HOME

TheInfoList




Hermann Brockhaus (January 28, 1806 – January 5, 1877) was a German
Orientalist Orientalist may refer to: *A scholar of Oriental studies *A person or thing relating to the Western intellectual or artistic paradigm known as Orientalism (as in 'an Orientalist painting' or '-painter') *''The Orientalist'', a biography of author L ...
born in
Amsterdam Amsterdam (, , ) is the Capital of the Netherlands, capital and Municipalities of the Netherlands, most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the City Region of Amsterdam, urban ar ...

Amsterdam
. He was a leading authority on
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
and
Persian language Persian (), also known by its endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europ ...
s. He was the son of publisher
Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus (4 May 1772 – 20 August 1823) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ances ...
and brother-in-law to composer
Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( ; ; 22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemic Polemic () is contentious rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of persuasion, which along with grammar and logic (or ...

Richard Wagner
.ADB:Brockhaus, Hermann
In:
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ''Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie'' (ADB, german: Universal German Biography) is one of the most important and most comprehensive biographical reference works in the German language German ( Standard High German: , ) is a West Germanic ...
(ADB). Band 47, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1903, S. 263–272.
In 1870 he received a combined medal (together with (
FleischerFleischer (or Fleisher) is a common German language, German and Yiddish language, Yiddish family name. Its literal meaning is "butcher". Other German family names with the same meaning include Metzger (disambiguation), Metzger, Mezger, Fleischman, an ...
, Pott and Rödiger) in occasion of the 25th anniversary of the DMG.


Academic career

He studied
Oriental languages A wide variety of languages are spoken throughout Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of the Earth, Hemispheres. It ...
at the Universities of
Leipzig Leipzig (, ; Upper Saxon: ) is the most populous city in the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony. With a population of 605,407 inhabitants as of 2021 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it surpasses the Saxon c ...
,
Göttingen Göttingen (, , ; nds, Chöttingen) is a university city in Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consist ...
and
Bonn The Federal city The term federal city is a title for certain cities in Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official langua ...

Bonn
where he was a student of
August Wilhelm von Schlegel August Wilhelm (after 1812: von) Schlegel (; ; 8 September 176712 May 1845), usually cited as August Schlegel, was a German poet, translator and critic, and with his brother Friedrich Schlegel the leading influence within Jena Romanticism. His tr ...

August Wilhelm von Schlegel
, the founder of German
Indology Indology or Indian studies is the academic study of the history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is ...
. Afterwards he spent several years in France and England. In 1839 he was appointed associate professor of oriental languages at the
University of Jena The University of Jena, officially the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (german: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, abbreviated FSU, shortened form ''Uni Jena''), is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the prac ...
, teaching
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
and Hebrew beginning in the summer term of 1840.Herausragende Gelehrte der Alma mater , Der Indologe und Orientalist Hermann Brockhaus
Leipziger Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
Together with his colleague
Johann Gustav Stickel Johann Gustav Stickel (7 July 1805 – 21 January 1896) was a German theologian, orientalist and numismatist at Jena University The University of Jena, officially the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (german: Friedrich-Schiller-Universit ...

Johann Gustav Stickel
(who taught
Semitic languages The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family Afroasiatic (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic or Semito-Hamitic, is a large language family A language is a structured system of communication u ...

Semitic languages
), Brockhaus established oriental philology at the School of Humanities at Jena.German Orientalism: The Study of the Middle East and Islam from 1800 to 1945
by Ursula Wokoeck
In 1841 Brockhaus followed an appointment to Leipzig, where in 1848 he was appointed a full professor of ancient Indian language at the university.Pierer's Universal-Lexicon
(translated biography)
After his death, he was succeeded at the university by
Ernst WindischErnst Wilhelm Oskar Windisch (4 September 1844, Dresden Dresden (, ; wen, label=Sorbian languages, Upper and Lower Sorbian, Drježdźany) is the capital city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony and its second most populous ...
.


Published works

Among his better-known works are an edition of '' Kathâsarit-sâgara'' (a large collection of tales by Somadeva) and an edition of songs by the Persian lyric poet
Hafez Khāwje Shams-od-Dīn Moḥammad Ḥāfeẓ-e Shīrāzī ( fa, خواجه شمس‌‌الدین محمّد حافظ شیرازی), known by his pen name Hafez (, ''Ḥāfeẓ'', 'the memorizer; the (safe) keeper'; 1315-1390) and as "Hafiz", was ...

Hafez
(''Lieder des Hafis''). He also published an edition of the '' Vendidâd Sâde'', an edition of a philosophical drama by Krishna Mishra called ''Prabodhachandrodaya'' and was the author of the influential ''Über den Druck sanskritischer Werke mit lateinischen Buchstaben'' (Concerning Sanskrit Works Printed in Latin Letters). From 1853 he was editor of the "''Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft''" (Journal of the German Oriental Society), and for a period of time was editor of the Ersch-Gruber ''Allgemeine Encyklopädie''.


References

*
Stefan Heidemann Stefan Heidemann (born 1961 in Versmold in Westphalia) is a Germany, German oriental studies, orientalist at University of Hamburg, Hamburg University, Hamburg. Biography Islamic studies including Islamic Art and economics in University of Regensb ...
, "Zwischen Theologie und Philologie: Der Paradigmenwechsel in der Jenaer Orientalistik 1770 bis 1850." In ''Der Islam'' 84 (2008), pp. 140–184. * H.C. Kellner, in: ''Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie'' vol. 47, pp. 263–272. {{DEFAULTSORT:Brockhaus, Hermann German orientalists German Indologists Writers from Amsterdam Leipzig University faculty University of Jena faculty 1806 births 1877 deaths
German male non-fiction writers {{CatAutoTOC Male non-fiction writers German non-fiction writers, Male German male writers, Non-fiction ...
Brockhaus family