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Aldershot () is a town in the
Rushmoor Rushmoor is a local government district and borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practic ...
district of
Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the coast of the English Channel. The county town is Winchester, but the county is named after Southampton. Its two largest cities are Southampton a ...

Hampshire
, England. It lies on
heath A heath () is a shrubland Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterized by vegetation dominance (ecology), dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, Herbaceous plant, herbs, and geophytes. Shrubland m ...

heath
land in the extreme northeast corner of the county, about southwest of
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
. The area is administered by Rushmoor Borough Council. The town has a population of 36,321, while the
Aldershot Urban AreaFarnborough/Aldershot built-up area and Aldershot Urban Area are names used by the Office for National Statistics, ONS to refer to a conurbation spanning the borders of Surrey, Berkshire and Hampshire in England. The ONS found a population of 252,937 ...
, a loose
conurbation A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolis in the background A metropolis () is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for r ...
(which also includes other towns such as
Camberley Camberley is a town in the Borough of Surrey Heath Surrey Heath is a local government district The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) ...
,
FarnboroughFarnborough may refer to: Australia * Farnborough, Queensland, a locality in the Shire of Livingstone United Kingdom * Farnborough, Hampshire, a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England ** Farnborough (Main) railway station, a railwa ...
, and
Farnham Farnham is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the ...

Farnham
) has a population of 243,344, making it the thirtieth-largest urban area in the UK. Aldershot is known as the "Home of the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
", a connection which led to its rapid growth from a small village to a
Victorian Victorian or Victorians may refer to: 19th century * Victorian era, British history during Queen Victoria's 19th-century reign ** Victorian architecture ** Victorian house ** Victorian decorative arts ** Victorian fashion ** Victorian literature ...
town.


History


Early history

The name may have derived from
alder Alder is the common name of a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classific ...

alder
trees found in the area (from the
Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language ...
'alder-holt' meaning copse of alder trees). Aldershot was included as part of the
Hundred 100 or one hundred (Roman numerals, Roman numeral: C) is the natural number following 99 (number), 99 and preceding 101 (number), 101. In medieval contexts, it may be described as the short hundred or five 20 (number), score in order to differenti ...
of
Crondall Crondall is a village and large civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counti ...
referred to in the
Domesday Book Domesday Book () – the Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century. The English language underwent ...
of 1086. The Church of St Michael the Archangel is the parish church for the town and dates to the 12th-century with later additions. There was almost certainly an earlier church on the site. Cistercian monks from the nearby
Waverley Abbey Waverley Abbey was the first Cistercian abbey in England, founded in 1128 by William Giffard, the Bishop of Winchester. Located about southeast of Farnham, Surrey, it is situated on a Floodplain, flood-plain; surrounded by current and previous ...
established
grange Grange may refer to: Buildings * Grange House, Scotland, built in 1564, and demolished in 1906 * Grange Estate, Pennsylvania, built in 1682 * Monastic grange, a farming estate belonging to a monastery Geography Australia * Grange, South Australia ...
s or farms on their outlying estates, including one at Aldershot by 1175 for sheep grazing. We do not know when monks from the Abbey first came to Aldershot but the first documentary evidence is from 1287 when the Crondall Rental records that at 'Alreshate the Monks of Waverlye hold 31 acres of encroachment'. This area ran from the church of St Michael's down to the area around the present
Brickfields Country Park Brickfields Country Park is a park in Aldershot in Hampshire described as one of the smallest country parks in Britain. The park is owned and maintained by Rushmoor Borough Council.John Norden John Norden (1625) was an English cartographer Cartography (; from Greek χάρτης ''chartēs'', "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν ''graphein'', "write") is the study and practice of making and using maps. Combinin ...
's map of Hampshire, published in the 1607 edition of
William Camden William Camden (2 May 1551 – 9 November 1623) was an English antiquarian 's cabinet of curiosities, from ''Museum Wormianum,'' 1655 An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: ''antiquarius'', meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an fan ...

William Camden
's ''Britannia'', indicates that Aldershot was a market town. Prior to 1850, ''Aldershott'' was little known. The area was a vast stretch of
common land Common land is land owned by a person or collectively by a number of persons, over which other persons have certain common rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect wood, or to cut turf for fuel. A person who has a ...
, a lonely wasteland unsuitable for most forms of agriculture with scant population. As it existed at the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086, the extensive settlement of Crondall in the north-east corner of Hampshire was certainly Scandinavian, for among the customs of that great manor, which included Crondall,
Yateley Yateley () is a town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the England, English county of Hampshire. It lies in the north-eastern corner of Hart (district), Hart District Council area. It includes the settlements of Frogmore, Hampshire ...
, Farnborough, and Aldershot, that of sole inheritance by the eldest daughter in default of sons prevailed, as over a large part of Cumberland, and this is a peculiarly Norse custom. The first recorded mention of the manor of Aldershot is in 1573 in the will of Sir John White of Aldershot (c1512–1573), alderman of London and knighted when he became
Lord Mayor of London The Lord Mayor of London is the mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organi ...
(1563-4). He left Aldershot Manor to his son Sir Robert White of Aldershot (died 1599). He in turn left the manor to be divided between his two daughters, Ellen the wife of Sir Richard Tichborne and Mary, the wife of Sir Walter Tichborne, brother of Richard. The 18th-century
jurist A jurist is a person with expert knowledge of law; someone who analyses and comments on law. This person is usually a specialist legal scholarnot necessarily with a formal qualification in law or a lawyer, legal practitioner, although in the U ...
Charles Viner lived in the town and printed his ''A General Abridgment of Law and Equity'' on a press in his home. In the 18th-century, the stretch of the London to
Winchester Winchester is a cathedral city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London ...

Winchester
turnpike Turnpike often refers to: * A type of gate, another word for a turnstile * In the United States, a toll road Turnpike may also refer to: Roads United Kingdom * Turnpike trust, a body set up by an Act of Parliament, with powers to collect road tol ...

turnpike
that passed through Aldershot between
Bagshot Bagshot is a village in the borough of , England, approximately southwest of central London. In the past, Bagshot served as an important between London, and the , evidenced by the original s still present in the town today. Much of the lan ...
and Farnham (now known as the Farnborough Road) was the scene of highway robberies. At one time it had "almost as bad a reputation as
Hounslow Heath Hounslow Heath is a local nature reserve in the London Borough of Hounslow The London Borough of Hounslow () is a London borough in West London (sub region), West London, England, forming part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 when three ...
".
Dick Turpin Richard Turpin (bapt. 21 September 1705 – 7 April 1739) was an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft. Turpin may have followed his father's trade as a butcher earl ...
is said to have operated in the area having his headquarters nearby in
FarnboroughFarnborough may refer to: Australia * Farnborough, Queensland, a locality in the Shire of Livingstone United Kingdom * Farnborough, Hampshire, a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England ** Farnborough (Main) railway station, a railwa ...
, and there were sightings of
Spring-heeled Jack Spring-heeled Jack is an entity in English folklore of the Victorian era. The first claimed sighting of Spring-heeled Jack was in 1837. Later sightings were reported all over the United Kingdom and were especially prevalent in suburban Lond ...

Spring-heeled Jack
.


Growth in the Victorian era

In 1854, at the time of the
Crimean War The Crimean War, , was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which Russian Empire, Russia lost to an alliance of Second French Empire, France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, ...
,
Aldershot Garrison Aldershot Garrison, also known as Aldershot Military Town, is a major garrison Garrison (from the French ''garnison'', itself from the verb ''garnir'', "to equip") is the collective term for any body of troop A troop is a military sub- ...
was established as the first permanent training camp for the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
. This led to a rapid expansion of Aldershot's population going from 875 in 1851, to in excess of 16,000 by 1861 (including about 9,000 from the military). Mrs Louisa Daniell arrived in the town at this time and set up her Soldier's Home and Institute to cater for the spiritual needs of the soldiers and their families. During this period
Holy Trinity churchHoly Trinity Church may refer to: Albania *Holy Trinity Church (Berat), Berat County *Holy Trinity Church, Lavdar i Oparit, Korçë County Armenia *Holy Trinity Church, Yerevan Australia * Garrison Church, Sydney, Garrison Church, Millers Point, ...
, the
Presbyterian church Presbyterianism is a part of the Reformed tradition Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of ...
, the
Wesleyan church The Wesleyan Church, also known as the Wesleyan Methodist Church and Wesleyan Holiness Church depending on the region, is a holiness Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movem ...
and Rotunda chapel were built in the town centre to cater for the spiritual needs of the increasing numbers of troops in the nearby Camp and the growing civilian town. In August 1856 on her return from the Crimean War and "wishing to be with her sons in the Army"
Mary Seacole Mary Jane Seacole (''née'' Grant; 23 November 1805 – 14 May 1881) was a British-Jamaica Jamaica () is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and ...
with her business partner Thomas Day is said to arrived in Aldershot where they attempted to open a canteen. In her autobiography Seacole wrote. 'we set to bravely at Aldershott to retrieve our fallen fortunes, and stem off the ruin originated in the Crimea, but all in vain...'. The venture is believed to have failed through lack of funds and the two being declared bankrupt.


Aldershot Military Tattoo

The Aldershot
Military Tattoo A military tattoo is a performance of music or display of armed forces in general. The term comes from the early 17th-century Dutch phrase ''doe den tap toe'' ("turn off the tap"), a signal sounded by drummers or trumpeters to instruct innkeepers ...
was an annual event dating back to 1894. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Aldershot Command Searchlight Tattoo held at the Rushmoor Arena presented displays from all branches of the services, including performances lit by flame torches. At one time the performances attracted crowds of up to 500,000 people. The Tattoo was organised to raise money for military charities. By the end of the 1930s the event was raising around £40,000 annually. The Tattoo's modern format, the Army Show, was cancelled in 2010 by the
Ministry of DefenceMinistry of Defence or Ministry of Defense may refer to: * Ministry of defence, a type of government department responsible for matters of defence Current ministries * Ministry of Defense (Afghanistan) * Ministry of Defence (Albania) * Ministry ...
due to budget cuts. It was briefly revived the following year and attracted 20,000 visitors. In 2012, it was styled as the Aldershot Garrison Show, a smaller free event held on
Armed Forces Day Many nations around the world observe some kind of Armed Forces Day to honor their military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typica ...
. The Army Show was replaced in 2013 with a general Military Festival. Events were held across the town, including an art exhibition, live music, sports events and film screenings.


During the World Wars

In 1914 Aldershot had the largest army camp in the country with 20% of the
British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' us ...
being based in and around the town. Aldershot was home for two Infantry Divisions and a Cavalry Brigade in addition to large numbers of artillery, engineers, service corps and medical services. At the start of
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
the units based at Aldershot became the 1st Corps of the British Expeditionary Force and soon tens of thousands of new recruits came to the large training centre in the Camp. This had a great effect on the civilian town as there was a great shortage of accommodation for the troops and many were billeted in local houses and schools. Aldershot played a vital role in the formation of
Kitchener's Army The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer portion of the British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a pa ...
, providing the core of the Army from 1914 onwards as well as treating the wounded brought back from the trenches in France and Flanders. The
Cambridge Military Hospital Cambridge Military Hospital was a hospital in Aldershot Garrison, Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the English Channel coast. The county town is Winchester, England's ...
was the first base hospital to receive casualties directly from the
Western FrontWestern Front or West Front may refer to: Military frontiers *Western Front (World War I), a military frontier to the west of Germany *Western Front (World War II), a military frontier to the west of Germany *Western Front (Russian Empire), a major ...

Western Front
and it was here that
plastic surgery Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. It can be divided into two main categories: reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery Reconstructive su ...
was first performed in the
British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ...

British Empire
by Captain Gillies (later Sir
Harold Gillies Sir Harold Delf Gillies (17 June 1882 – 10 September 1960) was a New Zealand-born, and later London-based, Otorhinolaryngology, otolaryngologist and father of modern plastic surgery. Early life Gillies was born in Dunedin, New Zealand, the son ...
). From 1939 to 1945 during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
The Canadians leave Aldershot - Wartime Canada database
/ref> about 330,000 Canadian troops of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigades passed through Aldershot for training before being deployed for the defence of the United Kingdom while much of the British Army was overseas. Additional units of the Canadian Army followed later creating the largest force of British Commonwealth troops ever to be stationed in the UK at one time. The Aldershot riot of July 1945 caused considerable damage to the town centre when disgruntled Canadian troops tired of waiting to be repatriated rioted in the streets for two evenings. In a gesture of forgiveness and goodwill the Freedom of the Borough of Aldershot was conferred on the Canadian Army on 26 September 1945 in a ceremony held at the town's
recreation ground A park is an area of naturally occurring, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. Urban parks are urban green space, green spaces set aside for recreatio ...
. In the following year Aldershot's
military prison A military prison is a prison A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British, Australian, and to a lesser extent Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be ...
the 'Glasshouse' was burned down in prison riots.


Post War

A substantial rebuilding of the barracks was carried out between 1961 and 1969, by the architecture and engineering firm
Building Design Partnership Building Design Partnership Ltd, doing business as BDP, is a firm of architect An architect is a person who plans, designs and oversees the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the desi ...
. The work was sped up under government pressure, and various new building technologies were employed with mixed success. In 1974 Aldershot borough, which had been based at Aldershot Town Hall, merged with Farnborough urban district to form the Borough of Rushmoor under the provisions of the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
. After a 2009 campaign, the British Government allowed veteran
Gurkha The Gurkhas or Gorkhas (), with endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Eu ...

Gurkha
soldiers who had served for more than four years, and their families, to settle in the UK. The rise in the Nepalese population led
Gerald Howarth Sir James Gerald Douglas Howarth (born 12 September 1947), known as Gerald Howarth, is a British Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservativ ...

Gerald Howarth
,
Conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ...

Conservative
Member of Parliament for Aldershot, to request government assistance in expanding local public services to meet the needs of the growing population.


1972 Aldershot bombing

On 22 February 1972, Aldershot experienced the first in a series of
mainland Mainland is defined as "relating to or forming the main part of a country or continent, not including the islands around it egardless of status under territorial jurisdiction by an entity" The term is often human geography, politically, econo ...

mainland
IRA attacks. Seven people, six of whom were civilian support staff, including five catering staff and a gardener were killed in a
car bomb A car bomb, lorry bomb, or truck bomb, also known as a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), is an improvised explosive device An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the Ex ...
attack on the 16th Parachute Brigade headquarters
mess The mess (also called a mess deck aboard ships) is an area where military personnel Military personnel are members of the state's armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized forc ...

mess
. A further 19 people were injured. The bombing was claimed by the
Official IRA The Official Irish Republican Army or Official IRA (OIRA; ) was an Irish republican paramilitary group whose goal was to remove Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label= Ulster-Scots, Norlin Airlann) is ...
as revenge for the
Bloody Sunday Bloody Sunday may refer to: Historical events * Bloody Sunday (1887), a police and military attack on a demonstration in London against British rule in Ireland * Bloody Sunday (1900), a day of high casualties in the Second Boer War, South Afric ...
massacre. The only army officer killed was Captain Gerry Weston a
Catholic The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...

Catholic
British Army chaplain. An area to be developed into a memorial garden was used to mark the 40th anniversary of the bombing in 2012.


Aldershot Military Town

Aldershot Military Town is located between Aldershot and North Camp near
FarnboroughFarnborough may refer to: Australia * Farnborough, Queensland, a locality in the Shire of Livingstone United Kingdom * Farnborough, Hampshire, a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England ** Farnborough (Main) railway station, a railwa ...
. It is a
garrison town Garrison (from the French ''garnison'', itself from the verb ''garnir'', "to equip") is the collective term for any body of troop A troop is a military sub-subunit Sub-subunit or sub-sub-unit is a subordinated element below platoon l ...

garrison town
that serves as the location for the military presence in the area. It houses Aldershot Garrison's married quarters, barracks, Army playing fields and other sporting facilities. The military town includes some local landmarks, such as the Aldershot Observatory,
Aldershot Military Cemetery Aldershot Military Cemetery is a burial ground for military personnel, or ex-military personnel and their families, located in Aldershot#Aldershot Military Town, Aldershot Military Town, Hampshire. The cemetery was created in 1850s by the Royal En ...
, the Union Building, the Royal Garrison Church and other churches. Until 1993, the town served as headquarters for the
Royal Corps of Transport The Royal Corps of Transport (RCT) was a British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or ...
and the
Army Catering Corps The Army Catering Corps (ACC) was a corps Corps (; plural ''corps'' ; from French language, French ''corps'', from the Latin ''corpus'' "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation. A military innovation by Napoleon, the ...
, until they were merged into the
Royal Logistic Corps The Royal Logistic Corps provides logistic support functions to the British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British Armed Forces. , the British Army comprises 80,040 reg ...
and moved to
Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut The Princess Royal Barracks, Deepcut, commonly referred to as Deepcut Barracks, is a former British Army installation near Camberley, Surrey. It was the headquarters of the Royal Logistic Corps (RLC) and also the Defence College of Logistics, Poli ...
.
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
and
Prince Albert Prince Albert most commonly refers to: *Albert, Prince Consort german: link=no, Franz Albert August Karl Emanuel , house = , father = Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , mother = Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenbu ...

Prince Albert
showed a keen interest in the establishment and development of Aldershot as a garrison town in the 1850s, at the time of the
Crimean War The Crimean War, , was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which Russian Empire, Russia lost to an alliance of Second French Empire, France, the Ottoman Empire, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, ...
. They had a wooden
Royal Pavilion The Royal Pavilion, also known as the Brighton Pavilion, is a Grade I listed A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England Historic England (off ...
built which they would often stay in when attending reviews of the army. In 1860 Albert established and endowed the
Prince Consort's Library The Prince Consort's Library in Aldershot#Aldershot_Military_Town, Aldershot Military Town in the England, English county of Hampshire was founded by Albert, Prince Consort, Prince Albert to contribute to the education of soldiers in the British Arm ...
, which still exists today. To celebrate Queen Victoria's
Diamond Jubilee A diamond Diamond is a Allotropes of carbon, solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic. At Standard conditions for temperature and pressure, room temperature and pressure, another ...

Diamond Jubilee
in 1897, 25,000 British and Colonial soldiers marched from Laffan's Plain near Farnborough, reviewed by Queen Victoria. Beside the British soldiers marched men from Canada, India, Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Aldershot Military Town comes under its own military jurisdiction. It was home to the Parachute Regiment from its formation in 1940 until it moved to
Colchester Garrison Colchester Garrison is a major garrison located in Colchester in the county of Essex, Eastern England. It has been an important military base since the Roman era. The first permanent military garrison in Colchester was established by Legio XX ...
in 2003. Many famous people have been associated with the Military Town, including
Charlie Chaplin Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin Jr. (16 April 188925 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, the Tramp, and is consider ...

Charlie Chaplin
, who made his first stage appearance in ''The Canteen'' theatre aged 5 in 1894, and
Winston Churchill Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The hea ...

Winston Churchill
, who was based there in the late 19th century during his time in the Army. The area also houses various military and regimental museums, including the
Aldershot Military Museum Aldershot Military Museum in Aldershot#Aldershot Military Town, Aldershot Military Town in Hampshire, England was conceived by former Aldershot Garrison Commander, Brigadier John Reed (1926–1992). Reed believed that it was essential to preserve ...
, housed in a red-brick
Victorian Victorian or Victorians may refer to: 19th century * Victorian era, British history during Queen Victoria's 19th-century reign ** Victorian architecture ** Victorian house ** Victorian decorative arts ** Victorian fashion ** Victorian literature ...
barracks. Until December 2007 the
Parachute Regiment and Airborne Forces Museum The Parachute Regiment and Airborne Forces Museum is based at Duxford in Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a Counties of England, county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north- ...
was in Aldershot. It has since moved to the
Imperial War Museum Duxford Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England. Britain's largest aviation museum, Duxford houses the museum's large exhibits, including nearly 200 aircraft, military vehicles, artill ...
. The RAMC Memorial to the 314 men of the Royal Army Medical Corps who lost their lives in the Second Boer War, Boer War of 1899-1902 is located at the top of Gun Hill. An outline planning application has been agreed for the redevelopment of some of the former Military Town. The Aldershot Urban Extension will bring some 3,850 new homes, two new primary schools, a children's day-care centre, additional secondary school places, community facilities, waste recycling and landscaping to an area of 150 hectares. In 2013, the MoD announced a £100 million investment to expand Aldershot Garrison and bring 750 more service personnel and their families to settle in Aldershot.


Landmarks


Wellington Statue

A statue of the first Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Duke of Wellington mounted on his horse, Copenhagen, is situated on Round Hill behind the Royal Garrison Church. The statue is high, from nose to tail, over in girth, weighs 40 tons and is intricately detailed including musculature and veins. It was designed and built by Matthew Cotes Wyatt who used recycled bronze from cannons that were captured at the Battle of Waterloo. It took thirty men over three years to finish the project. Originally, in 1846, the statue was erected at Hyde Park Corner, London on the Wellington Arch. However, Decimus Burton, architect of the arch, had tried to veto this plan for his preferred "figure in a four horse chariot". Many agreed with Decimus Burton that the statue looked ridiculous since it was out of proportion. It was nicknamed "The Archduke" and was a popular topic in the satirical magazine ''Punch (magazine), Punch''.
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
claimed that the statue ruined the view of the skyline from Buckingham Palace, and she privately proposed that the statue be moved. The Duke, who had only sat for the sculptor on two or three occasions, suddenly became very attached to the statue and would not consider its removal from its arch. In 1885, the Edward VII of the United Kingdom, Prince of Wales handed over the monument to Lieutenant General Anderson, the commander of the Aldershot Garrison.


Aldershot Observatory

The observatory is a circular red-brick building with a domed roof and it stands on Queen's Avenue. Inside is a telescope, 8-inch refractor, mounted on a German-type equatorial mount with a clockwork drive. The telescope and observatory building were a gift from aviation pioneer Patrick Young Alexander to the British Army, a fact which is recorded by a plaque near the observatory door. It reads: "Presented to the Aldershot Army Corps by Patrick Y Alexander Esq 1906".


The Wesleyan Church

The former Wesleyan Methodist Church (Great Britain), Wesleyan church on Grosvenor Road has a 100-foot tower that can be seen for miles around the town and which is described as " the only significant tower in the town". Opened in 1877, the church served the Methodist Church of Great Britain, Methodists of Aldershot for over 100 years and could seat 1,150 people until its closure in 1988. Today the original complex of church, Soldiers' Home and Hall has been converted into offices, a dental surgery, gymnasium and homes.The History of Methodism in Aldershot - Aldershot Methodist Church website
/ref>


Aldershot Buddhist Centre

Aldershot Buddhist Centre is a Buddhism, Buddhist temple and community centre catering for the Buddhists of Aldershot and surrounding area which is billed as the United Kingdom's first Buddhist community centre. With the influx of large numbers of Nepalis into the area in recent years giving
Rushmoor Rushmoor is a local government district and borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practic ...
the largest Buddhist community in the United Kingdom,Dalai Lama defies protesters to open Aldershot Buddhist centre
- BBC News Online 29 June 2015
a need for a temple and community centre to cater for their spiritual and secular needs was required. The Centre was formally opened on the High Street by the 14th Dalai Lama in June 2015.About the Centre - Buddhist Community Centre UK website
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Union Building

When a small party of Non-commissioned officer, NCOs and men of the Royal Engineers arrived in November 1853 in the area that is today Princes Gardens, Aldershot, Princes Gardens they were the first soldiers to arrive in Aldershot. At this time the area was heathland with the only building in sight being the Union Building, Aldershot, Union Poor House, built in 1629 as a sub-manor for the Tichborne baronets, Tichborne family and later used as the local workhouse and a school. It was one of five permanent local buildings purchased by the War Department (United Kingdom), War Department in 1854 as part of the development of the new Aldershot Camp, and was used by the Army from 1854 to 1879 as No 2 Station Hospital. In later years it saw a variety of uses before being redevelped as flats.


Transport and communications

Aldershot is close to several motorways and major roads, including the M3 motorway (Great Britain), M3, M4 motorway, M4, A3 road, A3 and M25 motorway, M25, which provide connections to London, the South Coast of England, South Coast and the rest of the United Kingdom, country. Its nearest dual-carriageway roads are the A31 road, A31 to its south, heading east towards Guildford and the A3, and the A331 road, A331 to its east, heading north towards
FarnboroughFarnborough may refer to: Australia * Farnborough, Queensland, a locality in the Shire of Livingstone United Kingdom * Farnborough, Hampshire, a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England ** Farnborough (Main) railway station, a railwa ...
and the M3. Farnborough Airport is 5 miles away, Heathrow Airport, Heathrow is 29 miles, and Gatwick Airport, Gatwick is 43 miles away. Aldershot railway station and bus station are both situated off Station Road. From the railway station, South Western Railway (train operating company), South Western Railway run services to London Waterloo railway station, London Waterloo, Alton railway station, Alton, Guildford railway station, Guildford and Ascot railway station (Berkshire), Ascot. Aldershot bus station is the terminus for many bus services in the Aldershot Urban Area; it also services buses from further afield. Bus services from Aldershot are provided by Stagecoach South. National Express Coaches, National Express coach services operate between Victoria Coach Station, London Victoria and Portsmouth twice a day.


Government and infrastructure

The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB), the British aviation accident investigation agency, is based in Farnborough House in Aldershot.


Education

There are various schools in Aldershot. These will be joined by two new primary schools being built as part of the Aldershot Urban extension development of 3,850 houses. This development will also be served by a further 675 secondary school places being created at the Alderwood and Wavell schools. A mix of infants and juniors, including Park Primary School and St Michael's (C of E). The infant schools are Talavera, Wellington Primary, and Bell Vue Infant School. Junior schools include: Newport County, Talavera, Wellington Secondary and St Joseph's Primary (Catholic). Aldershot has only one secondary school, Alderwood School (formerly Heron Wood School and The Connaught School) though Ash Manor School, Farnham Heath End School, All Hallows Catholic School and The Wavell School are all local. In the town's West End can be found Rowhill School, Aldershot, Rowhill School, a special school for students of secondary age unable to attend mainstream schooling for a variety of reasons. There are also two private schools, Salesian College and Farnborough Hill School in nearby Farnborough.


Leisure and recreation

Following the demolition of the Theatre Royal, Aldershot, Theatre Royal and Hippodrome, Aldershot, Hippodrome theatres in 1959 and 1961, the local council opened its own Princes Hall in 1973 as an entertainment venue. Another entertainment venue and arts centre is the West End Centre, Aldershot, West End Centre on Queens Road which is popular for small-scale theatre, music and comedy.West End Centre
on the House Theatre (Farnham Maltings) website


Music and dance


Hardcore

The Palace (previously The Palace Cinema, The Rhythm Station, Cheeks, Vox), influenced the rapid growth of the Hardcore techno, hardcore scene from 1992 to 1995. Weekly events included Chris Grayston#Fusion, Fusion (Hectic Records), Tazmania, Slammin' Vinyl and Future World. The club also groomed local talents such as DJ Sharkey, DJ Mystery, DJ Sy, DJ Unknown, Vinylgroover, DJ NS, Hixxy, MC Freestyle, MC Young, MC Smiley and of course the Spyder MC who in 2004 became the voice of carton Spiderman. The location of Aldershot between Southampton and London meant the club became a mecca for Hardcore and it was regularly sold out during this time. At the height of the club's popularity, a teenager's death from a suspected overdose of MDMA, Ecstasy was the catalyst that saw dance music leaving the club and had a negative impact on the hardcore dance scene in the Aldershot area.


The Beatles in Aldershot

Sam Leach, their then agent, and wanting to become their manager, attempted to introduce the Beatles to London agents by promoting shows at The Palais Ballroom, on the corner of Perowne Street and Queens Road in Aldershot on 9 December 1961. The show was not advertised properly and, as a result, only 18 people attended. The local newspaper, ''The Aldershot News'', failed to publish Leach's advertisement for the show. However, the band and friends had their own fun after the show, drinking ale and playing football with bingo balls, then going on to London to join in on an after hours jam at the Blue Gardenia Club. Weeks after this Brian Epstein became the group's manager.


Rock music

At the end of the 1990s and the start of the 2000s, an underground scene of rock bands cropped up around Aldershot. Notable bands include Reuben (band), Reuben, Vex Red, Inter (band), Inter and Hundred Reasons.


Shopping

Union Street and Wellington Street at the centre of the town's shopping district were pedestrianised in the 1970s when the Wellington Centre, a covered shopping centre, was built over the site of the town's former open-air market. During the 1980s and 1990s the Victorian shopping arcade and various other period buildings in Wellington Street were demolished to allow for the building of an extension to the Wellington Centre known as ''The Galleries.'' The Galleries has remained almost vacant for many years now and is currently under consideration for proposed redevelopment into a mixed use retail and residential scheme, with potential commercial leisure space. In 2003, a health check of the town centre concluded that, "Aldershot is experiencing promising signs of revitalisation, particularly in the shopping core". This revitalisation failed to materialise, with prominent traders such as Marks and Spencer leaving the town centre. In 2005, Rushmoor Borough Council documented the percentage of vacant shops at 10%, 8% and 7% respectively for Union Street, the Wellington Centre and Wellington Street. The Westgate Leisure Park, which opened in 2012–2013 and which fronts onto Barrack Road, includes a Cineworld cinema, a Morrisons supermarket, and several chain restaurants, including Nando's, Mimosa and Pizza Express. There is also a Tesco superstore located at the rear of the development.


Parks and open spaces

Aldershot has many parks, playgrounds and open spaces for sport, play and leisure, including Aldershot Park,
Brickfields Country Park Brickfields Country Park is a park in Aldershot in Hampshire described as one of the smallest country parks in Britain. The park is owned and maintained by Rushmoor Borough Council.Lily Partridge
and Stephanie Twell, Steph Twell and specialises in Middle-distance running, middle–Long-distance running, long distance running. The home of Aldershot, Farnham and District Athletics Club, AFD, as it is commonly known, is the Aldershot Military Stadium, Aldershot
Blackwater Valley Runners
are a social running club and organise many local races.


Swimming

Opened in 1930, Aldershot Lido is a traditional outdoor leisure pool that contains 1.5 million gallons of water situated on a site. The original land was a lake that had become overgrown with weeds. It was bought by the Borough Council in 1920 for £21,000 and was the focus of the council's improvement projects for the town. The Lido became an Olympic venue in 1948 when it was the site of the swimming event in the Modern Pentathlon of that year's London Olympic Games. The pool has extensive areas of shallow water for children to play including a large fountain at the centre. It also has a diving area and water slides. There is an adjoining 25 m indoor pool that allows all year round swimming.


Football

The local professional football team is Aldershot Town F.C., Aldershot Town who compete in the Football Conference. Before 1992 the local club was Aldershot F.C., Aldershot, which folded on 25 March 1992, while playing in the Football League Fourth Division. The current club was formed shortly afterwards and achieved five promotions in its first 16 seasons to return to the Football League in 2008. The previous Aldershot club's biggest success arguably came in 1987, just five years before closure, when they became the first team to win the Football League Fourth Division promotion play-offs, at the expense of a far bigger club – Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C., Wolverhampton Wanderers. Since 1927, the main football ground in the town, and home of both teams, is the Recreation Ground (Aldershot), Recreation Ground, also known as "The Rec". It has a capacity for 7,100, of which 2,000 can be seated. A number of successful current and former footballers are from the Aldershot area, including Johnny Berry, who was born in the town in 1926. He played for Birmingham City F.C., Birmingham City and Manchester United F.C., Manchester United before his playing career was ended by injuries sustained in the Munich air disaster on 6 February 1958. He had won three league title medals with Manchester United. He later returned to Aldershot to run a sports shop with his brother Peter. He continued to live locally until he died in September 1994, at the age of 68. Other footballers born in Aldershot include Craig Maskell (a striker for clubs including Southampton F.C., Southampton, Swindon Town F.C., Swindon Town and Reading F.C., Reading) during the 1980s and 1990s, and Bruce Rioch. Rioch played for clubs including Luton Town F.C., Luton Town, Aston Villa F.C., Aston Villa and Derby County F.C., Derby County before managing clubs including Middlesbrough F.C., Middlesbrough and Arsenal F.C., Arsenal, but played for the Scotland national football team, Scotland team during the 1970s due to his ancestry. Another player from the area is Joe Ralls who played youth football for Aldershot Town FC and currently plays for EFL Championship side Cardiff City FC. Another former notable player is current Burnley Goalkeeper Nick Pope. Pope was at Aldershot on loan from Charlton at the time. On 25 October 2011 Aldershot Town played Manchester United F.C., Manchester United at the Recreation Ground (Aldershot), Recreation Ground in the League Cup 4th round losing 3–0, their most successful run to date in the League Cup, Carling Cup.


Cricket

Aldershot Cricket Club is based in the town. The club shares facilities with Aldershot & Farnham Hockey Club and the Blackwater Valley Runners running and jogging club.


Rugby union

Formerly known as Fleet RUFC, the club started in 1991 as a pub side. The club was renamed Aldershot and Fleet RUFC (A&F or the Stags) after their move in 2003 from Farnborough to their current home Aldershot Park. With an ever-expanding juniors section, Aldershot & Fleet were successful in winning the coveted RFU "Seal of Approval" Club of the Year 2008 for the southern region. They now play in the Hampshire 2 league with Jason Huish as their captain. Furthermore, the club hosts a Rugby League Vet's team for over 35's.


Greyhound racing

Greyhound racing took place regularly at Aldershot Stadium in Tongham during the 1950s.


Stock car racing

Aldershot Stadium was located in Oxenden Road, Tongham and staged Stock Car racing for the first time on 30 October 1954. Together with other short-circuit formulae (including Superstox, Hot Rods, Bangers and Midgets) racing was held regularly (every Thursday evening, every Boxing Day afternoon and later on Saturdays). The racing took place initially on a loose shale track inside the greyhound track; after Motorcycle speedway racing at the venue ceased the shale track was replaced with a hard Asphalt concrete, tarmaced surface. The track was home to the Aldershot Knights for National League team racing in 1966 and again in 1971 and 1972. The site was the headquarters for the promoter, Spedeworth International ltd. Major national events at the track were few and far between – the most notable title race contested there being the 1975 British Superstox Championship (27 Sep 1975, won by Steve Monk). The final meeting at Oxenden Road took place on 21 November 1992. Immediately after this date the site was cleared for construction of the A331 Blackwater Valley Road, which forms a by-pass for Aldershot and Farnborough. Now, short-circuit motor sport takes place in Aldershot again, at the Aldershot Raceway, Pegasus Village, Rushmoor Arena. Founded and named by local man and ex short circuit racing driver Malcolm Roberts, his wife Gwen and their children in memory of and following the death of their eldest son, also Malcolm, a short circuit motor racing enthusiast. The site is now operated by Spedeworth, whilst the Roberts family relocated to a new circuit in Aldermaston, West Berks, still employing their original operating name of Fleet Motor Club.


Speedway racing

Circa 1929, a track operated at a stadium in Boxalls Lane. Speedway returned to Aldershot in 1950 at the local greyhound stadium. The Shots featured in the lower echelons of the sport up to 1960.


Olympics

Aldershot hosted three of the five events in the modern pentathlon at the 1948 Summer Olympics, 1948 London Olympics. The swimming was held in Aldershot Lido, Maida Gymnasium hosted the fencing, and the cross-country equestrian event was held at Tweseldown. All of the Olympic equestrian events, excluding the Prix des Nations, were also held at Aldershot. It was announced on 15 January 2008 that the Aldershot Military Town had been chosen as the official training camp for the British Olympic team ahead of the 2012 Olympic Games in London, though a short while after it was announced that Team GB would be training abroad.


Media

The local press are the ''Aldershot News & Mail'', a broadsheet, and the ''Surrey-Hants Star Courier'', a free tabloid. The local BBC TV news is BBC South Today. Aldershot is covered on BBC radio by BBC Surrey (which covers Surrey & North-East Hampshire on 104.6FM). The Independent Local Radio stations was 96.4 Eagle Radio, broadcasting contemporary music, until it was purchased by Bauer Media in 2019 along with other stations in the UKRD group. from September 2020; Eagle Radio become Greatest Hits Radio. BFBS Radio also broadcasts from a studio on Middle Hill on 102.5FM as part of its UK Bases network.


Politics

Aldershot is divided into the following wards: * Rowhill (Rushmoor Borough Council): southwest of the town has three Conservative councillors. * Wellington (Rushmoor Borough Council): west of the town together with the northern half of the town centre has two Labour councillors and one conservative councillor. * Manor Park (Rushmoor Borough Council): south of the town and the southern half of the town centre has three Conservative councillors. * Aldershot Park (Rushmoor Borough Council): southeast of the town has three Labour councillors. * North Town (Rushmoor Borough Council): northeast of the town has three Labour councillors. * St Marks (Rushmoor Borough Council): north of the town and parts of Farnborough has three Conservative councillors. * Aldershot North (Hampshire County Council): north west of the town has one Conservative councillor. * Aldershot South (Hampshire County Council): south east of the town has one Conservative councillor. As of the May 2018 Rushmoor Borough Council Elections and the May 2017 Hampshire County Council Elections, of the 20 seats on Rushmoor Borough Council and Hampshire County Council covering Aldershot, the Conservatives hold 12 and Labour hold 8. Wellington Ward is quite unique, as it combines the most compact urban parts of the town northern part of the town centre, much of the military town and a very large acreage of unpopulated woodlands, forests and heathland. The town is represented in parliament through the Aldershot (UK Parliament constituency), Aldershot constituency. The current MP is Leo Docherty (
Conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ...

Conservative
), with a majority in May 2015 of 14,901 (32.1%). Of the 39 councillors on Rushmoor Borough Council, 18 represent the six wards that cover Aldershot. Of these councillors elected since the last local elections in May 2015, ten are
Conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ...

Conservative
and eight are Labour Party (UK), Labour.


Notable people from Aldershot

* Martin Freeman, actor in ''The Office (UK TV series), The Office'' , ''The Hobbit (film series), The Hobbit'', and ''Sherlock (TV series), Sherlock''. * Ben Norris (comedian), a British stand up comedian, who has appeared on ''Mock the Week'' and ''Never Mind the Buzzcocks''. * Arthur English, actor and comedian, in honour of whom there is now a blue plaque at 22 Lysons Road. * Amelle Berrabah, singer, songwriter and former member of the Sugababes. * Ott (record producer), electronic musician, sound engineer. * John Lucarotti, British Screenwriter. * Joel Freeland, professional basketball player, having played for both the Portland Trail Blazers and CSKA Moscow. * Holly Aird, actress known for her role in ''Waking the Dead (TV series), Waking The Dead''. * Alfred Toye, Aldershot-born recipient of the Victoria Cross during
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
* DanTDM (Daniel Robert Middleton), YouTube personality, professional gamer, and author. * James Wade, professional darts player on the Professional Darts Corporation, PDC *Alex Reid (fighter), Alex Reid, mixed martial arts fighter and ex-husband of Katie Price. *Joe Jopling, Joe Joping, professional footballer. *Johnny Berry, Manchester United F.C., Manchester United footballer and former 'Busby Babes, Busby Babe'.


Location filming

The barrack scenes in the 1968 film ''The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968 film), The Charge of the Light Brigade'' starring David Hemmings and Trevor Howard were filmed at the old West Cavalry Barracks (now largely demolished). The gates of the West Cavalry Barracks also stood in as the prison gates for the 1960 film ''Two-Way Stretch'' starring Peter Sellers, Wilfrid Hyde-White and Lionel Jeffries. The area was used for location filming of the 1970 ''Doctor Who'' serial ''The Ambassadors of Death''. Due to its architecture, Bruneval Barracks in Aldershot Garrison, Montgomery Lines was chosen as the location for snowy scenes in Kazan, Russia at the end of the 2009 James Bond film ''Quantum of Solace''. Parts of Aldershot's military training area were also used for the opening sequence in the 2002 James Bond film ''Die Another Day''. The Montgomery Lines were again used for Brad Pitt's film ''World War Z (film), World War Z'' based on the novel by Max Brooks.


Twin towns - sister cities

Rushmoor is Twin towns and sister cities, twinned with: * Dayton, Ohio, Dayton, Ohio, United States ''(since 2019)'' * Gorkha Municipality, Nepal ''(since 2020)'' * Meudon, France ''(since 1974)'' * Oberursel, Germany ''(since 1989)'' * Rzeszów, Poland ''(since 2019)'' * Sulechów, Poland ''(since 2001)''


See also

* List of army barracks around Aldershot *
Aldershot Military Cemetery Aldershot Military Cemetery is a burial ground for military personnel, or ex-military personnel and their families, located in Aldershot#Aldershot Military Town, Aldershot Military Town, Hampshire. The cemetery was created in 1850s by the Royal En ...
* Aldershot Cemetery, the town's civil cemetery * Aldershot Crematorium * St Joseph's Church, Aldershot * Church of St Michael the Archangel * Holy Trinity Church, Aldershot * Wesleyan Church, Aldershot


References


External links


Rushmoor Borough CouncilThe Aldershot Tattoo (Web archive)The Aldershot Civic SocietyAldershot Military MuseumBrickfields Country Park
{{Authority control Aldershot, Towns in Hampshire Venues of the 1948 Summer Olympics Olympic equestrian venues Military in Hampshire Towns with cathedrals in the United Kingdom Unparished areas in Hampshire Rushmoor populated places established in the 11th century 1086 establishments in England