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Deal Island, the largest island of the
Kent Group The Kent Group are a grouping of six granite Granite () is a coarse-grained (phanerite, phaneritic) intrusive rock, intrusive igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase. It forms from magma with a high content ...
, is a
granite Granite () is a coarse-grained (phanerite, phaneritic) intrusive rock, intrusive igneous rock composed mostly of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase. It forms from magma with a high content of silica and alkali metal oxides that slowly cool ...

granite
island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), sometimes known as a coral atoll, i ...

island
, located in northern
Bass Strait Bass Strait () is a sea strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait ...

Bass Strait
, that lies between the
Furneaux Group The Furneaux Group is a group of approximately 100 island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features ...
, north-east of
Tasmania Tasmania (), abbreviated as TAS, is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atol ...
and
Wilsons Promontory The Wilsons Promontory, also known as Yiruk and Wamoon in the Gunai language, Gunai and Bunwurrung languages respectively, is a peninsula that forms the southernmost part of the Australian mainland, located in the state of Victoria (Australia) ...

Wilsons Promontory
in
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...
, Australia.


Location and features

The island is contained entirely within the Kent Group National Park, Tasmania’s northernmost
national park#REDIRECT National park A national park is a park in use for Conservation (ethic), conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a sovereign state dec ...

national park
, gazetted in 2002. In 2004 the national park was extended to include the state waters of the three major islands of the Kent Group marine waters, encapsulating of
marine reserve A marine reserve is a type of marine protected area Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected area Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultu ...
. Deal Island is located at the southern end of the
Beagle Commonwealth Marine Reserve Beagle Commonwealth Marine Reserve is a 2,928 km2 marine protected area within Australian waters located in Bass Strait off the coast of Victoria, Australia, Victoria and near Tasmania's Flinders Island. The reserve was established in 2007 ...
, that encloses the Kent Group Marine Reserve and the
Hogan A hogan ( or ; from Navajo The Navajo (; British English: Navaho; nv, Diné or ') are a Native American people Native Americans, also known as American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Americans and #Terminology differences, oth ...
and Curtis Island groups. Deal Island has been extensively modified in the past by human activity in the construction of facilities and the vegetation clearance and regular firing associated with grazing livestock. It has a
lighthouse A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses A lens is a transmissive optics, optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction. A simple ...

lighthouse
,
airstrip An aerodrome (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither. A ...
(closed), roads, jetty, two houses, a dam and a museum.Brothers, Nigel; Pemberton, David; Pryor, Helen; & Halley, Vanessa. (2001). ''Tasmania’s Offshore Islands: seabirds and other natural features''. Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery: Hobart.


Lighthouse

Deal Island has the highest
lighthouse A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses A lens is a transmissive optics, optical device that focuses or disperses a light beam by means of refraction. A simple ...

lighthouse
in the
Southern Hemisphere The Southern Hemisphere is the half (hemisphere Hemisphere may refer to: * A half of a sphere As half of the Earth * A hemispheres of Earth, hemisphere of Earth ** Northern Hemisphere ** Southern Hemisphere ** Eastern Hemisphere ** Western He ...

Southern Hemisphere
, standing
above sea level Above may refer to: *Above (artist) Tavar Zawacki formerly known as 'ABOVE' (born 1981) is an American abstract art Abstract art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of ind ...
and was sometimes visible at night from Wilson's Promontory, away. The lighthouse was built in 1848 and deactivated in 1992. While active, the height caused problems with visibility in low cloud conditions. Management and conservation is under the control of the
Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service is the government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magaz ...
.


Aircraft crash

On 26 April 1943 during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
an RAAF A25 Airspeed Oxford aircraft crashed on the island, killing all four crewmen. The aircraft wreck and their graves are about apart at the bottom of a cliff. The bodies have since been disinterred and buried at , Victoria. Eyewitness accounts say the plane flew low over a ship which was actually a wreck, and then failed to regain enough height before hitting the cliff.


Fauna

Recorded breeding
seabird Seabirds (also known as marine birds) are bird Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrate Vertebrates () comprise all species of animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the ...

seabird
and
wader 245px, A flock of Dunlins and Red knots Waders are birds of the order Charadriiformes commonly found along shorelines and mudflats that wikt:wade#Etymology 1, wade in order to foraging, forage for food (such as insects or crustaceans) in the m ...
species include
little penguin The little penguin (''Eudyptula minor'') is the smallest species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is of ...
,
Pacific gull The Pacific gull (''Larus pacificus'') is a very large gull Gulls, or colloquially seagulls, are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari. They are most closely related to the terns (family Sternidae) and only distantly related to ...

Pacific gull
, and
sooty oystercatcher The sooty oystercatcher (''Haematopus fuliginosus'') is a species of oystercatcher. It is a wading bird endemism, endemic to Australia and commonly found on its coastline. It prefers rocky coastlines, but will occasionally live in estuaries. All ...
.
Mammal Mammals (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be i ...
s found on the island are the
red-necked wallaby The red-necked wallaby or Bennett's wallaby (''Notamacropus rufogriseus'') is a medium-sized Macropodidae, macropod marsupial (wallaby), common in the more temperate and fertile parts of eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Red-necked wallabie ...
,
common brushtail possum The common brushtail possum (''Trichosurus vulpecula'', from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country locate ...
,
southern brown bandicoot The southern brown bandicoot (''Isoodon obesulus'') is a short-nosed bandicoot, a type of marsupial, found mostly in southern Australia. A similar species in Southwest Australia, South Western Australia, known as the quenda (from the Noongar lang ...
, fur seals and the introduced
European rabbit The European rabbit (''Oryctolagus cuniculus'') or coney is a species of rabbit Rabbits, also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are small mammal Mammals (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical l ...
.
Reptile Reptiles, as most commonly defined, are the animals in the class Class or The Class may refer to: Common uses not otherwise categorized * Class (biology), a taxonomic rank * Class (knowledge representation), a collection of individuals or ...

Reptile
s present include the
metallic skink :''"Metallic skink" may also refer to the garden skink (Lampropholis delicata)''. ''Carinascincus metallicus'', the metallic cool-skink or metallic skink is a species of skink in the family Scincidae. It is endemic to Australia, found in souther ...
, Bougainville's skink,
White's skink White's skink (''Liopholis whitii)'', also known Common name, commonly as White's rock skink, is a species of lizard in the Family (biology), family Scincidae. The species is Endemism, endemic to Australia. Etymology The Specific name (zoology), ...
and the
white-lipped snake The white-lipped snake (''Drysdalia coronoides'') is a small species of venomous snake in the Family (biology), family Elapidae. The species is Endemism, endemic to south-eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania. Description It is the smallest ...
.


Climate


See also

*
List of islands of Tasmania This is a list of islands of Tasmania, the smallest and southernmost States and territories of Australia, state of Australia. The Tasmanian mainland itself is an island, with an area of - 94.1% of the total land area of the state of Tasmania. The ...


References

{{Islands of Tasmania Protected areas of Tasmania North East Tasmania Islands of Bass Strait