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Bataan ( ; tl, Lalawigan ng Bataan ; pam, Lalauígan ning Bataan) is a
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...

province
situated in the
Central Luzon Central Luzon ( pam, Kalibudtarang Luzon, pag, Pegley na Luzon, tgl, Gitnang Luzon, ilo, Tengnga ti Luzon), designated as Region III, is an Regions of the Philippines, administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize th ...
region In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, planets. The ...
of the
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
. Its capital is the city of
BalangaBalanga may refer to: *Balanga, Nigeria, a Local Government Area of Gombe State *Balanga, Bataan, a city in the Philippines *''Balanga'', another name for ''tapayan'', large wide-mouthed earthenware or stoneware jars in Southeast Asia {{dab, geodis ...
while
Mariveles , officially the ( tl, Bayan ng Mariveles; pam, Balen ning Mariveles), is a of the Philippines, in the Philippine Province, province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. History Founded as a ''pueblo'' by a Franciscan ...
is the largest local government unit in the province. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula on
Luzon Luzon (; ) is the largest and most populous List of islands in the Philippines, island in the Philippines. It is ranked List of islands by area, 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern portion of the archipelago, it is the ...
, Bataan is bordered by the provinces of
Zambales Zambales ( tgl, Lalawigan ng Zambales; ilo, Probinsia ti Zambales; xsb, Probinsya nin Zambales; pam, Lalawigan ning Zambales; pag, Luyag na Zambales) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or ...
and
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
to the north. The peninsula faces the
South China Sea The South China Sea is a marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of Saline water, salt water that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of Earth and contains 97 ...

South China Sea
to the west and
Subic Bay Subic may refer to: * Šubić family The Šubić family was one of the Twelve noble tribes of Croatia and a great noble house which constituted Croatian statehood in the Middle Ages. They held the county of Bribir (Dalmatia), Bribir (''Varvaria'') ...
to the north-west, and encloses
Manila Bay Manila Bay ( fil, Look ng Maynila) is a natural harbor A harbor (American English) or harbour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) (synonym: haven) is a sheltered body o ...

Manila Bay
to the east. The
Battle of Bataan The Battle of Bataan (Filipino Filipino may refer to: * Something from or related to the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), ...
is famous in history as one of the last stands of
American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is ...
and
Filipino Filipino may refer to: * Something from or related to the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, ...
soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
. The Bataan Death March was named after the province, where the infamous march started.


History


Classical Period

The first inhabitants of the Bataan peninsula are the Ayta Magbeken people, who are one of the first
Negrito The term Negrito () refers to several diverse ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical so ...

Negrito
ancestors of present-day Filipinos. Later on,
Tagalog Tagalog may refer to: Language * Tagalog language Tagalog (, ; ) is an Austronesian languages, Austronesian language spoken as a first language by the ethnic Tagalog people, who make up a quarter of the population of the Philippines, and as a se ...
communities from southern Luzon migrated to parts of Bataan and the Ayta Magbeken migrated towards the mountain areas of Bataan by the end of the 16th century.


Colonial Period

In 1647,
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...

Dutch
naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
. The Dutch massacred the people of
Abucay , officially the , ( tl, Bayan ng Abucay; pam, Balen ning Abucay), is a in the province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was t ...
in Bataan. Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established on January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
and the ''corregimiento'' of
Mariveles , officially the ( tl, Bayan ng Mariveles; pam, Balen ning Mariveles), is a of the Philippines, in the Philippine Province, province of , . According to the , it has a population of people. History Founded as a ''pueblo'' by a Franciscan ...
which, at the time, included
Maragondon, Cavite , officially the ( tgl, Bayan ng ), is a in the province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational enti ...
across the
Manila Bay Manila Bay ( fil, Look ng Maynila) is a natural harbor A harbor (American English) or harbour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) (synonym: haven) is a sheltered body o ...

Manila Bay
.


World War II

Bataan featured prominently during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, Bataan was a military reservation for the purpose of defending the fortress island of Corregidor.
US Army The United States Army (USA) is the land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists ma ...
stored nearly of
gasoline Gasoline () or petrol () (see the etymology Etymology ()The New Oxford Dictionary of English ''The'' () is a grammatical article Article often refers to: * Article (grammar) An article is any member of a class of dedicated word ...

gasoline
there, along with various munitions. At the southern tip of the peninsula the U.S. Navy had established a small base at the port of Mariveles. Shortly after the
Japanese Army The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF, ja, 陸上自衛隊, ''Rikujō Jieitai''), also referred to as the Japanese Army, is the land warfare branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. Created on July 1, 1954, it is the largest of the three se ...
invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and
General Douglas MacArthur General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the gener ...

General Douglas MacArthur
moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points, Battle of the Pockets, the attack down Trail Number Two, and a half-dozen other brutal battles. The Bataan campaign was the last time a regular cavalry unit of the U.S. Army, the Philippine Scouts 26th Cavalry, was used as a horse mounted fighting unit. On the morning of January 16, 1942, Lt. Edwin Ramsey led the last cavalry charge into the town of Moron, routing the advancing Japanese infantry. Tragically, as the troops on Bataan were continually reduced in rations, the horses were eventually slaughtered to feed the starving soldiers. The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than from Bataan to ,
Tarlac Tarlac, officially the Province of Tarlac ( pam, Lalawigan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central ...

Tarlac
, which became known as the Bataan Death March.


Geography

The province has an area of , and covers the entire
Bataan Peninsula Bataan ( ; tl, Lalawigan ng Bataan ; pam, Lalauígan ning Bataan) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, ...
, a rocky extension of the
Zambales Mountains The Zambales Mountains is a mountain range on western Luzon island in the Philippines. The mountains separate Luzon's central plain from the South China Sea. Its most prominent section is known as the Cabusilan Mountain Range composed of Mt. Pi ...
jutting out into the
South China Sea The South China Sea is a marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of Saline water, salt water that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of Earth and contains 97 ...

South China Sea
, enclosing the
Manila Bay Manila Bay ( fil, Look ng Maynila) is a natural harbor A harbor (American English) or harbour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) (synonym: haven) is a sheltered body o ...

Manila Bay
. At the northern portion of the peninsula is
Mount Natib Mount Natib is a dormant stratovolcano A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical A cone is a three-dimensional space, three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not n ...

Mount Natib
(elevation ) and its surrounding mountains, separated from
Mount Samat Mount Samat () is a mountain in the town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of t ...
and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a
pass Pass, PASS, The Pass or Passed may refer to: Places *Pass, County Meath, a townland in Ireland *Pass, Poland, a village in Poland *Pass (strait), Pass, an alternate term for a number of straits: see List of straits *Mountain pass, a lower place ...

pass
. A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.


Administrative divisions

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
and one
component city A city ( fil, lungsod/siyudad) is one of the units of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities ( fil, nakakartang lungsod), whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own sp ...
.


Demographics

The population of Bataan in the was people, with a density of . The
demonym A demonym (; from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ...
for natives of the province is Bataeño.


Ethnicity

The three most prominent ethnic groups in Bataan are the Tagalogs, the Kapampangans and the Ayta Magbeken, though the third group has a lower population despite being the province's first inhabitants. The second group is mainly present at the northeast of the province, as well as in the
provincial capital A capital or capital city is the municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws ...
to a lesser extent.


Religion

Various religious groups are subscribed to by the people but
Roman Catholicism The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian r ...
is the predominant religion, comprising 85.46% of the Bataan population. Aglipayan, several other Christian and non-Christian faiths includes
Iglesia ni Cristo Iglesia ni Cristo (, abbreviated as INC; ; Spanish language, Spanish: ''Iglesia de Cristo'') is an independent Nontrinitarianism, Nontrinitarian Christianity in the Philippines, Christian Christian denomination, church, founded in 1913 and regi ...
(4.47%), Evangelivcals (2.06%), Aglipayans (1.60%) and other groups.


Education


Universities and colleges

* AMA Computer Learning Center – Balanga *APG International Aviation Academy – Cubi Point, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Morong *Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies (APCAS) – Balanga *Bataan Heroes College – Balanga *Bataan Maritime Institute – Balanga * Bataan Peninsula State University – Abucay, Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani *
Colegio de San Juan de Letran The Colegio de San Juan de Letran, (transl: College of San Juan de Letran) also referred to by its acronym CSJL, is a private Catholic coeducational basic and higher education institution owned and run by the friars of the Order of Preachers ...
(branch campus) – Abucay *College of Subic Montessori – Dinalupihan *Eastwoods College of Science and Technology – Dinalupihan *EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology) – Balanga *Fist Aviation Academy, Inc. – Cubi Point, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Morong *Limay Polytechnic College – Limay *Manuel L. Quezon University – Balanga (under construction) *
Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific The Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific (MAAP) is a non-stock, non-profit maritime higher education Higher education is tertiary education leading to award of an academic degree. Higher education, also called post-secondary education, thir ...
– Mariveles *Microcity College of Business and Technology (Formerly: Microcity Computer College Foundation, Inc.) – Balanga *Omni Aviation School – Cubi Point, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Morong *
Philippine Women's University The Philippine Women's University (abbreviated as PWU) is a non-stock, non-profit, non-sectarian educational institution for men and women from kindergarten to tertiary level. PWU's Basic Education department (with Senior High School) is called ...

Philippine Women's University
– CDCEC Bataan *
Polytechnic University of the Philippines , mottoeng = ''Light of the Nation'' , established = October 19, 1904 , closed = , type = State State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of Sta ...

Polytechnic University of the Philippines
– Mariveles *St. Joseph College's of Balanga – Balanga *Softnet Information Technology Center – Mariveles *Thy Word International Bible College Extension – Mariveles * Tomas del Rosario College – Balanga *Tomas Pinpin Memorial Elementary School – Abucay *TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension – Balanga *University of Nueva Caceres – Dinalupihan *Asia Pacific Collage of Advanced Studies- Balanga


Tourist attractions


Historical places

*Bataan Death March Marker *Bataan First Line of Defense *Filipino-Japanese Friendship Tower *Limbagang Pinpin *
Mount Samat Mount Samat () is a mountain in the town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of t ...
– Shrine of Valor *World War II Museum *Zero Kilometer Death March Marker *The Flaming Sword *Cayetano Arellano Monument and Hometown Marker


Churches

*Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church – Morong *Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church – Pilar * – in Orani, it was conferred with the title Minor Basilica by Pope Francis on September 10, 2019. It is home to the miraculous image of the which was canonically crowned 18 April 1959. *San Francisco de Asis Church – Limay * Diocesan Shrine and Cathedral-Parish of Saint Joseph – Balanga City, was declared as a diocesan-shrine and is the seat of the Diocese of Balanga *San Juan Bautista Church – Dinalupihan * San Miguel Arcangel Church – Orion *San Nicolas de Tolentino Church – Mariveles *San Pedro Martir de Verona Church – Hermosa *Santa Catalina de Alexandria Church – Bagac *Santa Catalina de Siena Church – Samal * Santo Domingo de Guzman Church – Abucay, the oldest church in Bataan, established in 1587


Other places of interest

*Bataan Tourism Center – Balanga * – Bagac *
Philippine Refugee Processing Center The Philippine Refugee Processing Center (PRPC) was a large facility near Morong, Bataan, Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, ...
– Morong *Ocean Adventure – Mabayo, Morong (SBFZ) *Zoobic Safari – Mabayo, Morong (SBFZ) *Major General Edward P. King (Grave) – Lamao *Sinagtala Farm Resort & Adventure Park – Orani *Vista Tala Resort & Recreational Park – Orani *Camaya Coast (Camaya Sands Resorts and Leisure) – Mariveles *Montemar Beach Club – Bagac *Duhat Bike Trail – Orion *GICC Technopark - Freeport Area of Bataan *Pawikan Conservation Center - Morong


Natural places of interest

*Ambon-ambon (Lumutan) Falls *Anvaya Cove *Balong Anito *
Bataan National Park Bataan National Park is a protected area Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by ...

Bataan National Park
* Camaya Coast *Dunsulan Falls *Duhat Trail *Laki (Laque) Beach *Marilag Cove *Mariveles Five Fingers *Mount Malasimbu *
Mount Mariveles Mount Mariveles is a dormant volcano and the highest point in the province of Bataan in the Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * ...
*
Mount Natib Mount Natib is a dormant stratovolcano A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical A cone is a three-dimensional space, three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not n ...

Mount Natib
*Nagbintana Arc *Panoypoy Cove *Pasukulan Falls *Playa La Caleta * Roosevelt Protected Landscape *San Miguel Mountain Peak *Sibul Spring *Sinagtala & Vista Tala *Talain Cove *Tarak Ridge *Tortugas Bay Park


Economy


Infrastructure


Power


Generation

Bataan is a location of bulk power generation, where most of the power generated is sent to the Luzon Grid. Most power plants in Bataan rely on
fossil fuels A fossil fuel is a hydrocarbon In organic chemistry Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and ...
, like oil and coal, but renewable energy sources, primarily
solar power Solar power is the conversion of renewable energy Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resource File:Global Vegetation.jpg, Global vegetation A renewable resource, also known as a flow resource, is a natural re ...

solar power
, form part of the total generation. The total output of existing power plants equals to 2068.1 MW, and new power plants to start operation will increase the output to 4224.1 MW. Fossil fuel-fired plants account for 2020 MW, and are mostly concentrated in Limay and Mariveles. These include the GN Power Mariveles Coal Power Plant, with 660 (2x330) MW, SMC Limay Greenfield Power Plant (4x150 MW), Petron Cogeneration Power Plant (4x35 MW), and Panasia Bataan Combined Cycle Power Plant (620 MW). Two plants under construction, the Dinginin Power Station (1,336 MW) and SMC Mariveles Coal Power Plant (4x150) will increase the capacity by 1936 MW.
Renewable energy Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resource File:Global Vegetation.jpg, Global vegetation A renewable resource, also known as a flow resource, is a natural resource which will replenish to replace the portion resou ...
, primarily solar power, accounts for 48.1 MW, and is concentrated on the northern part of the province. Existing renewable energy power plants include the Bataan 2020 Cogen Power Plant (12.5 MW), YH Green Energy Solar Power Plant (12.6 MW), Citicore Solar Power Plant (18 MW), and Morong Solar Power Plant (5 MW). Three projects, namely the Solana Solar Alpha Inc. (20 MW), Bataan Solar Power Project (150 MW), and Santa Rita Wind Power Project (50 MW), are set to increase the capacity by 220 MW. The Bataan Nuclear Power Plant in Morong, with a design 600 MW capacity, was supposed to be the first nuclear power plant in the Philippines. It was supposed to commence operation in 1986, but was mothballed amidst critical opposition to the Marcos regime and concerns on nuclear power. There is some discussion of either rehabilitating the plant, which would likely be uneconomical, or constructing a new nuclear power station.


Distribution

Power distribution in the province are served by the Peninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO), but some large customers have their power supply sourced from the transmission grid, operated by
National Grid Corporation of the Philippines The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) is a privately owned corporation that was created on January 15, 2009, through RA 9511. It is a consortium of three corporations, namely Monte Oro Grid Resources Corporation, Calaca High Pow ...
(NGCP), whose network of 69,000 volt lines supply substations owned by PENELCO. On
Freeport Area of Bataan The Freeport Area of Bataan (FAB), formerly Bataan Export Processing Zone (BEPZ) from November 20, 1972, to June 30, 2010, is a special economic zone in Mariveles, Bataan, Mariveles, Bataan, Philippines. It was envisioned by Congressman Pablo Roma ...
(FAB) and barangays Malaya and Maligaya, they are served by the
National Transmission Corporation The National Transmission Corporation (TransCo) is a Philippine government-owned and controlled corporation created in 2001 by the Electric Power Industry Reform Act ( Republic Act 9136) and a corporate entity wholly owned by the Power Sector Asset ...
(TransCo) – FAB branch through its distribution facilities within the freeport.


Sea ports / terminals

*Mariveles Grain Terminal – Freeport Area of Bataan, Mariveles *Seasia-Nectar Mariveles Dry Bulk Terminal – Freeport Area of Bataan, Mariveles *Port of Lucanin – Mariveles *Port of Lamao – Limay *Port Capinpin – Orion *Subic Bay International Container Port – Cubi Point, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Morong Starting late 2017, the 1Bataan Integrated Transport System had reactivated the ferry services from Esplanade at the Mall of Asia, Pasay to Port Capinpin in Orion. The land travel that normally takes two and a half hours becomes one hour when one chooses to take the ferry. In addition, shuttles are available to bring the ferry disembarking at Orion to drop-off points heading towards Balanga, Bataan, or going towards the town of Mariveles.


Airport

*
Subic Bay International Airport Subic Bay International Airport ( fil, Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Look ng Subic) or SBIA serves as a secondary and diversion airport for the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila. It also serves the immediate area of the Subic Bay Freeport ...
– Cubi Point, Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Morong


Highways, expressways and national roads

Bataan is served by a network of national highways and one expressway. Roman Superhighway, part of highway N301, and
Jose Abad Santos Avenue The Jose Abad Santos Avenue (JASA), also known as Olongapo–Gapan Road and Gapan–San Fernando–Olongapo Road, is a two-to-thirteen-lane major highway spanning the provinces of Bataan Bataan ( ; tl, Lalawigan ng Bataan ; pam, Lalauígan ning ...

Jose Abad Santos Avenue
, or highway N3 and Olongapo-Gapan Road, forms the backbone of the national highway network.
Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway The Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX) is a four-lane expressway north of Manila, Philippines, in the Central Luzon region. Built by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA), a government owned and controlled corporation under ...
, a toll expressway, links the province with
Pampanga Pampanga, officially the Province of Pampanga ( pam, Lalawigan ning Pampanga; tl, Lalawigan ng Pampanga) is a Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Central Luzon Regions of the Philippines, region of the Philippines. Lying on the northe ...
and
Tarlac Tarlac, officially the Province of Tarlac ( pam, Lalawigan ning Tarlac; pag, Luyag na Tarlac; ilo, Probinsia ti Tarlac; tgl, Lalawigan ng Tarlac ) is a landlocked Provinces of the Philippines, province in the Philippines located in the Central ...

Tarlac
. Bataan/Old National Road and Governor J.J. Linao National Road forms the secondary network, which connects the smaller municipalities with the main highway network.


Notable people

*
Cayetano Arellano Cayetano Arellano y Lonzón (March 2, 1847 – December 23, 1920) was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under the American Civil Government. Cayetano Arellano had occupied a high position in Aguinaldo's government. H ...

Cayetano Arellano
(Orion) – first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines *
Francisco Baltazar Francisco Balagtas y de la Cruz (April 2, 1788 – February 20, 1862), commonly known as Francisco Balagtas and also as Francisco Baltazar, was a prominent Filipino people, Filipino poet during the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines. He i ...
(Orion) – one of the greatest Filipino literary laureates, born in Bigaa (Balagtas), Bulacan but spent his adult life in Orion, Bataan *
Tomas PinpinTomas may refer to: People * Tomás (given name), a Spanish, Portuguese, and Gaelic given name * Tomas (given name), a Swedish, Dutch, and Lithuanian given name * Tomáš, a Czech and Slovak given name * Tomas (surname), a French and Croatian sur ...
(Abucay) – printer, writer and publisher; first Filipino printer * Luz Banzon (Balanga) – wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay; seventh First Lady of the Philippines * Julian Banzon (Balanga) -
National Scientist of the Philippines The rank and title of Order of National Scientist of the Philippines, abbreviated as ONS ( Filipino: ''Pambansang Alagad ng Agham ng Pilipinas'') or the Order of National Scientists is the highest award accorded to Filipino scientist A scientis ...
for Chemistry * Manuel C. Sobreviñas (Dinalupihan) - Bishop Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Imus * Oscar V. Cruz (Balanga) – Archbishop Emeritus of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan *
David Consunji David Mendoza Consunji (October 18, 1921 – September 4, 2017) was a Filipino businessman and the chairman of a publicly listed holding firm, DMCI Homes, DMCI Holdings, Incorporated (). He was a former secretary of the Department of Public Works an ...
(Samal) – chairman of publicly listed holding firm, DMCI Holdings, Incorporated *
Gary David Gary Ocampo David (born July 13, 1978) is a Filipino former professional basketball player. He is a Philippine Basketball Association All-Star Weekend, five-time All-Star and co-holds the longest streak for consecutive games recording 20 points ...
(Dinalupihan) – basketball player and television actor/comedian *
Romi Garduce Romeo Roberto "Romi" Garduce (born 1969 in Balanga, Bataan, Balanga, Bataan), sometimes nicknamed as "Garduch," is a Filipino people, Filipino mountain climber, a scuba dive master (since 2000), an environmentalist, writer, motivational speaking, m ...
(Balanga) – mountain climber who reached the peak of
Mount Everest Mount Everest (Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's ...

Mount Everest
*
Merceditas Gutierrez Ma. Merceditas Consunji Navarro Gutierrez (born September 24, 1948) is a former Filipino people, Filipino government official and Philippine Ombudsman, Ombudsman of the Republic of the Philippines. After graduating from the Ateneo School of Law, A ...
(Samal) – ombudsman, first female to head the post * Norberto B. Gonzaleshttp://www.dnd.gov.ph/norberto-b-gonzales.html (Balanga) — 32nd and 34th Secretary of National Defense * Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) – Ombudsman, justice of the Court of Appeals and chair of the National Unification Commission * (Orion) – Filipino singer, songwriter and actor. *
Evangeline Pascual Evangeline Louise Ancheta Pascual (born November 30, 1956) is a Filipino people, Filipino actress, artist, radio host and beauty queen who won Miss World Philippines 1973 and represented Philippines at Miss World 1973 where she placed 1st runner-u ...
(Orani) – actress and First Runner-up Miss World 1973 *
Felicito Payumo Felicito Payumo (born March 7, 1937) is a Filipino businessman and politician currently serving as chairman of University of Nueva Caceres–Bataan. He represented the First District of Bataan in the House of Representatives of the Philippines f ...
(Dinalupihan) – Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998 to 2004 *
Ding Roman Leonardo "Ding" Banzon Roman (born July 9, 1946) is a former Governor of the Province of Bataan in the Philippines. He served the Province of Bataan as its Governor for seventeen years from 1986 to 2004, having won a total of five gubernatorial el ...
(Balanga) – Officer-in-Charge and Provincial Governor from 1986 to 2004 *
Kerby Raymundo Kerby Mariano Raymundo (born January 19, 1981) is a Filipino retired professional basketball Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular Basketball court, court, ...
(Orion) – basketball player * Geraldine Roman (Orani) – journalist and politician; first transgender woman elected to Congress of the Philippines * Tomas del Rosario (Orani) – judge, statesman and first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905 *
Mel Tiangco Carmela Corro Tiangco-Cornejo, popularly known as Mel Tiangco (born August 10, 1955), is a Filipino television newscaster A news presenter – also known as a newsreader, newscaster (short for "news broadcaster"), anchorman or anchorwoman, ...
(Pilar) – popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation *
Pedro Tuazon Pedro Tiangco Tuason was a prominent Filipino lawyer and government official. Born in Balanga, Bataan on 15 September 1884 to Clemente Tuason and Josefa Tiangco, Tuason attended the Public school (government funded), public school in his town and ...
(Balanga) – Solicitor General of the Philippines, 1921 *
Janine Tugonon Janine Mari Raymundo Tugonon (born October 19, 1989 in Orion, Bataan, Orion, Bataan, Philippines) is a Filipino people, Filipino fashion model, television presenter, actress and beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Binibining Pilipinas 2012 ...
(Orion) – model, TV host and beauty pageant titleholder- Miss Universe 2012 first runner-up * Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orani) – Senator, Republic of the Philippines *Florita Rubiano-Villar (Samal) – Undersecretary, Department of Social Welfare and Development *Alfredo Juinio (Limay) – Secretary Department of Public Works and Highways


See also

*Bataan Provincial Expressway *Petron Corporation (formerly known as Bataan Refining Corporation) *Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga


References


External links

* *
Bataan official website
{{Authority control Bataan, 1754 establishments in the Philippines Provinces of the Philippines States and territories established in 1754