Early ConstitutionsThe Syrian Constitution of 1930, drafted by a committees under Ibrahim Hananu, was the founding constitution of the Syrian Republic under the French Mandate. The constitution required the President to be of Muslim faith (article 3). It was replaced by the Constitution of 5 September 1950, which was restored following the Constitution of 10 July 1953 and the . It was eventually replaced by the Provisional Constitution of 25 April 1964 which itself was replaced by the Provisional Constitution of 1 May 1969. It is still like 2011.
Constitution of 1973A new constitution was adopted on 13 March 1973 and was in use until 27 February 2012. It entrenched the power of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party, its §8 describing the party as "the leading in the society and the state", even if Syria was not, as is often believed, a one-party system in formal terms. The constitution has been amended twice. Article 6 was amended in 1981. The constitution was last amended in 2000 when the minimum age of the President was lowered from 40 to 34.
Constitution of 2012During the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising, a new constitution was put to a referendum. Amongst other changes: * It abolished the old article 8, which had entrenched the power of the Ba'ath party. The new article 8 reads: "The political system is based on the principle of political pluralism, and rule is only obtained and exercised democratically through voting." * In a new article 88, it introduced presidential elections and limited the term of office for the president to seven years with a maximum of one re-election.Constitution of the Syrian Arabic Republic, SANA, 26-02-2012
OverviewThis current constitution was a result of a constitutional referendum held in Syria on 26 February 2012. In response to the Syrian uprising, President Bashar al-Assad ordered a new constitution to be drafted. This constitutional referendum was not monitored by foreign observers. The Constitution is divided into 6 parts (excluding the Introduction) which are called Chapters. * Introduction * Chapter 1: Basic Principles * Chapter 2: Rights, Freedoms and the Rule of Law * Chapter 3: State Authorities * Chapter 4: The Supreme Constitutional Court * Chapter 5: Amending the Constitution * Chapter 6: General and Transitional Provisions
External links* The 1930 Syrian Constitution (in its French version) is integrally reproduced in: