HOME

TheInfoList



The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an
American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is ...
multinational commercial broadcast
television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, where a central operation provides programming to many television stations or multichannel video programming distributor, pay tele ...
that is the flagship property of
Walt Disney Television Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multi ...
, a division of
Disney General Entertainment Content Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multi ...
of
The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly just Disney (), is an American multinational entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It ...
. The network is headquartered in
Burbank, California Burbank is a city in the southeastern end of the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles County, California, Los Angeles County, Southern California, California. Located northwest of Downtown Los Angeles, Burbank is home to Walt Disney Studios (Burba ...
, on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from
Walt Disney StudiosWalt Disney Studios may refer to: * Walt Disney Studio (1926–1929) the second name of The Walt Disney Company * Walt Disney Studios (division), the Walt Disney Company's Studio Entertainment unit, which includes Disney's motion picture studios, mus ...
and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building. The network's secondary offices, and headquarters of its news division, are in
New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about , New York City is also the L ...

New York City
, at its broadcast center at 77 West 66th Street on the
Upper West Side The Upper West Side (UWS) is a neighborhood in the boroughs of New York City, borough of Manhattan in New York City. It is bounded by Central Park on the east, the Hudson River on the west, 59th Street (Manhattan), West 59th Street to the south, a ...

Upper West Side
of
Manhattan Manhattan (), known regionally as the City and the urban core of the New York metropolitan area, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of Unit ...

Manhattan
. Since 2007, when
ABC RadioABC Radio may refer to: * Australian Broadcasting Corporation ** ABC Local Radio, a network of local radio stations in Australia ** ABC Radio National, an Australia-wide radio network ** ABC News (Australian radio network), ABC NewsRadio, a national ...
(also known as Cumulus Media Networks) was sold to
Citadel Broadcasting Citadel Broadcasting Corporation was a Las Vegas Las Vegas (; Spanish language, Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the List of United States cities by population, 28th-most pop ...
, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations almost exclusively to television. It is the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the American
Big Three television networks In television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, where a central operation provides programming to many television stations or pay television provider ...
. ABC is nicknamed "The Alphabet Network", as its
initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (linguistics), meaning. In many la ...
also represents the first three letters of the
English alphabet The modern English alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet, Latin alphabet consisting of 26 Letter (alphabet), letters, each having an Letter case, upper- and lower-case form. It originated around the 7th century from Latin script. Since then, letters ...
, in order. ABC launched as a
radio network There are two types of radio network currently in use around the world: the one-to-many (simplex communication) broadcast network commonly used for public information and mass media, mass-media entertainment, and the two-way radio (Duplex (telecommu ...

radio network
in 1943, which served as the successor to the
NBC Blue Network The Blue Network (previously the NBC Blue Network) was the on-air name of a now defunct American radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of freq ...
, which had been purchased by
Edward J. Noble
Edward J. Noble
. It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks
CBS CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American commercial broadcast television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and whit ...

CBS
and
NBC The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial terrestrial radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of fr ...
. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with
United Paramount Theatres American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. (originally United Paramount Theatres, later the American Broadcasting Companies and ABC Television) was the post-merger parent company of the American Broadcasting Company The American Broadca ...
(UPT), a chain of movie theaters that formerly operated as a subsidiary of
Paramount Pictures Paramount Pictures Corporation (common metonym: Par) is an American film and television production company, production and Distribution (marketing), distribution company and a subsidiary of ViacomCBS. It is the fifth oldest film studio in the w ...

Paramount Pictures
.
Leonard Goldenson Leonard H. Goldenson (December 7, 1905 – December 27, 1999) was the founder and president of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous ...
, who had been the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and
greenlighting To green-light is to give permission to move forward with a project. The term is a reference to the green traffic signal, indicating "go ahead". Film industry In the context of the Film industry, film and Television programs#Development, t ...
many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American multinational basic cable Cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequenc ...

ESPN
, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc., merged with
Capital Cities Communications Capital Cities/ABC Inc., was an American media company. It was founded in 1985 when Capital Cities Communications purchased the much larger American Broadcasting Company. It was eventually acquired by The Walt Disney Company and re-branded itse ...
, owner of several print publications, and television and radio stations. Most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by Disney in 1995. ABC has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some ABC-affiliated stations can also be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, and certain other affiliates can also be received over-the-air in areas near the
Canada–United States border The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest border, international border in the world between two countries. The terrestrial boundary (including boundaries in the Great Lakes, Atlantic and P ...
.
ABC News ABC News is the journalism, news division of Walt Disney Television's American Broadcasting Company, ABC broadcast network. Its flagship program is the daily evening newscast ''ABC World News Tonight, ABC World News Tonight with David Muir''; o ...
provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by
Cumulus Media Cumulus Media, Inc. is an American broadcasting company and is the third largest owner and operator of AM and FM radio stations in the United States behind Audacy and iHeartMedia, Inc. As of June 2019, Cumulus lists ownership of 428 stations ...
, as these stations are former ABC Radio properties.


History

The network's history dates back to 1927, when it was created as an
NBC The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English-language commercial terrestrial radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of fr ...
-operated radio network called the
NBC Blue Network The Blue Network (previously the NBC Blue Network) was the on-air name of a now defunct American radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of freq ...
. It would later become an independent radio (and, eventually, television) network known as the American Broadcasting Company in 1943. The network was eventually purchased by
The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly just Disney (), is an American multinational entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It ...
in the 1990s.


Programming

The ABC television network provides 89 hours of regularly scheduled network programming each week. It provides 22 hours of prime-time programming to affiliated stations from 8:00 to 11:00 p.m. Monday through Saturday (all times Eastern and Pacific Time) and 7:00–11:00 p.m. on Sundays. Daytime programming is also provided from 11:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific weekdays(Subtract 1 hour for all other time Zones) (with a one-hour break at 12:00 p.m. Eastern/Pacific for stations to air newscasts, locally produced programming or syndicated programs) featuring the talk-lifestyle shows '' The View'' and ''
GMA3: What You Need To Know ''GMA3: What You Need To Know'' (often shortened to simply ''GMA3'') is an American daytime On Earth, daytime is the period of the day during which a given location experiences Daylight, natural illumination from direct sunlight. Daytime o ...
'', and the soap opera ''
General Hospital ''General Hospital'' (often abbreviated as ''GH'') is an American daytime television soap opera. It is listed in ''Guinness World Records'' as the list of longest-running television shows by category, longest-running American soap opera in prod ...

General Hospital
''. ABC News programming includes ''Good Morning America'' from 7:00 to 9:00 a.m. weekdays and Saturdays (along with one-hour Sunday editions); nightly editions of ''
ABC World News Tonight ''ABC World News Tonight'' (titled as ''ABC World News Tonight with David Muir'' for its weeknight broadcasts since September 2014 and simply ''ABC World News Tonight'' for its weekend broadcasts) is the flagship daily evening television news pro ...
'' (whose weekend editions are occasionally subject to abbreviation or preemption due to sports telecasts overrunning into the program's timeslot), the Sunday political talk show '' This Week'', early morning news programs ''
World News Now ''World News Now'' (or WNN) is an United States, American overnight news broadcasting that is broadcast on American Broadcasting Company, ABC. Airing during the early morning hours each Monday through Friday, the program features a mix of genera ...
'' and ''
America This Morning ''America This Morning'' is an American early morning news broadcasting that is broadcast on ABC on weekday mornings. The newscast is anchored by Kenneth Moton and Mona Kosar Abdi, who also serve as anchors of ABC's overnight news program ''Wor ...
'' and the late night newsmagazine ''
Nightline ''Nightline'' (or ''ABC News Nightline'') is ABC News ABC News is the journalism, news division of Walt Disney Television's American Broadcasting Company, ABC broadcast network. Its flagship program is the daily evening newscast ''ABC World ...
''. Late-nights feature the weeknight talk show ''
Jimmy Kimmel Live! ''Jimmy Kimmel Live!'' is an American late-night talk show, created and hosted by Jimmy Kimmel, broadcast on American Broadcasting Company, ABC. The nightly hour-long show made its debut on January 26, 2003 at Hollywood Masonic Temple in Hollywood ...
''. The network's three-hour Weekend morning children's programming timeslot is programmed by syndication distributor
Litton Entertainment Litton Entertainment (formerly Litton Syndication) is an American media and production company based in Charleston, South Carolina Charleston is the largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, South ...
, which produces '' Litton's Weekend Adventure'' under an arrangement in which the
programming block Block programming is the arrangement of programs on radio or television so that those of a particular genre, theme, or target audience are grouped together. Overview Block programming involves scheduling a series of related shows which are likely ...
is syndicated exclusively to ABC owned-and-operated and affiliated stations, rather than being leased out directly by the network to Litton.


Daytime

ABC's daytime schedule currently features the talk show '' The View'', news show '' GMA3'', and the soap opera ''
General Hospital ''General Hospital'' (often abbreviated as ''GH'') is an American daytime television soap opera. It is listed in ''Guinness World Records'' as the list of longest-running television shows by category, longest-running American soap opera in prod ...

General Hospital
''. Originally premiering in 1963, ''General Hospital'' is ABC's longest-running entertainment program. Hurst Feat Go In addition to the long-running ''
All My Children ''All My Children'' (often shortened to ''AMC'') is an American television soap opera that aired on American Broadcasting Company, ABC from January 5, 1970, to September 23, 2011, and on The Online Network (TOLN) from April 29 to September 2, 201 ...
'' (1970–2011) and ''
One Life to Live ''One Life to Live'' (often abbreviated as ''OLTL'') is an American soap opera broadcast on the ABC television network for more than 43 years, from July 15, 1968, to January 13, 2012, and then on the internet as a web series on Hulu and iTu ...
'' (1968–2012), notable past soap operas seen on the daytime lineup include ''
Ryan's Hope ''Ryan's Hope'' is an American soap opera created by Claire Labine and Paul Avila Mayer, originally airing for 13 years on American Broadcasting Company, ABC from July 7, 1975 to January 13, 1989. It revolves around the trials and tribulations with ...
'', ''
Dark Shadows ''Dark Shadows'' is an American gothic soap opera A soap opera is a radio or television serial dealing especially with domestic situations and frequently characterized by melodrama, ensemble casts, and sentimentality. The term "soap opera" ...
'', '' Loving'', '' The City'' and ''
Port Charles ''Port Charles'' (commonly abbreviated as ''PC'') is an American television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in ...
''. ABC also aired the last nine years of the
Procter & Gamble The Procter & Gamble Company (P&G) is an American multinational consumer goods A final goods or consumer goods is a commodity that is used by the consumer to satisfy current wants or needs, unlike intermediate goods which is utilized to prod ...
-produced soap ''
The Edge of Night ''The Edge of Night'' is an American television mystery crime drama series and soap opera, created by Irving Vendig and produced by Procter & Gamble Productions. It debuted on CBS on April 2, 1956, and ran as a live broadcast on that network ...
'', following its cancellation by CBS in 1975. ABC Daytime has also aired a number of game shows, including ''
The Dating Game ''The Dating Game'' is an American television game show that first aired on December 20, 1965 and was the first of many shows created and packaged by Chuck Barris from the 1960s in television, 1960s through the 1980s in television, 1980s. ABC d ...
'', ''
The Newlywed Game ''The Newlywed Game'' is an American television game show that puts newly married couples against each other in a series of revealing question rounds to determine how well the spouses know or do not know each other. The program, originally created ...
'', ''
Let's Make a Deal#REDIRECT Let's Make a Deal ''Let's Make a Deal'' (also known as ''LMAD'') is an American television game show that originated in the United States in 1963 and has since been produced in many countries throughout the world. The program was created ...
'', ''
Password A password, sometimes called a passcode, is a memorized secret, typically a string of characters, usually used to confirm a user's identity. Using the terminology of the NIST Digital Identity Guidelines, the secret is memorized by a party called ...
'', '' Split Second'', '' The $10,000/$20,000 Pyramid'', ''
Family Feud ''Family Feud'' is an American television game show created by Mark Goodson where two families compete to name the most popular responses to survey questions in order to win cash and prizes. The show has had three separate runs starting in 197 ...
'', '' The Better Sex'', ''
Trivia Trap ''Trivia Trap'' is an American game show A game show is a type of radio, television or stage show where contestants regularly compete for a reward. The history of game shows dates back to the invention of television as a medium. On most game sho ...
'', ''
All-Star Blitz ''All-Star Blitz'' is an American game show that aired on American Broadcasting Company, ABC from April 8 to December 20, 1985, with reruns airing on the USA Network from March 31 to December 26, 1986. Peter Marshall (U.S. entertainer), Peter Marsh ...
'' and '' Hot Streak''.


Sports

Sports programming is provided on occasion, primarily on weekend afternoons. Since 2006, the ABC Sports division has been defunct, with all sports telecasts on ABC being produced in association with sister cable network
ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is an American multinational basic cable Cable television Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequenc ...

ESPN
under the branding
ESPN on ABC#REDIRECT ESPN on ABC ESPN on ABC (known as ABC Sports from 1961 to 2006) is the brand used for sports event and documentary programming televised by the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the United States. Officially, the broadcast netwo ...

ESPN on ABC
. While ABC has, in the past, aired notable sporting events such as the NFL's ''
Monday Night Football ''ESPN Monday Night Football'' (abbreviated as ''MNF'' and also known as ''ESPN Monday Night Football on ABC'' for rare live special broadcasts) is a live television broadcast of weekly National Football League (NFL) games on ESPN in the Unit ...
'', and various
college football College football is gridiron football consisting of American football in the United States, American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Higher education in the United States, American universities, colleges, and United Sta ...

college football
bowl game In North America, a bowl game is one of a number of post-season college football games that are primarily played by teams belonging to the NCAA's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). For most of its history, the Division I Bowl Subdivis ...
s, general industry trends and changes in rights have prompted reductions in sports on broadcast television, with Disney preferring to schedule the majority of its sports rights on the networks of ESPN. This changed in 2020 with occasional simulcasts of ESPN ''Monday Night Football'' broadcasts on ABC. ABC is the broadcast television rightsholder of the
National Basketball Association The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball sports league, league in North America. The league is composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada) and is one of the four major professional sports league ...
(NBA), with its package (under the ''
NBA on ESPN The ''NBA on ESPN'' refers to the presentation of National Basketball Association The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball sports league, league in North America. The league is composed of 30 teams (29 in the U ...
'' branding) traditionally beginning with its Christmas Day games, followed by a series of Saturday night and Sunday afternoon games through the remainder of the season, weekend
playoff The playoffs, play-offs, postseason or finals of a sports league are a competition played after the regular season by the top competitors to determine the league champion or a similar accolade. Depending on the league, the playoffs may be either ...
games, and all games of the
NBA Finals The NBA Finals is the annual championship series of the National Basketball Association The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a professional basketball sports league, league in North America. The league is composed of 30 teams (29 ...
. During
college football College football is gridiron football consisting of American football in the United States, American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Higher education in the United States, American universities, colleges, and United Sta ...
season, ABC typically carries an afternoon doubleheader on Saturdays, along with the primetime ''
Saturday Night Football ''ESPN Saturday Night Football on ABC'' (branded for sponsorship purposes as ''ESPN Saturday Night Football on ABC presented by Capital One Capital One Financial Corporation is an American bank holding company specializing in credit cards, aut ...
''. ABC also airs coverage of selected bowl games. Beginning in the
2015 NFL season The 2015 NFL season was the 96th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL), and the 50th of the Super Bowl era. To celebrate the 50th season of the Super Bowl, a gold-plated NFL logo and other various gold-themed promotions we ...
, ESPN agreed to begin simulcasting a wild card playoff game on ABC. The Saturday afternoon lineup outside of football season typically features airings of ESPN Films documentaries and other studio programs under the banner '' ESPN Sports Saturday'', while Sunday afternoons usually feature either
brokered programming Brokered programming (also known as time-buy and blocktime) is a form of broadcast content in which the show's producer pays a radio or television station for air time, rather than exchanging programming for pay or the opportunity to play spot comme ...
, or encore and burn-off airings of ABC programs. In 2015, ESPN's annual
ESPY Awards An ESPY Award (short for Excellence in Sports Performance Yearly Award) is an accolade currently presented by the American broadcast television network ABC, and previously ESPN ESPN (originally an initialism for Entertainment and Sports Pr ...
presentation moved to ABC from ESPN. Bolstered by
Caitlyn Jenner Caitlyn Marie Jenner (born William Bruce Jenner, October 28, 1949) is an American television personality, transgender rights activist, and retired Olympic gold medal-winning decathlete. Jenner played college football for the Graceland Ye ...
accepting the inaugural
Arthur Ashe Courage Award The Arthur Ashe Courage Award (sometimes called the Arthur Ashe Award for Courage or Arthur Ashe Courage and Humanitarian Award) is presented as part of the ESPY Awards. It is named for the American tennis player Arthur Ashe Arthur Robert Ash ...
during the ceremony, the
2015 ESPY Awards The 2015 ESPY Awards was the annual ESPY Award An ESPY Award (short for Excellence in Sports Performance Yearly Award) is an accolade currently presented by the American broadcast television network ABC, and previously ESPN ESPN (originall ...
' viewership was roughly tripled over the 2014 ceremony on ESPN. After the NFL signed a new contract with
The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly just Disney (), is an American multinational entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It ...
, ABC will air Super Bowl LX in 2026. The network has not aired a Super Bowl since 2006.


Specials

ABC currently holds the broadcast rights to the
Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., f ...
s,
Emmy Award The Emmy Awards, or Emmys, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the television industry. It is considered one of the EGOT, four major entertainment awards in the United States, the others being the Grammy Awards, Grammy (for music), ...

Emmy Award
s,
American Music Award The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, generally held in the fall, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to air the Grammy Award The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, original ...
s, and the
Country Music Association Awards The Country Music Association Awards, also known as the CMA Awards or CMAs, are presented to country music Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. The term al ...
. ABC has also aired the
Miss America Miss America is an annual competition that is open to women from the United States between the ages of 17 and 25. Originating in 1921 as a "bathing beauty revue", the contest is now judged on competitors' talent performances and interviews. As o ...
competition from 1954 to 1956, 1997 to 2005, and 2011 to 2018. From 2000 to 2019, ABC held the television rights to most of the ''
Peanuts ''Peanuts'' is a print syndication, syndicated daily strip, daily and Sunday strip, Sunday American comic strip written and illustrated by Charles M. Schulz that ran from October 2, 1950, to February 13, 2000, and continuing in reruns afterward. ...

Peanuts
'' television specials, having acquired the broadcast rights from CBS, which originated the specials in 1965 with the debut of ''
A Charlie Brown Christmas ''A Charlie Brown Christmas'' is a 1965 animated Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent cel, celluloid sheets to ...
'' (other ''Peanuts'' specials broadcast annually by ABC, in addition to ''A Charlie Brown Christmas'', include ''
It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown ''It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown'' is a 1966 American prime time The prime time or the peak time is the block of broadcast programming taking place during the middle of the evening for a television show Image:MDR Kripo live.jpg, uprig ...
'' and ''
A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving ''A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving'' is the tenth prime-time The prime time or the peak time is the block of broadcast programming Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering (scheduling) of broadcast media shows, typica ...
''). Since 2020, all of the ''Peanuts'' TV specials were acquired by
Apple TV+ Apple TV+ is an advertisement, ad-free subscription video on demand streaming television service of Apple Inc. that debuted on November 1, 2019. It was announced during their list of Apple Inc. media events#Apple Special Event (March 25, 2019), ...
while some of the specials were later moved to
PBS The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor. It is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organizatio ...
under a sub-licensing agreement with Apple. ABC also broadcasts the annual '' Disney Parks Christmas Day Parade'' special on Christmas morning. Since 1974, ABC has generally aired ''
Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve ''Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve'' (''NYRE'') is an annual New Year's Eve In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on December 31, ...
'' – a New Year's Eve special featuring music performances and coverage of festivities in New York's
Times Square Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English, Hiberno-English, Hibernian English, Australian English and Canadian English) or neighborhood (A ...

Times Square
. ABC is also among the broadcasters of the
Tournament of Roses Parade A tournament is a competition involving 4 or more teams, or a large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game. More specifically, the term may be used in either of two overlapping senses: # One or more competitions held at a sing ...
(although as mentioned, the
Rose Bowl Game The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl (stadium), Rose Bowl in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the ...
now airs exclusively on ESPN as a College Football Playoff "
New Year's Six The New Year's Six, sometimes abbreviated as NY6, is an unofficial but commonly used term that refers to the top six major NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) bowl games: the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Peach ...
" bowl).


Programming library

ABC owns nearly all of its in-house television and theatrical productions made from the 1970s onward, with the exception of certain co-productions (for example, ''
The Commish ''The Commish'' is an American comedy-drama Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. History The advent of radio drama, film, cinema and in particular, tel ...
'' is now owned by the estate of its producer,
Stephen Cannell Stephen Joseph Cannell (; February 5, 1941 – September 30, 2010) was an American television producer, writer, novelist, and occasional actor, and the founder of Cannell Entertainment (formerly Stephen J. Cannell Productions) and the Cannell Stu ...
). Worldwide video rights are currently owned by various companies; for example,
Kino Lorber Kino International is a film and video distributor, founded by Bill Pence in 1977. Donald Krim bought Kino just months after its founding and served as president of the company until his death from cancer in 2011. Kino, based in New York City ...
owns the North American home video rights to the ABC feature film library (along with some lesser known live action films from Disney's library, mostly from
Touchstone Pictures Touchstone Pictures was an American film distribution label of Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (formerly known as Buena Vista Pictures Distribution, Inc.) is an American film distribution studio within ...
,
Hollywood Pictures Hollywood Pictures Company was an American film production label of Walt Disney Studios (division), The Walt Disney Studios, a business segment of The Walt Disney Company. While then-Disney CEO Michael Eisner at first intended Hollywood Pictures ...
and
20th Century Studios 20th Century Studios, Inc. (also known as 20th Century for short, and nicknamed 20th Pictures, formerly Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) is an American film studio that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt D ...
). When the FCC imposed its
Financial Interest and Syndication RulesThe Financial Interest and Syndication Rules, widely known as the fin-syn rules, were a set of rules imposed by the Federal Communications Commission The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an Independent agencies of the United States gove ...
rules in 1970, ABC proactively created two companies: Worldvision Enterprises as a syndication distributor, and ABC Circle Films as a production company. However, between the publication and implementation of these regulations, the separation of the network's catalog was made in 1973. The broadcast rights to pre-1973 productions were transferred to Worldvision, which became independent in the same year. The company has been sold several times since
Paramount Television The original incarnation of Paramount Television was the television production division of the American film studio Paramount Pictures Paramount Pictures Corporation (commonly known as Paramount Pictures, or simply Paramount) is an America ...
acquired it in 1999, and has most recently been absorbed into
CBS Television Distribution CBS Media Ventures (formerly CBS Television Distribution) is an American television production and distribution company owned by CBS Entertainment Group, a division of ViacomCBS ViacomCBS Inc. is an American diversified multinational media ...
, a unit of
ViacomCBS ViacomCBS Inc. is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure and delight. It can be an ...

ViacomCBS
. Nonetheless, Worldvision sold portions of its catalog, including the
Ruby-Spears Ruby-Spears Productions (also known as Ruby-Spears Enterprises) was a Burbank, California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List ...
and Hanna-Barbera libraries, to
Turner Broadcasting System Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (abbreviated as TBS) is an American television and media conglomerate A media conglomerate, media group, or media institution is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entit ...
in 1991. With Disney's 1996 purchase of ABC, ABC Circle Films was absorbed into Touchstone Television, a Disney subsidiary which in turn was renamed ABC Studios in 2007. Also part of the library are most films in the
David O. Selznick David O. Selznick (May 10, 1902June 22, 1965) was an American film producer A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working Independent film, independently, producers plan and coordina ...
library, the Cinerama Productions/Palomar theatrical library (with the exception of those films produced in Cinerama which are now under the control of
Pacific Theatres Pacific Theatres was an American chain of movie theaters in the Los Angeles metropolitan area File:Los Angeles, Winter 2016.jpg, 300px, Downtown Los Angeles in 2016 Greater Los Angeles, also called the Southland, with a 2019 population of 1 ...
and Flicker Alley), the Selmur Productions catalog that the network acquired some years back, and the in-house productions it continues to produce (such as ''
America's Funniest Home Videos ''America's Funniest Home Videos'', also called ''America's Funniest Videos'' (abbreviated as ''AFHV'' and ''AFV''), is an American video clip television series on ABC, based on the Japanese variety show '' Fun TV with Kato-chan and Ken-chan''. ...
'', ''General Hospital'', ABC News productions, and series from
Disney Television Studios Disney Television Studios is the American entertainment company, entertainment division of Walt Disney Television, which is owned and operated by the General Entertainment Content unit of The Walt Disney Company. It was established in 2019 as t ...
(
ABC Signature ABC Signature is an American television Filmmaking#Production, production studio under the Disney Television Studios (division), Disney Television Studios unit of Walt Disney Television that was named in 2020 (both ultimately owned by The Walt Di ...
and
20th Television 20th Television (formerly 20th Century Fox Television) is an American television production company owned by Walt Disney Television, a unit of the Disney General Entertainment Content division of The Walt Disney Company. The original 20th Tele ...
).
Disney–ABC Domestic Television Buena Vista Television LLC (operating under the names Disney–ABC Domestic Television and Disney–ABC Home Entertainment and Television Distribution and also operating as ABC Syndication; formerly known as Buena Vista Television, Inc. and Disne ...
(formerly known as Buena Vista Television and 20th Television) handles domestic television distribution, while Disney–ABC International Television (formerly known as Buena Vista International Television) handles international television distribution.


Stations

Since its inception, ABC has had over 300 television stations that have carried programming from the network at various times throughout its history, including its first two owned-and-operated and affiliated stations, founding O&O
WABC-TV WABC-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is the flagship station of the ABC television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network for distribution of television program content, where a central oper ...
and inaugural affiliate
WPVI-TV WPVI-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 6, branded on-air as 6 ABC, is an ABC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The station is owned by the ABC Owned Television Stations subsid ...
. , ABC has eight owned-and-operated stations, and current and pending affiliation agreements with 236 additional television stations encompassing 50 states, the District of Columbia, four U.S. possessions, Bermuda and
Saba Saba (; ) is a Caribbean The Caribbean (, ; es, Caribe; french: Caraïbes; ht, Karayib; also gcf, label= Antillean Creole, Kawayib; nl, Caraïben; Papiamento: ) is a region of the Americas that comprises the Caribbean Sea, its surround ...

Saba
. This makes ABC the largest U.S. broadcast television network by total number of affiliates. The network has an estimated national reach of 97.72% of all households in the United States (or 305,347,338 Americans with at least one television set). Currently,
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ...
,
Rhode Island Rhode Island (, like ''road''), officially the State of Rhode Island, is a state in the New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode ...
, and
Delaware Delaware ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Maryland to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. The sta ...
are the only U.S. states where ABC does not have a locally licensed affiliate (New Jersey is served by New York City O&O WABC-TV in the north half of the state and Philadelphia O&O WPVI-TV in the south; Rhode Island is served by Boston, Massachusetts-licensed
WCVB-TV WCVB-TV, virtual channel In most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel is a method of remapping the ''program number'' as used in H.222 Program Association Tables and Program Mapping Tables to a channel number that can be entered ...
and
New Bedford, Massachusetts New Bedford (Massachusett language, Massachusett: ) is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the 2020 United States census, 2020 United States Census, the city had a population of 101,079, ma ...
-licensed WLNE, though outside of the transmitter, all other operations for the station are based in
Providence Providence often refers to: * Providentia, the divine personification of foresight in ancient Roman religion * Divine providence, divinely ordained events and outcomes in Christianity * Providence, Rhode Island, the capital of Rhode Island in the U ...

Providence
; and Delaware is served by WPVI in the northern third and
Salisbury, Maryland Salisbury () is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and t ...
, affiliate WMDT in the southern two-thirds of the state). ABC maintains affiliations with low-power stations (broadcasting either in analog or digital) in a few markets, such as
Birmingham, Alabama Birmingham ( ) is a city in the north central region of the U.S. state of Alabama. Birmingham is the County seat, seat of Jefferson County, Alabama, Jefferson County, Alabama's most populous county. As of 2020, Birmingham had a population of 200, ...
(
WBMA-LD WBMA-LD, virtual channel 58 ( UHF digital channel 32), is a low-powered ABC- affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States. Owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, it is a sister station to MyNetworkTV affi ...
),
Lima, Ohio Lima ( ) is a city in and the county seat of Allen County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northwest Ohio along Interstate 75 in Ohio, Interstate 75 approximately north of Dayton, Ohio, Dayton, southwest of Toledo, Ohio, Tol ...
( WPNM-LD) and
South Bend, Indiana South Bend is a city in, and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and ...
( WBND-LD). In some markets, including the former two mentioned, these stations also maintain digital simulcasts on a subchannel of a co-owned/co-managed full-power television station. The network has the unusual distinction of having separately owned-and-operated affiliates which serve the same market in
Tampa, Florida Tampa () is a major city on the Gulf Coast The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along the Southern United States The southern United States, also known as the American South, the southern states, or simply the South, is ...
(WFTS-TV and WWSB),
Lincoln, Nebraska Lincoln is the capital city of the U.S. state of Nebraska and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in C ...

Lincoln, Nebraska
( KLKN-TV and
KHGI-TV KHGI-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is an ABC- affiliated television station licensed to Kearney, Nebraska, United States, serving most of central and western Nebraska and the northern third of Kansas Kansas () is a state i ...
), and
Grand Rapids, Michigan Grand Rapids is a city and county seat of Kent County, Michigan, Kent County in the U.S. state of Michigan. At the 2020 United States census, 2020 census, the city had a population of 198,917, which ranks it as the List of municipalities in Mic ...
(
WZZM WZZM, virtual channel, virtual and Very high frequency, VHF digital terrestrial television, digital channel 13, is an American Broadcasting Company, ABC-network affiliate, affiliated television station city of license, licensed to Grand Rapids, Mi ...
and
WOTV WOTV, virtual channel In most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel is a method of remapping the ''program number'' as used in H.222 Program Association Tables and Program Mapping Tables to a channel number that can be entered v ...
), with an analogous situation arising in
Kansas City, Missouri Kansas City (abbreviated KC or KCMO) is the largest city in Missouri by population and area. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a population of 508,090 in 2020, and was the List of United States cities by population, 36th most-po ...
(
KMBC-TV KMBC-TV, virtual channel In most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel is a method of remapping the ''program number'' as used in H.222 Program Association Tables and Program Mapping Tables to a channel number that can be entered ...
and
KQTV KQTV, virtual channel In most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel is a method of remapping the ''program number'' as used in H.222 Program Association Tables and Program Mapping Tables to a channel number that can be entered v ...
). KQTV is licensed to
St. Joseph Joseph (; el, Ἰωσήφ, translit=Ioséph) was a 1st-century Jews, Jewish man of Nazareth who, according to the Gospel, canonical Gospels, was married to Mary, mother of Jesus, Mary, the mother of Jesus, and was the legal father of Jesus. ...
, which Nielsen designates as a separate market from Kansas City, despite a mere distance between the two cities and the Kansas City-based stations (including KMBC) providing better city-grade to Grade B coverage to the area compared to the signals of the primary ABC affiliates in the other aforementioned dual-affiliate markets. (KQTV was St. Joseph's lone major network affiliate until 2011, when locally based
News-Press & Gazette Company The News-Press & Gazette Company (NPG) is a media company based in St. Joseph, Missouri, wholly owned and operated by the Bradley family. It is presided by Brian Bradley and David R. Bradley, with Hank Bradley (retired), Eric Bradley and Kit Bradl ...
began establishing low-power affiliates of ABC's four English-language competitors and
Telemundo Telemundo (; formerly NetSpan) is an American Spanish-language terrestrial television network owned by NBCUniversal Telemundo Enterprises, a division of NBCUniversal, which in turn is owned by Comcast. It provides content nationally with pro ...

Telemundo
on three low-power stations to end St. Joseph's dependence on Kansas City.) WWSB, KHGI and WOTV, meanwhile, serve areas that do not receive an adequate signal from their market's primary ABC affiliate. (Of note, ABC initially affiliated with WWSB to cover southern portions of the Tampa–St. Petersburg market—including WWSB's
city of license In American, Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are c ...
,
Sarasota Sarasota () is a city in Sarasota County, Florida, Sarasota County on the southwestern coast of the U.S. state of Florida. The area is renowned for its cultural and environmental amenities, beaches, resorts, and the Sarasota School of Architecture ...
—as the transmitters of
WTSP WTSP, virtual and VHF digital channel 10, is a CBS- affiliated television station licensed to St. Petersburg, Florida, United States and serving the Tampa Bay area. The station is owned by Tegna Inc. WTSP's studios are located on Gandy ...
, the market's former primary ABC affiliate from 1965 to 1994, and
Miami Miami (), officially the City of Miami, is a Coast, coastal metropolis located in southeastern Florida in the United States. It is the third most populous metropolitan area, metropolis on the East coast of the United States, and it is the sevent ...

Miami
affiliate
WPLG WPLG, virtual and VHF digital channel 10, is an ABC- affiliated television station licensed to Miami, Florida Miami (), officially the City of Miami, is a Coast, coastal metropolis located in southeastern Florida in the United States. It ...
had been short-spaced to avoid interference between their respective analog-VHF channel 10 signals; WWSB remained an ABC affiliate after its Tampa affiliation moved from WTSP to WFTS in December 1994, even though WFTS's signal reaches Sarasota and some surrounding areas.) The
Sinclair Broadcast Group Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc. (SBG) is a publicly traded American telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What ...
is the largest operator of ABC stations by numerical total, owning or providing services to 28 full, primary ABC affiliates and two subchannel-only affiliates. Sinclair owns the largest ABC subchannel affiliate by market size, WABM-DT2/ WDBB-DT2 in the Birmingham market, which serve as repeaters of WBMA-LD (which itself is also simulcast on a subchannel of former WBMA satellite
WGWW WGWW, virtual channel In most telecommunications organizations, a virtual channel is a method of remapping the ''program number'' as used in H.222 Program Association Tables and Program Mapping Tables to a channel number that can be entered via ...
, owned by Sinclair partner company
Howard Stirk Holdings Armstrong Williams (born February 5, 1962) is an American political commentator, entrepreneur, author, and talk show host. Williams writes a nationally syndicated conservative newspaper column, has hosted a daily radio show, and hosts a nationa ...
). The E. W. Scripps Company is the largest operator of ABC stations in terms of overall market reach, owning 15 ABC-affiliated stations (including affiliates in larger markets such as
Cleveland Cleveland ( ), officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the United States, U.S. U.S. state, state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Cuyahoga County. It is located along the southern shore of Lake Erie, across the U.S. ...
, Phoenix,
Detroit (strait) , nicknames = The Motor City, Motown, Renaissance City, Techno City, City of the Straits, The D, D-Town, Hockeytown, The Automotive Capital of the World, Rock City, The 313, The Arsenal of Democracy, The Town Tha ...
and
Denver Denver () is a List of municipalities in Colorado#Consolidated city and county, consolidated city and county, the List of capitals in the United States#State capital, capital, and List of municipalities in Colorado#, most populous city of th ...
), and through its ownership of affiliate KNXV,
Las Vegas Las Vegas (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , natio ...

Las Vegas
affiliate
KTNV-TV KTNV-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is an ABC- affiliated television station A television station is a set of equipment managed by a business, organisation or other entity, such as an amateur television (ATV) operator, that tra ...
and
Tucson Tucson (; es, Tucsón; O'odham: ''Cuk-Ṣon''; Navajo The Navajo (; English: Navaho; nv, Diné or ') are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States. At more than 300,000 enrolled tribal members , the Navajo Nation is t ...
affiliate
KGUN-TV KGUN-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 9, is an ABC- affiliated television station licensed to Tucson, Arizona Tucson (; es, Tucsón; Oʼodham language, O'odham: ''Cuk-Ṣon''; Navajo language, Navajo: ''Tó Oostsʼąʼ'') is a city i ...
, it is the only provider of ABC programming for the majority of
Arizona Arizona ( ; nv, Hoozdo Hahoodzo ; ood, Alĭ ṣonak) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ' ...
(outside the Yuma-
El Centro El Centro is a city in and county seat of Imperial County, California, United States. El Centro is the largest city in the Imperial Valley, the east anchor of the Southern California San Diego–Imperial, California, Border Region, and the cor ...
market) and
Southern Nevada Southern Nevada (SNV) is a region and the southern portion of the U.S. state of Nevada which includes the Las Vegas Valley. It also includes the areas in and around Pahrump, Nevada, Pahrump and Pioche, Nevada, Pioche. Tonopah, Nevada, Tonopah and H ...
. Scripps also owns and operates several ABC stations in the Mountain and Pacific time zones, including in Denver,
San Diego San Diego ( , ; ) is a city in the U.S. state of California on the coast of the Pacific Ocean and immediately adjacent to the Mexico–United States border, Mexican border. With a 2020 population of 1,386,932, San Diego is the List of United ...
,
Bakersfield, California Bakersfield is a charter city in Kern County, California, Kern County, California, United States. It is the county seat and largest city of Kern County. The city covers about near the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley and the Central Valle ...
, and
Boise, Idaho Boise () is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowercas ...
, and when combined with the ABC-owned stations in
Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in California, largest city in California. With an estimated population of nearly four millio ...
, Fresno, and
San Francisco San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, Saint Francis"), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is a cultural, commercial, and financial center in Northern Calif ...
, the affiliations from the News-Press & Gazette Company in Santa Barbara,
Palm Springs Palm Springs is a desert resort city in Riverside County, California, United States, within the Colorado Desert California's Colorado Desert is a part of the larger Sonoran Desert. It encompasses approximately , including the heavily irrigati ...
, Yuma-El Centro, and Colorado Springs-Pueblo, and Sinclair's affiliations in
Seattle Seattle ( ) is a port, seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the county seat, seat of King County, Washington, King County, Washington (state), Washington. With a 2020 population of 737,015, it is the largest city in bot ...
and
Portland, Oregon Portland (, ) is the list of cities in Oregon, largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Oregon, and the county seat, seat of Multnomah County, Oregon, Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacifi ...
, these four entities control the access of ABC network programming in most of the Western United States, particularly in terms of audience reach.


Facilities and studios

All of ABC's owned-and-operated stations and affiliates have had their own facilities and studios, but transverse entities have been created to produce national programming. As a result, television series were produced by ABC Circle Films beginning in 1962 and by Touchstone Television beginning in 1985, before Touchstone was reorganized as
ABC Studios ABC Signature is an American television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in color, and in two or three dimensi ...
in February 2007 and later renamed to its current name
ABC Signature ABC Signature is an American television Filmmaking#Production, production studio under the Disney Television Studios (division), Disney Television Studios unit of Walt Disney Television that was named in 2020 (both ultimately owned by The Walt Di ...
in August 2020. Since the 1950s, ABC has had two main production facilities: the
ABC Television Center The Prospect Studios (also known as ABC Television Center is a lot containing several television studios located at 4151 Prospect Avenue in the Los Feliz, Los Angeles neighborhood of Los Angeles, at the corner of Prospect and Talmadge Stre ...
(now The Prospect Studios) on Prospect Avenue in
Hollywood, California Hollywood is a neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Angl ...
, shared with the operations of KABC-TV until 1999; and the ABC Television Center, East, a set of studios located throughout New York City. In addition to the headquarters building on Riverside Drive, other ABC facilities in Burbank include a building at 3800 West Alameda, known as 'Burbank Center', which is primarily associated with
Walt Disney Television Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multi ...
and functions as the headquarters and broadcast center for
Disney Channel Disney Channel (originally called The Disney Channel from 1983 to 1997 and commonly shortened to Disney from 1997 to 2002) is an American pay television channel that serves as the Flagship (broadcasting), flagship property of owner Disney Brand ...
,
Disney Junior Disney Junior is an United States, American pay television television network, network owned by the Disney General Entertainment Content unit of The Walt Disney Company through Disney Branded Television. Aimed mainly at children two to seven yea ...
,
Disney XD Disney XD is an American multinational pay television Pay television also known as subscription television, premium television or, when referring to an individual service, a premium channel, refers to subscription-based television Te ...
, Freeform, FX,
National Geographic ''National Geographic'' (formerly the ''National Geographic Magazine'', sometimes branded as NAT GEO) is the long-lived official monthly magazine of the National Geographic Society. It is one of the most widely read magazines of all time. Ove ...
, and
Radio Disney Radio Disney was an American radio network operated by the Disney Radio Networks unit of Disney Branded Television within the Disney General Entertainment Content, headquartered in Burbank, California. The network broadcast music programming ...
. Additionally,
Disney Television Animation Disney Television Animation (DTVA) is an American animation studio that creates, develops and produces animated television series, television films, films, television special, specials and other projects. It is the TV animation production arm of ...
has a facility on Empire Avenue near the
Hollywood Burbank Airport Hollywood Burbank Airport, legally and formerly marketed as Bob Hope Airport , is a public airport northwest of downtown Burbank, in Los Angeles County, California, United States.. Federal Aviation Administration. effective November 9, 2017 Th ...
. In nearby
GlendaleGlendale is the anglicised version of the Gaelic Gleann Dail, which means ''valley of fertile, low-lying arable land''. It may refer to: Places Australia *Glendale, New South Wales **Stockland Glendale, a shopping centre *Glendale, Queensland, a l ...
, Disney/ABC also maintains the Grand Central Creative Campus, which houses other company subsidiaries, including the studios of KABC-TV and the Los Angeles bureau of ABC News. ABC owns several facilities in New York grouped mainly on West 66th Street, with the main set of facilities on the corner of Columbus Avenue. In total, ABC's facilities occupy a combined of the of the blocks they encompass. This main set of buildings includes: * 77 West 66th Street, a 22-story building built in 1988 on a plot; * A pair of buildings at 147–155 Columbus Avenue (ten and seven stories) connected by glass bays, constructed on a plot; * 30 West 67th Street, a 15-story building with a facade on 67th Street on a plot; * 55 West 67th Street, the former First Battery of the New York National Guard, a five-story building on a plot. ABC also owns 7, 17 and 47 West 66th Street, three buildings on a plot. Disney formerly leased at 157 Columbus Avenue, on the other side of 67th Street. File:ABC 77 W66 jeh.JPG, Entrance of ABC's headquarters at 77 West 66 Street File:WABC-TV Columbus Av jeh.JPG, WABC-TV buildings at 147–155 Columbus Avenue and behind 157 Columbus Avenue File:First Battery Armory 66th jeh.JPG, ABC facilities in the former First Battery of the New York National Guard ABC also owns the
Times Square Studios Times Square Studios (TSS) is an American television studio owned by The Walt Disney Company, located on the southeastern corner of West 44th Street and Broadway in the Times Square area of the borough of Manhattan Manhattan (), known re ...

Times Square Studios
at 1500 Broadway, on land owned by a development fund for the
42nd Street42nd Street may refer to: *42nd Street (Manhattan), a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan *42nd Street (film), ''42nd Street'' (film), a 1933 American Warner Bros. musical film with lyrics by Al Dubin, and music by Harry ...
Project. Opened in 1999, ''Good Morning America'' is broadcast from this facility. ABC News has premises on West 66th Street, in a six-story building occupying a plot at 121–135
West End Avenue 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet-based directions are conventionally defined. A compass rose i ...
. The block of West 66th street between Central Park West and Columbus Ave which houses the ABC News building was renamed Peter Jennings Way in 2006 in honor of the then-recently deceased news anchor. On July 9, 2018, the Walt Disney Company announced that it was selling its two West 66th Street campuses (except for the National Guard Amory) to
Silverstein Properties Silverstein Properties, Inc. (SPI) is a family held, full-service real estate development, investment and management firm based in New York City. Founded in 1957 by Chairman Larry Silverstein, the company specializes in developing, acquiring, and ...
and purchasing one square block of property in lower Manhattan to build a new New York-based broadcast center.


Related services


Video-on-demand services

ABC maintains several
video-on-demand Video on demand (VOD) is a media distribution system that allows users to access videos without a traditional video playback device and the constraints of a typical static broadcasting schedule. In the 20th century, broadcasting in the form of ...
(VOD) services for delayed viewing of the network's programming, including a traditional VOD service called ABC on Demand, which is carried on most traditional cable and
IPTV Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks. This is in contrast to delivery through traditional Terrestrial television, terrestrial, Satellite television, satellite, and Cable ...

IPTV
providers. The Walt Disney Company is also a part-owner of
Hulu Hulu () (stylized in all lowercase) is an American subscription video on demand service fully controlled and majority-owned by The Walt Disney Company, with Comcast's NBCUniversal as an Equity (finance), equity stakeholder. The service was init ...

Hulu
, and has offered full-length episodes of most of ABC's programming through this
streaming Streaming media is multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or video into a single presentation, in contrast to traditional mass media, such as printed ...
service since July 6, 2009. In May 2013, ABC launched "WatchABC", a revamp of its traditional multi-platform streaming services encompassing the network's existing streaming portal at ABC.com and a
mobile app A mobile application, also referred to as a mobile app or simply an app, is a computer program A computer program is a collection of instructions that can be executed by a computer to perform a specific task. A computer program is usually ...
for smartphones and tablet computers. This service provides full-length episodes of ABC programs and live streams of local affiliates in select markets (this was the first such offering by a U.S. broadcast network). However, live streams are only available to authenticated subscribers of participating pay television providers. WABC-TV New York and WPVI-TV Philadelphia were the first stations to offer streams of their programming on the service, with the six remaining ABC O&Os offering streams by the start of the 2013–14 season.
Hearst Television Hearst Television, Inc. (formerly Hearst-Argyle Television) is a broadcasting company in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United Stat ...
also reached a deal to offer streams of its ABC affiliates on the service, though these stations are only available for live-streaming for
DirecTV DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is an American multichannel video programming distributorMultichannel television in the United States has been available since at least 1948. The United States The United States of America (USA), commonly ...
subscribers. In November 2015, it was reported that ABC had been developing a slate of original digital series for the WatchABC service, internally codenamed ABC3. In July 2016, ABC re-launched its streaming platforms, dropping the WatchABC brand, adding a streaming library of 38 classic ABC series, and introducing 7 original short-form series under the blanket branding ABCd. The most recent episodes of the network's shows are usually made available on the ABC app, Hulu and ABC on Demand the day after their original broadcast. In addition, ABC on Demand disallows
fast forward To fast-forward is to move forwards through a recording at a speed faster than that at which it would usually be played, for example two times or two point five times. The recordings are usually audio, video or computer data. It is colloquially ...
ing of accessed content. Restrictions implemented on January 7, 2014, restrict streaming of the most recent episode of any ABC program on Hulu and the ABC app until eight days after their initial broadcast, in order to encourage live or same-week viewing (via and cable on demand), with day-after-air streaming on either service limited to subscribers of participating pay television providers using an authenticated internet account.


ABC HD

ABC's network feeds are transmitted in
720p Image:Vector_Video_Standards8.svg, This chart shows the most List of common resolutions, common display resolutions, 720p being one of the 16:9 formats shown in blue. 720p (1280×720 Pixel, px; also called HD ready or standard HD) is a progressive ...
high definition (HD), the native resolution format for The Walt Disney Company's U.S. television properties. However, most of Hearst Television's 16 ABC-affiliated stations and some of Tegna's ABC affiliates transmit the network's programming in 1080i HD, while 11 other affiliates owned by various companies carry the network feed in
480i Image:TV-line-count-world.svg, 300px, SDTV resolution by nation; countries using 480i are in green. 480i is the video mode used for standard-definition television, standard-definition digital television in the Caribbean, Myanmar, Japan, South Kore ...
standard definition Standard-definition television (SDTV, SD, often shortened to standard definition) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high or enhanced definition. SDTV and high-definition television High-defini ...
either due to technical considerations for affiliates of other major networks that carry ABC programming on a digital subchannel or because a primary feed ABC affiliate has not yet upgraded their transmission equipment to allow content to be presented in HD. Although ABC has not fully transitioned to
1080p 1080p (1920×1080 progressive Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * Congressional Progressive Caucus, members within the Democratic Party in the United ...
or even up to
Ultra High Definition Ultra-high-definition television (also known as Ultra HD television, Ultra HD, UHDTV, UHD and Super Hi-Vision) today includes 4K resolution#Resolutions, 4K UHD and 8K resolution#Resolutions, 8K UHD, which are two digital video formats with an A ...
(UHD), some stations such as ABC affiliate station
KNXV-TV KNXV-TV, virtual and UHF digital channel 15, is an ABC- affiliated television station A television station is a set of equipment managed by a business, organisation or other entity, such as an amateur television (ATV) operator, that tra ...
in Phoenix, Arizona, transmit the network's programming at 1080p via an ATSC 3.0 multiplex stations, such as
KASW KASW, virtual channel 61 (ultra high frequency, UHF digital terrestrial television, digital channel 27), is a The CW, CW-network affiliate, affiliated television station city of license, licensed to Phoenix, Arizona, United States. Owned by the C ...
with KNXV-TV. ABC began its conversion to high definition with the launch of its simulcast feed, ABC HD, on September 16, 2001, at the start of the 2001–02 season, with its scripted prime-time series becoming the first shows to upgrade to the format, the simulcast feed was launched first on ABC's owned television stations that same date with many major affiliates following after that. Both new and returning scripted series were broadcast in high definition. In 2011, ''
Extreme Makeover: Home Edition ''Extreme Makeover: Home Edition'' (''EM:HE''; sometimes informally referred to as ''Extreme Home Makeover'') is an American reality television Reality television is a genre of television programming that documents purportedly unscripted rea ...
'' was the last program on the network's schedule that was broadcast in 4:3 standard definition. All of the network's new programming has been presented in HD since January 2012. The affiliate-syndicated Saturday morning educational and informative ( E/I) block ''Litton's Weekend Adventure'' was the first children's program block on U.S. network television to feature programs available in HD upon its September 2011 debut. The HD programming is broadcast in 5.1 surround sound. On September 1, 2016, ABC began to use 16:9 framing for all of most graphical imaging (primarily the network's logo bug, in-program promotions and generic closing credit sequences as well as sports telecasts, where the BottomLine and scoreboard elements now extend outside the 4:3 frame), requiring its stations and pay television providers to display its programming in a compulsory
widescreen Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios The aspect ratio of a geometric Geometry (from the grc, γεωμετρία; '' geo-'' "earth", '' -metron'' "measurement") is, with arithmetic Arithmetic ( ...
format, either in high definition or standard definition. With this change, some programs also began positioning their main on-screen credits outside the 4:3 aspect ratio.


Visual identity

The ABC logo has evolved many times since the network's creation in 1943. The network's first logo, introduced in 1946, consisted of a television screen containing the letters "T" and "V", with a vertical ''ABC'' microphone in the center, referencing the network's roots in radio. When the ABC-UPT merger was finalized in 1953, the network introduced a new logo based on the FCC seal, with the letters "ABC" enclosed in a circular
shield Wall painting depicting a Mycenaean Greek "figure eight" shield with a suspension strap at the middle, 15th century BC, National Archaeological Museum, Athens -The faces of figure eight shields were quite convex. The cited "strap" may be the ri ...
surmounted by a bald eagle. In 1957, just before the television network began its first color broadcasts, the ABC logo consisted of a tiny lowercase "abc" in the center of a large lowercase letter ''a'', a design known as the ABC Circle A. In 1962, graphic designer Paul Rand redesigned the ABC logo into its current and best-known form, with the lowercase letters "abc" enclosed in a single black circle. The new logo debuted on-air for ABC's promos at the start of the 1963–64 season. The letters are strongly reminiscent of the
Bauhaus The Staatliches Bauhaus (), commonly known as the Bauhaus (German: "building house"), was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German anc ...
typeface designed by
Herbert Bayer Herbert Bayer (April 5, 1900 – September 30, 1985) was an Austrian and American graphic design Graphic design is the art, profession and academic discipline whose activity consists in projecting visual communications intended to transmit ...
in the 1920s, but also share similarities with several other fonts, such as
ITC Avant Garde ITC Avant Garde Gothic is a geometric sans serif font family based on the logo font used in the ''Avant Garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or 'vanguard The vanguard (also called the advance guard) is the leading part of an advancing ...
and Horatio, and most closely resembling Chalet. The logo's simplicity made it easier to redesign and duplicate, which was beneficial before the advent of computer graphics. A color version of the logo was also developed around 1963, and animated as a brief 10-second intro to be shown before the then-small handful of network programs broadcast in color (similar to the NBC "Laramie" peacock intro used during that era). The "a" was rendered in red, the "b" in blue, and the "c" in green, against the same single black circle. A variant of this color logo, with the colored letters against a white circle, was also commonly used throughout the 1960s. The 1970s and 1980s saw the emergence of many graphical imaging packages for the network which based the logo's setting mainly on special lighting effects then under development including white, blue, pink, rainbow neon, and glittering dotted lines. Among the ABC Circle logo's many variants was a 1977 ID sequence that featured a bubble on a black background representing the circle with glossy gold letters, and was the first ABC identification card to simulate a three-dimensional appearance. In 1983, for the 40th anniversary of the network's founding, ID sequences had the logo appear in a gold
CGI CGI may refer to: Technology * Computer-generated imagery, computer-graphic effects in films, television programs, and other visual media * Computer Graphics Interface, the low-level interface between the Graphical Kernel System and hardware * Comm ...
design on a blue background, accompanied by the slogan "That Special Feeling" in a script font. Ten years later, in 1993, the "ABC Circle" logo reverted to its classic white-on-black color scheme, but with gloss effects on both the circle and the letters, and a bronze border surrounding the circle. The ABC logo first appeared as an on-screen bug in the 1993–94 season, appearing initially only for 60 seconds at the beginning of an act or segment, then appearing throughout programs beginning in the 1995–96 United States network television schedule, 1995–96 season; the respective iterations of the translucent logo bug were also incorporated within program promotions until the 2011–12 season. During the 1998–99 season, the network began using a minimalist graphical identity with a yellow and black motif, designed by Pittard Sullivan, featuring a small black-and-white "ABC Circle" logo on a yellow background (promotions during this time also featured a sequence of still photos of the stars of its programs during the timeslot card as well as the schedule sequence that began each night's prime time lineup). A new four-note theme tune was introduced alongside the package, based around the network's then-new "We Love TV" image campaign from the 1998–99 season, creating an Sound trademark#Sound logos, audio signature in comparative parlance to the NBC chimes, CBS's various four-note soundmarks (including the current version introduced in 1992) and the 20th Century Fox#Logo and fanfare, Fox Fanfare. The four-note signature has been updated with every television season thereafter. In 2000, ABC launched a web-based promotional campaign focused around its circle logo, also called 'the dot', in which comic book character Little Dot prompted visitors to "download the dot", a program which would cause the ABC logo to fly around the screen and settle in the bottom-right corner. The network hired the Troika Design Group to design and produce its 2001–02 identity, which continued using the black-and-yellow coloring of the logo and featured dots and stripes in various promotional and identification spots. On June 16, 2007, ABC began to phase in a new imaging campaign for the upcoming 2007–08 season, "Start Here", accompanied by a glassy version of the ABC logo. Also developed by Troika, marketing used a series of icons intended to emphasize the availability of ABC content across multiple platforms, and sought to "simplify and bring a lot more consistency and continuity to the visual representation of ABC". On-air, the logo was accompanied by animated water and ribbon effects. Red ribbons were used to represent the entertainment division, while blue ribbons were used for ABC News. For the 2011–12 season, the "Start Here" graphics package received a redesign by Troika; first presented at the upfronts in May, it dropped the white, black and brown backgrounds that were used on-air in favour of a single orange background, although they would be occasionally used for promos. No changes to the ABC logo were made.ABC introduced a revision to its logo and branding by LoyalKaspar for the 2013–14 season; the logo carried a simpler gloss design than the 2007 version, and had lettering closer-resembling Paul Rand's original version of the circle logo. A custom typeface inspired by the ABC logotype, ABC Modern, was also created for use in advertising and other promotional elements. The logo was used in various color schemes, with a gold version used primarily for ABC's entertainment divisions, a red version used primarily for ESPN on ABC, steel blue and dark grey versions used primarily by ABC News, and all four colors used interchangeably in promotions. Upon a reimaging by The New Blank for the 2018–19 season, the blue, red, and yellow variants were dropped, with the dark grey version becoming ABC's main logo. Surrounding promotional elements adopted a circular "echo" motif and the new slogan "America's Network". Another revision to the logo was introduced for the 2021–22 season, designed by Trollbäck & Company. Introduced on-air on August 9, it is designed to adhere to flat design trends, returning to a solid, two-dimensional design with smaller and bolder lettering, and the dot being rendered in a dark blue-grey color. Outlined and black-on-red variations are also used, such as for the on-screen bug and promotional usage respectively. The Circle 7 logo, designed in 1962, is also commonly associated with ABC affiliates who broadcast on channel 7, including its flagship local stations WABC-TV (New York City), KABC-TV (Los Angeles), KGO-TV (San Francisco) and WLS-TV (Chicago). This logo was intended to be used somewhat interchangeably by these stations with the main circular network logo and has itself also become an iconic symbol of the ABC network. KGO was the first of the ABC-owned stations to use the Circle 7 logo, starting on August 27, 1962; by the end of the year, the other ABC-owned stations began using the logo, and have continued to do so since.


International development

The first attempts to internationalize the ABC television network dates to the 1950s, when Goldenson tried to use the same strategies he had in expanding UPT's theater operation to the international market. Goldenson said that ABC's first international activity was broadcasting the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in June 1953; CBS and NBC were delayed in covering the coronation due to flight delays. Goldenson tried international investing, having ABC invest in stations in the Latin American market, acquiring a 51% interest in a network covering Central America and in 1959 established program distributor Worldvision Enterprises. Goldenson also cited interest in Japan in the early 1950s, acquiring a 5% stake in two new domestic networks, the Mainichi Broadcasting System in 1951 and TV Asahi in 1957. Goldenson also invested in broadcasting properties in Beirut in the mid-1960s. The goal was to create a network of wholly and partially owned channels and affiliates to rebroadcast the network's programs. In 1959, this rerun activity was completed with program syndication, with ABC Films selling programs to networks not owned by ABC. The arrival of satellite television ended the need for ABC to hold interests in other countries; many governments also wanted to increase their independence and strengthen legislation to limit foreign ownership of broadcasting properties. As a result, ABC was forced to sell all of its interests in international networks, mainly in Japan and Latin America, in the 1970s. The second period of international expansion is linked to that of the ESPN network in the 1990s, and policies enacted in the 2000s by Disney Media Networks. These policies included the expansion of several of the company's U.S.-based cable networks including Disney Channel and its spinoffs Toon Disney, Playhouse Disney and Jetix; although Disney also sold its 33% stake in European sports channel Eurosport for $155 million in June 2000. In contrast to Disney's other channels, ABC broadcasts in the United States with programming syndicated in other countries. The policy regarding wholly owned international networks was revived and on September 27, 2004, ABC announced the launch of ABC1 (UK), ABC1, a free-to-air channel in the United Kingdom owned by the ABC Group. However, ABC1 could not attain sustainable viewership and was shut down in October 2007. Prior to the ABC1 closure, on October 10, 2006, Disney–ABC Television Group entered into an agreement with satellite provider Dish TV to carry its ABC News Now channel in India. However, this operation was not put into effect.


Australia

In Australia, the Nine Network maintained close ties with ABC and has used a majority of the U.S. network's image campaigns and slogans since the 1970s; in particular, "Still the One", ABC's slogan it adopted for the 1977–78 United States network television schedule, 1977–78 television season and again for the 1979–80 United States network television schedule, 1979–80 television season, was adopted by Nine for the 1978 Australian television season (before, Nine also used ABC's "Let Us Be the One" slogan), and lasted longer ever since it was re-adopted in 1980—it was Nine's main slogan until it was replaced in December 2006. ABC's other slogans were also adopted by Nine during the 1980–2006 period, as secondary slogans complementing the "Still the One" slogan.


Canada

Most Canadians have access to at least one U.S.-based ABC affiliate, either over-the-air (in areas located within proximity of the
Canada–United States border The Canada–United States border, officially known as the International Boundary, is the longest border, international border in the world between two countries. The terrestrial boundary (including boundaries in the Great Lakes, Atlantic and P ...
) or through a cable, satellite or
IPTV Internet Protocol television (IPTV) is the delivery of television content over Internet Protocol (IP) networks. This is in contrast to delivery through traditional Terrestrial television, terrestrial, Satellite television, satellite, and Cable ...

IPTV
provider. Most ABC programs are subject to simultaneous substitution regulations imposed by the CRTC, which require television service providers to replace an American station's signal with the feed of a Television in Canada, Canadian broadcaster carrying the same syndicated program to protect domestic programming rights and advertising revenue.


Films produced by ABC


See also

* ABC Family Worldwide * ABC Kids (United States), ABC Kids * ABC Productions *
ABC Signature ABC Signature is an American television Filmmaking#Production, production studio under the Disney Television Studios (division), Disney Television Studios unit of Walt Disney Television that was named in 2020 (both ultimately owned by The Walt Di ...
* Children's programming on the American Broadcasting Company * Lists of ABC television affiliates * List of United States over-the-air television networks * Litton's Weekend Adventure *
Walt Disney Television Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multi ...


References


Footnotes


Citations


Bibliography

* * *


External links

* * Unofficial history of ABC'
East Coast production facilities
an
West Coast production facilities
{{Authority control American Broadcasting Company, Television networks in the United States Disney Media Networks Entertainment companies based in New York City Mass media companies based in New York City Disney acquisitions Disney television networks American companies established in 1943 Radio stations established in 1943 Television channels and stations established in 1943 1943 establishments in New York City 1996 mergers and acquisitions 1943 establishments in the United States