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The
international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), norm or requirement for a repeatable technical task which is applied to a common and repeated use of rules, conditions, guidelines or characteris ...
ISO 233 establishes a system for
romanization of Arabic Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling them. The traditional areas ...
and
SyriacSyriac may refer to: *Syriac language, a dialect of Middle Aramaic * Syriac alphabet ** Syriac (Unicode block) ** Syriac Supplement * Neo-Aramaic languages also known as Syriac in most native vernaculars * Syriac Christianity, the churches using Syr ...
. It has been supplemented by
ISO 233-2 The international standard are technical standards developed by international organizations (intergovernmental organizations), such as Codex Alimentarius in food, the World Health Organization Guidelines in health, or International Telecommunicatio ...
in 1993.


1984 edition

The table below shows the consonants for the
Arabic language Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic languages, Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Stre ...

Arabic language
.


ISO 233-2:1993

ISO 233-2:1993 is an
ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO; ) is an international standard are technical standards developed by international organizations (intergovernmental organizations), such as Codex Alimentarius in food, the World Health Or ...
schema for the simplified transliteration of Arabic characters into Roman characters. This transliteration system was adopted as an amendment to ISO 233:1984. It is used mainly in library context, and was introduced because ISO 233 was not meeting the indexing purposes, which are essential for the consistency of library catalogs. According to ISO 233-2(1993), Arabic words are vocalized prior to romanization. ISO 233-2 is used in
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consistin ...

French
libraries and in
North Africa North Africa is a region encompassing the northern portion of the African continent. There is no singularly accepted scope for the region, and it is sometimes defined as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Mauritania in the west, to Egypt's ...

North Africa
n libraries, and is recommended by
ISSN An International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication, such as a magazine. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title. ISSNs are ...
for establishing key titles when cataloguing serials.


ISO 233-3:1999

ISO 233-3:1999 is dedicated to "Persian language – Simplified transliteration".


ISO/R 233:1961

ISO/R 233 is an earlier standard that has been withdrawn.


See also

*
Arabic transliteration Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Streck, Janet C. E.Wats ...
*
DIN 31635DIN 31635 is a Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) standard for the transliteration Transliteration is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping Letter (alphabet), letters (thus ''wikt:trans-#Prefix, tr ...
*
List of ISO transliterations A ''list'' is any enumeration An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection. The term is commonly used in mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity ( ...


External links


Transliteration of Non-Roman Scripts
-A collection of writing systems and transliteration tables, by Thomas T. Pedersen. PDF reference charts include ISO 233.






References

{{ISO standards #00233 #00233 Romanization of Arabic Syriac language Syriac alphabet Neo-Aramaic languages Semitic writing systems