usup, Ucup * Swahili: Yusuph, Yusufu, Yosefu * Swedish: Josef * Sylheti: য়ুসুফ (''Yusuf'') * Syriac: ܝܘܣܦ (''Yosip, Yausef, Ossi'') * Tagalog: Jose, Pepe, Peping * Tamil: சூசை (''sūsai''), யோசேப்பு (''yōcēppu'') * Tajik: Юсуф (''Yusuf'') * Telugu: యోసేపు (''Yōsepu'') * Thai: โจเซฟ (''Co sef'', Josef) * Tongan: Siosefa * Turkish: Yusuf * Ukrainian: Йосип (''Josyp''), Осип (''Osyp'') * (''Yūsuf'') * Uzbek: Yusuf, Иосиф (''Iosif'') * Valencian: Josep * Venetian: Juxepe, Bepi, Bepin, Bapi * Vietnamese: Giu-se or Giô-xếp or Yuse or Giô-sép * Vilamovian: Juza * Welsh: Joseff * Yiddish: Yissl, Yussel, Jayzl * Yoruba: Josefu, Yusufu * Shona: Joze, Joza * Zulu: uJosef


Female forms


* Albanian: Jozefina, Zefina * Catalan : Josepa, Pepa, Peppa (shortened) * Croatian: Josipa, Josica, Jozica * English: Jo, Josephine, Joette, Posy, Posie * French: Joséphine * Greek: Ιωσηφίνα (''Iosiphina'') * Hungarian: Jozefa, Jozefina, Józsa * Irish: Seosaimhín * Italian: Giuseppa, Giuseppina * Maltese: Ġuża, Ġużeppa * Norwegian: Josefine, Josephine * Polish: Józefina (Yo-zef-yna) * Portuguese: Josefa, Josefina, José (mainly in the compound Maria José), Zezé (nickname) * Romansh: Giuseppa, Giuseppina * Samoan: Iosefina * Sardinian: Josepa, Zosepa, Zosepedda * Spanish: Josefa, Josefina, Josefita * Swedish: Josefin, Josefine, Josephine * Yiddish: Jayzl, Yissl


People





Biblical figures


* Joseph (patriarch), son of Jacob in the Hebrew Bible book of Genesis * Saint Joseph, husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus * Joseph of Arimathea, secret disciple of Jesus * Joseph Barsabbas, one of two candidates to replace Judas Iscariot's position among the Twelve Apostles * Joseph ben Caiaphas, the Jewish high priest related to the crucifixion of Jesus. Only written as 'Caiaphas' in the New Testament.


Royalty


* Austria ** Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor ** Joseph II of Austria ** Franz Joseph I of Austria * Portugal ** Joseph I of Portugal, King of Portugal ** Joseph, Prince of Brazil ** Joseph, General Inquisitor (1720–1801) – a natural son of King John V of Portugal, one of the ''Children of Palhavã''. * Spain/Italy/France ** Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, King of Naples * Other ** Maximilian III Joseph, Elector of Bavaria ** Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, King of Bavaria ** Joseph (Khazar), king of the Khazars during the 950s and 960s ** Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples and Spain

Politics

* Chief Joseph, Nez Perce tribal leader * Joseph Arthur Ankrah (1915–1992), President of Ghana from 1966–1969 * Jusuf Anwar (1941–2015), Indonesian politician and diplomat * Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, 46th and current President of the United States (2021–present); 47th Vice President of the United States (2009–2017); U.S. Senator from Delaware (1973–2009) * Joseph "Beau" Robinette Biden (1969–2015), American lawyer, soldier and politician, son of Joe Biden * Joseph Carraro, State Senator from New Mexico * Joseph Cook, Prime Minister of Australia * Joseph Estrada, 13th President of the Philippines * Joseph Goebbels, German politician and propaganda minister of Nazi Germany * Joseph Kabui, first President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville * Jusuf Kalla, 10th Vice President of Indonesia, 2004–09 * Joseph P. Kennedy, American businessman, financier and politician * Joseph P. Kennedy II (born 1952), oldest son of Senator and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and former Congressman from Massachusetts, 1987–1999 * Joe Kennedy (born 1980), son of Joseph P. Kennedy II and Congressman from Massachusetts, 2013–present * Joe Kennedy (Georgia politician) (1930–1997), American politician from Georgia * Joe Lieberman, US Senator from Connecticut * Joseph Lyons, Prime Minister of Australia * Joseph McCarthy, US Senator from Wisconsin * Joseph Henry Mensah (1928–2018), Ghanaian economist and politician * Joseph Bennet Odunton (1920–2004), Ghanaian civil servant * Joseph Michael Perera (born 1941), Sri Lankan politician * Gamamedaliyanage Joseph Lalith Neomal Perera (born 1965), Sri Lankan politician * Sir Joseph Planta (1787–1847), English politician * Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1922–1953 * Josip Broz Tito, leader of SFR Yugoslavia 1944–1980 * Joseph Vidal (1933–2020), French politician * Joseph Wapasha, Mdewakanton Sioux chief * Joe the Plumber, figure mentioned at least 20 times during the 2008 US presidential debates

Arts and entertainment

* Joseph Albrier, French painter * Joseph Barbera, American cartoonist * Joseph Brodsky, Russian and American poet and essayist * Harry Connick, Jr. (Joseph Harry Fowler Connick, Jr.), American singer, actor and pianist * Joseph Connors, American art historian * Joseph Conrad, Polish-British writer * Joseph Cotten, American actor * Joseph Dempsie, British actor * Joseph Dennie, American writer * Joe Dolan, Irish showband singer * Joseph Gordon-Levitt, American actor * Joe Hawley, American singer, songwriter, and musician * Joseph Hahn, American musician * Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer * Joseph Heller, American author * Michael Joseph Jackson (1958–2009), American singer * Joe Jonas, lead vocals, the Jonas Brothers * Josef Jungmann, Czech poet and linguist * Joseph Kaiser, Canadian opera singer * Joseph Koo, Hong Kong composer and arranger * Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American film director, producer and screenwriter * Joseph May, British-born Canadian-American actor * Joseph Mazzello, American actor * Joe McElderry, British singer and winner of ''The X Factor'' * Joseph Carey Merrick, the "Elephant Man" * Joseph Nevels, also known as JSPH, singer/songwriter * Joe Pasquale, winner of the 4th series of ''I'm a Celebrity... Get Me Out Of Here!'' * Joe Pesci, American actor * Joe Ruby (born 1933), American cartoonist and producer * Joe Strummer, English musician * Joseph Pickett, American painter * Joe Perry, Aerosmith lead guitarist * Joe Satriani, instrumental rock guitarist * Joseph Simmons, aka DJ Run, of rap group Run-DMC * Joe Sugg, British YouTuber * Joseph Vijay, Tamil actor * Joseph Wiseman (1918–2009), Canadian actor * Joss Whedon, American screenwriter, director and producer

Sports

* Joseph "Doc" Alexander, American NFL football player and coach * Joseph Anoa'i, Samoan-American wrestler * Joseph Charlton (born 1997), American football player * Joe Choynski, American boxer * Joe Clancy, American football player * Joseph Daye, Australian footballer * Joe DiMaggio, American baseball player * Joe Frazier, American boxer * Joe Garagiola, American baseball player and broadcaster * Joe Gomez, English footballer * Joseph Hagerty, American gymnast * Joe Hart, English football player * Joe Horlen, American baseball player * Joe Jacobi, American canoer * Joe Jacobson, Welsh soccer player * Joe Kaminer, South African rugby player * Joe Katchik, American football player * Joe Keeble, American football player * Joe Lamas, American football player * Joseph Louis Barrow, American boxer and heavyweight champion better known as "Joe Louis" * Joe Magidsohn, Russian, American football player * Joseph Marwa, Tanzanian boxer * Joe Mauer, American baseball player * Joe McGlone (1896–1963), American football player * Joe Minucci (born 1981), American football player * Joe Montana, Hall of Fame NFL quarterback * Joseph Noteboom (born 1995), American football player * Joseph Odom (born 1992), American professional baseball catcher * Joe O'Malley, American football player * Joseph Oosting, Dutch football player * Joseph Paulo, New Zealand rugby player * Joe Paterno, Penn State football coach * Joe Pavelski (born 1984), American ice hockey player * Joe Picker (born 1987), Australian rugby player * Joe Prokop (born 1960), American football player * Joe Prokop (halfback) (1921–1995), American football player * Joe Righetti (born 1947), American football player * Joe Schilling, American kick-boxer * Joseph Schooling, Singaporean swimmer * Joe Stringfellow (1918–1992), American football player *Joseph Tapine (born 1994), New Zealand rugby league player * Joseph Ualesi, Australian rugby player * Joseph Valtellini (born 1985), Canadian kickboxer * Joe Vetrano (1918–1995), American football player * Joe Vodicka, American football player * Joe Winkler (1922–2001), American football player * Warnakulasuriya Patabendige Ushantha Joseph Chaminda Vaas (born 1974), Sri Lankan cricketer

Religion

* Joseph Ayo Babalola, Nigerian religious figure * Joseph Gelfer, British researcher in religion and masculinities * Joseph F. Merrill, American Latter-day Saint apostle * Joseph (Petrovykh) (1872–1937), metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church * Joseph Ponniah, 1st Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Batticaloa * Joseph Ratzinger, given name of Pope Benedict XVI * Joseph Sarvananthan, Sri Lankan Tamil Anglican priest * Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement * Joseph Smith III, son of Joseph Smith and founder of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints * Joseph F. Smith, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints * Joseph Fielding Smith, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints * Joseph Vaz, Indian Catholic priest, "Apostle of Sri Lanka" * Joseph B. Wirthlin, American Latter-day Saint apostle * Joseph Angell Young, American Latter-day Saint apostle * Rayappu Joseph, 2nd Bishop of Mannar *Joseph Prince, a pastor and IT consultant

Scholars

* Joseph von Baader (1763–1835), German engineer and rail transport pioneer * Josef Dobrovský, Czech philologist and historian * Joseph W. Esherick, American historian of China * Joseph Peter de Fonseka (1897–1948), Sri Lankan essayist and editor * Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist * Joseph Mercado, Filipino statistician * Joseph S. Murphy (1933–1998), American political scientist and university administrator * Joseph Planta (1744–1828), Swiss principal librarian of the British Museum * Joe Root, a 19th-century American naturalist from Erie, Pennsylvania * Joseph Polchinski, theoretical physicist and string theorist

Inventors

* Joseph Glidden (1813–1906), inventor of barbed wire * Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (1765–1833), first person to create a permanent photograph

Crime

* Joseph D. "Joe" Ball (1896–1938), American murderer and suspected serial killer * Joseph Christopher (1955–1993), American serial killer * Joseph James DeAngelo (born 1945), American serial killer and rapist * Joseph Edward Duncan (1963–2021), American serial killer, rapist, and kidnapper * Joseph Paul Franklin (1950–2013), American serial killer, arsonist, bank robber, and neo-nazi * Joseph Kallinger (1935–1996), American serial killer and rapist * Joseph Massino (born 1943), former boss of Bonanno crime family * Joseph Mengele (1911–1979), Nazi scientist * Joseph Scott Pemberton, a US Marine lance corporal convicted of the homicide of Jennifer Laude, a Filipino trans woman * Joseph Rosenzweig, (born c.1891), American New York City labor racketeer * Joseph Skowron (born c.1969), American portfolio manager convicted of insider trading

Other

* Joseph Fenton, informer killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army * Joseph Fitzgerald (disambiguation), multiple people * Joseph B. MacInnis (born 1937), Canadian physician, underwater diver and author * Joseph Oliver (disambiguation), multiple people * Joseph Safra (1938–2020), Brazilian banker * Joseph Wilf (1925–2016), Polish-born American businessman


Fictional characters


* Joseph Joestar (ジョセフ・ジョースター), the main protagonist of Part 2: Battle Tendency in the manga series ''JoJo's Bizarre Adventure'' * Joseph Seed, the main antagonist of the video game ''Far Cry 5'' * Joseph Wilford, the main antagonist in the Netflix series ''Snowpiercer''


See also


* Joe (disambiguation) * Josef (disambiguation) * Jozef * József * Saint Joseph (disambiguation) * Yosef (disambiguation), a variation of the name in Hebrew, and the Dutch eye dialect of the name * Yusuf (disambiguation), as rendered in Islam/Arabic


References


{{given name Category:English-language masculine given names Category:English masculine given names Category:French masculine given names Category:German masculine given names Category:Greek masculine given names Category:Hebrew masculine given names Category:Russian masculine given names Category:Modern names of Hebrew origin