Agile Construction is an integrated system of principles and methods, and a philosophy of doing business adapted to jobsites and overall project delivery in the construction industry. It is born from agile manufacturing
and project management
, which is mostly used in manufacturing production, automotive and software developing
teams. It is the application of the Toyota Production System
to the construction industry, with two parallel paths: Measuring (ASTM
E2691) and improving productivity, as well as segregating and Externalizing Work through prefabrication
and supply chain management.
Like the Toyota Production System, Agile Construction principles form is a system that relies on input from the source of the work information, both up front for planning the project, as well as throughout the life of a project for real-time feedback. The real-time input produces real-time measurements of productivity and allows for improved responsiveness to changes on the jobsite. Iterative
and incremental Agile Construction methods help manage the design and build of efficient, low-risk processes and activities. This means that each time a process is repeated some changes are made to improve the process. Changes for the better are kept and for the worse are discarded.
The 8 Agile Construction principles are:
* Agile Construction Project Management
* Agile Construction Labor productivity measurement and labor productivity improvement
* Agile Construction Job scheduling and planning
* Agile Construction Procurement and material management
* Agile Construction Externalizing Work, through Prefabrication (components or parts pre-assembled off-site by suppliers or in a prefab shop to, reduce time, risk and complexity)
* Agile Construction Labor management and labor composite rate reduction (the average cost of a job crew member to the company per unit of time)
* Agile Construction Estimation accuracy and improvement
* Agile Construction Project financial management
Agile Construction principles help contractor
's to make processes visible, measurable and manageable to improve the ability to rapidly adapt to job site changes, by minimizing the time between when a risk is detected and when it gets corrected.
This requires a better mechanism to predict and capture these changes accompanied with a better infrastructure for addressing them. Agile Construction project management
can also make gains in pre-design and design phases of construction projects. Accompanied with a well-trained and highly motivated workforce, companies using Agile Construction operations are able to increase responsiveness and productivity, to reduce cost and to deliver a better customer value.
Daneshgari, Dr. Perry, and Dr. Heather MoorePrefabrication Handbook for the Construction Industry: Agile Construction® Application through Externalizing Work®