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Building services engineering is a professional engineering discipline that strives to achieve a safe and comfortable indoor environment whilst minimizing the environmental impact of a building. Alternative titles: The term ''Building services engineering'' is also commonly known as ''Mechanical & electrical engineering'', ''Architectural engineering'', ''Technical building services'', ''Building engineering'', or ''Facilities and services planning engineering''. The term ''Building services engineering'' is widely used in Commonwealth countries (incl. United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada and Australia), but in the United States of America, the field is also known as ''Building systems engineering'', ''Architectural engineering'' or ''Building engineering'', though the latter two disciplines generally have a broader scope, also encompassing elements of Structural engineering and more traditional architectural tasks such as room planning and material selection. In India the engineers are known as ''facilities planners''. In some countries, a ''building services architect'' is a senior engineer with experience in the integration of electrical, mechanical,fire, hydraulic, security and communications building services, who manages and delivers the integrated detailed design of multiple disciplines so as to ensure that the building is delivered in a "least cost technically acceptable" manner, with emphasis on both the construction costs and the operational costs.

Scope

Building services engineers are responsible for the design, installation, operation and monitoring of the technical services in buildings (including mechanical, electrical and public health systems, also known as MEP or HVAC), in order to ensure the safe, comfortable and environmentally friendly operation. Building services engineers work closely with other construction professionals such as architects, structural engineers and quantity surveyors. Building services engineers influence the architectural design of building, in particular facades, in relation to energy efficiency and indoor environment, and can integrate local energy production (e.g. façade-integrated photovoltaics) or community-scale energy facilities (e.g. district heating). Building services engineers therefore play an important role in the design and operation of energy-efficient buildings (including green buildings, passive houses, and Plus-houses, and Zero-energy buildings). With buildings accounting for about a third of all carbon emissions and over a half of the global electricity demand, building services engineers play an important role in the move to a low-carbon society, hence mitigate global warming. The career path of a building services engineer can take a very wide range of directions. Within the broad field of building services engineering, new roles are emerging, for example specialization in renewable energy, sustainability, low-carbon technologies, energy management, building automation, and building information modeling (BIM). Building services engineers increasingly seek status as accredited LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design), BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method), or CIBSE Low Carbon Consultants (LCC) and Energy Assessors (LCEA) auditors, in addition to their status as chartered/professional engineer. Building services engineering encompasses much more than just MEP or HVAC), but also the following: * Mechanical services: **Energy supply – gas, electricity and renewable sources ** Escalators and lifts ** Heating including low-energy (low-temperature) solutions ** ventilation. This includes clean-room solutions (e.g. hospitals, labs) and industrial ventilation (factory spaces and processes) ** Air conditioning and other applications of refrigeration * Electrical services: ** Low voltage (LV) systems, distribution boards and switchgear ** Communication lines, telephones and IT networks (ICT) ** Building automation ** Lightning protection ** Fire detection and protection ** Security and alarm systems * Public health services: ** Plumbing solutions for water supply, both potable cold water and DHW (domestic hot water), ** Drainage of waste water (sewage) from inside a building and drainage/treatment of external surface runoff around a building. Increasing use of grey-water recycling and solutions to delay runoff (e.g. green roofs and infiltration beds) ** Solutions for hygiene and sanitation, including cleaning, indoor air quality, and health technology (e.g. isolation wards) * Other: ** Building-integrated features such as passive cooling ** Natural lighting and artificial lighting, and building facades ** Building physics, especially related to heat and moisture transfer, etc. **Design of competition and Olympic swimming pools **Design of pumping stations as well as pump houses **Integrating, restoring and designing new building services for architectural conservation projects Examples of roles/duties a Building Services Engineer may have include: * Consultant engineer: Designing layouts and requirements for building services for residential or commercial developments. Design management is the business side of design, which aims to create the right environment to control and support a culture of creativity and innovation, and to embrace the iterative nature of design involving the many disciplines that, collectively, will deliver design solutions – and all at the same time as ensuring that an organisation's commercial goals and objectives are achieved and that all is done in an ethically sound way. Typically the building services engineering installation is worth 30–60% of the total value of a contract. Design management is not the same as project management. Project management focuses on a wider range of administrative skills but is not normally sympathetic to the peculiarities of delivering a fully coordinated functioning design, taking into account its unique nature and dealing with the changing requirements of clients and the external factors over which there is little control. * Contractor: Supervising the installation of the building services, commissioning systems. This includes tasks such as TABS. * Facilities manager: Operation, servicing, and continuous commissioning of existing buildings and plant.

Professional bodies

The two most notable professional bodies are: * The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) was founded in 1894. * The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) was founded in 1976, and received a Royal Charter in the United Kingdom, and formally recognizing building services engineering as a profession.

Education

Building services engineers typically possess an academic degree in architectural engineering, building services engineering, mechanical engineering or electrical engineering. The length of study for such a degree is usually 3–4 years for a Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) or Bachelor of Science (BSc) and 5–6 years for a Master of Engineering (MEng). The list below includes accredited education programs. In the United Kingdom, the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) accredits university degrees in Building Services Engineering. In the United States, ABET accredits degrees.

Bachelors



North America

* BEng in Building Engineering, Concordia University (Canada) * BEng Building Systems Engineering, Conestoga Polytechnic (Canada) * BSc Architectural Engineering (ARE), Kansas State University (Manhattan, Kansas, US); Accredited by ABET 1936-61 and 1980, AEI * BSc Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas (Lawrence, Kansas, US); Accredited by ABET 1936, AEI * BSc Architectural Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University (Greensboro, North Carolina, US); Accredited by ABET 1969, AEI * BSc Architectural Engineering, Tennessee State University (Nashville, Tennessee, US); Accredited by ABET 1977, AEI * California Polytechnic State University (San Luis Obispo, California, US); Accredited by ABET 1975, AEI * Drexel University (Philadelphia Pennsylvania, US); Accredited by ABET 1991, AEI * Illinois Institute of Technology (Chicago, Illinois, US); Accredited by ABET 2003, AEI * Milwaukee School of Engineering (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, US); Accredited by ABET 1988, AEI * Missouri University of Science and Technology (Rolla, Missouri, US); Accredited by ABET 2006, AEI * Oklahoma State University (Stillwater, Oklahoma, US); Accredited by ABET 1986, AEI * Penn State University (State College, Pennsylvania, US); Accredited by ABET 1936, AEI * Texas A&M University-Kingsville (Kingsville, Texas, US); Accredited by ABET 2009 * University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, US) * University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, Ohio, US) * University of Colorado at Boulder (Boulder, Colorado, US); Accredited by ABET 1936, AEI * University of Detroit Mercy (Detroit, Michigan, US) * University of Miami (Miami, Florida, US); Accredited by ABET 1962, AEI * University of Nebraska at Omaha (Omaha, Nebraska, US); Accredited by ABET 2004, AEI * University of Oklahoma (Norman, Oklahoma, US); Accredited by ABET 1960 * University of Texas at Arlington (Arlington, Texas, US) * University of Texas at Austin (Austin, Texas, US); Accredited by ABET 1938, AEI * University of Wyoming (Laramie, Wyoming, US); Accredited by ABET 1986, AEI * Worcester Polytechnic University (Worcester, Massachusetts, US)

Europe

* BEng(Hons)& MEng Architectural Engineering, Northumbria University (UK) * BSc (Hons) Building Engineering, University of Westminster (UK) * BSc (Hons) Integrated Technology (Building Services), Doncaster College (UK) * BEng in Building Services Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University (UK) * BSc (Hons) Building Services Engineering, Leeds Metropolitan University (UK) * BSc (Hons) Building Services Engineering, London South Bank University (UK) * BSc (Hons) Building Services Engineering, University of the West of England (UK) * BEng (Hons) Architectural Engineering, Heriot-Watt University (UK) * BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, Coventry University (UK) * BEng (Hons) Mechanical Engineering with Building Services, Brunel University (UK) * BEng (Hons) Architectural Environment Engineering, University of Nottingham (UK) * BEng (Hons) Building Services and Sustainable Engineering, University of Central Lancashire (UK) * BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University (UK) * BTEC Advance Professional Diploma in Building Services Design, London South Bank University (UK) * BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, Dublin Institute of Technology (Ireland) * BEng (Hons) Architectural Engineering, University of Ulster (UK) * BSc (Hons) Energie- und Gebäudetechnik, Fachhochschule Köln (Germany) * BSc Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics (Hungary) * BSc Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs (Hungary) * Bsc in Energy and Environment in Buildings, Oslo Metropolitan University (Norway) * BSc in Building Services Engineering, Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, (Romania) * BSc (Hons) FHZ in Building Technology with Specialization in Heating-Ventilation-Air Conditioning-Sanitary Engineering or in Electrical Engineering for Buildings, Hochschule Luzern (Switzerland) * BEng in engineering sciences, orientation civil architectural engineer, University of Liège (Belgium) * BEng in engineering sciences, orientation civil architectural engineer, Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)

Asia

* B.Tech in Building Services Engineering, Ansal University of Gurgaon Haryana India)* BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, City University of Hong Kong * BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong * BEng (Hons) Building Services Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University * BTEC In Building Services Technology, UNIVOTEC, University of Vocational Technology, (Rathmalana, Sri Lanka) * B Arch, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology (Bhopal, India) * BEng in Facilities and Service Planning (Buildings), School of Planning and Architecture, Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University (Hyderabad, India) * BSc (Hons) Building Engineering, Hanbat National University (South Korea) * BSc (Hons) Facilities Management, University of Moratuwa (Sri Lanka) * Bachelor of Civil Engineering Technology (Building Services) with Hons, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (Malaysia) * BEng (Hons) Sustainable Infrastructure Engineering (Building Services). Singapore Institute of Technology

Oceania/Australia

* BEng in Energy Technology - Building Services Engineering Major, Auckland University of Technology (New Zealand) * Graduate diploma in Building Services Engineering - Wellington Institute of Technology (New Zealand

Masters



Asia

* MSc in Building Services Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University * MSc in Building Services Engineering, University of Moratuwa Sri Lanka * MEngTech in Sustainable Infrastructure Engineering (Building Services), Singapore Institute of Technology

Europe

* MSt in Interdisciplinary Design in the Built Environment, Cambridge University (UK) * MSc in Building Services Engineering, Brunel University (UK) * MSc in Low Energy Building Services Engineering, Loughborough University (UK) * MSc in Building Services Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University (UK) * MSc in Building Services Engineering, Heriot-Watt University (UK) * MSc in Building Services Engineering, Leeds Beckett University (UK) * MSc in Building Services, University of Central Lancashire (UK) * MSc in Environmental Design and Engineering, University College London - Bartlett School of Environment, Energy and Resources (UK) * MSc in Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics (Hungary) * MSc in Building Services Engineering, University of Malta (Malta) * MSc in Energy and Environment in Buildings, Oslo Metropolitan University (Norway) * MBSE Professional Master in Building Services Engineering, University for professionals AVANS+ (The Netherlands) * MEng in engineering sciences, orientation civil architectural engineer, University of Liège (Belgium) * MEng in engineering sciences, orientation civil architectural engineer, Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)

Building services engineering software

Many tasks in building services engineering involve the use of engineering software, for example to design/model or draw solutions. The most common types of tool are whole building energy simulationK. Mahmud, U. Amin, M.J. Hossain, J. Ravishankar, "Computational tools for design, analysis, and management of residential energy systems", Applied Energy, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.111 and CAD (traditionally 2D) or the increasingly popular Building Information Modeling (BIM) which is 3D. 3D BIM software can have integrated tools for Building Services calculations such sizing ventilation ducts or estimating noise levels. Another use of 3D/4D BIM is that empowers more informed decision making and better coordination between different disciplines, such as 'collision testing'.

See also



References



External links


ASHRAE
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
BESA
Building Engineering Services Association
BSRIA
The Building Services Research and Information Association
CIBSE
Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers
ECA
ECA - Excellence in Electrotechnical and Engineering Services
Modern Building Services journalOnline Building Services Engineering Lecture NotesIndiaSchool of Planning and Architecture,JNA&FAU, Hyderabad,India
{{Authority control Category:Building engineering Category:Construction Category:Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning