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Botany Bay (
Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
: ''Kamay''), an open
ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
ic embayment, is located in
Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug The Darug or Dharug people are an Aboriginal Australian people, who share strong ties of kinship and, in Colonial Australia, pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans, scattered througho ...

Sydney
,
New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
, south of the
Sydney central business district The Sydney Central Business District (CBD) is the historical and main commercial centre of Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug The Darug or Dharug people are an Aboriginal Australian people, who share strong ties of kinship and, in Colonial Au ...
. Its source is the
confluence In geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is ...

confluence
of the
Georges River The Georges River, also known as Tucoerah River, is an intermediate tide Tides are the rise and fall of sea level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average In colloquial, ordinary language, an average is a si ...
at
Taren Point Taren Point is a suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Televisio ...
and the
Cooks River The Cooks River, a semi-mature tide dominated ria, drowned valley estuary, is a tributary of Botany Bay, located in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The course of the long urban waterway has been altered to accommodate various d ...

Cooks River
at
Kyeemagh Kyeemagh ( ) is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 12 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, on the western shore of Botany Bay. Kyeemagh is in the Local government in Australia, ...
, which flows to the east before meeting its
mouth In animal anatomy Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science which deals with the structural organization ...

mouth
at the
Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea (Māori Māori or Maori can refer to: Relating to the Māori people * Māori people of New Zealand, or members of that group * Māori language, the language of the Māori people of New Zealand * Māori culture * Cook Islanders ...

Tasman Sea
, midpoint between the suburbs of La Perouse and
Kurnell Kurnell is a suburb in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is south of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of the Sutherland Shire along the east coast. Cronulla ...
. The northern headland of the entrance to the bay from the Tasman Sea is
Cape Banks Cape Banks is a headland in the Australian state of South Australia located in the gazetted locality of Carpenter Rocks, South Australia, Carpenter Rocks at the south end of Bucks Bay and the north end of Bungaloo Bay on the state's south east c ...
and, on the southern side, the outer headland is and the inner headland is
Sutherland Point Forby Sutherland was a member of the crew of the ''HMS Endeavour, Endeavour'' during James Cook, Lieutenant (later- Captain) James Cook's voyage to New South Wales. He died while the ship was in Botany Bay, making him the first British subject t ...
. The total catchment area of the bay is approximately . Despite its relative shallowness, the bay now serves as greater metropolitan Sydney's main
cargo In economics, the word cargo refers in particular to goods or produce being conveyed—generally for Commerce, commercial gain—by water, air or land. "Freight" is the money paid to carry cargo. ''Cargo'' was originally a shipload. Cargo ...

cargo
seaport A port is a maritime Maritime may refer to: Geography * Maritime Alps, a mountain range in the southwestern part of the Alps * Maritime Region, a region in Togo * Maritime Southeast Asia * The Maritimes, the Canadian provinces of ...

seaport
, located at
Port Botany Port Botany is a suburb in south-eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Port Botany is located 12 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of ...
, with facilities managed by Sydney Ports Corporation. Two runways of
Sydney Airport Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (colloquially Mascot Airport, Kingsford Smith Airport, or Sydney Airport; ; ) is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly fo ...
extend into the bay, as do some port facilities.
Botany Bay National Park The Kamay Botany Bay National Park is a heritage-listed This list is of heritage registers, inventories of cultural properties, natural and man-made, tangible and intangible Intangibles or intangible may refer to: * Intangible asset, an as ...
is located on the northern and southern headlands of the bay. The area surrounding the bay is generally managed by
Roads and Maritime Services ] Roads and Maritime Services (also known as Roads & Maritime Services) was an Statutory authority, agency of the New South Wales Government The Government of New South Wales, also known as the NSW Government, is the States and territories ...
. The land adjacent to Botany Bay was settled for many thousands of years by the Tharawal people, Tharawal and
Eora The Eora (''Yura'') are an Aboriginal Australian people of New South Wales. Eora is the name given by the earliest European settlers to a group of Aboriginal people belonging to the clans along the coastal area of what is now known as the Sy ...
peoples and their associated clans. On 29 April 1770, Botany Bay was the site of
James Cook Captain Captain is a title for the commander of a military unit, the commander of a ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel, or the commander of a port, fire department or police department, election precinct, etc. The captain is a milit ...

James Cook
's first landing of on the land mass of Australia, after his extensive navigation of
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
. Later the British planned Botany Bay as the site for a
penal colony A penal colony or exile colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general population by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory. Although the term can be used to refer t ...
. Out of these plans came the first European habitation of Australia at
Sydney Cove Sydney Cove, officially dual-named with its original Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, ...

Sydney Cove
. Although the penal settlement was almost immediately shifted to Sydney Cove, for some time in Britain
transportation Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and ...
to "Botany Bay" was a
metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an intentional deviation from ordinary language use in order to produce a rhetoric Rhetoric () is the Art (skill), art of p ...
for transportation to any of the Australian penal settlements.


History


Aboriginal prehistory

Archaeological evidence from the shores of Botany Bay has yielded evidence of an
Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
settlement dating back 5,000 years. The Aboriginal people of Sydney were known as the
Eora The Eora (''Yura'') are an Aboriginal Australian people of New South Wales. Eora is the name given by the earliest European settlers to a group of Aboriginal people belonging to the clans along the coastal area of what is now known as the Sy ...
, with sub-groups derived from the languages they spoke. The people living between the Cooks River and the Georges River were the
Bidjigal The Bidjigal (also spelt Bediagal) people are an Aboriginal Australian people whose traditional lands are modern-day Western Sydney, western, Hills District, north-western, Botany Bay, south-eastern, and Southern Sydney, southern Sydney, in New S ...
clan; on the southern shores of the bay were the
Gweagal The Gweagal (also spelt Gwiyagal) are a clan of the Dharawal The Dharawal, or Tharawal, people are Indigenous Australians Indigenous Australians are people with familial heritage to groups that lived in Australia before History of Au ...
clan, while on the northern shore it was the Kameygal clan.


British history

first landed at
Kurnell Kurnell is a suburb in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is south of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of the Sutherland Shire along the east coast. Cronulla ...
, on the southern banks of Botany Bay, in what is now Silver Beach, on Sunday 29 April 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, . Cook's landing marked the beginning of
Britain Britain usually refers to: * United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United ...

Britain
's interest in Australia and in the eventual
colonisation Colonization, or colonisation refers to large-scale population movements where the migrants maintain strong links with their—or their ancestors'—former country, gaining significant privileges over other inhabitants of the territory by such ...

colonisation
of this new "southern continent". Initially the name ''Stingrays Harbour'' was used by Cook and other journal keepers on his expedition, for the
stingray Stingrays are a group of sea rays, which are cartilaginous fish Chondrichthyes (; ) is a class (biology), class that contains the cartilaginous fishes that have skeletons primarily composed of cartilage. They can be contrasted with the Ost ...

stingray
s they caught. That name was also recorded on an Admiralty chart.Beaglehole (ed.) 1968, p. ccix Cook's log for 6 May 1770 records "The great quantity of these sort of fish found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Stingrays Harbour". However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead: (sic) "The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay". Eighteen years later, in 1788, Governor
Arthur Phillip Admiral Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navy, navies, and in many navies is the highest rank. In the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth nations and the United States, a "full" admiral is equivalent to a "full" general officer ...

Arthur Phillip
sailed the armed tender HMS ''Supply'' into the bay on 18 January. First contact was made with the local
Indigenous people Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating to specific countries), or autochthonous peoples, are culturally distinct e ...
, the
Eora The Eora (''Yura'') are an Aboriginal Australian people of New South Wales. Eora is the name given by the earliest European settlers to a group of Aboriginal people belonging to the clans along the coastal area of what is now known as the Sy ...
, who seemed curious but suspicious of the newcomers. Two days later the remaining ships of the
First Fleet The First Fleet was a fleet of 11 ships A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep Sea lane, waterways, carrying goods or passengers, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, ...
arrived to found the planned
penal colony A penal colony or exile colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general population by placing them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory. Although the term can be used to refer t ...
. However, the land was quickly ruled unsuitable for settlement as there was insufficient fresh water; Phillip also believed the swampy foreshores would render any colony unhealthy as the bay was open and unprotected, the water too shallow to allow the ships to anchor close to the shore, and the soil was poor. The area was studded with enormously strong trees. When the convicts tried to cut them down, their tools broke and the tree trunks had to be blasted out of the ground with gunpowder. The primitive huts built for the officers and officials quickly collapsed in rainstorms. Crucially, Phillip worried that his fledgling colony was exposed to attack from
Aborigines Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
or foreign powers. Although his initial instructions were to establish the colony at Botany Bay, he was authorised to establish the colony elsewhere if necessary. As such, Phillip decided instead to move to the excellent natural harbour of
Port Jackson Port Jackson, consisting of the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour Middle Harbour (or ''Warring-Ga''), a semi–mature tide (U.S.), low tide occurs roughly at moonrise and high tide with a high Moon, corresponding to the simple ...

Port Jackson
to the north. On the morning of 24 January the
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of co ...

French
exploratory expedition of
Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse Jean François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse (; variant spelling of his name: ''comte de La Pérouse''; 23 August 17411788?) was a French naval officer and explorer Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery Discover ...
was seen outside Botany Bay. On 26 January, the ''Supply'' left the bay to move up to Port Jackson and anchor in
Sydney Cove Sydney Cove, officially dual-named with its original Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, ...

Sydney Cove
. On the afternoon of 26 January, the remaining ships of First Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove. In 1789, Captain John Hunter surveyed Botany Bay after returning from the Cape of Good Hope, trading for grain. The good supply of
fresh water Fresh water or freshwater is any naturally occurring liquid or frozen water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in ...

fresh water
in the area led to the expansion of its population in the 19th century. The western shore of Botany Bay remained in its virgin state for almost fifty years after the initial settlement of Sydney Town. Land access to the area was difficult until a route from the west was established via
Canterbury Canterbury (, ) is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, situated in the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England. It lies on the River Stour, Kent, River Stour ...
. As this route developed it became known as Illawarra Road, which is still one of the main access routes to the south-eastern suburbs of Sydney. The land nearer to this crossing of
Cooks River The Cooks River, a semi-mature tide dominated ria, drowned valley estuary, is a tributary of Botany Bay, located in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The course of the long urban waterway has been altered to accommodate various d ...

Cooks River
was cleared and settled quite early in the infancy of the new colony.


Landmarks

Sydney Airport Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (colloquially Mascot Airport, Kingsford Smith Airport, or Sydney Airport; ; ) is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly fo ...
, Australia's busiest airport, sits on the northwestern side of Botany Bay. Some of its runways go out into the bay. After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
the mouth of the
Cooks River The Cooks River, a semi-mature tide dominated ria, drowned valley estuary, is a tributary of Botany Bay, located in south-eastern Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The course of the long urban waterway has been altered to accommodate various d ...

Cooks River
was moved two kilometres west to make way for the airport extension. Land was reclaimed from the bay to extend its first north–south runway and to build a second, parallel, runway. The first container terminal at Port Botany, east of the airport, was completed during the 1970s and is the largest
container terminal A container port or container terminal is a facility where cargo containers near Nuneaton, England File:NYK Virgo (8154929586).jpg, An ocean containership close to Cuxhaven, Germany Containerization is a system of intermodal freight tran ...

container terminal
in Sydney. A second container terminal was completed during the 1980s and bulk liquid storage facilities are located on the northern and southern edge of the bay. A third container terminal was completed in 2011. The land around the headlands of the bay is protected by the National Parks and Wildlife Service as
Kamay Botany Bay National Park The Kamay Botany Bay National Park is a Heritage register, heritage-listed state park, protected national park that is located in the Sydney metropolitan region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The national park is situated approximat ...
. On the northern side of the mouth of the bay is the historic site of La Perouse, and to the south is Kurnell. Despite its relative isolation, the southern shore of the bay is dominated by an unusual mixture of pristine national park and heavy industrial use that includes
Kurnell Desalination Plant The Sydney Desalination Plant also known as the Kurnell Desalination Plant is a potable drinking water desalination plant that forms part of the water supply system of Sydney, Greater Metropolitan Sydney. The plant is located in the Kurnell, New ...
, the Caltex Fuel Terminal, sewer treatment, and historical
sand mining Sand mining is the extraction of sand Sand is a granular Granularity (also called graininess), the condition of existing in granules or grains A grain is a small, hard, dry seed A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protect ...
facilities. On the southern side of the bay a section of water has been fenced off under the authority of the National Parks and Wildlife Service at
Towra Point The Towra Point Nature Reserve is a state park, protected nature reserve that is located in Sutherland Shire, southern Sydney, New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The reserve is situated on the southern shores of Botany Bay at Kurnell, with ...
for environmental conservation purposes. The western shores of the bay feature many popular swimming beaches including
Lady Robinsons Beach Lady Robinsons Beach is the stretch of beach between the mouth of the Cooks River and the mouth of Georges River on the western shore of Botany Bay in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Originally known as ''Seven Mile Beach'', it was renamed aft ...
and are highly urbanised. There are also a lot of bunkers around Botany Bay. The bunkers were built by the military during WWII and still remain.


Marine life

Botany Bay has a diverse , and the area around its entrance is a popular area for
scuba diving Scuba diving is a type of underwater diving Underwater diving, as a human activity, is the practice of descending below the water's surface to interact with the environment. Immersion in water and exposure to high ambient pressure have ...

scuba diving
. In recent times, the Botany Bay Watch Project has begun with volunteers assisting to monitor and protect the Bay Catchment and its unique marine life. The world's largest population of
weedy sea dragon The common seadragon or weedy seadragon (''Phyllopteryx taeniolatus'') is a marine Marine is an adjective meaning of or pertaining to the sea or ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which cover ...

weedy sea dragon
ever surveyed is found at the 'Steps' dive site, on the Kurnell side of the Botany Bay National Park. Weedy sea dragons are just one of hundreds of territorial marine creatures found within Botany Bay. The eastern blue groper is the state fish of New South Wales; it is very tame and is commonly found following divers along the shoreline of Botany Bay.


In popular culture

* Despite the move to
Sydney Cove Sydney Cove, officially dual-named with its original Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, ...

Sydney Cove
, for many years the Australian penal colony would be referred to as "Botany Bay" in England, and in ballads such as "
The Fields of Athenry "The Fields of Athenry" is a song written in 1979 by Pete St. John in the style of an Irish folk music, Irish folk ballad. Set during the Great Famine (Ireland), Great Famine of the 1840s, the lyrics feature a fictional man from near Athenry in ...
," by
Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britai ...

Irish
songwriter Pete St. John. * A song named "
Botany Bay Botany Bay (Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****A ...
" has been performed as a folk and music hall song since the 1890s, based on older tunes. It also refers to the penal colony. * A song entitled "The Shores of Botany Bay" was written by
Brian Warfield Patrick Brian Warfield (born 2 April 1946, Holles Street, Dublin) is the vocalist, banjo, harp and bodhrán player and lead songwriter with long-standing Irish band The Wolfe Tones. Brian introduces many of the songs at the Wolfe Tones live conc ...
and recorded by
The Wolfe Tones The Wolfe Tones are an Irish rebel music band that incorporate Folk music of Ireland, Irish traditional music in their songs. Formed in 1963, they take their name from Wolfe Tone, Theobald Wolfe Tone, one of the leaders of the Irish Rebellion o ...
in the early 1970s. This satirical song deals with a group of Irishmen volunteering for the transportation process in the hopes of finding wealth in Australia. * A song titled "Bound for Botany Bay" is featured on Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist John Doyle's album Shadow and Light. * In the 1941 historical novel ''Botany Bay'' by
Charles Nordhoff Charles Bernard Nordhoff (February 1, 1887 – April 10, 1947) was an American novelist A novelist is an author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information ...

Charles Nordhoff
and
James Norman Hall James Norman Hall (22 April 1887 – 5 July 1951) was an American writer best known for ''The Bounty Trilogy ''The Bounty Trilogy'' is a book comprising three novels by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall. It relates events prior to, during ...
, the protagonist, after various adventures and misadventures in England, gets transported to Botany Bay. A movie based on the book starring Alan Ladd and James Mason was shot in 1953. * The song "
Jim Jones at Botany Bay "Jim Jones at Botany Bay" (Roud Folk Song Index, Roud 5478) is a traditional Australian folk ballad dating from the early 19th-century. The narrator, Jim Jones, is found guilty of poaching and sentenced to Convicts in Australia, transportation to th ...
" (aka "Jim Jones") is about a prisoner who is going to Botany Bay. The song has been recorded several times, including a well-known version by
Bob Dylan Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman; May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author and visual artist. Often regarded as one of the greatest songwriters of all time, Dylan has been a major figure in for more than 50 years. Much of ...

Bob Dylan
, and sung by
Jennifer Jason Leigh Jennifer Jason Leigh (born Jennifer Leigh Morrow; February 5, 1962) is an American Actor, actress and producer. She began her career on television during the 1970s before making her film breakthrough as Stacy Hamilton in ''Fast Times at Ridgemon ...
in ''
The Hateful Eight ''The Hateful Eight'' (sometimes marketed as ''The H8ful Eight'') is a 2015 American Revisionist Western film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino. It stars Samuel L. Jackson, Kurt Russell, Jennifer Jason Leigh, Walton Goggins, Demián Bich ...
''. *SS ''Botany Bay'' was the name of the spaceship on which
Khan Noonien Singh Khan Noonien Singh is a fictional character in the ''Star Trek'' science fiction franchise, who first appeared as the main antagonist in the ''Star Trek: The Original Series'' episode "Space Seed" (1967), and was portrayed by Ricardo Montalbán, ...
and his followers escaped from Earth in '' Star Trek: The Original Series'' and ''
Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan ''Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan'' is a 1982 American science fiction film directed by Nicholas Meyer and based on the television series ''Star Trek ''Star Trek'' is an American science fiction media franchise originating from the 19 ...
.'' * In the play and musical '' Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street'', Benjamin Barker, the man who would become Sweeney Todd, was transported to Botany Bay for life on a false charge by Judge Turpin. * In the
MMORPG A massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) is a video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, game controller, controller ...
Runescape ''RuneScape'', sometimes referred to as ''RuneScape 3'', is a fantasy Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction involving Magic (supernatural), magical elements, typically set in a fictional universe and sometimes inspired by mythology ...
, Botany Bay is the name of a location in-game where players can view other players' accounts being penalized for using "bots", computer macros, to cheat.


See also

*
Kamay Botany Bay National Park The Kamay Botany Bay National Park is a Heritage register, heritage-listed state park, protected national park that is located in the Sydney metropolitan region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The national park is situated approximat ...


Gallery

File:Botany Bay entrance, NSW, 26th. Nov. 2010 - Flickr - PhillipC.jpg, The
mouth In animal anatomy Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a branch of natural science which deals with the structural organization ...

mouth
of Botany Bay as it meets the
Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea (Māori Māori or Maori can refer to: Relating to the Māori people * Māori people of New Zealand, or members of that group * Māori language, the language of the Māori people of New Zealand * Māori culture * Cook Islanders ...

Tasman Sea
, as viewed from the air, above
Kurnell Kurnell is a suburb in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is south of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of the Sutherland Shire along the east coast. Cronulla ...
File:Botany Bay.JPG, The mouth of Botany Bay from the air File:Kurnell Flags.JPG, Botany Bay, view from
Kurnell Kurnell is a suburb in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is south of the Sydney central business district, in the Local government in Australia, local government area of the Sutherland Shire along the east coast. Cronulla ...
File:Black-eyed Sue and Sweet Poll of Plymouth taking leave of their lovers who are going to Botany Bay.jpeg, Black-eyed Sue and Sweet Poll of
Plymouth Plymouth () is a port city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Plymouth
, England, mourning their lovers who are soon to be transported to Botany Bay, 1792 File:BrightonLeSands First Fleet monument.JPG, Bicentennial Monument at Brighton-Le-Sands File:20100126 - Sydney Airport 01 - Australia Day.jpg,
Sydney Airport Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport (colloquially Mascot Airport, Kingsford Smith Airport, or Sydney Airport; ; ) is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly fo ...
runway near Botany Bay beach File:Sydney Skyline from Botany Bay.jpg, Sydney CBD skyline viewed from Botany Bay


Notes


References


Citations


Works cited

*


Further reading

* * * *


External links

*
NSW Environment & Heritage webpage


* {{Authority control Bays of New South Wales James Cook Port cities in New South Wales Botany, New South Wales Mascot, New South Wales Georges River