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Chulalongkorn University ( th, จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย, , ) (CU), nicknamed Chula ( th, จุฬาฯ), is a public and autonomous
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in va ...
in
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand and has an estimated population of ...
,
Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok , coordinates = , largest_city = Bangkok , official_languages = Thai language, Thai ''* ...
. The university was originally founded during King
Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn, also known as King Rama V, reigning title Phra Chula Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua) (Thai language, Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์; Royal Thai General System of Transcription, RTGS: Chunlalongkorn ; 20 September 1853 – 23 October ...
's reign as a school for training royal pages and civil servants in 1899 (B.E. 2442) at the Grand Palace of Thailand. It was later established as a national university in 1917, making it the oldest institute of higher education in Thailand. During the reign of Chulalongkorn's son, King Vajiravudh, the Royal Pages School became the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn. The
Rockefeller Foundation '' The Rockefeller Foundation is an American private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough (New York City), borough of Manhattan in New York City. It stretches north from Washington Square Pa ...
was instrumental in helping the college form its academic foundation. On 26 March 1917, King Vajiravudh renamed the college "Chulalongkorn University". Chulalongkorn University is a comprehensive and research-intensive university. It is ranked as the best university in Thailand in many surveys, quality of students, quality of research, quality in particular subjects, university reputation, environmental management systems. According to QS world university ranking 2017, CU is placed 245th in the world, 45th in Asia, 1st in Thailand, and 201–250 in the world graduate employability ranking. It is also ranked as Thailand's No. 1 university from various organizers such as Center for World University Rankings, Round university ranking, . Chulalongkorn University is one of the National Research Universities and supported by the Office of Nation Education Standards and Quality Assessment of Thailand. Moreover, CU is the only Thai university which is a member of Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU). Admission to CU is highly selective, and applicants are required to have high test scores. Applicants ranking in the top 10 national scores are chosen for study at CU. CU is composed of nineteen faculties, a School of Agriculture, three colleges, ten institutes and two other schools. Its campus occupies a vast area in downtown
Bangkok Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. It is known in Thai language, Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand and has an estimated population of ...
. Graduates customarily receive their diplomas from the King of Thailand, a tradition begun by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII).


History

King Chulalongkorn's reforms, aimed at transforming Thai society into a modern state demanded trained officials specialized in various fields. In 1899, the King founded the "Civil Service Training School" near the north gate of the . Those who graduated from the school would become royal pages. As royal pages, they learned how to manage organizations by working closely with the king, which was a traditional way to enter the Siamese bureaucracy. After serving as royal pages, they would then serve in the Mahattai Ministry or other government ministries. On 1 April 1902 the King renamed the school. It became the "Royal Pages School" ( th, โรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก). On 1 January 1911, King Vajiravudh changed the name to "Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn" ( th, โรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) as a memorial to his father and moved the school to ( th, วังวินด์เซอร์ หรือวังใหม่) in the Pathumwan District. The King subsidized the construction of a university campus and organized various schools around the city into Chulalongkorn. The college offered eight majors taught by five schools including; * School of International Relations in the Royal Palace * School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya * Royal Medical College at Siriraj Hospital * School of Legal Studies * School of Mechanical Sciences at Windsor Palace King Rama VI realized that education should be provided not only to bureaucrats, but to all people. On 26 March 1917, the college was upgraded to "Chulalongkorn University" ( th, จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย), and the schools were transformed into four faculties: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Public Administration, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Medicine. The
Rockefeller Foundation '' The Rockefeller Foundation is an American private foundation based at 420 Fifth Avenue Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough (New York City), borough of Manhattan in New York City. It stretches north from Washington Square Pa ...
reorganized the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, the Faculty of Medicine became the first faculty to accept secondary school ( Mattayom) graduates. The remaining faculties then followed suit. After the Siamese Revolution of 1932, 1932 Revolution, the Khana Ratsadon, People's Party wanted legal and political studies to be independent of "royalists" so they moved the Faculty of Law and Political Science to the new Thammasat University in 1933. In 1938, Chulalongkorn University's Preparatory School was founded to provide pre-collegiate education to students. Those who managed to enter the university had to spend two years in the University-preparatory school, Preparatory School before going on to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Preparatory School, however, ceased to be a university-owned preparatory school in 1947 and became the independent Triam Udom Suksa School. Later, the university established Chulalongkorn University Demonstration School (CUD) as a laboratory school for primary and secondary education for the Faculty of Education.


Symbols


Phra Kiao

Since the establishment of the Royal Pages School, the former name of the university, King Chulalongkorn authorized the use of his personal emblem as a school emblem. The emblem is called ''Phra Kiao'', a Thai coronet, royal headgear for young princes and princesses. As the school was transformed into the university, the King authorized the use of ''phra kiao''. Today, ''phra kiao'' appears not only in formal letters and transcripts, but also on souvenirs made by the university as well as student uniforms.


Student uniform

Undergraduates are required to wear a uniform when studying, taking examinations, or contacting the university in person. Male graduate students wear a collared or polo shirt and dark trousers. Women wear a plain blouse with long skirt. Originally, the university uniform was adapted from a uniform worn by Chulalongkorn's heirs. The uniform was later updated, but the original is reserved as a formal uniform. The formal uniform is usually worn by student leaders and graduates. Today, the ordinary uniform for male undergraduate students consists of a plain white shirt with long or short sleeves and black (or dark blue) trousers. Wearing a dark blue necktie with colored ''phra kiao'' engraved on its front is mandatory for first-year students but optional for higher years. However, a black tie with a silver ''phra kiao'' pin is usually used by upperclass student in some faculties. Female students are required to wear a short-sleeved blouse with a fold along the spine. The buttons must be made of metal, and a small ''phra kiao'' emblem must be pinned on the right breast. A dark blue or black pleated skirt with any black, white, or brown shoes are worn. For female first-year students, white leather shoes are mandatory. Chulalongkorn University's uniforms have long been the template of many uniforms used in other universities in Thailand.


Academic dress

The academic dress of Chulalongkorn University is based on ceremonial attire called ''suea krui'', which is long-sleeved robe made of very fine mesh. Like dresses worn in Academic dress in the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom, the robe is open-fronted and calf-length. Square academic cap, Cap and hood, however, are omitted. A colored felt strip decorated with gold-colored ribbons is attached to the margin of the gown including elbow and wrist. Bachelors and masters students wear a black strip, while scarlet (color), scarlet and pink are for PhDs (including honorary degrees recipients) and lecturers. A yellow strip is specially used for the king of Thailand. In addition, the colored yarn (bachelor) or ribbon (master and doctor) is added to the center of the strip longitudinally, according to degree-granting faculty. The gown was authorized for use by Vajiravudh.


Example of felt strips

image:King's Felt Strip CU.svg, King of Thailand's ceremonial robe image:Faculty's Felt Strip CU.svg, Lecturer's ceremonial robe image:Felt Strip for Bachelor CU (Science).svg, Faculty of Science Bachelor of Science, BSc image:Felt Strip for Master CU (Science).svg, Faculty of Science Master of Science, MSc image:Felt Strip for Doctor CU (Science).svg, Faculty of Science Doctor of Philosophy, PhD


Rain Trees

Albizia saman, Rain trees are common on the university campus. They are associated with the cycle of student life. Fresh green leaves at beginning of the term represent the freshmen's naivete. As the tree produces slimy pods and sheds leaves, the ground beneath it becomes slippery, thus alerting students to prepare for examinations. If they walk carefully, they will not slip (pass examinations). If they walk heedlessly, they will slip and fall (fail examinations). From 1937–1957, many rain trees were cut down to free space for new buildings. King Bhumibol Adulyadej noticed the dramatic decrease in the number of rain trees. On 15 January 1962, he brought five trees from Hua Hin and planted them in front of the university auditorium, proclaiming: "...I give these five trees as an eternal memorial." ().


Organization

File:Commarts,_feb23.jpg, 200px, Faculty of Communication Arts Chulalongkorn University consists of 19 faculties, three colleges, one school and many institutes which function as teaching and research units.ราชกิจจานุเบกษา
ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๒
เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๑๖ ง, ๑ กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๓, หน้า ๗๐ (University notification (rather command) on academic units, 2008)
ราชกิจจานุเบกษา
ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย (ฉบับที่ ๒) พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗
เล่ม ๑๓๑, ตอนพิเศษ ๔๙ ง, ๑๘ มีนาคม พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๗, หน้า ๓ (Amendment to 2008 regulation, ratified 2014)
In 1917, the university had four faculties: Arts and Sciences, Public Administration, Engineering, and Medicine. The Faculty of Law was established in 1933 as part of the Faculty of Law and Political Science. From the 1930s to the 1950s it expanded to various fields including Pharmacy (1934), Veterinary Science (1935), Architecture (1939), Dentistry (1940), and Commerce and Accountancy (1943). In 1943, the regency government under General Phibun separated the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Science to become the University of Medical Sciences, now Mahidol University. In 1948, the Faculty of Political Science was re-established. The Faculty of Education was established in 1957 from the School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya ( th, โรงเรียนฝึกหัดครู บ้านสมเด็จเจ้าพระยา). In 1967, the Faculty of Veterinary Science was returned from Kasetsart University and the Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Medicine at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chulalongkorn Hospital was moved from Mahidol University, University of Medical Sciences to Chulalongkorn University. In 1972, the Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy were reinstated. The Office of the Commission on Agricultural Resource Education (OCARE) was established in 2009. It is not an administrative office, but a school in which teaching and research are carried out. It admits students from two groups: one from northern Thai provinces (Nan Province, Nan, Phayao Province, Phayao, Phrae Province, Phrae, Uttaradit Province, Uttaradit) and another from the rest of country. It was upgraded to the School of Agricultural Resources with full degree-granting power on 5 March 2014. In 2014 it became the School of Agriculture, Chulalongkorn University (SAR).


Health sciences

* Faculty of Allied Health Sciences * Faculty of Dentistry * Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Medicine * Faculty of Nursing * Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences * Faculty of Psychology * Faculty of Sport Sciences * Faculty of Veterinary Science


Science and technology

*Faculty of Architecture * Faculty of Engineering * Faculty of Science * School of Agricultural Resources


Social science and humanities

* Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy (Also known a
Chulalongkorn Business School
* Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Arts (Letters) * Faculty of Communication Arts * Faculty of Economics * Faculty of Education * Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts (Art)
Faculty of Law
* Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Political Science


Integrated Faculty

* School of Integrated Innovation


International programs

CU's international programs offers 99 international programs, including 17 Bachelor, 48 Master and 34 Doctora
programs
Admissions for international students are based on the guidelines issued by the Council of University Presidents of Thailand.


Graduate institutes

* College of Population Studies * College of Public Health Science * Graduate School * Language Institute * Petroleum and Petrochemical College * Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University, Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration


Research institutes

* Aquatic Resources Research Institute * Energy Research Institute * Environmental Research Institute * Institute of Asian Studies * Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering * Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute * Social Research Institute * Transportation Institute


Associated institutes

* Police Nursing College * Red Cross College of Nursing


Research

Chulalongkorn University has research organizations in many fields of study. * Aquatic Resources Research Institute * Energy Research Institute * Environment Research Institute * Social Research Institute * The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetics Engineering * Metallurgy and Material Science Research Institute * Institute of Asian Studies * Transportation Institute


Rankings

* ''QS World University Rankings'' by Subject 2020: Chula ranked number one in Thailand in 20 disciplines. * In the QS Asia University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn has been ranked as the top Thai university and 45th in Asia * In the QS World University Rankings, QS World University Rankings 2017/18. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and 245th in the world * In the QS graduate employability rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 151 - 200 in the world * In the Center for World University Ranking or CWUR, Chulalongkorn is ranked as number 1 university in Thailand and 308th in world rankings in 2017, considered by alumni, researches, quality of curriculums and instructors. * In the Round University Ranking 2017. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and ranked 398th in the world. * In the RUR Research Performance World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 424 in the world * In the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked the first in Thailand and 432nd in the world. * In the THE World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked 601–800 in the world. * In the RUR Reputation Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 182 in the world. * In the SCImago institutions Ranking, which ranks international researches of universities. Chulalongkorn is ranked 475th in World rankings in 2016, up six places from last year. * In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 401-500 in the world. * In the Nature Index, the affiliations of high-quality scientific articles. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand in 2016. * ''US News'' ranked Chulalongkorn 522th in the world. based on the university's reputation, medium, citations, international cooperation, and he quantity of PhD students. *In the ''2018 Times Higher Education Emerging Economies Index'', Chula ranked 126. * QS World University Ranking by Subject 2018 Other Rankings * In the UI Green Metric-City Center, Chulalongkorn was ranked the 1st in national rankings and the 15th in world rankings. considered by Setting and Infrastructure, Energy and Climate Change, Waste, Water, Transportation and Education. * The Webometric ranking indicates quantity and quality of the university's medium, considered by being searched by search engines, online documents, and citations in Google Scholar. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in national rankings 548th in the world.


Scholarships


Research scholarships

* The 90th Anniversary of Chulalongkorn University Scholarship * CU.Graduate School Thesis Grant * Overseas Research Experience Scholarship for Graduate Student * Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Students * Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship Option II for Graduate Student's and Postdoctoral Fellow's Publication * Domestic Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Student * Postdoctoral Fellowship


Education scholarships

* The 100th Anniversary Chulalongkorn University for Doctoral Scholarship * H.M. King Bhumibhol Adulyadej's 72nd Birthday Anniversary Scholarship * Thainess Study Scholarship for Graduate Students * 60/40 Support for Tuition Fee * Teaching Assistant Scholarship * Research Assistant Scholarship * Tuition fees Scholarship for Master to Doctoral * ASEAN Scholarship * Scholarship for International Graduate Students


Campus

The university campus occupies an area of in the downtown Pathum Wan District. It accounts for just over half of the of land owned by the university, the rest of which is commercially developed by the university's Property Management Office, Chulalongkorn University, Property Management Office or used by other institutions.


Chulalongkorn Centenary Park

The west side of Chula's campus is the site of this innovative park. It has gradually sloping portions. Its 28 Rai (unit), rai expanse contains a water retention pond with a capacity of 3.8 million liters and a rain garden. Both help to ameliorate Bangkok's seasonal flooding. It was built to commemorate Chula's 100th anniversary in 2017.


Accommodation

Chulalongkorn University International House (CU iHouse) is a 26-storey, 846-unit, on campus residence for international students and lecturers. Rooms come fully furnished with air conditioning, modern conveniences, 24-hour security and safety systems. The residence is included in the university's shuttle bus services.


Honorary degrees

The university has bestowed honorary degrees on heads of state and other international dignitaries, including two U.S. presidents: *Lyndon B. Johnson, October 29, 1966 *Bill Clinton, November 26, 1996 *Nelson Mandela, July 17, 1997


Traditions

Chulalongkorn University student traditions include: * Chula–Thammasat Traditional Football Match: The annual association football, football match between Chulalongkorn University and Thammasat University in January at Suphashalasai Stadium. It first started in 1934. * Loy Krathong: an annual celebration of the full moon night, which usually falls on the first full moon day in November. Since the festival is open to the public, it attracts many people, especially Chulalongkorn students and faculty and those who live in downtown Bangkok, to come to the university to float their krathongs on the university's pond. * Chulalongkorn Academic Exhibition: a triennial academic and research exhibition presented by Chulalongkorn University's students and faculty. It is regarded as one of the most important academic fairs in Thailand.


Student activities and clubs

The university is host to 40 student clubs, including the Buddhism and Traditions Club, the Religious Studies Club, the Mind Study Club, and the Thai Classical Music Club. Chulalongkorn also has a Morals Network, which actively campaigns to protect student activities from damaging the university's reputation. The university's Cheer Club annually organizes the Chula-Thammasat traditional football match.


Notable alumni

* Mahidol Adulyadej, Prince Mahidol Adulyadej of Songkhla, father of Ananda Mahidol, King Ananda Mahidol and Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Bhumibol Adulyadej * Galyani Vadhana, Princess Galyani Vadhana, princess of Narathiwat Province, Narathiwat, Thailand * Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, princess of Thailand * Siriwannawari Nariratana, Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana, princess of Thailand * Banjong Pisanthanakun, co-directed and co-written of a box-office hit film such as ''Shutter (2004 film), Shutter'' (which was re-made in the US as ''Shutter (2008 film), Shutter'', and in India as ''Sivi (film), Sivi'' and ''Alone (2007 film), Alone'') * Surakiart Sathirathai, former Deputy Prime Minister of
Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok , coordinates = , largest_city = Bangkok , official_languages = Thai language, Thai ''* ...
Foreign Affairs, Education and Culture and the former Thailand's candidate for United Nations Secretary-General in 2006 * Mallica Vajrathon, a sociologist, political scientist and former United Nations Senior Staff member * Win Lyovarin, a Thai writer, two-time winner of the S.E.A. Write Award * Binlah Sonkalagiri, a winner of the S.E.A. Write Award * Thanpuying Dhasanawalaya Sornsongkram, daughter of Princess Galyani Vadhana * Apinan Poshyananda, Director-General, Office of Contemporary Art, The Ministry of Culture and one of the top curators in the Asian region * Pinyo Suwankiri, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (Thai architecture) * Borwornsak Uwanno, a Thai legal expert and a cabinet secretary-general under the Thaksin-government * Tawan Vihokratana, Thai actor and model * Thitipoom Techaapaikhun, Thai actor * Kiatisuk Senamuang, a professional football player * Sukhumbhand Paribatra, the 15th Governor of Bangkok *Suporn Watanyusakul, pioneer in vaginoplasty & facial reconstruction * Pakorn Chatborirak, Thai actor and model. * Yong Poovorawan, a noted scientist in the fields of pediatric hepatology, viral hepatitis and virology, and an expert on the H5N1 avian influenza virus *Chit Phumisak, a Thailand, Thai author, philology, philologist, historian, poet and Communist rebel. His most influential book was ''The Face of Thai Feudalism'' (, ''Chom Na Sakdina Thai''). He also has been described as the "Che Guevara, Che of Thailand". * Alexander Rendell, Thai actor and model * Natapohn Tameeruks, Thai actor and model * Urassaya Sperbund, Thai actor and model * Pachara Chirathivat, Thai actor and TV presenter * Suppasit Jongcheveevat, Thai actor and model * Waruntorn Paonil, Thai actress and singer


International reputation

* Two medals from Olympic 2016 Rio de Janeiro games ** Tawin Hanprab, Silver medal, Men's −58 kg taekwondo. ** Panipak Wongpattanakit, Bronze medal, Women's −49 kg taekwondo. * Th
PH21
team, Computer Engineering students at Chulalongkorn University, got the 1st prize from the Microsoft Imagine Cup 2016 in the games category * Chulalongkorn University Concert Choir Won Gold Award in World-Class Musical Competition 2014


Robocup competitions

The university RoboCup team, Plasma‐Z, got several prizes from the robotics competition as follow. *In 2005, almost reached the quarter-final at Osaka RoboCup. *In 2006, the third place and technical challenge at Bremen RoboCup. *In 2007, second place Atlanta World RoboCup. *In 2008, finally, the team got champion of World RoboCup Small‐Sized Robot League at Suzhou, China. Moreover, another university Robocup team, Plasma-RX has participated in Rescue robot league at World RoboCup 2008, Suzhou, China, and won the first prize and the best-in-class in mobility award.Plasma-RX: Autonomous Rescue Robots
/ref>


See also

* Academic dress of Chulalongkorn University * Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University * Education in Thailand * Chula United, Chula United football club
Department of Statistics
, Chulalongkorn Business School


References


External links

*
Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University

Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University

School of Integrated Innovation




{{authority control Chulalongkorn University, Universities and colleges in Bangkok Education in Bangkok Educational institutions established in 1917 ASEAN University Network Pathum Wan District Universities in Thailand 1917 establishments in Siam Universities established in the 20th century Monuments and memorials to Chulalongkorn