Benigno Simeon "Igno" Aquino Sr. (September 3, 1894 – December 20, 1947), also known as Benigno S. Aquino or Benigno S. Aquino Sr., was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state in the Philippines from 1943 to 1944. He was the Director-General of KALIBAPI, a political party established during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. His grandson Benigno S. Aquino III was the 15th President of the Philippines from 2010 to 2016.

Early life

Benigno "Igno" Aquino was born in Murcia, now part of Concepcion, Tarlac, to Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, a general in the Philippine Revolution who later served as a member of the Malolos Congress, and Guadalupe Quiambao. He had two siblings: Gonzalo Aquino (born 1893) and Amando Aquino (born 1896), and a half-brother, Herminio Aquino (born 1949). He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila and later at the University of Santo Tomas, where he earned his law degree in 1913, and was admitted to the bar the following year.

Political career

Aquino was first elected to the Philippine Legislature (as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives) in 1919 representing the 2nd district of Tarlac. He was reelected to the same position in 1922 and 1925 before winning a Philippine Senate seat in 1928 representing the 3rd Senatorial District comprising the provinces of Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and his home-province of Tarlac. He became part of the Philippine Independence Mission in 1931, which negotiated the terms of obtaining Philippine independence from the United States. During the elections for the Commonwealth of the Philippines government in 1935 he ran again in his district in Tarlac and won. In 1937, he was appointed by Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon as Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce.

Speaker of the National Assembly

Being among the more prominent Commonwealth officials remaining in the country after the Commonwealth government went into exile in 1941, Aquino was among those recruited by the Japanese to form a government. He became the director-general of KALIBAPI and one of the two assistant chairmen of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. When the Second Philippine Republic was inaugurated, he was elected Speaker of the National Assembly.

Arrest and collaboration charges

In December 1944, as the combined Filipino and American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, the government of the Second Philippine Republic, which included Aquino, was moved to Baguio. Subsequently, it was flown to Japan where, together with other officials, its members were arrested and imprisoned at the Sugamo Prison when the Japanese surrendered. On August 25, 1946, Aquino was flown back to the Philippines for his trial on treason charges by the People's Court; a few weeks later he was released on bail.

Personal life

First marriage

In May 1916, he married Maria Urquico, the daughter of ''katipunero'' Antonio Urquico and Justa Valeriano. He had two sons and two daughters with Maria: Antonio Aquino (1917–1993), Servillano Aquino II (1919–1973), Milagros Aquino (1924–2001), and Erlinda Aquino.

Second marriage

After Maria died in March 1928, he married Aurora Lampa Aquino (maiden name, granddaughter of Melencio Aquino and Evarista de los Santos and daughter of Agapito de los Santos Aquino and Gerarda Miranda Lampa) on December 6, 1930, with whom he had seven children—Maria Aurora (Maur), Benigno Simeon Jr. (Ninoy), Maria Gerarda (Ditas), Maria Guadalupe (Lupita), Agapito (Butz), Paul, and Maria Teresa (Tessie).


On December 20, 1947, Aquino died of a heart attack at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum in Manila while watching a boxing match. His widow Aurora died in 1998.


See also

*Second Philippine Republic *National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic *Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines


External links

* . ''Accessed on April 24, 2007.''
Allied Families: Aquino-Cojuangco
''Accessed on April 25, 2007.''
Sugar and the Origins of Modern Philippine Society
''Accessed on April 25, 2007.'' {{DEFAULTSORT:Aquino, Benigno Sr. Category:1894 births Category:1947 deaths Category:Deaths in Metro Manila Benigno Aquino 1 Category:Colegio de San Juan de Letran alumni Category:Filipino collaborators with Imperial Japan Category:Filipino lawyers Category:Kapampangan people Category:Majority leaders of the Senate of the Philippines Category:Senators of the 8th Philippine Legislature Category:Senators of the 9th Philippine Legislature Category:Members of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from Tarlac Category:Secretaries of Agriculture of the Philippines Category:Secretaries of Trade and Industry of the Philippines Category:Nacionalista Party politicians Category:People from Tarlac Category:Speakers of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Category:Quezon Administration cabinet members Category:Unofficial Vice Presidents of the Philippines Category:Majority leaders of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Category:University of Santo Tomas alumni Category:Members of the National Assembly of the Philippines Category:Members of the National Assembly (Second Philippine Republic) Category:KALIBAPI politicians Category:20th-century lawyers