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International migration occurs when people cross state boundaries and stay in the host state for some minimum length of time. Migration occurs for many reasons. Many people leave their home countries in order to look for economic opportunities in another country. Others migrate to be with family members who have migrated or because of political conditions in their countries. Education is another reason for international migration, as students pursue their studies abroad, although this migration is often temporary, with a return to the home countriy after the studies are completed.


Categories of migrants

While there are several different potential systems for categorizing international migrants, one system organizes them into nine groups: * temporary labor migrants; *irregular, illegal, or undocumented migrants; *highly skilled and business migrants; *
refugee A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person Forced displacement (also forced migration) is an involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region In geography, regions are areas that are broa ...

refugee
s; *
asylum seeker An asylum seeker is a person who leaves their country of residence, enters another country and applies for asylum (i.e., international protection) in this other country. An asylum seeker is an immigrant Immigration is the international mo ...
s; *forced migration; *family members; * return migrants; *long-term, low-skilled migrants. These migrants can also be divided into two large groups, permanent and temporary. Permanent migrants intend to establish their permanent residence in a new country and possibly obtain that country's citizenship. Temporary migrants intend only to stay for a limited periods of time, perhaps until the end of a particular program of study or for the duration of a their work contract or a certain work season. Both types of migrants have a significant effect on the economies and societies of the chosen destination country and the country of origin.


Countries receiving migrants

Similarly, the countries which receive these migrants are often grouped into four categories: traditional settlement countries, European countries which encouraged labour migration after World War II, European countries which receive a significant portion of their immigrant populations from their former colonies, and countries which formerly were points of emigration but have recently emerged as immigrant destinations. These countries are grouped according to a dichotomy, either migrant-sending or migrant-receiving countries, which have distinct governance issues. But this dichotomy is artificial, and it obscures issues from view, for example, when a net migrant-sending country is also a 'receiver' of migrants. All things considered, countries like the UAE have the most comprehensive multicultural population, accounting for almost 84% of the total population. Not only UAE, but countries like Qatar also has 74%, Kuwait has 60%, and Bahrain has 55% of their entire population are full of diverse people who emigrate from different countries such as (India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan) which increased population by 500% over the increase from 1.3 million in 1990 to 7.8 million in 2013. Compared with the two governments in the United States, the
Trump administration Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American Political career of Donald Trump, politician, Media career of Donald Trump, media personality, and Business career of Donald Trump, businessman who served as the 45th ...
doubled the number of asylum and refugee seekers in the previous Obama administration by 12,000, and by 2020 it will only be 18,000. According to data from the immigration and border service, claims expected for this year will rise to almost three times those of previous years, while only less half than previous administrations have been accepted. The number of reports returned to the Obama administration is 110,000, reaching 368,000 by 2020. In these countries, economic development enabled by remittances, transnational activism in support of outgoing migrant rights, as well as rights for incoming migrants are issues. As people began to immigrate to different countries to support them financially, they also contributed to their country's economy by sending their income as remittances. According to a report by the World Bank, officials said that people from different countries remitted nearly US$400 billion in 2015, and this is increasing every year, with an increase of 0.4%, reaching US$586 billion in the following year.


Statistics

It has been predicted, that on average at least "50% of the world population would live in a foreign country" if restrictions of immigration were to be liberalized.Delogu, M., Docquier, F., & Machado, J. (2018). Globalizing labor and the world economy: The role of human capital. ''Journal of Economic Growth, 23''(2), 223-258. doi:http://dx.doi.org.libaccess.lib.mcmaster.ca/10.1007/s10887-017-9153-z


Incentives for migration

{{more citations needed, date=September 2014 Push Factors * Poor Medical Care * Not enough jobs * Few opportunities * Primitive Conditions * Political fear * Fear of
torture Torture is the deliberate infliction of severe pain or suffering Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual. Suffering i ...

torture
and mistreatment *
Religious discrimination Religious discrimination is treating a person or group differently because of the particular beliefs which they hold about a religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and prac ...
* Loss of wealth * Natural disasters * Bullying * Lower chances of finding courtship Pull Factors * Chances of getting a job * Better living standards * Enjoyment * Education * Better Medical Care * Security * Family Links * Lower crime * Better chances of finding courtship


See also

*
Emigration Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere (to permanently leave a country). Conversely, immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination ...
*
Global Compact for Migration The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is an intergovernmentally negotiated agreement, prepared under the auspices of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to mai ...
*
Global Forum on Migration and Development The Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) is a state-led, informal and non-binding process, which helps shape the global debate on migration and development. It provides a flexible, multi-stakeholder space where governments can discuss t ...
*
Human migration Human migration involves the movement of people from one place to another with intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily, at a new location (geographic region). The movement often occurs over long distances and from one country ...

Human migration
*
Immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...

Immigration
*
Transnationalism Transnationalism is a scholarly research agenda and social phenomenon grown out of the heightened interconnectivity between people A people is a plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capaciti ...


References


External links


Stalker's Guide to International Migration
Comprehensive interactive guide, with map and statistics

* ttp://meme.phpwebhosting.com/~migracion/rimd/indexing.php International Network on Migration and Development Human migration Ethology Population genetics