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Cedar City is the largest city in Iron County, Utah, United States. It is located south of Salt Lake City, and north of Las Vegas on Interstate 15. It is the home of Southern Utah University, the Utah Shakespeare Festival, the Utah Summer Games, the Simon Fest Theatre Co., and other events. As of the 2010 census the city had a population of 28,857, up from 20,257 in 2000. As of 2019 the estimated population was 34,764.

History

The presence of prehistoric people in the Cedar City area is revealed by rock art found in Parowan Gap to the north and Fremont sites dated to A.D. 1000 and 1300. Ancestors of the present-day Southern Paiute people met the Domínguez–Escalante expedition in this area in 1776. Fifty years later, in 1826, mountain man and fur trader Jedediah Smith traveled through the area exploring a route from Utah to California. Cedar City was originally settled in late 1851 by Mormon pioneers originating from Parowan, Utah, who were sent to build an iron works. The site, known as "Fort Cedar" or "Cedar City", was equidistant from vast iron deposits west and coal resources east up Cedar Canyon, but was named after the abundant local trees (which are actually junipers instead of cedar). Two companies of men led by Henry Lunt reached the fort site in a blizzard on November 11, 1851, making that date the official founding. In 1855, a new site, closer to the iron works and out of the flood plain of Coal Creek, was established at the suggestion of Brigham Young. A furnace operated from September 1852 for three years, producing about 25 tons of pig iron, using iron ore deposits located in the Iron Mountain District. Cedar City was incorporated on February 18, 1868. The iron works closed in 1858, though iron mining continued in the area until the 1980s. The completion of a railroad connection to Cedar City in 1923 established the area as a tourism gateway to nearby Bryce Canyon National Park, Zion National Park, Grand Canyon National Park, and Cedar Breaks National Monument. Cedar City continues to be a center of tourism, commercial development, education and the arts in southwestern Utah. The city has shared in the rapid growth of much of southwestern Utah since the late 1980s.

Geography and climate

Cedar City is located in the southeast Great Basin, and is approximately north of the northeastern edge of the Mojave Desert. Its elevation of gives it a cooler and less arid climate compared to the nearby Dixie region, but it retains its cultural ties to St. George—the two cities, for example, share a daily newspaper. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , all land. In some of the older neighborhoods in the city, an irrigation system is utilized by many residents for their lawns and gardens, as "water is diverted from a natural stream (Coal Creek) into a series of canals and ditches for residential flood irrigation." The city is located on the western edge of the Markagunt Plateau, in a high desert valley, Cedar Valley, with no ocean drainage. The climate is the typical cool semi-arid climate (''BSk'') of the Mountain West, though snowfall can be quite heavy, reaching a historical maximum of in January 1949. Interstate 15 connects the city with St. George (50 miles) and Las Vegas (170 miles) to the southwest, and to Interstate 70 (75 miles) and Salt Lake City (250 miles) to the north. State roads connect Cedar City with Panaca, Nevada, near US 93 (80 miles); and to Kanab, via US-89 (80 miles). Similar to St. George, the city enjoys an excellent location on the West's regional transportation network. Los Angeles is southwest and San Diego is southwest on Interstate 15, Phoenix is south via Interstate 15 and US-93, and Denver is northeast via Interstates 15 and 70. A branch line of the Union Pacific Railroad serves customers on the western outskirts of the city. The branch connects to the railway's main line at Lund. Cedar City Regional Airport offers flights via Delta Connection.


Demographics


As of the census of 2000, there were 20,527 people, 6,486 households, and 4,682 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,021.8 people per square mile (394.5/km). There were 7,109 housing units at an average density of 353.9 per square mile (136.6/km). The racial makeup of the city was 92.06% White, 2.53% African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.14% of the population. There were 6,486 households, out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.07 and the average family size was 3.37. In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.2% under the age of 18, 27.4% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.. The median income for a household in the city was $32,403, and the median income for a family was $37,509. Males had a median income of $31,192 versus $19,601 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,057. About 14.5% of the families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under the age of 18 and 4.2% of those 65 and older.

Education

Cedar City is served by the Iron County School District. Cedar City is home to Southern Utah University.

Economy

The economy is mostly centered on a small manufacturing hub, tourism, Southern Utah University, and home construction. The largest employers in Cedar City (2019 data) are listed below.https://www.cedarcity.org/171/Largest-Employers


Notable people


170px|The mountains east of Cedar City at sunset * Christine Cavanaugh (1963–2014), voice actress in ''Dexter's Laboratory'' and ''Rugrats'' * Ally Condie, author of the best-selling ''Matched'' series and the book ''Atlantia (book)''; born in Cedar City * Lamar Clark, boxer * Melvin Dummar (1944-2018), claimed to be an heir of Howard Hughes; born in Cedar City * Riley Griffiths, teenage actor best known for his role in the 2011 film ''Super 8''; born in Cedar City * Michael O. Leavitt, former governor of Utah, former administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and former secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; born and educated in Cedar City * L. E. Modesitt Jr., science fiction and fantasy author; lives in Cedar City * Del Parson, artist most known for his depictions of Jesus Christ; lives in Cedar City * Helen Foster Snow, journalist who reported from China in the 1930s under the name "Nym Wales" on the developing revolution in China and the Korean independence movement; born in Cedar City. There is currently a statue of her at the intersection of Main Street and 200 North. * Mitch Talbot, professional baseball player in Major League Baseball as a pitcher; born in Cedar City

See also

* List of cities and towns in Utah * Dixie National Forest * Groovefest American Music Festival

References

* Seegmiller, Janet Burton. ''A History of Iron County: Community Above Self.'' Salt Lake City, UT: Iron County Commission and Utah State Historical Society, 1997.

External links

*
Vist Cedar City · Brian Head

Cedar City Chamber of Commerce

Cedar City Photos in Sherratt Library Digital Collection
old photos of Cedar City including Main Street, aerials, and mining operations {{authority control Category:Cities in Utah Category:Populated places established in 1851 Category:1851 establishments in Utah Territory Category:Cities in Iron County, Utah