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Carbonate minerals are those
mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure form.John P. Rafferty, ed. (2 ...

mineral
s containing the
carbonate In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of Salt (chemistry), salts; salt in its natural form as a crystallinity, crystalline mi ...

carbonate
ion An ion () is an atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be touched are ...
, CO32−.


Carbonate divisions


Anhydrous carbonates

*Calcite group:
trigonal In crystallography Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" is derived from the Greek language, Greek words ''crystallon'' "co ...
**
Calcite Calcite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid E ...

Calcite
CaCO3 ** Gaspeite (Ni,Mg,Fe2+)CO3 **
Magnesite Magnesite is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure for ...

Magnesite
MgCO3 ** Otavite CdCO3 **
Rhodochrosite Rhodochrosite is a manganese Manganese is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike ...

Rhodochrosite
MnCO3 **
Siderite :''Siderite is also the name of a type of iron meteorite Iron meteorites, also known as siderite :''Siderite is also the name of a type of iron meteorite Iron meteorites, also known as siderites, or ferrous meteorites, are a type of meteorites t ...

Siderite
FeCO3 **
Smithsonite Smithsonite, also known as turkey fat or zinc spar, is the mineral form of zinc carbonate Smithsonite, also known as turkey fat or zinc spar, is zinc carbonate ( Zn C O3), a mineral ore of zinc. Historically, smithsonite was identified with hemimor ...

Smithsonite
ZnCO3 ** Spherocobaltite CoCO3 *Aragonite group:
orthorhombic In crystallography Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" is derived from the Greek language, Greek words ''crystallon'' "col ...

orthorhombic
**
Aragonite Aragonite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid ...

Aragonite
CaCO3 **
Cerussite Cerussite (also known as lead carbonate or white lead White lead is the basic lead carbonate 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2. It is a complex salt, containing both carbonate and hydroxide ions. White lead occurs naturally as a mineral, in which context it i ...

Cerussite
PbCO3 **
Strontianite Strontianite (SrCO3) is an important raw material for the extraction of strontium Strontium is the chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science ...
SrCO3 **
Witherite Witherite is a barium carbonate Barium carbonate is the inorganic compound In chemistry, an inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks carbon–hydrogen bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound. However, th ...
BaCO3 **
Rutherfordine Rutherfordine is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure f ...
UO2CO3 **
Natrite
Natrite
Na2CO3


Anhydrous carbonates with compound formulas

*Dolomite group:
trigonal In crystallography Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" is derived from the Greek language, Greek words ''crystallon'' "co ...
**
Ankerite Ankerite is a calcium Calcium is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical ...
CaFe(CO3)2 **
Dolomite Dolomite may refer to: *Dolomite (mineral) Dolomite () is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite. An altern ...
CaMg(CO3)2 **
Huntite Huntite is a carbonate mineral with the chemical formula Mg3Ca(CO3)4. Huntite crystallizes in the trigonal system and typically occurs as platy crystals and powdery masses. The most common industrial use of huntite is as a natural mixture with h ...

Huntite
Mg3Ca(CO3)4 **
Minrecordite Minrecordite, CaZn(CO3)2 , is a very rare mineral belonging to the dolomiteDolomite may refer to: *Dolomite (mineral) Dolomite () is an anhydrous A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water. Many processes in chemistry can be impeded by t ...
CaZn(CO3)2 **
Barytocalcite Barytocalcite is an anhydrous barium calcium carbonate mineral with the chemical formula barium, Bacalcium, Ca(carbon, Coxygen, O3)2. It is Trimorphism, trimorphous with alstonite and paralstonite, that is to say the three minerals have the same fo ...
BaCa(CO3)2


Carbonates with hydroxyl or halogen

*Carbonate with
hydroxide Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of s that constitute a particular or molecule, using symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other sym ...
:
monoclinic In crystallography Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids (see crystal structure). The word "crystallography" is derived from the Greek language, Greek words ''crystallon'' " ...

monoclinic
**
Azurite Azurite is a soft, deep-blue copper Copper is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Cu (from la, cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductility, ductile metal with very high thermal conductivity, th ...

Azurite
Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2 **
Hydrocerussite White lead is the basic lead carbonate 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2. It is a complex salt, containing both carbonate and hydroxide ions. White lead occurs naturally as a mineral, in which context it is known as hydrocerussite, a hydrate In chemistry ...
Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2 **
Malachite Malachite is a copper Copper is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemi ...

Malachite
Cu2CO3(OH)2 **
Rosasite Rosasite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid ...

Rosasite
(Cu,Zn)2CO3(OH)2 **
Phosgenite Phosgenite is a rare mineral consisting of lead chlorocarbonate, (PbCl)2CO3. The tetragonal crystals are prism (geometry), prismatic or tabular in habit: they are usually colorless and transparent, and have a brilliant adamantine Lustre (mineralog ...
Pb2(CO3)Cl2 **
Hydrozincite Hydrozincite, also known as zinc bloom or marionite, is a white carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discour ...
Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 **
Aurichalcite Aurichalcite is a Carbonate minerals, carbonate mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The zinc to copper ratio is about 5:4. Occurrence Aurichalcite typically occurs ...

Aurichalcite
(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6


Hydrated carbonates

*
Hydromagnesite Hydromagnesite is a hydrated magnesium Magnesium is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and beha ...

Hydromagnesite
Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2.4H2O *
Ikaite Ikaite is the mineral name for the hexahydrate of calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula Ca CO3. It is a common substance found in rocks as the minerals calcite and aragonite (most notably as limestone ...
CaCO3·6(H2O) *
Lansfordite Lansfordite is a hydrated magnesium Magnesium is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and behavio ...
MgCO3·5(H2O) *
Monohydrocalcite Monohydrocalcite is a mineral that is a hydrous form of calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entity, molecular entities) ...

Monohydrocalcite
CaCO3·H2O *
Natron Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (sodium carbonate, Na2CO3·10H2O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO3) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and ...
Na2CO3·10(H2O) *
Zellerite Zellerite is a uranium mineral, named after its discoverer, geologist Howard Davis Zeller. It has a type locality of the Lucky MC uranium mine in Wyoming, USA. It was approved by the IMA in 1965, but was first published a year after its approval ...
Ca(UO2)(CO3)2·5(H2O) The carbonate class in both the
Dana
Dana
and the
Strunz classification Strunz can refer to: * Claudio Strunz (born 1966), Argentine drummer * Claus Strunz (born 1966), German journalist * Thomas Strunz, (born 1968), German soccer player * Strunz classification in mineralogy * Strunz & Farah, a band {{Disambig, su ...
systems include the nitrates.Dana Classification on Webmineral
Strunz Classification on Webmineral


Nickel–Strunz classification -05- carbonates

IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009). This list uses the classification of Nickel–Strunz (
mindat.org Mindat.org is a non-commercial online database An online database is a database In computing, a database is an organized collection of Data (computing), data stored and accessed electronically from a computer system. Where databases are more ...
, 10 ed, pending publication). *Abbreviations: **"*" – discredited (IMA/CNMNC status). **"?" – questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status). **"REE" –
Rare-earth element The rare-earth elements (REE), also called the rare-earth metals or (in context) rare-earth oxides, or the lanthanide The lanthanide () or lanthanoid () series of chemical elements comprises the 15 metallic chemical element Image:Simple ...
(Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) **"PGE" – Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt) **03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V ,6/sup> Vanadates), 09 Silicates: ***Neso: insular (from
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
νησος nēsos, island) ***Soro: grouping (from
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
σωροῦ sōros, heap, mound (especially of corn)) ***Cyclo: ring ***Ino: chain (from
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
ις enitive: ινος ''inos'' fibre) ***Phyllo: sheet (from
Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of ...
φύλλον ''phyllon'', leaf) ***Tekto: three-dimensional framework *Nickel–Strunz code scheme: NN.XY.##x **NN: Nickel–Strunz mineral class number **X: Nickel–Strunz mineral division letter **Y: Nickel–Strunz mineral family letter **##x: Nickel–Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter


Class: carbonates

* 05.A Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O ** 05.AA Alkali carbonates: 05
Zabuyelite Zabuyelite is the natural mineral form of lithium carbonate Lithium carbonate is an inorganic compound In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the compo ...

Zabuyelite
; 10
Gregoryite Gregoryite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral that is rich in potassium and sodium with the chemical formula . It is one of the two main ingredients of natrocarbonatite, found naturally in the lava of Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano, the other being nyer ...
, 10 ; 15
Nahcolite Nahcolite is a soft, colourless or white carbonate mineral with the composition of sodium bicarbonate (Sodium, NaHydrogen, HCarbon, COxygen, O3) also called thermokalite. It crystallizes in the monoclinic system. Nahcolite was first described ...
, 20
Kalicinite Potassium hydrogencarbonate (also known by potassium bicarbonate or potassium acid carbonate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula KHCO3. It is a white solid. Production and reactivity It is manufactured by treating an aqueous so ...
, 25 Teschemacherite, 30 Wegscheiderite ** 05.AB Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates: 05
Calcite Calcite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid E ...

Calcite
, 05 Gaspeite, 05
Magnesite Magnesite is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure for ...

Magnesite
, 05
Rhodochrosite Rhodochrosite is a manganese Manganese is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike ...

Rhodochrosite
, 05 Otavite, 05 Spherocobaltite, 05
Siderite :''Siderite is also the name of a type of iron meteorite Iron meteorites, also known as siderite :''Siderite is also the name of a type of iron meteorite Iron meteorites, also known as siderites, or ferrous meteorites, are a type of meteorites t ...

Siderite
, 05
Smithsonite Smithsonite, also known as turkey fat or zinc spar, is the mineral form of zinc carbonate Smithsonite, also known as turkey fat or zinc spar, is zinc carbonate ( Zn C O3), a mineral ore of zinc. Historically, smithsonite was identified with hemimor ...

Smithsonite
; 10
Ankerite Ankerite is a calcium Calcium is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical ...
, 10
Dolomite Dolomite may refer to: *Dolomite (mineral) Dolomite () is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite. An altern ...
, 10
Kutnohorite Kutnohorite is a rare calcium Calcium is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike c ...

Kutnohorite
, 10
Minrecordite Minrecordite, CaZn(CO3)2 , is a very rare mineral belonging to the dolomiteDolomite may refer to: *Dolomite (mineral) Dolomite () is an anhydrous A substance is anhydrous if it contains no water. Many processes in chemistry can be impeded by t ...
; 15
Cerussite Cerussite (also known as lead carbonate or white lead White lead is the basic lead carbonate 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2. It is a complex salt, containing both carbonate and hydroxide ions. White lead occurs naturally as a mineral, in which context it i ...

Cerussite
, 15
Aragonite Aragonite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid ...

Aragonite
, 15
Strontianite Strontianite (SrCO3) is an important raw material for the extraction of strontium Strontium is the chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science ...
, 15
Witherite Witherite is a barium carbonate Barium carbonate is the inorganic compound In chemistry, an inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks carbon–hydrogen bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound. However, th ...
; 20
Vaterite Vaterite is a mineral, a polymorph of calcium carbonate (Ca C O3). It was named after the German mineralogist Heinrich Vater. It is also known as mu-calcium carbonate (μ-CaCO3) and has a JCPDS number of 13-192. Vaterite belongs to the hexagona ...

Vaterite
, 25
Huntite Huntite is a carbonate mineral with the chemical formula Mg3Ca(CO3)4. Huntite crystallizes in the trigonal system and typically occurs as platy crystals and powdery masses. The most common industrial use of huntite is as a natural mixture with h ...

Huntite
, 30 Norsethite, 35
Alstonite Alstonite, also known as bromlite, is a low temperature hydrothermal synthesis, hydrothermal mineral that is a rare double salt, double carbonate of calcium and barium with the formula , sometimes with some strontium. Barytocalcite and paralstonite ...
; 40 Olekminskite, 40 ; 45
Barytocalcite Barytocalcite is an anhydrous barium calcium carbonate mineral with the chemical formula barium, Bacalcium, Ca(carbon, Coxygen, O3)2. It is Trimorphism, trimorphous with alstonite and paralstonite, that is to say the three minerals have the same fo ...
, 50 Carbocernaite, 55 Benstonite, 60 Juangodoyite ** 05.AC Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates: 05 Eitelite, 10
Nyerereite Nyerereite is a very rare sodium calcium carbonate mineral with formula sodium, Na2calcium, Ca(carbon, Coxygen, O3)2. It forms colorless, platey pseudohexagonal orthorhombic crystals that are typically Crystal twinning, twinned. It has a specific g ...

Nyerereite
, 10 Natrofairchildite, 10 Zemkorite; 15 Butschliite, 20 Fairchildite, 25
Shortite Shortite is a sodium-calcium carbonate mineral, with the chemical formula Na2Ca2(CO3)3. It was discovered by J. J. Fahey in well cuttings from the Green River Formation, Sweetwater County, Wyoming, US, and was named to honor Maxwell N. Short (1889 ...

Shortite
; 30 Sanromanite, 30 Burbankite, 30 Calcioburbankite, 30 Khanneshite ** 05.AD With rare-earth elements (REE): 05 Sahamalite-(Ce); 15 Rémondite-(Ce), 15 Petersenite-(Ce), 15 Rémondite-(La); 20 Paratooite-(La) * 05.B Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O ** 05.BA With Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn: 05
Azurite Azurite is a soft, deep-blue copper Copper is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Cu (from la, cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductility, ductile metal with very high thermal conductivity, th ...

Azurite
, 10 Chukanovite, 10
Malachite Malachite is a copper Copper is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemi ...

Malachite
, 10 Georgeite, 10 Pokrovskite, 10 Nullaginite, 10 Glaukosphaerite, 10 Mcguinnessite, 10 Kolwezite, 10
Rosasite Rosasite is a carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid ...

Rosasite
, 10 Zincrosasite; 15
Aurichalcite Aurichalcite is a Carbonate minerals, carbonate mineral, usually found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6. The zinc to copper ratio is about 5:4. Occurrence Aurichalcite typically occurs ...

Aurichalcite
, 15
Hydrozincite Hydrozincite, also known as zinc bloom or marionite, is a white carbonate mineral Carbonate minerals are those mineral In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discour ...
; 20 Holdawayite, 25 Defernite; 30 Loseyite, 30 Sclarite ** 05.BB With alkalies, etc.: 05 Barentsite, 10 Dawsonite, 15 Tunisite, 20 Sabinaite ** 05.BC With alkali-earth cations: 05 Brenkite, 10 Rouvilleite, 15 Podlesnoite ** 05.BD With rare-earth elements (REE): 05 Cordylite-(Ce), 05 Lukechangite-(Ce); 10 Kukharenkoite-(La), 10 Kukharenkoite-(Ce), 10 Zhonghuacerite-(Ce); 15 Cebaite-(Nd), 15 Cebaite-(Ce); 20a Bastnasite-(Ce), 20a Bastnasite-(La), 20a Bastnasite-(Y), 20a Hydroxylbastnasite-(Ce), 20a Hydroxylbastnasite-(La), 20a Hydroxylbastnasite-(Nd), 20a Thorbastnasite, 20b Parisite-(Nd), 20b Parisite-(Ce), 20c Synchysite-(Ce), 20c Synchysite-(Nd), 20c Synchysite-(Y), 20d Rontgenite-(Ce); 25 Horvathite-(Y), 30 Qaqarssukite-(Ce), 35 Huanghoite-(Ce) ** 05.BE With Pb, Bi: 05 Shannonite, 10
Hydrocerussite White lead is the basic lead carbonate 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2. It is a complex salt, containing both carbonate and hydroxide ions. White lead occurs naturally as a mineral, in which context it is known as hydrocerussite, a hydrate In chemistry ...
, 15 Plumbonacrite, 20
Phosgenite Phosgenite is a rare mineral consisting of lead chlorocarbonate, (PbCl)2CO3. The tetragonal crystals are prism (geometry), prismatic or tabular in habit: they are usually colorless and transparent, and have a brilliant adamantine Lustre (mineralog ...
, 25 Bismutite, 30 Kettnerite, 35 Beyerite ** 05.BF With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3: 05 Northupite, 05 Ferrotychite, 05 Manganotychite, 05 Tychite; 10 Bonshtedtite, 10 Crawfordite, 10 Bradleyitev, 10 Sidorenkite, 15 Daqingshanite-(Ce), 20 Reederite-(Y), 25 Mineevite-(Y), 30 Brianyoungite, 35 Philolithite; 40 Macphersonitev, 40 Susannite, 40 Leadhillite * 05.C Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O ** 05.CA With medium-sized cations: 05 Nesquehonite, 10
Lansfordite Lansfordite is a hydrated magnesium Magnesium is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and behavio ...
, 15 Barringtonite, 20 Hellyerite ** 05.CB With large cations (alkali and alkali-earth carbonates): 05 Thermonatrite, 10
Natron Natron is a naturally occurring mixture of sodium carbonate decahydrate (sodium carbonate, Na2CO3·10H2O, a kind of soda ash) and around 17% sodium bicarbonate (also called baking soda, NaHCO3) along with small quantities of sodium chloride and ...
, 15 Trona, 20
Monohydrocalcite Monohydrocalcite is a mineral that is a hydrous form of calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entity, molecular entities) ...

Monohydrocalcite
, 25
Ikaite Ikaite is the mineral name for the hexahydrate of calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula Ca CO3. It is a common substance found in rocks as the minerals calcite and aragonite (most notably as limestone ...
, 30 Pirssonite, 35 Gaylussite, 40 Chalconatronite, 45 Baylissite, 50 Tuliokite ** 05.CC With rare-earth elements (REE): 05 Donnayite-(Y), 05 Mckelveyite-(Nd)*, 05 Mckelveyite-(Y), 05 Weloganite; 10 Tengerite-(Y), 15 Lokkaite-(Y); 20 Shomiokite-(Y), 20 IMA2008-069; 25 Calkinsite-(Ce), 25 Lanthanite-(Ce), 25 Lanthanite-(La), 25 Lanthanite-(Nd); 30 Adamsite-(Y), 35 Decrespignyite-(Y), 40 Galgenbergite-(Ce), 45 Ewaldite, 50 Kimuraite-(Y) * 05.D Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O ** 05.DA With medium-sized cations: 05 Dypingite, 05 Giorgiosite, 05
Hydromagnesite Hydromagnesite is a hydrated magnesium Magnesium is a chemical element upright=1.0, 500px, The chemical elements ordered by link=Periodic table In chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and beha ...

Hydromagnesite
, 05 Widgiemoolthalite; 10 Artinite, 10 Chlorartinite; 15 Otwayite, 20 Kambaldaite, 25 Callaghanite, 30 Claraite; 35 Hydroscarbroite, 35 Scarbroite; 40 Charmarite-3T, 40 Charmarite-2H, 40 Caresite, 40 Quintinite-2H, 40 Quintinite-3T; 45 Brugnatellite, 45 Barbertonite, 45 Chlormagaluminite, 45 Zaccagnaite, 45 Manasseite, 45 Sjogrenite; 50 Desautelsite, 50 Comblainite, 50 Hydrotalcite, 50 Pyroaurite, 50 Reevesite, 50 Stichtite, 50 Takovite; 55 Coalingite, 60 Karchevskyite, 65 Indigirite, 70 Zaratite ** 05.DB With large and medium-sized cations: 05 Alumohydrocalcite, 05 Para-alumohydrocalcite, 05 Nasledovite; 10 Dresserite, 10 Dundasite, 10 Strontiodresserite, 10 Petterdite, 10 Kochsandorite; 15 Hydrodresserite, 20 Schuilingite-(Nd), 25 Sergeevite, 30 Szymanskiite, 35 Montroyalite ** 05.DC With large cations: 05 Ancylite-(Ce), 05 Ancylite-(La), 05 Gysinite-(Nd), 05 Calcioancylite-(Ce), 05 Calcioancylite-(Nd), 05 Kozoite-(La), 05 Kozoite-(Nd); 10 Kamphaugite-(Y), 15 Sheldrickite, 20 Thomasclarkite-(Y), 25 Peterbaylissite, 30 Clearcreekite, 35 Niveolanite * 05.E Uranyl carbonates ** 05.EA UO2:CO3 > 1:1: 10 Urancalcarite, 15 Wyartite, 20 Oswaldpeetersite, 25 Roubaultite, 30 Kamotoite-(Y), 35 Sharpite ** 05.EB UO2:CO3 = 1:1: 05
Rutherfordine Rutherfordine is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure f ...
, 10 Blatonite, 15 Joliotite, 20 Bijvoetite-(Y) ** 05.EC UO2:CO3 < 1:1 - 1:2: 05 Fontanite; 10 Metazellerite, 10
Zellerite Zellerite is a uranium mineral, named after its discoverer, geologist Howard Davis Zeller. It has a type locality of the Lucky MC uranium mine in Wyoming, USA. It was approved by the IMA in 1965, but was first published a year after its approval ...
** 05.ED UO2:CO3 = 1:3: 05 Bayleyite, 10 Swartzite, 15 Albrechtschraufite, 20 Liebigite, 25 Rabbittite, 30 Andersonite, 35 Grimselite, 40 Widenmannite, 45 Znucalite, 50 Cejkaite ** 05.EE UO2:CO3 = 1:4: 05 Voglite, 10 Shabaite-(Nd) ** 05.EF UO2:CO3 = 1:5: 05 Astrocyanite-(Ce) ** 05.EG With SO4 or SiO4: 05 Schrockingerite, 10 Lepersonnite-(Gd)


Class: nitrates

* 05.N Nitrates ** 05.NA Without OH or H2O: 05 Nitratine, 10 Niter, 15 Gwihabaite, 20 Nitrobarite ** 05.NB With OH: 05 Gerhardtite, 05 Rouaite ** 05.NC With H2O: 05 Nitromagnesite, 10 Nitrocalcite ** 05.ND With OH (etc.) and H2O: 05 Likasite, 10 Mbobomkulite, 15 Hydrombobomkulite, 20 Sveite


References

* Hurlbut, Cornelius S.; Klein, Cornelis, 1985, Manual of Mineralogy, 20th ed., * {{Strunz Carbonate minerals, ja:炭酸塩#炭酸塩鉱物