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Colonel John Biddulph (25 July 1840 – 24 December 1921) was a British soldier, author and naturalist who served in the government of
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
. Biddulph was born in 1840, and was the third son of Robert Biddulph. He was educated at
Westminster School (God Gives the Increase) , established = Earliest records date from the 14th century, refounded in 1560 , type = Public school (United Kingdom), Public school Independent school (United Kingdom), Independent day school, day and b ...
, and at the age of 18 joined the
19th Lancers The 19th Lancers is an armoured regiment of the Pakistan Army. Before 1956, it was known as 19th King George V's Own Lancers, which was a regular cavalry regiment of the British Indian Army. It was formed in 1922, by the amalgamation of 18th King ...
and proceeded to India where he served in
Awadh Awadh (), known in British historical texts as ''Avadh'' or ''Oudh'', is a region in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which was before Independence Day (India), independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. Awadh is boun ...
during the
Indian Rebellion of 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion ...

Indian Rebellion of 1857
. Afterwards, he joined the political department of the government of
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...

British India
. Between 1873 and 1874 he accompanied
Thomas Douglas Forsyth Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth (7 October 1827 – 17 December 1886) was an Anglo-Indian administrator and diplomat. Early life Forsyth was born in Birkenhead on 7 October 1827. He was the tenth child of Thomas Forsyth, a Liverpool merchant. He was ...
, Thomas E. Gordon,
Henry Walter Bellew Henry Walter Bellew MRCP (30 August 1834 – 26 July 1892) was an Indian-born British medical officer who worked in Afghanistan. He wrote several books based on his explorations in the region during the course of his army career and also studied a ...

Henry Walter Bellew
,
Ferdinand Stoliczka Ferdinand Stoliczka ( Czech written Stolička, June 7, 1838 – June 19, 1874) was a Moravia Moravia ( , also , ; cs, Morava ; german: link=no, Mähren ; pl, Morawy ; szl, Morawijo; la, Moravia) is a historical region in the east of the ...
, Henry Trotter, and R. A. Champman on the
Second Yarkand Mission The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the SI base unit, base unit of time in the International System of Units (SI) (French: Système International d’unités), commonly understood and historically defined as of a day – this factor d ...
– an expedition across the
Himalayas The Himalayas, or Himalaya (; Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It ar ...

Himalayas
to
Chinese Turkestan East Turkestan, also East Turkistan ( ug, شەرقىي تۈركىستان, Sherqiy Türkistan, Шәрқий Түркистан, bold=no; zh, s=东突厥斯坦), varies in meaning by context and usage. The term was coined in the 19th century b ...
.1917. "The Amir Yakoub Khan and Eastern Turkestan in Mid-Nineteenth Century." Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society. Vol. 4. No. 4. pp. 95-112. During this journey, Biddulph collected numerous specimens of birds and mammals, including an unknown species of ''
Podoces The ground jays or ground choughs belong to a distinct group of the passerine order of birds in the genus ''Podoces'' of the crow family Corvidae. They inhabit high altitude semi-desert areas from central Asia to Mongolia. Ground jays show adapta ...
'' which was later named in his honour by
Allan Octavian Hume Allan may refer to: People * Allan (name), a given name and surname, including list of people and characters with this name * Allan (footballer, born 1991), Brazilian footballer * Allan (footballer, born 1994), Brazilian footballer * Allan ( ...
as '' Podoces biddulphi''. In 1877 Biddulph was posted at
Gilgit Gilgit (; Shina: ; ur, ) is the capital city of Gilgit–Baltistan Gilgit-Baltistan (, Balti: རྒྱལ་སྐྱིད་ སྦལྟི་ཡུལ།), formerly known as the Northern Areas, is a region administered by Pakista ...

Gilgit
, in the extreme north-western corner of
Kashmir Kashmir, ks, کٔشیٖر, kaśīr () is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley The Kashmir Valley, also known as the ''Vale ...

Kashmir
, and remained there until 1881. During this period he corresponded on ornithology with Hume and his observations and research in this region were published in two papers in the ''
Ibis The ibises () (collective plural ibis; classical plurals ibides and ibes) are a group of long-legged wading bird Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrate Vertebrates () comprise all species of animal Animals (also call ...
''. After holding many posts as
British Resident A resident minister, or resident for short, is a government official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate Mandate most often refers to: * League of Nations mandates, quasi-colonial territories established under Art ...
at various
princely state A princely state, also called a native state, feudatory state or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or indigenous or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the East India Company and af ...
s and serving for four years on the staff of the
Viceroy of India The Governor-General of India (1773–1950, from 1858 to 1947 the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was the representative of the Monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kin ...
,
Lord NorthbrookImage:Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook by Sir George Hayter.jpg, 200px, Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook Baron Northbrook, of Stratton Park, Stratton in the County of Southampton, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was create ...
, Biddulph retired from the service in 1896. He died on 24 December 1921 in Grey Court, London, aged 81.


Writings

Biddulph wrote several works about India and about the history of the British presence there including biographies of
Stringer Lawrence Major-General Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparent con ...
and
Joseph François Dupleix Joseph Marquis Dupleix (23 January 1697 – 10 November 1763) was Governor-General of French India and rival of Robert Clive. Biography Dupleix was born in Landrecies, on January 23, 1697. His father, François Dupleix, a wealthy ''fermier gén ...

Joseph François Dupleix
.New General Catalog of Old Books & Authors
/ref> These books and his ''Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh'' are listed as references for several articles in the
Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition The ''Encyclopædia Britannica,'' Eleventh Edition (1910–11), is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the ''Encyclopædia Britannica''. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some ...
. *'' Tribes of the Hindoo Koosh'', 1880 *''The Nineteenth And Their Times'', 1899 *''Stringer Lawrence, The Father Of The Indian Army'', 1901 *''The Pirates Of Malabar, and An Englishwoman In India...'',1907 *''Dupleix'', 1910


References


External links

* *
Duplieix
by Colonel John Biddulph, 1910 {{DEFAULTSORT:Biddulph, John British biographers British ornithologists British writers Historians of India British diplomats People of British India Central Asian studies scholars 1848 births 1921 deaths People educated at Westminster School, London