A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a
A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as Norm (social), norms, religion, values, Convention (norm), customs, or Identity (social science), identity. Communities may share a sense of place (geography), plac ...
and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its
Religion is a social
Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, and whether the exchange is voluntary/involuntary.
Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals i ...
s. It is often marked as a local or national
A holiday is a day set aside by Norm (social), custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced. Generally, holidays are intended to allow individuals to celebrate or commemorate ...
, mela, or eid
. A festival constitutes typical cases of
glocalizationGlocalization (a portmanteau
A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "Portmanteau (luggage), portmanteau") is a Blend word, blend of words
, as well as the high culture-low culture interrelationship. Next to religion and
Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition
A tradition is a belief
A belief is an attitude
Attitude may refer to:
Philosophy and psychology
* Attitude (psycholog ...
, a significant origin is
Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary
Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise trends, Increases in sedentary behaviors such as watching tele ...
. Food is such a vital resource that many festivals are associated with
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the field
Field may refer to:
Expanses of open ground
* Field (agriculture), an area of land used for agricultural purposes
* Airfield, an aerodrome that lacks the infrastructure of an ...
time. Religious commemoration and thanksgiving for good harvests are blended in events that take place in
Autumn, also known as fall in American English
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Curr ...
, such as
Halloween or Hallowe'en (a contraction of "All Hallows' evening"), less commonly known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve, is a celebration observed in many countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast o ...
in the northern hemisphere and
Easter,Traditional names for the feast in English are "Easter Day", as in the ''Book of Common Prayer''; "Easter Sunday", used by James Ussher''The Whole Works of the Most Rev. James Ussher, Volume 4'' and Samuel Pepys''The Diary of Samuel Pe ...
in the southern.
Festivals often serve to fulfill specific communal purposes, especially in regard to commemoration or thanking to the gods, goddesses or saints: they're called
A patronal feast or patronal festival ( es, fiesta patronal; pt, festa patronal; ca, festa patronal; it, festa patronale; french: fête patronale) is a yearly celebration dedicated, in countries influenced by Christianity, to the 'heavenly advoc ...
. They may also provide
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest
Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial system. It is concerned with the creatio ...
, which was particularly important to local communities before the advent of mass-produced entertainment. Festivals that focus on cultural or ethnic topics also seek to inform community members of their traditions; the involvement of
An elder is someone with a degree of seniority or authority.
Elder or elders may refer to:
* Elder (administrative title), a position of authority
* American Indian elder, a person who has and transmits cul ...
sharing stories and experience provides a means for unity among
In human society, family (from la, familia) is a Social group, group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or Affinity (law), affinity (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of families is to maintain the w ...
Ancient Greece ( el, Ἑλλάς, Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of History of Greece, Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of Classical Antiquity, antiquity ( AD 600). This era wa ...
, established_title = Founded
, established_date = 753 BC
, founder = King Romulus
, image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg
, map_caption = The te ...
, festivals such as the
Saturnalia is an ancient Roman festival and holiday in honour of the god Saturn
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter. It is a gas giant with an average radius of about nine an ...
were closely associated with social organisation and political processes as well as religion.
The word "festival" was originally used as an adjective from the late fourteenth century, deriving from
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...
Old French (, , ; Modern French
French ( or ) is a Romance language
The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin, also known as Popular o ...
[festival, adj. and n.]
The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal historical dictionary
A historical dictionary or dictionary on historical principles is a dictionary which deals not only with the latterday meanings of words but also the historical .... March 2014. Oxford University Press. Accessed April 16, 2014.
Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language
English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family
The Indo-European languages are a language family
A language is a structured sys ...
, a "festival dai" was a religious holiday. Its first recorded used as a noun was in 1589 (as "Festifall").
[ Feast first came into usage as a noun circa 1200, and its first recorded use as a verb was circa 1300. The term "feast" is also used in common ] secular
Secularity, also the secular or secularness (from Latin
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through t ...