HOME

TheInfoList



OR:

A felid hybrid is any of a number of
hybrid Hybrid may refer to: Science * Hybrid (biology) In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, coherent field. For in ...
s between various
species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, coherent field. For instance, all organisms are made up of cells that ...
of the cat family,
Felidae Felidae () is the family of mammal Mammals () are a group of vertebrate Vertebrates () comprise all animal Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms in the biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, ani ...
. This article deals with hybrids between the species of the subfamily
Felinae The Felinae are a subfamily of the Family (biology), family Felidae. This subfamily comprises the small cats having a bony hyoid, because of which they are able to purr but not Roar (vocalization), roar. Other authors have proposed an alternati ...
(feline hybrids). For hybrids between two species of the genus ''Panthera'' (lions, tigers, jaguars, and leopards), see
Panthera hybrid A ''Panthera'' hybrid is a crossbreed A crossbreed is an organism with purebred Purebreds are " cultivated varieties" of an animal species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a ...
. There are no known hybrids between '' Neofelis'' (the clouded leopard) and other genera. By contrast, many genera of Felinae are interfertile with each other, though few hybridize under natural conditions, and not all combinations are likely to be viable (e.g. between the tiny rusty-spotted cat and the
leopard The leopard (''Panthera pardus'') is one of the five extant species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a singl ...
-sized
cougar The cougar (''Puma concolor'') is a large cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying ...
).


All-wild feline hybridization


Caracal × serval hybrids

A '' caraval'' is a cross between a male
caracal The caracal (''Caracal caracal'') () is a medium-sized wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has ...
(''Caracal caracal'') and a female serval (''Leptailurus serval''), while a male serval's and female
caracal The caracal (''Caracal caracal'') () is a medium-sized wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has ...
's offspring are called ''servicals''. The first servicals were bred accidentally when the two animals were housed together at the Los Angeles Zoo. The offspring were tawny with pale spots. If a female servical is crossed to a male caracal, the result is a ''car-servical''; if she is crossed to a male serval, the result is a ''ser-servical''.


Bobcat × lynx

The blynx or lynxcat is a hybrid of a
bobcat The bobcat (''Lynx rufus''), also known as the red lynx, is a medium-sized cat native to North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered ...
(''Lynx rufus'') and some other species of genus ''
Lynx A lynx is a type of wild cat. Lynx may also refer to: Astronomy * Lynx (constellation) * Lynx (Chinese astronomy) * Lynx X-ray Observatory, a NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA ) is an independent agency ...
''. The appearance of the offspring depends on which lynx species is used, as the
Eurasian lynx The Eurasian lynx (''Lynx lynx'') is a medium-sized wild cat widely distributed from Northern, Central and Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is a subregion of the European continent. As a largely ambiguous term, it has a wide range of geopolit ...
(''Lynx lynx'') is more heavily spotted than the
Canada lynx The Canada lynx (''Lynx canadensis''), or Canadian lynx, is a medium-sized North American lynx A lynx is a type of wild cat. Lynx may also refer to: Astronomy * Lynx (constellation) * Lynx (Chinese astronomy) * Lynx X-ray Observatory, ...
(''Lynx canadensis''). These hybrids have been bred in captivity and also occur naturally where a lynx or bobcat cannot find a member of its own species for mating. At least seven such hybrids have been reported in the United States, outside of captivity. In August 2003, two wild-occurring hybrids between wild Canadian lynx and bobcats were confirmed by DNA analysis in the Moosehead region of Maine. Three hybrids were identified in northeastern Minnesota. These were the first confirmed hybrids outside of captivity. Mitochondrial DNA studies showed them all to be the result of matings between female Canada lynx and male bobcats. A male Canada lynx × bobcat hybrid was trapped in 1998, radio-collared and released, only to die of starvation. The female hybrid was fertile. In November 2003, a spotted lynxcat was observed in Illinois, from normal lynx territory, but it may have been an escaped hybrid pet. The hybrids closely resembled bobcats with larger bodies and smaller feet, but had some lynx-like features: long ear tufts and almost completely black-tipped tails. The Canada lynx is a protected species in 14 US states constituting the southern part of its historic range, but the hybrids are not protected and may be shot by hunters. However, some of odd-looking ''Lynx'' may be colour morphs of either bobcats or Canada lynx rather than hybrids. This poses the danger that protected Canada lynx are being killed.


European wildcat × jungle cat

The Euro-chaus is a human-induced hybrid between the
European wildcat The European wildcat (''Felis silvestris'') is a small wildcat species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a sin ...
(''Felis silvestris'') and the jungle cat species. It should not be confused with the Euro-chausie, which is a cross between the domestic Chausie breed and a European wildcat .


Margay × ocelot

The marlot is a hybrid between a male margay (''Leopardus wiedii'') and female
ocelot The ocelot (''Leopardus pardalis'') is a medium-sized spotted wild cat that reaches at the shoulders and weighs between on average. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus (; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also kn ...
(''L. pardalis''). In May 1977, the Long Island Ocelot Club (LIOC) announced the birth of a marlot bred by Barbara Brocks using captive-bred parents. There was no description of the marlot, but the parent species both have rosetted or marbled patterns on a sandy background.


Margay × oncilla hybridization attempts

There were attempts to breed the margay with the oncilla (''Leopardus tigrinus'') by Dutch breeder Mme Falken-Rohrle in the 1950s. These appear to have been unsuccessful.


Puma hybrids

In 1800 and 1900s, various
Cougar The cougar (''Puma concolor'') is a large cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying ...
hybrids with differing big cats were attempted in captivity and reportedly successful, including cougar × leopard (called a pumapard), and cougar × jaguar. Additionally, at least one instance of hybridization between a cougar and an ocelot has occurred in captivity.


Domestic × wild hybridization

The
domestic cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, coherent fiel ...
, known variously as ''Felis catus'', ''F. silvestris catus'', or ''F. lybica catus'', a descendant of the
African wildcat The African wildcat (''Felis lybica'') is a small wildcat species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, c ...
(''F. lybica''), has been hybridized with several wild felid species. These wild-domestic hybrids have sometimes been called "feral-domestic hybrids", but this is a misnomer, because ''
feral A feral () animal Animals are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms in the biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, animals consume organic material, breathe oxygen, are able to move, can reproduce sexually, and go thro ...
'' refers to a domesticated population species which has reverted to living without human caretakers. Most of these are artificial hybrids (i.e., bred intentionally by humans), though natural hybridization has occurred .


Confirmed domestic cat × felid hybrids

Some pairings have given rise to more than one variety, bred for distinctive appearances and different percentages of wild felid genes. They may thus form distinct breeds with separate breed standards, though many of these hybrids are not recognized by any major
breed registry A breed registry, also known as a herdbook, studbook or register, in animal husbandry Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock Livestock are the do ...
. Several are the result of accidental in zoos, or experimental hybridization (as with wolfdogs) for the exotic pet market. *
Bengal Bengal ( ; bn, বাংলা/বঙ্গ, translit=Bānglā/Bôngô, ) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in South Asia South Asia is the southern subregion of Asia Asia (, ) is one of the world's most no ...
: domestic cat × Asian leopard cat (''Prionailurus bengalensis'', usually the ''P. b. bengalensis'' subspecies) * Caracat: domestic cat ×
caracal The caracal (''Caracal caracal'') () is a medium-sized wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has ...
; first case was accidental in the Moscow Zoo in 1998. Later, it became most expensive and rarest cat breed. * Chausie: domestic cat ×
jungle cat The jungle cat (''Felis chaus''), also called reed cat, swamp cat and jungle lynx, is a medium-sized cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natu ...
species (''Felis chaus'') * Kellas cat: Naturally occurring
landrace A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, often traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isol ...
, domestic cat × Scottish wildcat (''Felis silvestris silvestris'') * Machbagral, viverral, and jambi: domestic cat ×
fishing cat The fishing cat (''Prionailurus viverrinus'') is a medium-sized wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope bu ...
(''Prionailurus viverrinus'') * Marguerite: domestic cat ×
sand cat The sand cat (''Felis margarita'') is a small wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a broad scope but has several uni ...
(''Felis margarita''); kittens were born to a domestic female, in 2013 and another 20 hybrids at United Kingdom in 2017 *
Savannah A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland A woodland () is, in the broad sense, land covered with trees, or in a narrow sense, synonymous with wood (or in the U.S., the '' plurale tantum'' woods), a low-density forest A forest is ...
: domestic cat (including Bengal) × serval (''Leptailurus serval'')


Attempted or unconfirmed hybrids

These crosses are of dubious viability due to genetic divergence between these
genera Genus ( plural genera ) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification, taxonomic rank is the relative level of a group of organisms (a taxon In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science wit ...
* "Mandalan jaguar" (proposed name): domestic cat × jaguarundi (''Herpailurus yagouaroundi'') * Domestic cat ×
Canada lynx The Canada lynx (''Lynx canadensis''), or Canadian lynx, is a medium-sized North American lynx A lynx is a type of wild cat. Lynx may also refer to: Astronomy * Lynx (constellation) * Lynx (Chinese astronomy) * Lynx X-ray Observatory, ...
(''Lynx canadensis'') * Domestic cat ×
bobcat The bobcat (''Lynx rufus''), also known as the red lynx, is a medium-sized cat native to North America North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered ...
(''Lynx rufus''): There are reports of bobcats breeding with domestic cats, but evidence of offspring remains circumstantial and anecdotal. Their interfertility is yet to be proven scientifically. * Domestic cat ×
Pallas's cat The Pallas's cat (''Otocolobus manul'', also known as the manul, is a small wild cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science with a br ...
(''Otocolobus manul'')


See also

* ''Panthera'' hybrid


References


Other sources

* I Kusminych & A Pawlowa ("Ein Bastard von Karakal Hauskatze im Moskauer Zoo" in Der Zoologische Garten Vol. 68, No. 4 (1998)) (A Hybrid of Caracal and House Cat in Moscow Zoo). * Paul Leyhausen (Oncilla x domestic cat hybrids) * Mike Tomkies, "Wildcats" (and various other works regarding Scottish Wildcats) * Frances Pitt, "Wild Animals in Britain" (1939) (Scottish Wildcat hybrids) * Edward Hamilton, 1896 (Scottish Wildcat hybrids)
LYNX AND BOBCAT HYBRIDS


External links and online references

*




Interesting facts about the hybrid cats
(German version) {{Mammal hybrids Hybrids Intergeneric hybrids