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Doctrines of attribution are legal doctrines by which
liability Liability may refer to: Law * Legal liability, in both civil and criminal law ** Public liability, part of the law of tort which focuses on civil wrongs ** Product liability, the area of law in which manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, retai ...
is extended to a
defendant In court proceedings, a defendant is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously applying logic Logic is an interdisciplinary fi ...
who did not actually commit the criminal act.''Rethinking Criminal Law''
2000,
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press A university press is an academic publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for fre ...

Oxford University Press
, George P.Fletcher, Examples include
vicarious liability Vicarious liability is a form of a strict liability, strict, secondary liability that arises under the common law doctrine of agency (law), agency, ''respondeat superior'', the responsibility of the superior for the acts of their subordinate or ...
(when acts of another are imputed or "attributed" to a defendant),
attempt An attempt to commit a crime In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a State (polity), state or other authority. The term ''crime'' does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted defini ...

attempt
to commit a crime (even though it was never completed), and
conspiracy A conspiracy, also known as a plot, is a secret plan or agreement between persons (called conspirers or conspirators) for an unlawful or harmful purpose, such as murder Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification ...
to commit a crime (when it is not completed or which is committed by another in the conspiracy).''Criminal Law - Cases and Materials''
7th ed. 2012,
Wolters Kluwer Law & Business Wolters Kluwer N.V. () is a Dutch information services company. The company is headquartered in Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands (Global) and Philadelphia, United States (corporate). Wolters Kluwer in its current form was founded in 1987 with a m ...
; John Kaplan,
Robert Weisberg Robert I. Weisberg is an American lawyer. He is an Edwin E. Huddleson, Jr. Professor of Law at Stanford Law School, and an expert on criminal law and criminal procedure, as well as a leading scholar in the law and literature movement. Weisberg wa ...

Robert Weisberg
, Guyora Binder,


References

Criminal law legal terminology Legal doctrines and principles {{criminal-law-stub