Heinrich Kiepert (July 31, 1818 – April 21, 1899) was a
German German(s) may refer to: * Germany (of or related to) **Germania (historical use) * Germans, citizens of Germany, people of German ancestry, or native speakers of the German language ** For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law **Ger ...

geographer A geographer is a physical scientist, social scientist or humanist whose area of study is geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), offic ...

Early life and education

Kiepert was born in Berlin. He traveled frequently as a youth with his family and documented his travels by drawing. His family was friends with
Leopold von Ranke Leopold von Ranke (; 21 December 1795 – 23 May 1886) was a German historian A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrati ...

Leopold von Ranke
, who inspired Kiepert's creative endeavors. Kiepert was taught by
August MeinekeImage:Johann Albert Friedrich August Meineke - Imagines philologorum.jpg, Johann Albrecht Friedrich August Meineke Johann Albrecht Friedrich August Meineke (also ''Augustus Meineke''; ; 8 December 179012 December 1870), Germany, German classical phil ...
in school. Meineke influenced Kiepert's interest in
classical antiquity Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, ...
. He attended
Humboldt University of Berlin Humboldt University of Berlin (german: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an ...
. He studied
history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxima ...

philology Philology is the study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languag ...
, and
geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, planets. The first person t ...


Cartography career

He published his first geographical work, with
Carl Ritter Carl Ritter (August 7, 1779September 28, 1859) was a German geographer. Along with Alexander von Humboldt, he is considered one of the founders of modern geography. From 1825 until his death, he occupied the first chair in geography at the Univers ...

Carl Ritter
, in 1840, titled ''Atlas von Hellas und den hellenischen Kolonien''. The atlas focused on ancient Greece. In 1841, he drew the maps which appeared in a groundbreaking book on the Mideast, Biblical Researches in Palestine, written by Edward Robinson (scholar), Edward Robinson. In 1848 his ''Historisch-geographischer Atlas der alten Welt'' was published. In 1854, his atlas, ''Atlas antiquus'' was released. It was translated into five languages. ''Neuer Handatlas über alle Teile der Erde'' was first published in 1855. In 1877 his ''Lehrbuch der alten Geographie'' was published, and in 1879 ''Leitfaden der alten Geographie'', which was translated into English (''A Manual of Ancient Geography'', 1881) and into French. In 1894 he created the first part of a larger atlas of the ancient world titled ''Formae orbis antiqui''. He traveled to Asia Minor four times between 1841 and 1848. He created two maps of the region, including ''Karte des osmanischen Reiches in Asien'', in 1844. Furthermore, he made some maps for the Baedeker publishing, mainly for their Egypt and Palestine outstanding guides but also for some of Europe (Paris, London, South Italy, etc.): ''Italie du Sud et la Sicile. Avec excursions aux îles de Lipari, à Tunis, à Malte, en Sardaigne et à Athènes'' (3rd ed., 1872), ''London nebst Ausflügen nach Süd-England, Wales u. Schottland, sowie Reiserouten vom Continent nach England'' (5th ed., 1875); and ''Paris ses environs et les principaux itinéraires des pays limitrophes à Paris'' (3rd ed., 1874). Kiepert taught geography at the University of Humboldt-Berlin starting in 1854. He taught at the university until his death.

Death and legacy

He died in Berlin on April 21, 1899. His son, cartographer Richard Kiepert published remaining works by Kiepert after his death, including a map of Asia Minor in 24 sheets on a scale of 1:400,000 in 1902. He also managed the reissuing of ''Formae orbis antiqui''. Kiepert Island is named after Kiepert.Stadnamn i norske polarområde: Kiepertøya (Svalbard).







* Joseph Partsch, J. Partsch "Heinrich Kiepert, ein Bild seines Lebens und seiner Arbeit," in ''Geographische Zeitschrift'', volume vii (Leipzig, 1901)

External links

Kiepert's atlasMaps of Heinrich Kiepert, University of Chicago Library
{{DEFAULTSORT:Kiepert, Heinrich 1818 births 1899 deaths Scientists from Berlin People from the Province of Brandenburg German geographers Members of the Prussian Academy of Sciences Humboldt University of Berlin alumni Humboldt University of Berlin faculty Cartographers of the Middle East 19th-century cartographers