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Girl Guides of Canada (GGC; french: Guides du Canada) is the national Guiding association of
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
. Guiding in Canada started on September 7, 1910, and GGC was among the founding members of the
World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS ) is a global association supporting the Girl Guides, female-oriented and female-only Guiding and Scouting organizations in 152 countries. It was established in 1928 in Parád, Hungary, ...
(WAGGGS) in 1928.


History

Mary Malcolmson organized the first Canadian Girl Guides Company to be officially registered in St. Catharines,
Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's location east/central of Canada. , coordinates = , cap ...

Ontario
; their registration is dated 1910-01-11. A park in St. Catharines was later named for Mary Malcolmson. Other Guide Companies were registered later in 1910 in
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
,
Moose Jaw Moose Jaw is the fourth largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada. Lying on the Moose Jaw River in the south-central part of the province, it is situated on the Trans-Canada Highway, west of Regina, Saskatchewan, Regina. Residents of Moose Jaw are k ...
and
Winnipeg Winnipeg () is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba Manitoba ( ) is a at the of the country. It is Canada's , with a population of 1,278,365 as of 2016. The easternmost of the three , Manitoba covers of widely varied ...

Winnipeg
. The First Toronto Company held the first-recorded Girl Guide Camp in Canada on the banks of the
Credit River The Credit River is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reac ...
in June 1911. By 1912, the movement had spread to all parts of Canada, and had become so popular that on 24 July 1912
Agnes Baden-Powell Agnes Smyth Baden-Powell (16 December 1858 – 2 June 1945) was the younger sister of Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell Lieutenant General Lieutenant general or lieutenant-general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a Three-star rank ...

Agnes Baden-Powell
created
Mary, Lady Pellatt
Mary, Lady Pellatt
" Chief Commissioner of the Dominion of Canada Girl Guides". Many Guide events were held at Lady Pellatt's home,
Casa Loma Casa Loma (Spanish for "Hill House") is a Gothic Revival Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic, neo-Gothic, or Gothick) is an Architectural style, architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. The movement ga ...

Casa Loma
, in
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
. It is now a tourist attraction with a special Girl Guide display. The first Canadian companies were constituted as part of the British
Girl Guides Association Girlguiding is the operating name of The Guide Association, previously named The Girl Guides Association and is the national guiding organisation An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an ...
. In 1917, the
Parliament of Canada The Parliament of Canada (french: Parlement du Canada) is the federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal state'' (federal system), a type of gov ...

Parliament of Canada
incorporated the organization under the name of "The Canadian Council of the Girl Guides Association". This Act has only been amended twice: first in 1947 to allow for the further acquisition of property, and later in 1961 to change the name to "Girl Guides of Canada" (french: Guides du Canada). In 1918
Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador (, ) is the easternmost provinces and territories of Canada, province of Canada, in the country's Atlantic Canada, Atlantic region. It is composed of the island of Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and the continental ...
's first Guide Company was formed, even though the Province did not become part of Canada until 1949. The
Salvation Army Salvation (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the R ...

Salvation Army
adopted Guiding as part of its program for girls in 1937 when it became officially associated with the organization. Although the Army disassociated itself from the program in 1998, it continues to offer a form of Guiding to its girls. A recent initiative Girl Guides of Canada has undertaken is called “Thought Leadership” in which they conduct research on the challenges and issues facing girls, and use this information to develop relevant programming. Their most recent report ''Sexism, Feminism & Equality: What Teens in Canada Really Think'', released in October 2018, highlights how young people feel about gender inequality and how this inequality impacts their lives.


Guides franco-canadiennes

In 1962 "Les Guides Catholiques du Canada (secteur français)" became a member of Girl Guides of Canada. This organization had originally been active only in the Province of
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Quebec
but over the years had developed a small membership in other provinces. It had its own program, uniform and administration but acknowledged the Chief Commissioner of Canada as the head of Guiding in Canada and had membership in the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. In 1992 "Les Guides Catholiques du Canada (secteur français)" became a separate, unaffiliated organization known as "Guides francophones du Canada". In 1995, they became officially affiliated with Girl Guides of Canada-Guides du Canada again, as "Les Guides franco-canadiennes". This affiliation ended in 2006.


Program

Girl Guides of Canada is the largest organization for women and girls in Canada. The membership is organized into different groups according to age. These are Sparks (ages 5 and 6), Brownies (ages 7 and 8), Guides (ages 9 – 11), Pathfinders (ages 12 – 14), and Rangers (15-17+) . The new program calle
Girls First
was just launched in 2018 and is meant to be a catalyst for empowering girls. There is also a program for girls who, for whatever reason, are not able to physically attend unit meetings. They are known as ' Lones' and complete the program of their branch by correspondence with a Lone Guider. Two of Guiding's newest initiatives are Extra Ops and Trex. These programs are for members who have more specific interests (i.e. Camping or Hiking), Trex and Extra Ops programs are generally adopted by girls who are already a member of a branch of Guiding. Adult women over the provincial
age of majority The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law. It is the moment when minor (law), minors cease to be considered such and assume legal control over their persons, actions, and decisions, thus terminating the ...

age of majority
are welcome in the organization as Leaders or Guiders. There are also places for volunteers in
Public Relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English; American and British ...
, office jobs, and other important facets of the organization. A program for women ages 18–30 called "Link" is in place for young women who wish to retain or establish their ties with Guiding but who may not be able to give of their time to the extent of being a Guider. However, Link members are sometimes Guiders or will hold other positions within the organization as well. Link members choose to meet when convenient to do so and will often participate in various Guiding events. Adult members over the age of 30 have the option of becoming Trefoil Guild members. A woman can opt to be a member of the Trefoil Guild and participate in other roles within the organization. Trefoil Guild groups usually meet once or twice a month, and often participate in various Guiding events. Many Trefoil Guild members are
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senior citizens
, some of whom have decades of Guiding experience.


Branches


Sparks

The Sparks program is for five and six-year-old girls. Like the other branches, they follow the Girls First program, which contains 8 program areas - Guide Together, Into the Outdoors, Build Skills, Explore Identities, Experiment and Create, Be Well, Connect and Question, and Take Action. Each program area has three themes. Sparks participate in a wide variety of activities with other girls of the same age. The Sparks uniform was originally a pink shirt with the Sparks promise, "I promise to share and be a friend.", printed on it, they now wear the same navy blue T-shirts as brownies through rangers. There is an optional white tie with pink maple leaves and an optional navy-blue badge sash.


Brownies

Brownies are 7 and 8-year-old girls. Brownies aim to develop a sense of identity and a positive relationship with others by participating in a varied program of activities. Their uniforms used to be brown, then changed to orange and navy blue, then the uniform blue T-shirt with brown insets at the collar and sleeves. They now wear the same navy-blue t-shirt as the other branches. There is an optional white tie with brown maple leaves and an optional navy-blue badge sash. Like the other branches, they follow the Girls First program, which contains 8 program areas - Guide Together, Into the Outdoors, Build Skills, Explore Identities, Experiment and Create, Be Well, Connect and Question, and Take Action. Each program area has three themes. Brownies can also work on optional discovery badges.


Guides

Guides are girls between 9 and 11 years of age. Guides are encouraged to do service projects to help their communities. Guides learn about people in other countries and are encouraged to discover and explore issues which are important to them. Their uniforms, originally navy blue, were then sky blue and navy blue, then the uniform blue shirts with navy blue insets and the collar and sleeves. They now wear the same navy-blue t-shirt as the other branches. There is an optional white tie with blue maple leaves and an optional navy-blue badge sash. Like the other branches, they follow the Girls First program, which contains 8 program areas - Guide Together, Into the Outdoors, Build Skills, Explore Identities, Experiment and Create, Be Well, Connect and Question, and Take Action. Each program area has three themes. Guides can also work on optional discovery badges. Girls can earn their Lady Baden Powell Award, the highest achievement a Guide can earn. Occasionally Guides help sparks and brownies, earning a crests entitled " spark/brownie helper". Guides can go camping, canoe, Have a sleepover, or help a local women's shelter.


Pathfinders

Pathfinders are girls between 12 and 14 years old. They focus on community service, leadership and camping. In Pathfinder units the girls are very independent and plan many camps, district camps, and meetings. Occasionally Pathfinders help sparks and brownies, earning a crests entitled " spark/brownie helper". The units are also usually very small, so the Pathfinders are usually close friends and very welcoming to new members. Their uniforms were green T-shirts, or white tee shirts, with the opposite colored sleeves, then uniform blue with green inserts on the collar and sleeves. They now wear the same navy-blue t-shirt as the other branches. There is an optional white tie with green maple leaves and an optional navy-blue badge sash. Like the other branches, they follow the Girls First program, which contains 8 program areas - Guide Together, Into the Outdoors, Build Skills, Explore Identities, Experiment and Create, Be Well, Connect and Question, and Take Action. Each program area has three themes. Girls can earn their Citizenship Certificate, their Community Service Award, and their Canada Cord, which consists of badgework, first aid, planning and leading an event or camp, doing activities with other branches, and earning the Citizenship Certificate and Community Service Award. The Canada Cord requires a great commitment to guiding to be earned. Any girl registered in Girl Guides as a pathfinder is eligible to earn her Canada Cord award, regardless of how long she has been a member with Girl Guides of Canada.


Rangers

As of September 2008, girls between the ages of 15 and 17 (or older) are known as Rangers (prior to that date three branches of the GGC existed for youth in this age bracket: Rangers, Cadets and Junior Leaders, the latter two now defunct). They now wear the same navy-blue t-shirt as the other branches. There is an optional white tie with red maple leaves and an optional navy-blue badge sash. Like the other branches, they follow the Girls First program, which contains 8 program areas - Guide Together, Into the Outdoors, Build Skills, Explore Identities, Experiment and Create, Be Well, Connect and Question, and Take Action. Each program area has three themes. Rangers can earn their bronze, silver, or gold Trailblazer award. Rangers may also work on the Commonwealth Award or the Duke of Edinburgh Award. Adult leaders are there for guidance, but it is the Rangers who are responsible for planning and executing their activities.


Adults

Adult women can be a leader in a unit, or they can choose to be a member of Link or Trefoil Guild, depending on their age (Link 18-30 Trefoil must be 30+). Some members choose to participate in both functions.


Principles

The Guiding movement is based on the principles outlined in the Promise and Law. Every Guide makes this promise when she is enrolled. The Promise and Law were renewed in 1994, and on 13 January 2010, the current Promise was unveiled.


Promise (current)

I promise to do my best, To be true to myself, my beliefs, and Canada. I will take action for a better world And respect the Guiding Law.


Promise (1994-2010)

I promise to do my best, To be true to myself, my God/faith and Canada; I will help others, And accept the Guiding Law. *The word God or the word faith is chosen according to each girl's own personal convictions. *The Brownie Promise finishes with "And respect the Brownie Law".


Promise Guides (pre-1994)

I promise, on my honour, to do my best: To do my duty to God, and the Queen, and my country, To help other people everyday And accept the Guiding Law.


Promise Brownies (pre-1994)

I promise to do my best: To do my duty to God, the Queen, and my country. To help other people everyday, especially those at home.


Spark Promise (current)

I promise to share and be a friend.


Law (current)

The Guiding Law challenges me to: * Be honest and trustworthy * Use my resources wisely * Respect myself and others * Recognize and use my talents and abilities * Protect our common environment * Live with courage and strength * Share in the sisterhood of Guiding.


Guide Law (pre-1994)

* A Guide's honour is to be trusted. * A Guide is loyal. * A Guide is useful and helps others. * A Guide is a friend to all and a sister to every Guide. * A Guide is courteous. * A Guide is kind to animals and enjoys the beauty in nature. * A Guide is obedient. * A Guide smiles and sings even under difficulty. * A Guide is thrifty. * A Guide is pure in thought, word, and deed.


Brownie Law (pre-1994)

A Brownie is cheerful and obedient. A Brownie thinks of others before herself.


Girl Guide Cookies

Girl Guide Cookies are a tradition in Canada. Inspired by America's
Girl Scout Cookies Girl Scout Cookies are cookie A cookie is a baked or cooked food Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ὀργανισμός, ''organis ...
, they were first baked by a Guide leader, Christina Riepsamen, in
Regina, Saskatchewan Regina () is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The city is the second-largest in the province, after Saskatoon and is a commercial centre for southern Saskatchewan. As of the Canada ...
, in 1927. They were sold door-to-door, with a bag of 12 cookies costing 10 cents (equivalent to CA$ today), for the purpose of earning passenger rail fares for a camping trip to a lake. The sales were brisk, requiring extra batches to be baked to meet demand. It was then adopted as a simple way to raise money for uniforms and camping equipment. In 1929, the National Headquarters began selling the cookies across Canada. Girl Guide cookies have gone through many recipe changes but the goals remain the same. Girl Guide cookies today are the largest fundraiser for the organization, and are used to help support the girls in their program and activities. There are two different cookie campaigns, one in the fall and the other in the spring. The fall cookies are the chocolatey mint cookies, similar to the Girl Scout Thin Mints cookies sold in the United States. The classic vanilla and chocolate sandwich cookies are sold in the spring. Manufactured by Christie's from 1960 to 2003, they are now made by
Dare Foods Dare Foods, Limited is a Canada-based food manufacturing company. They have seven factories in Canada and the United States. Their products are distributed in North America and at least 25 other countries. Company history The founder of Dare ...
Limited. This was due to Christie's inability to meet the Girl Guides' new "nut-free" requirement. According to, modern Girl Guide Cookie history began in 1946: * 1946—Introduction of vanilla crème cookie, maple cream and shortbread * 1949—The embossed trefoil on the cookies was introduced in Ontario. The supplier was Barker-Bredin. The price is 25 cents a box (equivalent to CA$ today). * 1953—A box of 24 cookies is 35 cents (CA$ today). The sandwich-type cookie, in vanilla & chocolate, is introduced * 1955—The cookie supplier becomes Weston's, Canada. Price rises to 40 cents a box (CA$ today). * 1960—The supplier changes to Christie's. They make a special sugar-topped cookie to celebrate the 50th Jubilee of Guiding in Canada * 1963—Girl Guides switches to plain cookies * 1966—Vanilla & chocolate sandwich-type cookies brought back * 1967—Canadian centennial cookies produced * 1968—The price rises to 50 cents a box (CA$ today) * 1985—Special cookies to celebrate 75 years of Guiding in Canada * 1993—Chocolate mint cookie introduced, starting in Ontario * 1995—Chocolate mint cookie introduced to all provinces * 2003—Supplier changes to Dare. They did face some complaints when the taste changed after the switch to Dare Foods.


Centenary

Guiding Mosaic 2010 was held in from 8–17 July at
Guelph Lake Guelph Lake is a man-made reservoir on the Speed River, in the Township of Guelph/Eramosa. It is located upriver and slightly northeast of the city of Guelph, Ontario. The reservoir was created in 1974, with the construction of the Guelph Lake dam ...

Guelph Lake
Conservation Area in Southern Ontario. Over 2,500 girls and women attended the camp. Participants came from across Canada as well as from many countries, including Australia, Bangladesh, Jamaica, Japan, New Zealand and the United States. On 8 July 2010,
Canada Post Canada Post Corporation (french: Société canadienne des postes), trading as Canada Post (french: Postes Canada), is a Crown corporations of Canada, Crown corporation which functions as the primary Postal administration, postal operator in Canad ...
made a stamp to commemorate the centennial of the Girl Guides.Canada Post Stamp Details, July to September 2010, p.14, Volume XIX, No. 3


References


External links


Official website

Guides francocanadiennes
{{DEFAULTSORT:Girl Guides Of Canada World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts member organizations Scouting and Guiding in Canada Youth organizations established in 1910 1910 establishments in Ontario