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The Furneaux Group is a group of approximately 100
island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, i ...

island
s located at the eastern end of
Bass Strait Bass Strait () is a sea strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait ...

Bass Strait
, between
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...
and
Tasmania Tasmania (), abbreviated as TAS, is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atol ...
, Australia. The islands were named after British navigator
Tobias Furneaux Captain Tobias Furneaux (21 August 173518 September 1781) was an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early ...

Tobias Furneaux
, who sighted the eastern side of these islands after leaving Adventure Bay in 1773 on his way to New Zealand to rejoin
Captain James Cook Captain Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. The captain is a milit ...
. Navigator Matthew Flinders was the first Westerner to explore the Furneaux Islands group in the in 1798, and later that year in the . The largest islands in the group are Flinders Island, Cape Barren Island, and Clarke Island (Tasmania), Clarke Island. The group contains five settlements: Killiecrankie, Emita, Lady Barron, Tasmania, Lady Barron, Cape Barren Island, and Whitemark, Tasmania, Whitemark on Flinders Island, which serves as the administrative centre of the Flinders Council. There are also some small populated ranches on the remote islands. The Furneaux Group of islands became the most intensively exploited Seal hunting, sealing ground in Bass Strait after seals were discovered there in 1798. A total of 29 islands in the Furneaux Group have been found to have some tangible link with sealing in the 19th century. The Aboriginal woman Dolly Dalrymple was born in the area. King Island (Tasmania), King Island, at the western end of Bass Strait, is not a part of the group.


Administration

The Furneaux Group consists of approximately 100 islands. The major ones are: Anderson Island (Tasmania), Anderson Island, Babel Island, Badger Island, Billy Goat Reefs, Big Green Island, Briggs Islet, Cat Island (Tasmania), Cat Island, Chalky Island (Tasmania), Chalky Island, Cooties Reef, Doughboy Island (Tasmania), Doughboy Island, East Kangaroo Island, Fisher Island (Tasmania), Fisher Island, Fisher Island Reef, Forsyth Island, Great Dog Island (Tasmania), Great Dog Island, Inner Sister Island, Outer Sister Island, Isabella Island, Little Anderson Island, Little Chalky Island, Little Dog Island, Little Green Island, Long Island (Tasmania), Long Island, Low Islets (Prime Seal Group), Low Islets, and another of the same name Low Islets (Tasmania), Low Islets, Middle Pasco Island, Mile Island, Moriarty Rocks, Mount Chappell Island, Neds Reef, Night Island (Tasmania), Night Island, North Pasco Island, Passage Island (Tasmania), Pelican Island (Tasmania), Pelican Island, Prime Seal Island, Puncheon Island, Puncheon Islets, Roydon Island, Rum Island (Tasmania), Rum Island, Samphire Island, Sentinel Island (Tasmania), Sentinel Island, South Pasco Island, Spences Reefs, Spike Island (Tasmania), Spike Island, Storehouse Island, Swan Island (Tasmania), Swan Island, Tin Kettle Island, Vansittart Island (Tasmania), Vansittart Island. The Furneaux Group, together with the groups of islands to the north-west Kent Group, Hogan Island, Hogan Island Group, Curtis Island (Tasmania), Curtis Group, Wilsons Promontory Islands Important Bird Area, Wilsons Promontory Islands (only Tasmanian part) form the Flinders Council, Furneaux Islands Council.


Table of islands


Geology

The islands contain granite from the Devonian period, as well as unconsolidated limestone and sand from Cenozoic periods. During the ice age, a land bridge joined Tasmania to the Australian mainland through this group of islands.


See also

* Furneaux (biogeographic region) * ''Engaeus martigener'' * List of islands of Tasmania


References


External links


Birds of the Furneaux Islands


{{Authority control Furneaux Group, Seal hunting