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Cristoforo Buondelmonti (c. 1385 – c. 1430) was an
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...

Italian
Franciscan priest and traveler, and a pioneer in promoting first-hand knowledge of
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Greece
and its antiquities throughout the Western world.


Biography

Cristoforo Buondelmonti was born around 1385 into an important Florentine family. He was taught Greek by
Guarino da Verona Guarino Veronese or Guarino da Verona (1374 – December 14, 1460) was an early figure in the Italian Renaissance The Italian Renaissance ( it, Rinascimento ) was a period in Italian history The history of Italy covers the Ancient Period, t ...

Guarino da Verona
and received further education from Niccolò Niccoli, an influential Florentine humanist. By 1414 he had become a priest served as a rector of a church in Florence.Gothoni 2003 He left his native city around 1414 CE in order to travel, mainly in the
Aegean Islands The Aegean Islands ( el, Νησιά Αιγαίου, Nisiá Aigaíou; tr, Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea The Aegean Sea ; tr, Ege Denizi is an elongated Bay, embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located betwe ...
. He visited
Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germa ...

Constantinople
in the 1420s. He is the author of two historical-geographic works: the ''Descriptio insulae
Cretae
Cretae
'' (1417, in collaboration with Niccolò Niccoli) and the ''Liber insularum Archipelagi'' (1420). These two books are a combination of geographical information and contemporary charts and sailing directions. The last one contains the oldest surviving map of Constantinople, and the only one which antedates the
Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Arabic: عُثْمان ''‘uthmān''). It may refer to: Governments and dynasties * Ottoman Caliphate, an Islamic caliphate from 1517 to 1924 * Ottoman Empi ...
conquest of the city in 1453. While travelling over the island of
Andros Andros ( el, Άνδρος, ) is the northernmost island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on ato ...

Andros
, he bought a Greek manuscript and brought back with him to Italy. This was the '' Hieroglyphica'' of
HorapolloHorapollo(from Horus Apollo; grc-gre, Ὡραπόλλων) is the supposed author of a treatise, titled ''Hieroglyphica'', on Egyptian hieroglyphs, extant in a Byzantine Greek language, Greek translation by one Philippus, dating to about the 5th cen ...
, which played a considerable role both in humanistic thinking and in art. File:Buondelmonti, Cristoforo – Liber insularum Arcipelagi, 16th-century – BEIC 14666142.jpg, ''Liber insularum Arcipelagi'', 16th-century manuscript. Paris,
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, Fonds latin.


See also

*The Buondelmonti, a noble family of
Florence Florence ( ; it, Firenze ) is a city in Central-Northern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Al ...

Florence


References


Sources

* * * * *G. Gerola, "Le vedute di Costantinopoli di Cristoforo Buondelmonti," SBN 3 (1931): 247–79. *Cristoforo Buondelmonti, 1386 births 1430s deaths Clergy from Florence Italian travel writers Italian male non-fiction writers 15th-century Italian writers 15th-century travel writers 15th-century Italian cartographers Medieval travel writers Writers from Florence {{Italy-writer-stub