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An officer of three-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the
NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betwe ...
code of OF-8. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, three-star officers hold the rank of
vice admiral Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies,Vice admiral is a three-star rank in the navies of N ...

vice admiral
,
lieutenant general Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second-in ...

lieutenant general
, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air marshal.


Australia

In the
Australian Defence Force Australians, colloquially referred to as "Aussies", are the citizens Citizenship is a relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection. Each state determine ...
the following
ranks Rank is the relative position, value, worth, complexity, power, importance, authority, level, etc. of a person or object within a ranking, such as: Level or position in a hierarchical organization * Academic rank * Diplomatic rank * Hierarchy * Hi ...
of commissioned officers are awarded three-star ranks: *
Vice admiral Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies,Vice admiral is a three-star rank in the navies of N ...
(
Royal Australian Navy The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the principal naval force A navy, naval force, or maritime force is the branch of a Nation's armed forces principally designated for naval warfare, naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riveri ...
three-star rank) *
Lieutenant general Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second-in ...
(
Australian Army The Australian Army is the military land force of Australia. Formed in 1901, as the Commonwealth Military Forces, through the amalgamation of the Colonial forces of Australia, Australian colonial forces following Federation of Australia, federat ...
three-star rank) * Air marshal (
Royal Australian Air Force "Through Adversity to the Stars" , colours = , colours_label = , march = Royal Australian Air Force March Past (Eagles of Australia) , mascot = , anni ...
three-star rank) Official rank insignia for Australian 'three-star' officers do not use stars in the same fashion as the United States. The RAN does incorporate stars into the hardboard rank insignia for flag-rank officers but this is in conjunction with other devices. Unofficial star rank insignia are sometimes worn when serving with or visiting other military organisations in order to facilitate equivalent rank recognition. The Chiefs of all three services within the Australian Defence Force hold three-star rank as well as four joint positions: Vice Chief of Defence Force (VCDF), Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS),
Chief Capability Development Group The Chief of Capability Development Group (CCDG) was head of the Capability Development Group (CDG) in the Australian Department of Defence (Australia), Department of Defence, part of the Australian Defence Organisation. This position was create ...
(CCDG), and Chief of Defence Intelligence.


Bangladesh

*
Lieutenant general Lieutenant general (Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star rank, three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second-in ...
(
Bangladesh Army The Bangladesh Army ( bn, বাংলাদেশ সেনাবাহিনী, ''Bangladesh Senabahini'') is the Ground warfare, land warfare Military branch, branch and the largest component of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. The primary mis ...

Bangladesh Army
three-star rank) *
Vice admiral Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies,Vice admiral is a three-star rank in the navies of N ...

Vice admiral
(
Bangladesh Navy The Bangladesh Navy ( bn, বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী; ''Bangladesh Nou Bahini'') is the naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat (French language, French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violence, violent confli ...
three-star rank) * Air marshal (
Bangladesh Air Force Bangladesh (, bn, :bn:বাংলাদেশ, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, eighth-most populous countr ...

Bangladesh Air Force
three-star rank)


Brazil

*'' Vice almirante'' (
Brazilian Navy ) , colors= Blue Blue is one of the three of pigments in painting and traditional , as well as in the . It lies between and on the of . The eye perceives blue when observing light with a between approximately 450 and 495 s. Most blues c ...
three-star rank) *'' General de divisão'' (
Brazilian Army The Brazilian Army ( pt, Exército Brasileiro) is the land arm of the Brazilian Armed Forces. The Brazilian Army has fought in several international conflicts, mostly in South America during the 19th century. In the 20th century, it fought on the ...
three-star rank) *'' Major brigadeiro'' (Brazilian Air Force three-star rank) The three-star rank in Brazil is the second rank in a general career. The officers in this position are normally divisional commanders.


Cambodia

*''Odom senei ek'' (lieutenant-general) - Royal Cambodian Army *''Odom neavi ek'' (
vice admiral Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal. A vice admiral is typically senior to a rear admiral and junior to an admiral. In many navies,Vice admiral is a three-star rank in the navies of N ...

vice admiral
) - Royal Cambodian Navy *''Odom senei ek'' (lieutenant-general) - Royal Cambodian Air Force File:Cambodian_Army_OF-08.svg, ''Odom senei ek''
Army rank insignia File:Cambodian_Navy_OF-08.svg, ''Odom neavi ek''
Navy rank insignia File:Cambodian_Air_Force_OF-08.svg, ''Odom senei ek''
Air Force rank insignia


Canada

*Vice admiral#Canada, Vice admiral / ''vice-amiral'' (Royal Canadian Navy three-star-equivalent rank) *Lieutenant-general (Canada), Lieutenant-general / ''lieutenant-général'' (Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force three-star-equivalent rank) Three maple leaves appear with St. Edward's crown and crossed sabre and baton. Prince Charles holds the rank of vice-admiral in an honorary capacity. Before unification, the rank of air marshal was the three-star equivalent for the RCAF.


Germany

The equivalent modern Germany, German three-star ranks (OF-8) of the ''Bundeswehr'' are as follows: * ''Generalleutnant'' and ''Vizeadmiral'' * ''Generaloberstabsarzt'' and ''Admiraloberstabsarzt'' Not to be confused with the ''Generalleutnant'' and ''Vizeadmiral'' (two-star ranks; OF-7) of the Wehrmacht until 1945 or the National People's Army (East Germany) until 1990.


India

*Air Marshal (India), Air marshal (Indian Air Force three-star rank) *Lieutenant general (India), Lieutenant general (Indian Army three-star rank) *Vice Admiral (India), Vice admiral (Indian Navy three-star rank)


Indonesia

*''Letnan jendral'' (lieutenant-general) - Indonesian Army and Indonesian Marine Corps three-star rank *''Laksamana madya'' (vice admiral) - Indonesian Navy and Indonesian Maritime Security Agency three-star rank *''Marsekal madya'' (air marshal) - Indonesian Air Force three-star rank File:Letjen pdh ad.png, ''Letnan jendral'' Army rank insignia File:Laksdya pdh al.png, ''Laksamana madya'' Navy rank insignia File:Marsdya pdh au.png, ''Marsekal madya'' Air Force rank insignia


Nepal

* Lieutenant general (Nepali Army, Nepal Army three-star rank)


Pakistan

*Lieutenant general (Pakistan), Lieutenant-general (Pakistan Army three-star rank) *Air marshal (Pakistan), Air-marshal (Pakistan Air Force three-star rank) *Vice admiral (Pakistan), Vice admiral (Pakistan Navy three-star rank)


Philippines

*Lieutenant general (Philippine Army three-star rank) *Lieutenant general (Philippine Air Force three-star rank) *Vice admiral#Philippines, Vice admiral (Philippine Navy three-star rank) *Vice admiral#Philippines, Vice admiral (Philippine Coast Guard three-star rank)


Portugal

*'':pt:Vice-almirante, Vice-almirante'' (Portuguese Navy three-star rank) *'':pt:Tenente-general, Tenente-general'' (Portuguese Army three-star rank) *'':pt:Tenente-general, Tenente-general'' (Portuguese Air Force three-star rank)


United Kingdom

*Vice Admiral (Royal Navy), Vice admiral (Royal Navy three-star rank) *Lieutenant-General (United Kingdom), Lieutenant general (British Army and Royal Marines three-star rank) * Air marshal (Royal Air Force three-star rank) File:British Royal Navy OF-8.svg, Royal Navy shoulder board (since 2001) File:Lt gen john cooper hi.jpg, Lieutenant-General (United Kingdom), Lieutenant-General John Cooper (British Army officer), John Cooper wearing both three-star insignia and lieutenant general insignia File:Air Marshal C N Harper.jpg, Air Marshal Chris Harper (RAF officer), C N Harper wearing three-star insignia


United States

*Vice admiral (United States), Vice admiral (United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Coast Guard, United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps, three-star rank) *Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant general (United States Army, United States Marine Corps, Marine Corps and United States Air Force, Air Force three-star rank) A vice admiral typically commands a numbered fleet which is responsible for all naval ships within its area of responsibility. An Army or Marine Corps lieutenant general typically commands a corps-sized unit (20,000 to 45,000 soldiers), while an Air Force lieutenant general commands a large Numbered Air Force consisting of several wings. Additionally, lieutenant generals and vice admirals of all services serve as high-level staff officers at various major command headquarters and the Pentagon, often as the heads of their departments.


Russia and the USSR

In the Russian and Soviet armies, the three-star rank is colonel-general (Russian: генерал-полковник) and full admiral (Russian: адмирал). These military ranks, along with other general and admiralty ranks, appeared in 1940. Most Warsaw Pact and Soviet-aligned countries adopted this rank. The rank is often held by commanders of the ground forces, chiefs of military academies and commanders of military districts. Colonel general is considered a stepping stone to the rank of general of the army, itself essential to achieving the high rank of marshal of the Russian Federation. This title also applies to three star officers of the air force, MVD, police and militia, internal troops, FSB/KGB, border guards and some others. In the navy, the three star rank is admiral (Russian: адмирал).


Ukraine


Armed Forces of Ukraine

From June 16, 1920, in Ukraine, a colonel general becomes a three-star general (before that rank was two-star). Since 1921, the Ukrainian People's Republic, UPR ceased to exist due to the occupation of Red Army. In 1991, Ukraine regained its independence. In the Armed Forces of Ukraine (as in other countries formed on the ruins of the USSR), the ranks and insignia were kept to the Soviet standard. Three stars on the shoulder straps have a colonel general ( uk, Генерал-полковник) and an admiral ( uk, Адмірал). On July 5, 2016 the President of Ukraine approved “The Unicorn Project and the Distinction Marks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine”. The draft addresses, among other things, the insignia of military personnel. It was supposed to reform the list of military ranks, among others the rank of brigadier general and commodore were to appear, and the rank of lieutenant general and vice admiral were three-star ranks. On November 20, 2017, the decree of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine № 606 was issued, which specifies the rules for wearing and using unilateral servicemen. Colonels and admirals continued to wear three stars on the shoulder straps, but the stars instead of five rays became four rays.Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р. на сайті Ліга Закон
/ref> File:Погон генерал-лейтенанта ЗСУ (2020).svg, Генерал-лейтенант
( Ukrainian Army) File: UAAF shoulder mark 20.svg, Генерал-лейтенант
(Ukrainian Air Force) File:Погон віцеадмірала ВМС ЗСУ (2020).svg, Bіцеадмірал
(Ukrainian Navy)


See also

* Corps general * Ranks and insignia of NATO * Four-star rank * Two-star rank


Notes


References

{{Star officer ranks Military ranks Three-star officers,