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Guillaume Vandive (, also Vandivout and Van Dievoet; ) (22 november 16801706) was a French
printer Printers may be: Technology * Printer (publishing) In publishing, printers are both companies A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity In law, a legal person is any person A person (plural people or persons) is a being th ...
and
bookseller Bookselling is the commercial trading of book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often num ...
. He was a master tradesman under the
patronage Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows on another. In the history of art, arts patronage refers to the support that kings, popes, and the wealthy have provided to artists su ...

patronage
of the
Dauphin of France Dauphin of France (, also ; french: Dauphin de France ), originally Dauphin of Viennois (''Dauphin de Viennois''), was the title given to the heir apparent An heir apparent is a person who is first in an order of succession An order of ...
. Vandive's premises was on the rue Saint-Jacques,
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
. His trade mark was the "Crowned Dolphin". Vandive published books in
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
and
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
on the topics of Jansenist theology,
trade Trade involves the transfer of goods from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of r ...

trade
and
travel Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical Location (geography), locations. Travel can be done by Pedestrian, foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, ship or other means, with or without luggage, and can be ...

travel
. After his death at age 26, Vandive's business was continued by Nicolas Simart who married Vandive's widow. Family discord and legal actions ensued.le procureur Baron, ''Mémoire pour Nicolas Simart, marchand libraire à Paris, et damoiselle Éléonore Prieur, son épouse, tuteurs conjointement de damoiselle Charlotte-Eléonore Vandive, fille mineure de ladite damoiselle Prieur, et de deffunt Guillaume Vandive, aussi marchand libraire, intimez et appellans, contre Philippes Vandive, marchand orphèvre à Paris, appelant, et encore contre Balthazard-Philippes Vandive, intervenant et intimé'', Paris, 1727 (Bibliothèque Nationale, FOL-FM-18408).


Personal history

Guillaume Vandive was born into the Vandive family on 22 November 1680 in Paris and was baptised on the 24th in the Church of St. Bartholomew, Paris, as "Vandivout" or " Van Dievoet". He was the eldest son of Parisian goldsmith Philippe Van Dievoet (1654 1738), originally from
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
, Counsellor to the King, and Goldsmith to the King and the Dauphin, who traded as "Vandive". Guillaume Vandive was the nephew of the sculptor
Peter Van Dievoet Peter van Dievoet (; French language, French: Pierre, Dutch language, Dutch: Peeter, Latin: Petrus; 16611729) was a sculptor, statuary, wood carver, and designer of ornamental architectural features from Brussels. He became famous thanks to his ...
(1661 1729) of Brussels. In 1705, in Paris, Guillaume Vandive married Eléonore Le Prieur. They had a daughter, Charlotte-Eléonore. Guillaume Vandive died in 1706 at age 26. After his death, on 15 June 1706, his widow Eléonore married the printer Nicolas Simart.


Education

From April 1697 to April 1701, Vandive was apprenticed to Jean Boudot (about 1651 1706), ordinary printer to the King and the Royal Academy of Sciences, and director of the printing works of
Louis Auguste, Prince of Dombes Louis Auguste de Bourbon, Prince of Dombes (4 March 1700 in Palace of Versailles – 1 October 1755 in Palace of Fontainebleau) was a grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his ''maîtresse-en-titre'' Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespa ...
of Trévoux. On 20 December 1701, Vandive was accepted as a Master under the recommendation of Monseigneur the Grand Dauphin Louis (addressed as "Monseigneur", as specified by Lottin).


Production

Vandive worked on the rue Saint-Jacques opposite the rue de la Parcheminerie. In 1701, 1704 and 1706, Vandive produced catalogues describing the books he had printed at his business. He also documented other books he had published in France and abroad. Vandive's typographical mark, made in homage to the Dauphin, consisted of three dolphins swimming surmounted by a fleur-de-lis styled closed crown. There are two
cornucopia In classical antiquity Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related t ...

cornucopia
with a
listel Annulets, in architecture, are small square components in the Doric order, Doric Capital (architecture), capital, under the quarter-round. They are also called fillets or listels. An annulet is also a narrow flat molding (decorative), moulding, ...
at the top. The listel contains the motto, "hoc duce tuta salus" (literally, "under his own safety" but in the spirit of "with this dolphin as guide, your safety is assured") inspired by the legend of the poet,
Arion Arion (; grc-gre, Ἀρίων Arion (; grc-gre, Ἀρίων Arion (; grc-gre, Ἀρίων) was a kitharode in ancient Greece Ancient Greece ( el, Ἑλλάς, Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of History of Gr ...

Arion
.


Coignard

Vandive published a series of works in collaboration with Louis Coignard (1680 27 September 1738). Coignard worked on the rue Saint-Jacques under the "Gold Eagle" mark. On 28 December 1737, Coignard was imprisoned at the
Bastille The Bastille (, ) was a fortress in Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents as of 2018, in a ...

Bastille
on a charge of publishing
Jansenist Jansenism was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of 's past. It is understood through , , , and , and since the , from and s. Humanity's written history wa ...
works. He was transferred to the convent of Meung-sur-Loire where he died a few months later. Coignard was the brother of Elie Jean-Baptiste Coignart (1667 1735) who published the first edition of '''' in 1694. He was the son of Jean-Baptiste Ier Coignart (1637 10 September 1686) printer-bookseller of the King and the French Academy. In 1703, a catalog of the books that Vandive published in collaboration with Coignard was produced. An example of one of the books catalogued is
Jean-Pierre Camus Jean-Pierre Camus (November 3, 1584 – April 26, 1652) was a French bishop, preacher, and author of works of fiction and spirituality. Biography Jean-Pierre Camus was born in Paris in 1584, the son of Jean Camus, seigneur de Saint Bonnet, who wa ...
' ''L'Aviosinement des protestants vers l'Eglise romaine''. It was a newly corrected edition with an editorial supplement by the Oratorian, Richard Simon (1638 1712).


Published works

Vandive published recent and new books in
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
and sometimes in
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
. The books had various subjects but in particular, were about Jansenist theology, trade and travel. Vandive's catalogues also contain books intended for "new converts". For example, he published ''Instructions générales en forme de catéchisme'' by
Charles-Joachim Colbert de Croissy Charles-Joachim Colbert de Croissy (11 June 1667 – 8 April 1738) was a bishop of Montpellier from 1697. He was a son of Charles Colbert, marquis de Croissy and a nephew of Jean-Baptiste Colbert. As an ardent Jansenist he had père François- ...

Charles-Joachim Colbert de Croissy
, Bishop of Montpellier. Another example is ''Histoire abrégée de la Conversion de Monsieur Chanteau'' by Nicolas Feuillet. Vandive also published the works of Henry de Barillon, Jean-Pierre Camus, Vincent Houdry, and Etienne Lochon. ''Le Parfait Négociant'' by Jacques Savary was presented as a new edition, ''Traité des Lettres de Change''. The special books section of the Royal Library of Brussels, has preserved one of Vandive's publications, ''Voyage du Sieur Paul Lucas au Levant''. It is a work in two volumes dated 1704. It is bound in red
morocco leather Morocco leather (also known as Levant, the French Maroquin, or German Saffian from Safi, a Moroccan town famous for leather) is a soft, pliable form of leather Leather is a strong, flexible and durable material obtained from the tanning Ta ...
. The plates bear the of
Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo is the Italian form of the Greek name ''Kosmas'' (latinised as '' Cosmas''). Cosimo may refer to: Characters * Cosimo Piovasco di Rondò, hero of Italo Calvino's 1957 novel ''The Baron in the Trees'' Given name Medici family * Cosimo ...
. In 1699, Paul Lucas was sent as the ''antiquaire du Roi'' (antique dealer of the King), to the
Levant The Levant () is an term referring to a large area in the region of . In its narrowest sense, it is equivalent to the , which included present-day , , , , and most of southwest of the middle . In its widest historical sense, the Levant ...

Levant
and the East. His task was to collect objects for Louis XIV. According to Dirk Van der Cruysse, his books, published by Vandive, are among the most coloured journals of the period.


Nicolas Simart

Vandive's successor was Nicolas Simart. Simart married Vandive's widow and continued the business at the same address and under the same trade mark as a "printer and ordinary bookseller of Monseigneur the Dauphin". In 1727, Simart sued Philippe Vandive and Balthazar Philippe Vandive for the expense of the maintenance and education of his step daughter, Charlotte Eléonore. Simart published an account of the indictment of the Vandive family. This indictment is preserved at the National Library of Paris. In 1731, Simart published a "new re-examined and corrected edition" of the ''Voyage du Sieur Paul Lucas au Levant''. However, it was an exact reproduction of Vandive's first edition. In 1748, Simart was imprisoned for debts at the Caretaker's Lodge prison of Paris. According to the inspector, Hémery in his "Historique of Booksellers", Simart remained in prison on 1 January 1749.


Bibliography

* Stephanus Axters, ''La spiritualite des Pays-Bas: l'evolution d'un doctrine mystique, avec une liste des traduction françaises des auteurs nèerlandais'', Louvain, 1948, page 168. * Baron (prosecutor), ''Mémoire pour Nicolas Simart, marchand libraire à Paris, et damoiselle Eléonore Prieur, son épouse, tuteurs conjointement de damoiselle Charlotte-Eléonore Vandive etc...'', Paris, 1727 (Bibliothèque Nationale, coté FOL-FM-18408). * Hélène Cavalié née d'Escayrac-Lauture, ''Pierre Germain dit le Romain (1703 - 1783). Vie d'un orfèvre et de son entourage'', Paris, 2007, thèse de l'École des Chartes, tome I, pp. 209, 210, 345, 350, 429, 447. * Etienne Charavay, ''Revue des documents historiques'', Paris, 1880, p. 68 * Paul Delalain, ''Les libraires et imprimeurs de l'Académie française de 1634 à 1793'', Paris, 1907. * J. B. Denisart, ''Collection de décisions nouvelles et de notes relatives à la jurisprudence'', volume I, Paris, chez la veuve Desaint, 1771, p. 188 and volume 9, Paris, 1790, IV, p. 118 et seq. * A. Van Dievoet, "Quand le savoir-faire des orfèvres bruxellois brillait à Versailles", in ''Cahiers bruxellois'', volume 37, 1999 2003, Brussels, 2004, page 32 to 35. * Isabella Henriette van Eeghen, Jean Louis de Lorme, ''De Amsterdamse boekhandel 1680 - 1725'', 1961, p. 468. * A. M. Lottin, l'aîné, ''Catalogue chronologique des libraires-imprimeurs de Paris, depuis l'an 1470...jusqu'à présent'', Paris, 1789, p. 161. * Maurepas, ''Mémoires du comte de Maurepas'', 1792, p. 327. * Jean-Dominique Mellot et Élisabeth Queval, ''Répertoire d'imprimeurs/libraires (vers 1500-vers 1810)'', Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2004, p. 92. * Alfred Détrez, "Aristocrates et joailliers sous l'ancien régime", dans ''La Revue'' (ancienne ''Revue des Revues''), volume 78, Paris, 1908, p. 471: "aux grandes fortunes des Delahoquette, des Vandive, des Granchez".


Collection of books edited by Guillaume Vandive

File:1703, Moiens de réunir les Protestants, par Camus, chez VANDIVE et COIGNARD.JPG, 1703 - Frontispiece of the book ''Moiens de réunir les Protestants avec l'Église romaine,'' by Camus bishop of Belley and Richard Simon, Paris, 1703, Guillaume Vandive and . File:1703, Traité du Mérite , abbé de Vassetz, imprimé chez Guillaume Vandive, Paris.jpg, 1703 - Frontispiece of the book Traité du Mérite, par l'abbé de Vassetz, printed by Guillaume Vandive, at Paris, au Dauphin Couronné, 1703. File:1704, Voyage du sieur Paul Lucas au Levant, Ier volume chez Guillaume Vandive.JPG, 1704 - Page de titre du tome I, de ''Voyage du Sieur Paul Lucas au Levant'', by Guillaume Vandive, Paris, 1704. File:1704, Voyage de Paul Lucas au Levant, tome 2, chez Guillaume Vandive.JPG, 1704 - Frontispice du tome II, de ''Voyage du Sieur Paul Lucas au Levant'', by Guillaume Vandive, Paris, 1704.


See also

* Van Dievoet family


References


External links


Magazine Silverbel: Une famille d'orfevres d'origine bruxelloise a Paris: Les van Dievoet dits Vandive.
{{DEFAULTSORT:Vandive, Guillaume 1680 births 1706 deaths French printers Van Dievoet family, Guillaume