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Cairo University ( ar, جامعة القاهرة, Gām‘et El Qāhira), known as the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and
King Fuad I Fuad I ( ar, فؤاد الأول ''Fu’ād al-Awwal''; tr, I. Fuad or Ahmed Fuad Paşa; 26 March 1868 – 28 April 1936) was the sultan Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Ara ...
University from 1940 to 1952, is
Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a spanning the and the of . It is bordered by the to , the () and to , the to the east, to , and to . In the northeast, the , which is the northern arm of the R ...

Egypt
's premier public university. Its main campus is in
Giza Giza (; sometimes spelled ''Gizah ''or ''Jizah''; ar, الجيزة ', ) is the list of cities and towns in Egypt, second-largest city in Egypt after Cairo and List of cities in Africa by population, fourth-largest city in Africa after Kinshasa, ...

Giza
, immediately across the
Nile The Nile, , Bohairic , lg, Kiira , Nobiin Nobiin, or Mahas, is a Northern Nubian languages, Nubian language of the Nilo-Saharan languages, Nilo-Saharan language family. "Nobiin" is the genitive case, genitive form of ''Nòòbíí'' ("Nub ...

Nile
from
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic language, Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Egypt, largest city of Egypt. The Greater Cairo, Cairo metropolitan area, with a population o ...

Cairo
. It was founded on 21 December 1908;"Brief history and development of Cairo University." Cairo University Faculty of Engineering. http://www.eng.cu.edu.eg/CUFE/History/CairoUniversityShortNote/tabid/81/language/en-US/Default.aspx however, after being housed in various parts of Cairo, its faculties, beginning with the Faculty of Arts, were established on its current main campus in Giza in October 1929. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt after
Al Azhar University Al-Azhar University ( ; ar, 1=جامعة الأزهر (الشريف), , "the (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) is the capital and larges ...
, notwithstanding the pre-existing higher professional schools that later became constituent colleges of the university. It was founded and funded as the Egyptian University by a committee of private citizens with royal patronage in 1908 and became a state institution under King
Fuad I Fuad I ( ar, فؤاد الأول ''Fu’ād al-Awwal''; tr, I. Fuad or ; 26 March 1868 – 28 April 1936) was the Sultan Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a Royal and noble ranks, position with several historical meanings. Originally, it w ...

Fuad I
in 1925. In 1940, four years following his death, the University was renamed King Fuad I University in his honor. It was renamed a second time after the
Egyptian revolution of 1952 The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 ( ar, ثورة 23 يوليو 1952), also known as the 23 July Revolution, was a period of profound political, economic, and societal change in Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic ...
. The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 20 faculties and 3 institutions.Faculties of Cairo University
/ref> It counts three Nobel Laureates among its graduates and is one of the 50 largest institutions of higher education in the world by enrollment. Concerning the faculty of Engineering, In 2006, the college began implementing the credit hour system in specialties: Construction Engineering , Computer and Telecommunications engineering In 2007, more programs were developed: mechanical design engineering, architecture, engineering, construction, technology, and petrochemical engineering. Following in 2008, the Construction Engineering program was introduced. In 2009, the Water and Environmental Engineering Program was implemented.


History

Before he retired in 1907, the British representative in Egypt, Lord Cromer remained opposed to the establishment of higher education in the country for fear that it would foment unrest. The University opened as a small private institution in 1908. Its early founding and location made it a model for later universities throughout the Arab world. It was taken over as a state university in 1925, and became Cairo University in 1954. The university was founded on 21 December 1908, as the result of an effort to establish a national center for higher education. Several constituent colleges preceded the establishment of the university including the College of Engineering () in 1816, which was shut down by the
Khedive Khedive (, ota, خدیو, hıdiv; ar, خديوي, khudaywī) was an honorific An honorific is a title that conveys esteem, courtesy, or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person. Sometimes, the term "honor ...

Khedive
of Egypt and
Sudan Sudan ( or ; ar, السودان, as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan ( ar, جمهورية السودان, link=no, Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A ...

Sudan
, Sa'id Pasha, in 1854. Cairo University was founded as a European-inspired civil university, in contrast to the religious university of
Al Azhar Al-Azhar Mosque ( ar, الجامع الأزهر, al-Jāmiʿ al-ʾAzhar, lit=The Resplendent Congregational Mosque), known simply in Egypt as al-Azhar, is an Egyptian mosque in Islamic Cairo. Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah of the Fatimid Caliphate, Fatim ...
, and became the prime indigenous model for other state universities. In 1928, the first group of female students enrolled at the university.


Foundation

At the turn of the century, Egyptian intellectuals and public figures began making calls to establish an Egyptian institute of higher education to provide a modern, professional education to Egyptians. Armenian bureaucrat Yaqub Artin made the first known published reference to establishing an Egyptian university in 1894. In a report, he suggested "the existing higher professional schools could well provide the basis for a university." These higher schools included the School of Management and Languages, established in 1868 (which became the School of Law in 1886), the School of Irrigation and Construction (known as the School of Engineering) in 1866,
Dar al-Ulum Dar al-Ulum ( ar, كلية دار العلوم, kullīya dār al-ʿulūm "House of Sciences" ), is an educational institution designed to produce students with both an Islamic and modern secondary education. It was founded in 1871 and is now a fa ...
in 1872, the School of Agriculture in 1867 and the School of Antiquities 1869. Syrian journalist Jurji Zaydan called for an "Egyptian college school" (madrasa ) in 1900 in his monthly magazine Al-Hilal. He provided two models for this institute of higher education: the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh, India, which delivered a Western-style education in the English language, or the Syrian Protestant College (now the American University of Beirut) in Beirut, run by American missionaries. The new school would provide an alternative to the student missions to Europe begun under Muhammad Ali. Controversy surrounding Zaydan’s publications would later prevent him from taking a teaching post at the University. A number of other prominent Egyptians played a role in the university's foundation. A collection of large landowners, bureaucrats, members of the royal family, and journalists, lawyers, and school teachers including Mustafa Kamil, disciples of Muhammad Abduh such as Qasim Amin and Saad Zaghlul, and eventually Khedive Abbas II and Prince Ahmad Fu’ad I became involved. As Donald M. Reid writes, "Royalist partisans stressed Fu'ad's founding role, Watanists pointed out Mustafa Kamil's call for a university, and Wafdists emphasized the contributions of Saad Zaghlul, Muhammad Abduh, and Qasim Amin." Wealthy Egyptians began to independently pledge funds to the establishment of a university as early as 1905. Following the Dinshaway incident, Mustafa Kamil al-Ghamrawi, a wealthy notable from Beni Suef, pledged 500 Egyptian pounds towards a university in September 1906. Mustafa Kamil published a call for supplementary funds, while Saad Zaghlul and Qasim Amin arranged a meeting attended by Muhammad Farid and 23 other prominent Egyptians. The members of the meeting founded a committee with Zaghlul as vice-president and Amin as secretary, and all but three pledged at least 100 Egyptian pounds towards the university. However, splinters quickly emerged between the Watanists, the disciples of Abduh and the Royalists, leaving the project in the hands of the Palace. By the time of its establishment in 1908, Prince Fuad I was the rector and only one of the men who had met in 1906 remained in the committee. Concerning the faculty of engineering In 2006, the college began implementing the credit hour system by launching the following programs: construction engineering, Computer and telecommunications engineering. In 2007 programs that were developed: mechanical design engineering, architecture engineering and construction technology and petrochemical engineering. In 2008, it introduced a program: Construction Engineering. In 2009, it introduced the Water and Environmental Engineering Program.


Challenges to foundation

The British colonial government, particularly Lord Cromer, had long opposed the establishment of such a university. Only a year after his departure from Egypt, under Sir Eldon Gorst, was the Egyptian University finally established. The Egyptian educational system remained neglected by the colonial government under the direction of Lord Cromer. Two decades after the establishment of British rule, education received less than 1 percent of the state budget. Cromer publicly stated that free public education was not an appropriate policy for a nation such as Egypt, although the funds were found to refurbish the law school in Cairo so Egyptians didn't have to go abroad to obtain legal degrees during
Sir John Scott John Scott, 1st Earl of Eldon, (4 June 1751 – 13 January 1838) was a British barrister and politician. He served as Lord Chancellor, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain between 1801 and 1806 and again between 1807 and 1827. Background and ...
's time as Judicial Advisor to the Khedive. Donald M. Reid speculates that this was due to fear that European-style education would fomest political unrest or nationalistic sentiments. Cromer also opposed providing financial aid to the university after the private committee began to pursue the matter independently of the colonial government. In its early years, the university did not have a campus but rather advertised lectures in the press. Lectures would be held in various palaces and conference halls. After a grand opening ceremony in 1908, it remained on financial insecure footing for a number of years, nearly collapsing during World War I. Upon its founding in 1908, the Egyptian University had a women’s section but this was closed in 1912. Women were first readmitted to the arts faculty in 1928. Problems during this period also included a lack of professional faculty to fulfill the founders’ educational vision. There were simply no Egyptians with doctoral degrees, the ability to teach in Arabic and a familiarity with Western literature in their fields with whom to fill professorial posts. Thus European Orientalists who lectured in classical Arabic filled many posts until the 1930s. The university also sent its own students on educational missions to obtain the necessary training. First, the university hired Italians Carlo Nallino, David Santillana and Ignazio Guidi, due to King Fuad I’s connections with Italy. Following the departure of the Italians after the invasion of Libya, French orientalists Gaston Wiet and
Louis Massignon Louis Massignon (25 July 1883 – 31 October 1962) was a Catholic scholar of Islam and a pioneer of Catholic-Muslim mutual understanding. He was an influential figure in the twentieth century with regard to the Catholic Church, Catholic church ...
took up posts on the faculty. The Germans and British were less represented. In 1925, the university was re-founded and expanded as a state institution under Fuad I. The liberal arts college (kulliyat al-adab) of 1908 was joined with the schools of law and medicine, and a new faculty of science was added. Ahmed Lutfi al-Sayyid became the first president.


Ranking

Cairo University is usually ranked among the top universities in Egypt, and one of the top universities in Africa. In QS ranking 2021, Cairo University was ranked the 2nd in Egypt and the 6th across Africa, and it was rated 561-570 worldwide. In the , the university was ranked 1st in Egypt. It was rated 401-500 worldwide. According to the Center for World University Ranking
(CWUR)
2020-21, the university was ranked 1st in Egypt, and the 558th worldwide.


Structure

Cairo University includes a
School of Law A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction. Law degrees Argentina In Argentina, la ...

School of Law
and a
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surge ...

School of Medicine
. The Medical School, also known as ''Kasr Alaini'' (, Qasr-el-'Ayni), was one of the first medical schools in Africa and the Middle East. Its first building was donated by Alaini Pasha. It has since undergone extensive expansion. The first president of Cairo University, then known as the Egyptian University, was Professor
Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed or Aḥmad Luṭfī Sayyid Pasha Pasha or Paşa ( ota, پاشا;Persian tr, paşa; sq, Pashë; ar, باشا), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman Empire, Ottoman political and m ...
, who served from 1925 to 1941.


New Central Library

A new Central Library is planned.


Notable alumni

* , historian, political scientist, and strategist * Said Ashour, professor of history *
Mohamed Atalla Mohamed M. Atalla ( ar, محمد عطاالله; August 4, 1924 – December 30, 2009) was an Egyptian-American engineer, physical chemist Physical chemistry is the study of macroscopic The macroscopic scale is the length scale on which ...
, engineer, inventor of
MOSFET The metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET), also known as the metal–oxide–silicon transistor (MOS transistor, or MOS), is a type of insulated-gate field-effect transistor that is fabricated by th ...

MOSFET
(MOS
field-effect transistor The field-effect transistor (FET) is a type of transistor upright=1.4, gate Candi bentar, a typical Indonesian gate that is often found on the islands of Java">Indonesia.html" ;"title="Candi bentar, a typical Indonesia">Candi bentar, ...
), pioneer in
silicon Silicon is a chemical element with the Symbol (chemistry), symbol Si and atomic number 14. It is a hard, brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic lustre, and is a Tetravalence, tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor. It is a member ...

silicon
semiconductors A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity Electrical resistivity (also called specific electrical resistance or volume resistivity) is a fundamental property of a material that quantifies how strongly it resists electric curren ...

semiconductors
and
security systems A security alarm is a system designed to detect intrusion – such as unauthorized entry – into a building or other areas such as a home or school. Security alarms used in residential, commercial, industrial, and military properties protect ag ...
, founder of
Atalla Corporation Utimaco Atalla, founded as Atalla Technovation and formerly known as Atalla Corporation or HP Atalla, is a security vendor, active in the market segments of data security and cryptography. Atalla provides government-grade end-to-end products in net ...
* Naima Ilyas al-Ayyubi, first female lawyer in Egypt *
Gamal Aziz Gamal Aziz, also known as Gamal Abdelaziz, (born ) is an Egyptian Americans, Egyptian-American businessman. Aziz is the former President of Wynn Macau Limited and Chief Operating Officer of Wynn Resorts, Wynn Resorts Development. He was also the fo ...
, also known as Gamal Mohammed Abdelaziz, Egyptian former President and Chief Operating Officer of
Wynn Resorts Wynn Resorts, Limited is an American publicly traded corporation based in Paradise, Nevada that is a developer and operator of high end hotels and casinos. It was founded in 2002 by former Mirage Resorts Chairman and CEO Steve Wynn, and is now run ...
, and former CEO of
MGM Resorts International MGM Resorts International is an American global hospitality File:De Stratford Coat of Arms.jpeg, Trestles in the medieval House of Stratford coat of arms: The Trestle#heraldry, trestle (also ''tressle, tressel'' and ''threstle'') in heraldry is ...
, indicted as part of the
2019 college admissions bribery scandal In 2019, a scandal arose over a criminal conspiracy to influence undergraduate college admissions in the United States, admissions decisions at several top American research universities, universities. The investigation into the conspiracy was ...
* Hisham Barakat, assassinated Prosecutor General of Egypt *
Boutros Boutros-Ghali Boutros Boutros-Ghali (; , ar, بطرس بطرس غالي ', ; 14 November 1922 – 16 February 2016) was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the List of Secretaries-General of the United Nations, sixth Secretary-General of the United ...
, sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) 1992–1996 *
Eli Cohen Eliyahu Ben-Shaul Cohen ( he, אֱלִיָּהוּ בֵּן שָׁאוּל כֹּהֵן‎, ar, إيلياهو بن شاؤول كوهين‎; 6 December 1924 – 18 May 1965), commonly known as Eli Cohen, was an Israeli spy. He is be ...

Eli Cohen
, Israeli
Mossad Mossad (), ; ar, الموساد, ', ; lit. ''The Institute''), short for ' ( he, המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, meaning "Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations" is the national intelligence agency ...

Mossad
spy that infiltrated the highest echelons of Syrian Government and instrumental in Israeli success in the
Six Day War The Six-Day War (, ''Milhemet Sheshet HaYamim''; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collabo ...
and other successes *
Taher Elgamal Dr. Taher Elgamal (Arabic alphabet, Arabic: طاهر الجمل) (born 18 August 1955) is an Egyptian cryptographer and entrepreneur. He is recognized as the "father of Secure Sockets Layer, SSL" for the work he did in computer security while wor ...
, designer of the ElGamal encryption system and considered "Father of
SSLSSL may refer to: Entertainment * RoboCup Small Size League * ''Sesame Street Live ''Sesame Street Live'' is a live touring show based on the children's television show ''Sesame Street'' produced by Feld Entertainment. History The VStar Entertain ...
" *
Wael Ghonim Wael Ghonim ( ar, وائل غنيم, Wā'il Ghunīm. born 23 December 1980) is an Internet activist and computer engineer Computer engineering (CoE or CpE) is a branch of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific method, sci ...
, Egyptian activist and figure of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 *
Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a lis ...

Saddam Hussein
, former president of
Iraq Iraq ( ar, الْعِرَاق, translit=al-ʿIrāq; ku, عێراق, translit=Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq ( ar, جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق '; ku, کۆماری عێراق, translit=Komarî Êraq), is a country i ...

Iraq
*
Adly Mansour Adly Mahmoud Mansour ( ar, عدلى محمود منصور  ; born 23 December 1945) is an Egyptian judge and politician who served as President (or Chief Justice) of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt. He also served as the acting P ...

Adly Mansour
, Chief Justice of the
Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt The Supreme Constitutional Court ( ar, المحكمة الدستورية العليا, ''Al Mahkama Al Dustūrīya El ‘Ulyā'') is an independent judicial body in Egypt Egypt ( ; ar, مِصر ), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is ...
*
Mohamed Morsi Mohamed Mohamed Morsi Eissa Al-AyyatThe spellings of his first and last names vary. survey of 14 news organizations plus Wikipedia in July 2012
, deposed
President of Egypt The president of Egypt is the executive head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's perso ...
*
Amr Moussa Amr Moussa ( ar, عمرو موسى, , Amr Muhammad Moussa; born 3 October 1936) is an Egypt Egypt ( ; ar, مِصر ), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the North Africa, northeast corner of Afric ...

Amr Moussa
, Secretary-General of the
Arab League The Arab League ( ar, الجامعة العربية, '), formally the League of Arab States ( ar, جامعة الدول العربية, '), is a regional organization in the Arab world, which is located in Africa and Western Asia. The Arab L ...

Arab League
2001–2011, and president of the Egyptian constitution amendment committee in 2013 *
Omar Sharif Omar Sharif ( ar, عمر الشريف ; born Michael Yusef Dimitri Chalhoub , 10 April 193210 July 2015) was an Egyptian Egyptian describes something of, from, or related to Egypt. Egyptian or Egyptians may refer to: Nations and ethnic groups ...
, actor, nominated for an
Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...
and has won three
Golden Globe Awards The Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 87 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association beginning in January 1944, recognizing excellence in film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is ...

Golden Globe Awards
*
Magdi Yacoub Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub ( ar, د/مجدى حبيب يعقوب ) (born 16 November 1935), is an Egyptian-British retired professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Imperial College London, best known for his early work in heart valve repair, repairing ...
, professor of
cardiothoracic surgery Cardiothoracic surgery is the field Field may refer to: Expanses of open ground * Field (agriculture), an area of land used for agricultural purposes * Airfield, an aerodrome that lacks the infrastructure of an airport * Battlefield * Lawn, a ...
at
Imperial College London Imperial College London (legally Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine) is a Public university, public research university in London. Imperial grew out of Albert, Prince Consort, Prince Albert's Albertopolis, vision for a cultural ce ...

Imperial College London
* , Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy *
Ayman al-Zawahiri Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri ( ar, أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري'; born June 19, 1951) is an Egyptian terrorist known for being the leader of terrorist group al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda (; ar, القاعدة ', , translation: "The ...

Ayman al-Zawahiri
, former practicing surgeon in the
Egyptian Army , ) , mascot = Saladin's Eagle , commander1 = Mohamed Ahmed Zaki , commander1_label = Minister of Defense And Military Production , commander2 = Lieutenant General Li ...
, current leader of the militant organisation
al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda (; ar, القاعدة ', , translation: "The Base", "The Foundation", alternatively spelled al-Qaida and al-Qa'ida) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national terrorist organization founded in 1988. by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah ...
*
Yuriko Koike is a Japanese politician who currently serves as the Governor of Tokyo The is the head of government of Tokyo. In 1943, upon the unification of Tokyo City and Tokyo Prefecture, the position of Governor was created. The current title was adop ...
, former Japanese Minister of Defense and first female governor of Tokyo *
Walid Muallem Walid Mohi Edine al Muallem ( ar, وليد محيي الدين المعلم ''Walīd Muḥīyy ad-Dīn al-Muʿallam''; 13 January 194116 November 2020) was a Syrian Syrians ( ar, سوريون, ''Sūriyyūn''), also known as the Syrian people ( ...

Walid Muallem
, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of Syria


Nobel Laureates

*
Naguib Mahfouz Naguib Mahfouz Abdelaziz Ibrahim Ahmed Al-Basha ( arz, نجيب محفوظ عبد العزيز ابراهيم احمد الباشا), ; 11 December 1911 – 30 August 2006) was an Egyptian writer who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature ...

Naguib Mahfouz
,
Nobel Prize for Literature ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , caption = , awarded_for = Outstanding contributions in literature , presenter = Swedish Academy The Swedish Academy ( sv, Svenska Akademien), founded in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal ...
in 1988 *
Yasser Arafat Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini ( , ; ar, محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات القدوة الحسيني; 4 / 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yass ...

Yasser Arafat
,
Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 Decemb ...
in 1994 *
Mohamed ElBaradei Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei ( ar, محمد مصطفى البرادعي, Muḥammad Muṣṭafá al-Barādaʿī, ; born 17 June 1942) is an Egyptian law scholar and Foreign relations of Egypt, diplomat who served as the vice president of Egypt on an ...

Mohamed ElBaradei
,
Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 Decemb ...
in 2005


See also

*
Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed or Aḥmad Luṭfī Sayyid Pasha Pasha or Paşa ( ota, پاشا;Persian tr, paşa; sq, Pashë; ar, باشا), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman Empire, Ottoman political and m ...
, first President of Cairo University *
Education in Egypt In the 21st century, the Government of Egypt has given greater priority to improving the education system. According to the Human Development Index (HDI), Egypt is ranked 115 in the HDI, and 9 in the lowest 10 HDI countries in the Middle Eas ...
* Egyptian universities *
List of Egyptian universities This is a list of university, universities in Egypt. The higher education sector of Egypt includes a number of state-funded and private universities. State-funded Private universities See also *Education in Egypt *List of medical schools in E ...


References


Further reading

* Shann, Mary H., and Joseph M. Cronin. "Toward Reform of Egyptian Higher Education: Final Report on Cairo University/Boston University Collaboration in Counterpart Training for the Third Education Project." (1988
online
*Reid, Donald Malcolm. ''Cairo University and the Making of Modern Egypt.'' (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990). *Reid, Donald Malcolm. "Cairo University and the Orientalists." ''International Journal of Middle East Studies'' 19.01 (1987): 51-75
online
*Cairo University (English
جامعة القاهرة
(Arabic
جامعة القاهرة


External links


Cairo University Official Website

Official Page on Facebook
{{DEFAULTSORT:Cairo University Alumni 1908 establishments in Egypt Educational institutions established in 1908 Buildings and structures in Giza Universities in Egypt