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, officially the ( pam, Balen ning Concepcion; fil, Bayan ng Concepcion), is a in the
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...
of , . According to the , it has a population of people.


History

In 1860, the towns of Concepcion and Magalang comprised a single town named San Bartolome (presently an abandoned town and a barangay of Concepcion), which was a military ''Commandancia'' of Pampanga under the Spanish regime. A catastrophic flood devastated the whole settlement of San Bartolome in 1863 and its residents were left with no other choice but to abandon the place. Divided as to where they were to resettle, some went north and others went south. The first group, headed by Don Pablo Luciano, the Governadorcillo, organized a new settlement on the slopes of Mt. Arayat further south and named the settlement after him. Eventually, the place was renamed Magalang. The second group who took refuge in the north comprised the ''Santoses'', ''Laxamanas'', ''Salvadors'', ''Yumuls'', ''Castros'', ''Dizons'', ''Pinedas'', ''Felicianos'', ''Aquinos'', ''Corteses'', ''Bermudezes'', ''Perezes'', ''Punsalangs'' and many others, and settled in a place (now called Santo Nino) then occupied by the ''Lindos'' and ''the Amuraos (Don Esquolastiquo Amurao and Don Gaston Amurao)''. Most of the settlers became dissatisfied with the place, as it abounds with snakes and was scarce in water. They moved further south to a place now known as Concepcion. The settlers began clearing the land and built huts and roads. After several years, they named the place Concepcion after the
Immaculate Conception The Immaculate Conception is a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the people of ancient Ro ...

Immaculate Conception
, who was believed to possess power over the snakes that abound in the area.


Timeline

* 1863: A catastrophic flood devastated the whole town of San Bartolome, giving birth to the towns of Concepcion and Magalang. * 1897: The
Katipunan The Katipunan, officially known as the Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK; en, Supreme and Venerable Association of the Children of the Nation; es, Suprema y Venerable Asociación de los Hijos del Pueblo), was ...
was organized under General
Servillano Aquino Servillano Aquino y Aguilar (April 20, 1874 – February 3, 1959) was a Filipino people, Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution, Philippine Revolution against Spain (1896–1898), and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902). He se ...
. * 1898–1900: The first municipal president, Moises Castro, was elected under the short-lived Philippine Republic under General
Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (: March 22, 1869February 6, 1964) was a Filipino Filipino may refer to: * Something from or related to the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Phil ...

Emilio Aguinaldo
. * 1900: General Servillano Aquino was captured by the Americans and sentenced to hang. * 1902: Captain Smith established the First American government in town and appointed Don Marciano Barrera as the first Filipino President. * 1904: General Aquino was pardoned by order of the President of the United States,
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Jr. ( ; October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy or his initials T. R., was an American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of ...

Theodore Roosevelt
. * 1911: The Gabaldon School building was constructed, costing about fifty thousand pesos (P 50,000). * 1918: An influenza epidemic hit the town and people died by the hundreds. * 1929: The municipal building worth fifty thousand pesos (P 50,000) and two bandstands worth five thousand pesos (P 5000) each were constructed. * 1935: The Commonwealth government was installed with Don Gregorio Palma as the municipal president. * 1939: The town plaza, costing twenty thousand pesos (P 20,000), was fenced and named Don Benigno Q. Aquino Sr. Memorial Park. * 1942: The Japanese occupation of the town began, a period of brutalities and killings. * 1942: The military garrisons of the
Imperial Japanese Army The was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan The was a historical and that existed from the in 1868 until the enactment of the post-World War II and subsequent formation of modern . It encompassed the ...
were stationed in the town. * 1942–1944: Guerrillas and
Hukbalahap The Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (literally: People's Anti-Japanese Army), commonly shortened as the Hukbalahap (sometimes as Huks), was a socialist Socialism is a Political philosophy, political, Social philosophy, social, and economic phil ...
communist fighters aided local troops of the
Philippine Commonwealth Army The Philippine Army The Philippine Army (PA) ( Filipino: ''Hukbong Katihan ng Pilipinas''; Spanish: ''Ejército Filipino'') is the main, oldest and the largest branch of the Armed Forces of the Philippines The Armed Forces of the Philipp ...
in battles against the Japanese around the town during almost three years of siege. * December 27, 1944: Japanese occupation forces left the town. The Hukbalahap took over until January 1945. * January–August 1945: Filipino and American ground troops including guerrillas and Hukbalahap communist groups liberated the town and defeated Imperial Japanese troops; World War II ended. * 1945: The Commonwealth government was reestablished in the town. * 1946: On Independence Day, General Servillano Aquino and Reymundo Panlilio hoisted the Philippine flag in a simple but solemn ceremony at the Benigno Aquino Memorial Park. * 1948: Benigno Aquino Memorial High School was established. * 1950: Citizen's Army was organized to fight all forms of communism. * 1951: The town won as the cleanest and the most beautiful town in the Provincial Clean-up Week. * 1952: A municipal library was established. * 1955: The political career of
Ninoy Aquino Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was a Filipinos, Filipino politician who served as a Senator of the Philippines (1967–1972) and governor of the province of Tarlac. He was the husband of Corazon Aqu ...

Ninoy Aquino
began when he became the youngest mayor of Concepcion at the age of 22. * 1962: Concepcion was divided into two school districts. * 1963: Concepcion was divided into three school districts. * 1971: Concepcion was divided into four school districts. * 1972: Forty days of continuous rain put the town under water. Concepcion Emergency Hospital was established. * September 21, 1972: President Marcos declared martial law. * 1974: Lucong Bridge was reconstructed under the US-RP Aid, and the barangay market was constructed. * 1975: The Concepcion Public Library building was constructed. * June 1977: Concepcion Jaycees, Inc. was organized. * June 17, 1978: Concepcion Educational Foundation (CEFI) was organized. * April 7, 1979: The Rotary Club of Southern Tarlac (RCST) was organized. * October 8, 1979: The Land Bank of the Philippines, Concepcion Field Office was established. * August, 1980: Concepcion Water District was established. * September 25, 1980: Concepcion Water District took over the reins of MWSS. * April 28, 1981: District Electrification Committee was organized preparatory to the organization of the Electric Cooperative. * June 8, 1981: Tarlac II Electric Cooperative was established covering the municipalities of Bamban, Capas, La Paz and Concepcion (Tarlac) and Zaragoza (Nueva Ecija), with Feliciano S. Garcia as president. * February 28, 1982: The Assemblywoman Mercedes C. Teodore Overflow Bridge was constructed in Padpad, barangay San Jose. * August 1, 1982: TARELCO II took over the reins of Compana Luz Electrica (CLE). * March 14, 1983: Barangay San Nicolas Balas became the first barangay to be powered by TARELCO II. * March 19, 1983: Inauguration of the approaches of the Parua River. * August 21, 1983: Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino was assassinated. * 1983: Aquino Memorial High School was reconstructed. * 1984: The public market was reconstructed under the Economic Support Fund Secretariat. * 1986: In snap elections, Corazon C. Aquino, the widow of Ninoy Aquino was declared winner. * February 22–25, 1986: The
EDSA Revolution The People Power Revolution, also known as the EDSA Revolution or the February Revolution, was a series of popular Demonstration (people), demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in Metro Manila, from February 22–25, 1986. There was a susta ...
took place. Corazon Aquino became the President while Alfredo Avena was declared Officer in Charge of the Office of the Mayor. * 1986: A plebiscite for the approval of the revised Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was held. * 1987: A bronze statue of Ninoy Aquino was erected in front of the municipal building while Herminio S. Aquino was elected Congressman for the 3rd District of Tarlac. * 1987–88: The Concepcion – Magalang road was paved. * 1988: Danilo D. David was elected Mayor of Concepcion. * May 1989: Barangay election took place. * July 1989: Budget Secretary Guillermo Carague turned over a check worth P14 million (fourteen million pesos) to the municipal government through Mayor Danilo D. David to purchase heavy equipment. (Purchase was later made by the municipal government). * July 16, 1990: The 1990 Luzon earthquake devastated barangays Sto Nino, Santa Cruz, Corazon de Jesus, Pitabunan Talimundoc, San Miguel, and partly destroyed the Immaculate Concepcion Church. * June 12, 1991:
Mount Pinatubo Mount Pinatubo ( xsb, Bakil nin Pinatobo; pam, Bunduk/Bulkan ning Pinatubu, Bunduk ning Apu Malyari; pag, Palandey/Bulkan na Pinatubu; ilo, Bantay Pinatubo; tgl, Bundok/Bulkang Pinatubo ) is an active volcano, active stratovolcano in the ...

Mount Pinatubo
erupted, bringing about extensive damage to the whole town. * July 22, 1991: Lahar (flowing mud and volcanic debris) destroyed Parua river dikes, wreaked havoc on nearby barangays, and totally destroyed barangays San Martin, Malupa and the southern portion of Santa Rita. * 1992: Evacuees were resettled in Camp O'Donnell. * March 13, 1993: Kabalikat Civicom Concepcion-Tarlac Chapter was organized and founded by several amateur radio modulators. * May 1992: Alfredo P. Avena was elected mayor. * December, 1993: The construction of the Concepcion Training Center began. * January 27, 1994: Aquino Memorial High School was renamed Benigno S. Aquino National High School by virtue of House Bill no. 4952, authored by Rep. Herminio S. Aquino. This was enacted into law on May 4, 1994, as R.A. 7703. * March 2001: Benjamin Lacson was elected mayor. * 2004: The Concepcion Legislative Building was constructed where the new municipal library is in the first floor and the office of the Vice Mayor is in the third floor of the building. * May 2004: Noel L. Villanueva was elected mayor. * 2005: The bridge of Parua River was constructed to connect Barangay Sta Rita to the other barrios in the south like San Antonio, Balutu, San Bartolome, etc., with the inauguration ceremony headed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. * 2005–2007: The Immaculate Conception Parish Church was renovated. * March 2006: For the first time in the history of Concepcion, only one candidate ran for the office of the mayor. Noel L. Villanueva automatically won. * 2007: The Municipal Building was renovated. * October 2008: The back part of the municipal Public Market was renovated as a project of President
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (, born April 5, 1947), often referred to by her initials GMA, is a Filipina Filipinos ( fil, Mga Pilipino; Baybayin: ᜋᜅ ᜉᜒᜎᜒᜉᜒᜈᜓ) are the people who are native to or citizens of th ...

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
. * November 2008: The Municipality of Concepcion joined the Belenismo ng Tarlac as one of their official candidate in the Belen Making Contest held in Tarlac City every December to January. * December 2008: As the people of Concepcion celebrated the Christmas season and the feast day of their patron saint Immaculate Conception, they also gathered for their municipality's 145th Foundation Day, on December 14 (Sunday), as part of a week of celebration every night from December 8–14. * December 2009: Anastacio G. Yumul High School (formerly Balutu National High School) was established. * May 2010: Noel L. Villanueva and Andres D. Lacson were elected as Mayor and Vice Mayor, respectively. * August 7, 2010: Caluluan High School (CHS) held its first grand alumni homecoming in celebration of its 44-year founding anniversary. The event was spearheaded by the school principal, Mario M. Tayag, together with the school faculty. A highlight of the event was the founding of CHS Alumni Association and election of officers. * May 2013 – Andres D. Lacson was elected as mayor while former mayor Noel L. Villanueva was elected congressman of the third District of Tarlac. * August 21, 2014 – The newly renovated B.S. Aquino Memorial Plaza was inaugurated. * September 2014 – China Bank opened a branch in Concepcion, marking the entry of big business and investors in the town. * October 28, 2015 – East West Bank opened a branch in Concepcion. * June 21, 2017 – City Mall SCTEx community mall in Concepcion. * June 30, 2017 – SM Savemore Market opened a branch. * October 12, 2017 – Walter Mart opened its 25th Community Mall with fast food chains such as Chowking, Mang Inasal, and Giligan's Restaurant. * November 17, 2017 – Puregold opens a branch in Concepcion. * July 24, 2018 – Bank of the Philippine Islands opened a branch in Concepcion. * 2018 - Continued Commerce and Trade Boom in the Town of Concepcion * May 13, 2019 - Mayor Andres D. Lacson re-elected Mayor of Concepcion; Vice Mayor Joey L. Baluyut elected


Geography

Concepcion is one of the largest municipalities of the province of
Tarlac Tarlac, officially the Province of Tarlac ( pam, Lalawigan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central ...

Tarlac
. It is 7.5 kilometers from the
Capas
Capas
junction along McArthur Highway. It lies on the south-eastern tip of Tarlac, bordered in the south by Magalang, Pampanga, in the east by San Antonio, Nueva Ecija, in the north-east by
La Paz La Paz (), officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Spanish pronunciation: Help:IPA/Spanish, nwes.tɾa seˈɲoɾa ðe la pas ''English: Our Lady of Peace''), and also Chuqi Yapu in Aymara language, Aymara, is the seat of government ...
, in the north-west by
Tarlac City , officially the ( pam, Lakanbalen ning Tarlac; pag, Siyudad na Tarlac; ilo, Siudad ti Tarlac; tl, Lungsod ng Tarlac ), is a and capital of the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division ...
, in the west by
Capas
Capas
, and in the south-west by
Bamban , officially the ( pam, Balen ning Bamban; fil, Bayan ng Bamban), is a in the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administra ...
. It covers an area of . It has two great rivers, the first being Lucong River which originates from Dingding and Namria creeks in
Capas, Tarlac Capas, officially the Municipality of Capas ( pam, Balen ning Capas; pag, Baley na Capas; ilo, Ili ti Capas; tgl, Bayan ng Capas), is a 1st class municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrativ ...

Capas, Tarlac
; it is visible from the bridge at Barangay Santiago, and merges with the Rio Chico before joining the
Pampanga River The Pampanga River is the second largest river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end o ...
. The second is Parua River, which originates from the Sacobia-Bamban river that comes from
Mount Pinatubo Mount Pinatubo ( xsb, Bakil nin Pinatobo; pam, Bunduk/Bulkan ning Pinatubu, Bunduk ning Apu Malyari; pag, Palandey/Bulkan na Pinatubu; ilo, Bantay Pinatubo; tgl, Bundok/Bulkang Pinatubo ) is an active volcano, active stratovolcano in the ...

Mount Pinatubo
. Parua River is heavily silted with 7 meters of sand deposits; its bridge was destroyed by
lahar A lahar (, from jv, ꦮ꧀ꦭꦲꦂ) is a violent type of mudflow A mudflow or mud flow is a form of mass wasting involving "very rapid to extremely rapid surging flow" of debris that has become partially or fully liquified by the addition ...
and is visible at Barangay San Nicolas Balas. It also merges with the Rio Chico before joining
Pampanga River The Pampanga River is the second largest river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end o ...
. Both rivers are utilized to irrigate the town's agricultural lands, consisting mainly of rice and sugar crops. Parua River, which at times appears as a bed of sand due to the scarcity of water, is also a quarry site for sand and ash used as construction material.


Barangays

Concepcion is politically subdivided into 45
barangay A barangay (; abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), sometimes referred to by its archaic name barrio (abbreviated as Bo.), is the smallest administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, ad ...

barangay
s:


Climate


Demographics

In the , the population of Concepcion, Tarlac, was people, with a density of .


Economy


Points of interest

* Aquino Family Ancestral House – The marker was unveiled by President Aquino, III on September 10, 2011. (
Ancestral houses of the Philippines Ancestral houses of the Philippines or Heritage Houses are homes owned and preserved by the same family for several generations as part of the Filipino people, Filipino family culture. It corresponds to long tradition by Filipino people of vener ...
). * Santuario de la Immaculada Concepción (formerly Immaculate Conception Parish Church) belongs to the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarlac The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarlac ( la, Dioecesis Tarlacensis) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church comprising the whole civil province of Tarlac (except Camp Servillano Aquino in San Miguel, Tarlac City, which belongs to the jurisdiction of ...
(Latin: Dioecesis Tarlacensis) under the current bishop, Florentino Ferrer Cinense, appointed in 1988, and under the Vicariate of the Immaculate Conception, Vicar Forane: Msgr. Tirso Daquigan, Parish Priest, Titular: Immaculate Conception, Feast day, December 8). Fr. Melvin P. Castro, Chancellor. * Col. Jesus R. Lapus Memorial Sports Complex * Ninoy Aquino Monument (bronze statue) * Concepcion Municipal Hall (depicted on the back of the 500-peso bill) * Orchard Valley Resort *
Voice of America Voice of America (VOA) is an American international broadcaster. It is the largest and oldest U.S.-funded international broadcaster. VOA produces digital, TV, and radio content in 47 languages which it distributes to affiliate stations around ...

Voice of America
Relay Station (also used by the
Philippine Broadcasting Service Philippine Broadcasting Service (PBS) ( Filipino: ''Paglilingkod Panghimpapawid ng Pilipinas''), also known by its government agency Bureau of Broadcast Services (BBS) (Filipino: ''Kawanihan ng Lingkurang Pagsasahimpapawid''), is a state ra ...
for shortwave station DZRP Radyo Pilipinas)


Notable people from Concepcion

*
Ninoy Aquino Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino Jr., (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was a Filipinos, Filipino politician who served as a Senator of the Philippines (1967–1972) and governor of the province of Tarlac. He was the husband of Corazon Aqu ...

Ninoy Aquino
(from Barangay San Jose Pob.) – the youngest municipal mayor of Concepcion (1955–1959); subsequently the youngest governor of the Tarlac province, a Philippine senator and a leader of the opposition to the autocratic rule of
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (, September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and lawyer who was the 10th president of the Philippines The president of the Philippines ( fil, Pangulo ng Pilipinas, sometime ...
. He was assassinated at the Manila International Airport (now named the
Ninoy Aquino International Airport Ninoy Aquino International Airport ( fil, Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA (, locally ), formerly known and still commonly referred to as Manila International Airport as well as by its codename Nichols Field (Nichols), is the ai ...
in his honor) upon returning home from exile in the United States. His death catapulted his widow,
Corazon Aquino Maria Corazon "Cory" Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (, 25 January 1933 – 1 August 2009) was a Filipinos, Filipina politician who served as the List of presidents of the Philippines, 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. She was t ...
, to the limelight and the presidency, subsequently replacing the 20-year-old Marcos regime. * Benigno Aquino Sr. (from Barangay San Agustin Murcia) - a Philippine senator and served as Speaker of the Second Philippine Republic National Assembly from 1943 to 1944. he is the father of Ninoy Aquino. *
Eva Estrada-Kalaw Evangelina Estrada Kalaw (June 16, 1920 – May 25, 2017) was a Filipina Filipinos ( fil, Mga Pilipino; Baybayin: ᜋᜅ ᜉᜒᜎᜒᜉᜒᜈᜓ) are the people who are native to or citizens of the country of the Philippines The Ph ...
(from Barangay San Agustin Murcia) - a Philippine senator and served as a congresswoman in the Congress of the Philippines for 7 years. (1965–1972). Serving in Congress during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos (Nationalist), she was part of a major transformation in Philippine domestic and foreign policies. * Jesli Aquino Lapus (from Barangay San Nicolas Pob.) – a former Congressman of the 3rd District of Tarlac and former Secretary of Department of Trade and Industry as of 2010. He also served as Secretary of
Education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion ...
from 2006 to 2010. *
Lorna Tolentino Victoria Lorna Perez Aluquin-Fernandez, better known by her stage name Lorna Tolentino, sometimes known as ''L.T.'', an abbreviation of her screen name (born December 23, 1961), is a Filipina actress An actor is a person who portrays a ch ...
(from Barangay Minane) – a multi-awarded actress and TV host. * Tyron Perez (from Barangay Alfonso) – a model and actor on GMA Network's reality talent competition show, '' StarStruck''.


Education

There are five public high schools and a private tertiary college in the municipality: *Anastacio G. Yumul High School (formerly Balutu National High School), located at Barangay Balutu *Benigno S. Aquino National High School, located at Barangay San Nicolas Poblacion *Caluluan National High School (main), located at Barangay Caluluan *Caluluan National High School (annex), located at Barangay Pando *Santa Rosa Integrated School, located at Barangay Santa Rosa *Concepcion Holy Cross College, located at Barangay Minane


References


External links


Concepcion Profile at PhilAtlas.com
*
Philippine Standard Geographic Code The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republik ...

Philippine Census Information

Local Governance Performance Management System
{{Authority control Municipalities of Tarlac