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The Daqing Oil Field (), formerly
romanized Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign lan ...
as "Taching", is the largest
oil field A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface accumulation of hydrocarbons In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, organic compounds are generally ...

oil field
in the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
, located between the
Songhua river The Songhua Postal Romanization, or Sunghwa River (also Haixi or Xingal, russian: Сунгари ''Sungari'') is one of the primary List of rivers of China, rivers of China, and the longest tributary of the Amur. It flows about from the Changb ...
and
Nen River The Nen River or Nenjiang (), or Nonni () is a river in Northeast China. The Nen River flows through the northern part of Heilongjiang Province and the northeastern section of Inner Mongolia, some parts of the river forming the border between the ...
in
Heilongjiang Heilongjiang, formerly romanized as Heilungkiang, is a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and a ...

Heilongjiang
province. When the Chinese government began to use to
pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objecti ...

pinyin
for romanization, the field's name became known as Daqing. Discovered in 1959 by
Li Siguang Li Siguang (; 1889–1971), also known as J. S. Lee, was a Chinese geologist and politician. He was the founder of China's geomechanics. He was an ethnic Mongol. He made outstanding contributions, which changed the situation of "oil deficiency" ...

Li Siguang
,
Wang Jinxi Wang Jinxi (; 8 October 1923 – 15 November 1970) was a Chinese model worker and socialist hero known as 'Iron man' Wang, who led No. 1205 drilling team at Daqing Oil Field. He was the subject of a 1964 documentary ''Iron Man (2009 film), Tieren ...
(who led No. 1205 drilling team) worked on this oilfield. This field has produced over of oil since production started in 1960. Daqing contained or 2.2 billion tons in the beginning; the remaining recoverable reserves are about or 500 million tons. Due to the rapid increases in production in its early days, Daqing was lauded by China's state media as a model industrial enterprise throughout the 1960s and 1970s. As of 2013 the field's production rate was about . It is reputed that during the first two decades of the life of the field, as much as 90% of the oil was wasted. Daqing Oilfield Company Limited, based in
Daqing Daqing (; alternately romanized as Taching) is a prefecture-level city A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefectural city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China China (), off ...

Daqing
, is the operator of exploration and development of Daqing Oilfield. From 2004, the company plans to cut its crude oil output by an annual 7% for the next seven years to extend the life of Daqing. Output of barrels of oil equivalent of the Daqing Field remained stable at over 40 million tons in 2012, while output at
Changqing oil field The Changqing oil field is an oil field located in Inner Mongolia. It was discovered in 1971 and developed by China National Petroleum Corporation. It began production in 1975 and produces oil and natural gas. The total proven reserves of the Chang ...
was over 42 million tons, making it the most productive oil and gas field in China. Crude output from the ageing Daqing oilfield is in decline even though the CNPC deployed some non-traditional drilling techniques. In 2019, output fell to 30.9 million tonnes from 32 million tonnes in 2018. At its peak in 2008, output stood at 40 million tonnes a year. A new shale oil field was discovered in Daqing Oilfield in 2021, with an estimated geological reserve of 1.268 billion tons


In popular culture

It is featured as a map in ''
Battlefield 2 ''Battlefield 2'' is a 2005 first-person shooter First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre, sub-genre of shooter video games centered on gun and other weapon-based combat in a First person (video games), first-person perspective, wit ...
''. It was also featured in a dedicated part of the ''
How Yukong Moved the Mountains ''How Yukong Moved the Mountains'' (french: Comment Yukong déplaça les montagnes) is a series of 12 documentary films about China directed by Joris Ivens. This film, whose title references the old Chinese story of an old man who moved the mounta ...
'' documentary, "About Petroleum".


See also

*
List of oil fields This list of oil field A petroleum reservoir or oil and gas reservoir is a subsurface accumulation of hydrocarbons In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, orga ...


References

{{Heilongjiang topics Oil fields in China Geography of Heilongjiang Daqing