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Statistics Canada Statistics Canada (StatCan; french: Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the agency Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of ...
conducts a country-wide census that collects demographic data every five years on the first and sixth year of each decade. The
2016 Canadian Census The 2016 Canadian Census is the most recent detailed enumeration of Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadia ...
enumerated a total population of 35,151,728, an increase of around 5.0 percent over the 2011 figure. Between 2011 and May 2016, Canada's population grew by 1.7 million people, with immigrants accounting for two-thirds of the increase. Between 1990 and 2008, the population increased by 5.6 million, equivalent to 20.4 percent overall growth. The main drivers of population growth are
immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...
and, to a lesser extent, natural growth. Canada has one of the highest per-capita immigration rates in the world, driven mainly by
economic policy The economic policy of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly ...
and, to a lesser extent,
family reunification Family reunification is a recognized reason for immigration in many countries because of the presence of one or more family members in a certain country, therefore, enables the rest of the divided family or only specific members of the family to i ...
. In 2019, a total of 341,180 immigrants were admitted to Canada, mainly from Asia. New immigrants settle mostly in major urban areas such as
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
,
Montreal Montreal ( ; officially Montréal, ) is the second-most populous city in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of . Its extend from the to the and northward into the , covering , making it the world's . Its southern and w ...

Montreal
and
Vancouver Vancouver ( ) is a major city in western Canada Western Canada, also referred to as the Western Provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth desc ...

Vancouver
. Canada also accepts large numbers of
refugee A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person Forced displacement (also forced migration) is an involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region In geography, regions are areas that are broa ...

refugee
s, accounting for over 10 percent of annual global refugee resettlements.


Population

Population density of Canadian provinces and territories The
Canada 2016 Census The 2016 Canadian Census is the most recent detailed enumeration of Canadians, Canadian residents, which counted a population of 35,151,728, a change from its Canada 2011 Census, 2011 population of 33,476,688. The census, conducted by Statistics ...
had a total population count of 35,151,728 individuals, making up approximately 0.5% of the world's total population.


Provinces and territories

:Sources: Statistics Canada


Cities


Census metropolitan areas

Growth rate of Canadian provinces and territories


Population growth rates

According to
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to st ...

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(OECD)/
World Bank The World Bank is an international financial institution An international financial institution (IFI) is a financial institution that has been established (or chartered) by more than one country, and hence is subject to international law. Its o ...
, the population in Canada increased from 1990 to 2008 with 5.6 million and 20.4% growth in population, compared to 21.7% growth in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
and 31.2% growth in
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...

Mexico
. According to the OECD/World Bank population statistics, for the same period the
world population In demography, demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have exceeded 7.9 billion people . It took over 2 million years of prehistory, human prehistory and human history, history fo ...

world population
growth was 27%, a total of 1,423 million people.CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion
Population 1971–2008
pdf
pages 83–85) IEA (OECD/ World Bank) original population ref e.g. in IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2010 page 57
However, over the same period, the population of
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...
grew by 8.0%. And from 1991 to 2011, the population of the UK increased by 10.0%.


Total Fertility Rates in the 19th century

The
total fertility rate The total fertility rate (TFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if: # she was to experience the exact current age-specific fertility Fertility is the capability to produce offs ...
is the number of children born per woman. Source:
Statistics Canada Statistics Canada (StatCan; french: Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the agency Agency may refer to: * a governmental or other institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of ...
.


Vital statistics


Current vital statistics


Population projection


Life expectancy at birth from 1831 to 2015

Sources:
Our World In Data Our World in Data (OWID) is a scientific online publication Electronic publishing (also referred to as publishing, digital publishing, or online publishing) includes the digital publication of e-book An electronic book, also known as an e-boo ...
and the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
. 1831–1911 1921–1950 1950–2015 Source: ''UN World Population Prospects''


Age characteristics


Other demographics statistics

58.9% of Canadians reported being members of a single ethnic group in the 2016 Census. 31.7% of them stated “Canadian” as their single ethnic origin, followed by Chinese (7.1%), English (5.4%), East Indian (5.4%), French (5.0%), Italian (3.4%), Filipino (3.2%), German (2.8%), First Nations (North American Indigenous) (2.6%), Scottish (2.3%), and Irish (2.3%). Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. *One birth every 1 minute *One death every 2 minutes *One net migrant every 2 minutes *Net gain of one person every 1 minute Demographic statistics according to the
CIA World Factbook ''The World Factbook'', also known as the ''CIA World Factbook'', is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA; ), known informally as the Agency and the Company, is a civilian ...
, unless otherwise indicated. ;Population: :35,881,659 (July 2018 est.) :35,623,680 (July 2017 est.) ;Age structure: :''0-14 years:'' 15.43% (male 2,839,236 /female 2,698,592) :''15-24 years:'' 11.62% (male 2,145,626 /female 2,023,369) :''25-54 years:'' 39.62% (male 7,215,261 /female 7,002,546) :''55-64 years:'' 14.24% (male 2,538,820 /female 2,570,709) :''65 years and over:'' 19.08% (male 3,055,560 /female 3,791,940) (2018 est.) :''0-14 years:'' 15.44% (male 2,819,279/female 2,680,024) :''15-24 years:'' 11.85% (male 2,171,703/female 2,048,546) :''25-54 years:'' 39.99% (male 7,227,145/female 7,020,156) :''55-64 years:'' 14.1% (male 2,492,120/female 2,529,652) :''65 years and over:'' 18.63% (male 2,958,721/female 3,676,334) (2017 est.) ;Median age: :total: 42.4 years. Country comparison to the world: 31st :male: 41.1 years :female: 43.7 years (2018 est.) :total: 42.2 years. :male: 40.9 years :female: 43.5 years (2017 est.) :total: 40.6 years :male: 39.6 years :female: 41.5 years (2011) ;Median age by province and territory, 2011: #
Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador (; sometimes abbreviated as NL) is the easternmost province of Canada The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) (french: link=no, Province du Canada) was a British North Am ...
: 44.0 #
Nova Scotia ) , image_map = Nova Scotia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto'') , RegionalLang = French, Scots Gaelic , capital ...

Nova Scotia
: 43.7 #
New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , capital = Fredericton Fredericton (; ) is the capital city of the Canadian provinc ...

New Brunswick
:43.7 #
Prince Edward Island (''The small protected by the great'') , image_map = Prince Edward Island in Canada (special marker) 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English English usually ref ...

Prince Edward Island
: 42.8 #
Quebec ) , image_shield=Armoiries du Québec.svg , image_flag=Flag of Quebec.svg , coordinates= , AdmittanceDate=July 1, 1867 , AdmittanceOrder=1st, with New Brunswick ("Hope restored") , image_map = New Brunswick in Canada 2.svg , ...

Quebec
: 41.9 #
British Columbia ( en, Splendour without diminishment) , image_map = British Columbia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = None , Slogan = Beautiful British C ...

British Columbia
: 41.9 #
Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt = Map showing Ontario's location east/central of Canada. , coordinates = , cap ...

Ontario
: 40.4 #
Yukon Yukon ( ; ; formerly called Yukon Territory and sometimes referred to as The Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three territories. It also is the least populated province or territory in Canada, with a population of 35,874 peo ...

Yukon
: 39.1 #
Manitoba Manitoba ( ) is a Provinces and territories of Canada, province of Canada at the Centre of Canada, longitudinal centre of the country. It is Canada's Population of Canada by province and territory, fifth-most populous province, with a population o ...

Manitoba
: 38.4 #
Saskatchewan ("From Many Peoples Strength") , image_map = Saskatchewan in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English language, English , capital = Regina, S ...
: 38.2 #
Alberta ("Strong and free") , image_map = Alberta in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English , capital = Edmonton Edmonton ( ) is the capital ...

Alberta
: 36.5 #
Northwest Territories The Northwest Territories (commonly abbreviated as NT or NWT; french: Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal territory A territory is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subd ...

Northwest Territories
: 32.3 #
Nunavut Nunavut ( iu, ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ; ) is the largest and northernmost provinces and territories of Canada, territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the ''Nunavut Act'' and the ''Nunavut ...
: 24.1 Total: 40.6 :Sources: Statistics Canada ;Birth rate: :10.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 189th ;Death rate: :8.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 67th ;
Total fertility rate The total fertility rate (TFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if: # she was to experience the exact current age-specific fertility Fertility is the capability to produce offs ...
: :1.6 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 180th ;Net migration rate: :5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 20th :5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.) ;Population growth rate: :0.72% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 139th ;Mother's mean age at first birth: :28.1 years (2012 est.) ;Ethnic groups: Canadian 32.3%, English 18.3%, Scottish 13.9%, French 13.6%, Irish 13.4%, German 9.6%, Chinese 5.1%, Italian 4.6%, Indigenous 4.4%, East Indian 4%, other 51.6% (2016 est.)
Note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2016 est.) Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, Indigenous 4.2%, other 50.9%
Note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.) ;Languages: English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.) ;Population distribution: The vast majority of Canadians are positioned in a discontinuous band within approximately 300 km of the southern border with the United States; the most populated province is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia. ;Religions: Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.) ;Life expectancy at birth: :total population: 82 years :male: 79.4 years :female: 84.8 years (2018 est.) ;
Dependency ratio The dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force (the ''dependent'' part ages 0 to 14 and 65+) and those typically in the labor force (the ''productive'' part ages 15 to 64). It is used to measure the pressur ...
s: :total dependency ratio: 47.3 :youth dependency ratio: 23.5 :elderly dependency ratio: 23.8 :
potential support ratio The potential support ratio (PSR) is the number of people age 15–64 per one older person aged 65 or older. This ratio describes the burden placed on the working population (unemployment and children are not considered in this measure) by the non- ...
: 4.2 (2015 est.) ;School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): :total: 16 years :male: 16 years :female: 17 years (2016) ;Unemployment, youth ages 15–24: :total: 11.6%. Country comparison to the world: 110th :male: 13.3% :female: 9.9% (2017 est.) ;Urbanization: :urban population: 81% of total population (2010) :rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010–2015 est.) Sex ratio: * ''at birth:'' 1.06 male(s)/female * ''under 15 years:'' 1.05 male(s)/female * ''15 – 24 years:'' 1.06 male(s)/female * ''25 – 54 years:'' 1.03 male(s)/female * ''55 – 64 years:'' 0.98 male(s)/female * ''65 years and over:'' 0.79 male(s)/female * ''total population:'' 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.) ;Infant mortality rate: :total: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births. Country comparison to the world: 180th :male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births :female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)


Ethnicity


Ethnic origin

As data is completely self-reported, and reporting individuals may have varying definitions of "Ethnic origin" (or may not know their ethnic origin), these figures should not be considered an exact record of the relative prevalence of different ethno-cultural ancestries but rather how Canadians self-identify. Statistics Canada projects that immigrants will represent between 24.5% and 30.0% of Canada's population in 2036, compared with 20.7% in 2011. Statistics Canada further projects that visible minorities among the working-age population (15 to 64 years) will make up 33.7–34.3% of Canada's total population, compared to 22.3% in 2016. Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnic origins were (2016): The most common ethnic origins per province are as follows in 2006 (total responses; only percentages 10% or higher shown; ordered by percentage of "Canadian"): * Quebec (7,723,525): Canadian (59.1%), ''French'' (29.1%) * New Brunswick (735,835): ''Canadian'' (50.3%), French (27.2%), English (25.9%), Irish (21.6%), Scottish (19.9%) * Newfoundland and Labrador (507,265): ''Canadian'' (49.0%), ''English'' (43.4%), Irish (21.8%) * Nova Scotia (906,170): ''Canadian'' (39.1%), Scottish (31.2%), English (30.8%), Irish (22.3%), French (17.0%), German (10.8%) * Prince Edward Island (137,375): ''Scottish'' (39.3%), Canadian (36.8%), English (31.1%), ''Irish'' (30.4%), French (21.1%) * Ontario (12,651,795): ''Canadian'' (23.3%), English (23.1%), Scottish (16.4%), Irish (16.4%), French (10.8%) * Alberta (3,567,980): ''English'' (24.9%), Canadian (21.8%), German (19.2%), Scottish (18.8%), Irish (15.8%), French (11.1%) * Manitoba (1,174,345): ''English'' (21.8%), German (18.6%), Canadian (18.5%), Scottish (18.0%), ''Ukrainian'' (14.9%), Irish (13.2%), French (12.6%), North American Indian (10.6%) * Saskatchewan (1,008,760): ''German'' (28.6%), English (24.9%), Scottish (18.9%), Canadian (18.8%), Irish (15.5%), Ukrainian (13.5%), French (12.2%), ''North American Indian'' (12.1%) * British Columbia (4,324,455): ''English'' (27.7%), Scottish (19.3%), Canadian (19.1%), German (13.1%), ''Chinese'' (10.7%) * Yukon (33,320): ''English'' (28.5%), Scottish (25.0%), Irish (22.0%), North American Indian (21.8%), Canadian (21.8%), German (15.6%), French (13.1%) * Northwest Territories (40,800): ''North American Indian'' (37.0%), Scottish (13.9%), English (13.7%), Canadian (12.8%), Irish (11.9%), Inuit (11.7%) * Nunavut (31,700): ''Inuit'' (85.4%) ''Italics'' indicates either that this response is dominant within this province, or that this province has the highest ratio (percentage) of this response among provinces.


Visible minority population


By province and territory


By city over 100,000


Aboriginal population

''Note: Inuit, other Aboriginal and mixed Aboriginal groups are not listed as their own, but they are all accounted for in total Aboriginal''


By province and territory

All statistics are from the
Canada 2011 Census The 2011 Canadian Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territo ...
.


By city over 100,000


Future projections


Languages

Language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the ...

Language
used most often at work:Statistics Canada – Language used at work1 by frequency of language used at work and mother tongue, 2006 counts
/ref> *
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
: 78.3% * : 21.7% * Non-official languages: 2% Languages by language used most often at home:The percentage figures cited are the top languages spoken as a
home language A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1), is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), ...
in Canada, shown as a percentage of total single responses. Source: Statistics Canada, ''2006 Census Profile of Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order): Language, Mobility and Migration and Immigration and Citizenship.'' Ottawa, 2007, pp. 6–10. Data available online at:
*
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
: 67.1% * : 21.5% * Non-official languages: 11.4% Languages by mother tongue:


Religion

Statistics Canada (StatCan) grouped responses to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) question on religion into nine core religious categories –
Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, an ...

Buddhist
,
Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian'' derive from the Koi ...

Christian
,
Hindu Hindus (; ) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic re ...
,
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...
,
Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", ...
,
Sikh Sikhs ( or ; pa, ਸਿੱਖ, ', ) are people who adhere to Sikhism, a Monotheism, monotheistic religion that originated in the late 15th century in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, based on the revelation of Guru Nanak. The te ...
, Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality, other religions and no religious affiliation. Among these, of Canadians were self-identified as Christians in 2011. The second, third, and fourth-largest categories were of Canadians with no religious affiliation at , Canadian Muslims at , and
Canadian Hindus Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atla ...
at . Within the 2011 NHS results, StatCan further subcategorized Christianity in nine groups of its own –
Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Christianity, Western Christian tradition that has developed from the practices, liturgy, and identity of the Church of England following the English Reformation. Adherents of Anglicanism are called ''Anglicans''; t ...
,
Baptist Baptists form a major branch of Protestantism, Protestant Christianity distinguished by baptizing professing Christianity, Christian believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete Immersion baptism, ...

Baptist
,
Catholic The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...
, Christian Orthodox,
Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of Jesus Christ and was founded by Martin Luther, a 16th-century German monk and Protestant Reformers, reformer whose efforts to reform the theology ...
,
Pentecostal Pentecostalism or classical Pentecostalism is a Protestant Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to be in the . Protestants originating in the Reformation reje ...
,
Presbyterian Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of ...
,
United Church A united church, also called a uniting church, is a church Church may refer to: Religion * Church (building) A church building, church house, or simply church, is a building used for Christian worship services and other Christian religio ...
and Other Christian. Among these, of Canadians were self-identified as Catholic in 2011. The second and third-largest ungrouped subcategories of Christian Canadians were United at and Anglican at , while of Christians were grouped into the Other Christian subcategory comprising numerous denominations. Of the 3,036,785 or of Canadians identified as Other Christians: *105,365 ( of Canadians) were identified as
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian Nontrinitarianism is a form of Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism ...

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(LDS Church); *137,775 ( of Canadians) were identified as
Jehovah's Witness Jehovah's Witnesses is a Millenarianism, millenarian Restorationism, restorationist Christian denomination with Nontrinitarianism, nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity. The group reports a worldwide membership of appro ...
; *175,880 ( of Canadians) were identified as
Mennonite Mennonites are members of certain Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title) ...
; *550,965 ( of Canadians) were identified as
Protestant Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to be in the . Protestants originating in the Reformation reject the Roman Catholic doctrine of , but disagree among themselves ...
; and *102,830 ( of Canadians) were identified as
Reformed Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformat ...
.


See also

*
Demographics of North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be described as the northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to ...
*
1666 census of New France upJean Talon, statue in front of the Quebec Parliament Building The 1666 census of New France was the first census conducted in Canada (and also North America). It was organized by Jean Talon, the first Intendant of New France, between 1665 and ...
*
Canada 2016 Census The 2016 Canadian Census is the most recent detailed enumeration of Canadians, Canadian residents, which counted a population of 35,151,728, a change from its Canada 2011 Census, 2011 population of 33,476,688. The census, conducted by Statistics ...
* List of Canadian census areas demographic extremes *
Interprovincial migration in Canada Interprovincial migration in Canada is the movement by people from one Canadian province or territory to another with the intention of settling, permanently or temporarily, in the new province or territory; it is more-or-less stable over time. In ...
* '' Cahiers québécois de démographie'' academic journal * '' Canadian Studies in Population'' academic journal


Notes


References


Further reading

* * * * * * Roderic Beaujot and Don Kerr, (2007)
The Changing Face of Canada: Essential Readings in Population
', Canadian Scholars' Press, .


External links



– Statistics Canada

– Statistics Canada

{{North America topic, Demographics of