The Eastern Romance languages are a group of
The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin, also known as Popular or Colloquial Latin, is non-literary
Literature broadly is any collection of w ...
. Today, the group consists of the Daco-Romance
subgroup, which comprises the
Romanian (obsolete spellings: Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: ''limba română'' , or ''românește'', ) is a Balkan Romance language spoken by approximately 22–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania
The Aromanian language (, , or ), also known as Macedo-Romanian or Vlach, is an Eastern Romance language, similar to Megleno-Romanian, Istro-Romanian and Romanian, spoken in Southeastern Europe. Its speakers are called Aromanians or V ...
and two other related minor languages, Megleno-Romanian
, and Istro-Romanian
Some classifications also include the extinct
Dalmatian () or Dalmatic (; dlm, langa dalmata, link=no or simply ; it, lingua dalmatica, dalmatico; hr, dalmatski) is an extinct
Extinction is the termination of a kind of organism
In biology, an organism () is any organic, ...
(otherwise included in the Italo-Dalmatian group
) as part of the Daco-Romance subgroup, considering Dalmatian a bridge between Italian and Romanian.
Traditionally, according to
Walther von Wartburg
Walther von Wartburg (-Boos) (18 May 1888; Riedholz – 15 August 1971; Basel) was a Swiss (people), Swiss Philology, philologist and lexicography, lexicographer. He was the editor-in-chief of the ''Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch'' (F ...
, the whole of Italo-Romance
south of the
La Spezia–Rimini Line
es that distinguished Northern Italian speech from that of Tuscany
it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman)
, population_note =
, population_blank1_title =
, population_blank1 =
, demographics_type1 = Citizenship
, demogr ...
is included in Eastern Romance.
Samples of Eastern Romance languages
Note: the lexicon used below is not universally recognized
The Balkan sprachbund or Balkan language area is the sprachbund, ensemble of areal features—similarities in grammar, syntax, vocabulary and phonology—among the languages of the Balkans. Several features are found across these languages though ...
Common Romanian (''româna comună''), also known as Ancient Romanian (''străromâna''), Balkan Latin or Proto-Romanian, is a hypothetical and unattested Romance language
The Romance languages (less commonly Latin languages, or Neo-Latin langu ...
Substrate in Romanian
According to the official theory regarding the origin of the Eastern Romance languages
The Eastern Romance languages are a group of Romance languages
The Romance languages (less commonly Latin languages, or Neo-Latin languages) are the modern ...