The Society of Fellows is a group of scholars selected at the beginnings of their careers by
Harvard University Harvard University is a Private university, private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard (clergyman), John Harvard, Harvard is the Colonial ...
for their potential to advance academic wisdom, upon whom are bestowed distinctive opportunities to foster their individual and intellectual growth. Junior Fellows are appointed by Senior Fellows based upon previous academic accomplishments and receive generous financial support for three years while they conduct independent research at Harvard University in any discipline, without being required to meet formal degree requirements or to be graded in any way. The only stipulation is that they remain in residence in
Cambridge, Massachusetts Cambridge ( ) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Greater Boston, Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston. , it was the fifth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, ...
, for the duration of their fellowship. Membership in the society is for life. The society has contributed numerous scholars to the Harvard faculty and thus significantly influenced the tenor of discourse at the university. Among its best-known members are philosopher W. V. O. Quine, Jf '36; behaviorist B. F. Skinner, Jf '36; double
Nobel laureate Nobel laureates of 2012 Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka, Robert J. Lefkowitz">Brian_Kobilka.html" ;"title="Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka">Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka, Robert J. Lefkowitz, David J. Wineland, and Serge Haroche during the ceremony Th ...
John Bardeen John Bardeen (; May 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991) was an American physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts Scientific method, scientific research to advance knowledge in an Branches of science, area of inte ...
, Jf '38; economist
Paul Samuelson Paul Anthony Samuelson (May 15, 1915 – December 13, 2009) was an American economist An economist is a practitioner in the social sciences, social science discipline of economics. The individual may also study, develop, and apply theories a ...

Paul Samuelson
, Jf '40; historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Jf '43; presidential advisor
McGeorge Bundy McGeorge "Mac" Bundy (March 30, 1919 – September 16, 1996) was an American academic who served as United States National Security Advisor to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 through 1966. He was president of the Ford ...

McGeorge Bundy
, Jf '48; historian and philosopher of science
Thomas Kuhn Thomas Samuel Kuhn (; July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996) was an American philosopher of science whose 1962 book '' The Structure of Scientific Revolutions'' was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term ''paradigm ...
, Jf '51; linguist and activist
Noam Chomsky Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called "the father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in a ...

Noam Chomsky
, Jf '55; biologist E. O. Wilson, Jf '56; cognitive scientist
Marvin Minsky Marvin Lee Minsky (August 9, 1927 – January 24, 2016) was an American cognitive and Computer science, computer scientist concerned largely with research of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's ...
, Jf '57; former dean of the Harvard faculty, economist
Henry Rosovsky
Henry Rosovsky
, Jf '57; economist and whistleblower
Daniel Ellsberg
Daniel Ellsberg
, Jf '59; philosopher
Saul Kripke Saul Aaron Kripke (; born November 13, 1940) is an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition. He is a Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and emeritus professor at Pr ...
, Jf '66;
Fields Medal The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity ...
-winning theoretical physicist Ed Witten, Jf '81; and writer, critic, and editor Leon Wieseltier, Jf '82.


Beginning in 1925, Harvard scholars Henry Osborn Taylor, Alfred North Whitehead and Lawrence Joseph Henderson met several times to discuss their frustration with the conditions of graduate study at the university. They believed that in order to produce exceptional research, the most able men required freedom from financial worries, fewer formal requirements, and the liberty to choose whatever object of study attracted them. They soon found an ally in then-Harvard-president Abbott Lawrence Lowell who appointed a committee in 1926, with Henderson as chairman, to study the nature of an institution that might improve the quality of graduate education. The committee recommended the establishment of a Society of Fellows at Harvard, modeled partly on the ''Fondation Dosne-Thiers'' in Paris and partly on the Prize Fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge, with the hope that such a society would produce not only "isolated geniuses, but men who will do the work of the world". After years of trying to attract outside donations, Lowell funded the Society himselfhis last major institutional act before his resignation in November 1932. "There being no visible source of necessary funds," he later wrote, "I gave it myself, in a kind of desperation, although it took nearly all I had." Though it was an open secret that Lowell was the source of the anonymous donation, this was never acknowledged in his presence. After Lowell's death in 1943, the donation was officially made public; it is known as the Anna Parker Lowell Fund in memory of Lowell's wife. The society was officially inaugurated as an alternative to the Ph.D. system with the beginning of the 193334 academic year, granting Fellows freedom to pursue lines of inquiry that transcended traditional academic disciplinary boundaries. Because of the core belief in the importance of informal discussions between scholars in different academic fields, both Senior and Junior Fellows have met for dinner every Monday night during term-time. They are frequently joined by visiting scholars and Fellows are encouraged to bring guests. Originally headquartered in a two-room suite at Eliot House, one of the university's twelve residential colleges, the society was closed to women until 1972, when Martha Nussbaum was selected as the first female Junior Fellow.

Current Senior Fellows

These are the Society's current Senior Fellows, who elect the incoming Junior Fellows:

See also

*List of Harvard Junior Fellows *List of black Harvard Junior Fellows


External links

About the Society
{{authority control Harvard University, Society of Fellows Learned societies of the United States 1933 establishments in Massachusetts