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January

*
January January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , reducing the average year from 365. ...
– The
London Underground diagram
London Underground diagram
(designed by
Harry Beck Henry Charles Beck (4 June 190218 September 1974) was an English technical draughtsman who created the present London Underground The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a rapid tra ...
) is introduced to the public. *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
– Construction of the
Golden Gate Bridge The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. The first modern examples of this type of bridge ...

Golden Gate Bridge
begins in San Francisco Bay. *
January 11 Events Pre-1600 *532 – Nika riots in Constantinople: A quarrel between supporters of different Chariot racing, chariot teams—the Blues and the Greens—in the Hippodrome of Constantinople, Hippodrome escalates into violence. *630 &ndas ...
– Sir
Charles Kingsford Smith Sir Charles Edward Kingsford Smith, MC, AFC (9 February 18978 November 1935), often called by his nickname ''Smithy'', was an early Australian aviator An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft ...

Charles Kingsford Smith
makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand. *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – Otho Marcus Otho (; born Marcus Salvius Otho; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the . A member of a noble family, Otho was initi ...
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
– A teenage girl in
Banneux Banneux is a small town in the municipality of Sprimont, southeast of Liège Liège ( , , ; wa, Lidje ; nl, Luik ; german: Lüttich ; lat, Leodium) is a major Wallonia, Walloon City status in Belgium, city and Municipalities in Belgium, muni ...
, Belgium, reports eight
Marian apparition A Marian apparition is a reported supernatural appearance by Mary, the mother of Jesus According to the of and in the , Mary; arc, ܡܪܝܡ, translit=Mariam; ar, مريم, translit=Maryam; el, Μαρία, translit=María; la, M ...
s, which become known as
Our Lady of Banneux Our Lady of Banneux, or Our Lady of the Poor, is the sobriquet given to the Marian apparitions, apparition of the Virgin Mary to Mariette Beco, an adolescent girl living in Banneux, Liège Province, Belgium. Between January 15 and March 2, 1933, Be ...
. *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – Otho Marcus Otho (; born Marcus Salvius Otho; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the . A member of a noble family, Otho was initi ...
– Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain. *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– The
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
votes in favour of
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
independence, against the wishes of U.S. President
Herbert Hoover Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician and engineer who served as the 31st president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of gove ...

Herbert Hoover
. *
January 20 Events Pre-1600 *250 __NOTOC__ Year 250 ( CCL) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. ...
– The world premiere of the Czech erotic
romance film Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion Emotions are mental state, psychological states brought on by neurophysiology, neurophysio ...
''Ecstasy'' in
Prague Prague ( ; cs, Praha ; german: Prag, ; la, Praga) is the capital and largest city A city is a large human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people ...

Prague
,
Czechoslovakia , , yi, טשעכאסלאוואקיי, , common_name = Czechoslovakia , life_span = 1918–19391945–1992 , p1 = Austria-Hungary , image_p1 = , s1 = Czech Re ...

Czechoslovakia
starring
Hedy Lamarr Hedy Lamarr (; born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler; November 9, 1914 January 19, 2000) was an Austrian-born American film actress and inventor. After a brief early film career in Czechoslovakia, including the controversial ''Ecstasy (film), Ecstasy'' ...

Hedy Lamarr
(born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler) causes a sensation. She is just 18 years old. *
January 23 Events Pre-1600 * 393 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the ...
– The
Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution The Twentieth Amendment (Amendment XX) to the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the Supremacy Clause, supreme law of the United States, United States of America. This founding document, originally comp ...
is ratified, changing Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20, starting in
1937 Events January * January – February – The Ohio River flood of 1937 takes place, leaving 1 million people homeless and 385 people dead. * January 1 – Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua. * January 11 – Th ...

1937
. *
January 28 Events Pre-1600 * 98 – On the death of Nerva, Trajan is declared Roman emperor in Cologne, the seat of his government in lower Germany. *814 – The death of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor, brings about the accession of h ...
– "
Pakistan Declaration The "Pakistan Declaration" (titled ''Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?'') was a pamphlet A pamphlet is an unbound book A book is a medium for recording information Information is processed, organised and structured ...
":
Choudhry Rahmat Ali Choudhry Rahmat Ali (; ur, ; 16 November 1897 – 3 February 1951) was a Pakistani nationalist who was one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . o ...

Choudhry Rahmat Ali
publishes (in
Cambridge Cambridge ( ) is a university city and the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...

Cambridge
, England) a pamphlet entitled ''Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?'', in which he calls for the creation of a Muslim state in northwest India that he calls "
Pakstan
Pakstan
"; this influences the
Pakistan Movement
Pakistan Movement
. *
January 30 Events Pre-1600 *1018 Year 1018 (Roman numerals, MXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * January 30 – The Peace of Bautzen: Emp ...
**
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...

Nazi
leader
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Cha ...

Adolf Hitler
is appointed
Chancellor of Germany The chancellor of Germany, officially the Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (german: Bundeskanzler(in) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is the head of the federal government of Germany The Federal Cabinet or Federal Govern ...
by President of Germany
Paul von Hindenburg Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (; abbreviated ; 2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German general and statesman who led the Imperial German Army The Imperial German Army (1871–1919), officially referred to ...

Paul von Hindenburg
. **
Édouard Daladier Édouard Daladier (; 18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French Radical-Socialist (centre-left) politician, and the Prime Minister of France The prime minister of France (french: link=no, Premier ministre français), officially the pri ...

Édouard Daladier
forms a government in France in succession to
Joseph Paul-Boncour
Joseph Paul-Boncour
. He is succeeded on October 26 by
Albert Sarraut Albert-Pierre Sarraut (; 28 July 1872 – 26 November 1962) was a French Radical Party (France), Radical politician, twice List of Prime Ministers of France, Prime Minister during the French Third Republic, Third Republic. Biography Sarraut wa ...

Albert Sarraut
and on November 26 by
Camille Chautemps Camille Chautemps (1 February 1885 – 1 July 1963) was a French Radicalism (historical), Radical politician of the French Third Republic, Third Republic, three times Prime Minister of France, President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister ...

Camille Chautemps
. ** ''
The Lone Ranger The Lone Ranger is a fictional masked former Texas Ranger who fought outlaw An outlaw is a person declared as outside the protection of the law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elem ...

The Lone Ranger
'' is broadcast for the first time, on American radio.


February

*
February 1 Events Pre-1600 *1327 Year 1327 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 25 – The 14-year-old Edw ...
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Cha ...

Adolf Hitler
gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin. *
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 – Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (''Breviarium Alaricianum'' or ''Lex Romana Visigothorum''), a collection of "Roman law". *880 – Battle of Luneberg Heath, Battle o ...

February 2
– A second international conference on disarmament ends without results. It tries to limit the army sizes of the major powers, while Germany is entitled to 200,000; Germany leaves the conference, because a plan postpones the limitations for 4 years. *
February 3 Events Pre-1600 *1112 Year 1112 ( MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the ...
– Adolf Hitler gives a secret speech to his military leaders, outlining his plans to rearm Germany in defiance of the
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (french: Traité de Versailles; german: Versailler Vertrag, ) was the most important of the peace treaties A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or government ...
, and to adopt a policy of ''
Lebensraum The German concept of (, "living space") comprises policies and practices of settler colonialism which proliferated in Germany from the 1890s to the 1940s. First popularized around 1901, '' lso in:' became a geopolitical goal of German Emp ...

Lebensraum
'' in eastern Europe. *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
– A
mutiny Mutiny is a revolt among a group of people (typically of a military, of a crew or of a crew of Piracy, pirates) to oppose, change, or overthrow an organization to which they were previously loyal. The term is commonly used for a rebellion among ...

mutiny
starts on the
Royal Netherlands Navy The Royal Netherlands Navy ( nl, Koninklijke Marine, links=no) is the naval force of the Kingdom of the Netherlands , national_anthem = ) , image_map = Kingdom of the Netherlands (orthographic projection).svg , map_width = 250px , image ...
coastal defence ship 300px, The Finnish coastal defence ship , one of the last examples of the type. Coastal defence ships (sometimes called coastal battleships or coast defence ships) were warships built for the purpose of Littoral (military), coastal defence, most ...
''De Zeven Provinciën'' in the
Dutch East Indies The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; nl, Nederlands(ch)-Indië; ) was a Dutch colony The Dutch colonial empire ( nl, Nederlandse koloniale rijk) comprised the overseas territories and trading posts controlled and administer ...
. After 6 days, it is bombed by a Dutch aircraft, killing 23 men, and the remaining mutineers surrender. *
February 6 Events Pre-1600 *AD 60, 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known. A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a ''dies Solis'' (Sunday), by a system in which Sunday corresponds to the day of the week this day would ...
– The
Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution The Twentieth Amendment (Amendment XX) to the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the Supremacy Clause, supreme law of the United States, United States of America. This founding document, originally comp ...
goes into effect. *
February 6 Events Pre-1600 *AD 60, 60 – The earliest date for which the day of the week is known. A graffito in Pompeii identifies this day as a ''dies Solis'' (Sunday), by a system in which Sunday corresponds to the day of the week this day would ...
7 – Officers on the
USS ''Ramapo''
USS ''Ramapo''
record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean. *
February 9 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
The King and Country debate The King and Country Debate was a debate on 9 February 1933 at The Oxford Union Society. The motion presented, "This House will under no circumstances fight for its King and country," passed at 275 votes for the motion and 153 against it. The mo ...
: The
Oxford Union The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2017, its population was estima ...
student debating society in England passes a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country." *
February 10 Events Pre-1600 * – : to the Mongols, bringing the to an end. * – In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in , murders , sparking the revolution in the . * – The breaks out in , England, leaving 63 scholars and pe ...
– The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first
singing telegram A singing telegram is a message that is delivered by an artist in a musical form. Singing telegrams are historically linked to normal telegrams, but tend to be humorous. Sometimes the artist is in costume or formal clothing. Singing telegrams are ...
. *
February 15 Events Pre-1600 *438 Year 438 ( CDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
– In
Miami Miami (), officially the City of Miami, is a coast, coastal metropolis located in Miami-Dade County, Florida, Miami-Dade County in southeastern Florida, United States. With a population of 467,963 as of the 2020 United States census, 2020 censu ...

Miami
,
Giuseppe Zangara Giuseppe "Joe" Zangara (September 7, 1900 – March 20, 1933) was an Italian immigrant and naturalized United States citizen who attempted to assassinate then- President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 15, 1933, seventeen days befo ...
attempts to assassinate President-elect
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
, but instead fatally wounds the
Mayor of Chicago The mayor of Chicago is the of city in , , the in the . The mayor is responsible for the administration and management of various city departments, submits proposals and recommendations to the , is active in the enforcement of the city's ordin ...
,
Anton Cermak Anton Joseph Cermak ( cs, Antonín Josef Čermák, ; May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician who served as the 44th mayor of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_ca ...
. *
February 17 Events Pre-1600 *1370 Year 1370 ( MCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year ...
** ''
Newsweek ''Newsweek'' is an American weekly news magazine A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published , radio or , usually published weekly, consisting of articles about current events. News magazines generally discuss stories, in greater de ...
'' magazine is published for the first time in the United States. ** The
Blaine Act The Blaine Act, formally titled Joint Resolution Proposing the Twenty-First Amendment to the United States Constitution, is a joint resolution In the United States Congress The United States Congress or U.S. Congress is the bicameral le ...
passes the
United States Senate The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature A legislature is an deliberative assembly, assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, politi ...
, submitting the proposed Twenty-first Amendment to the Constitution to the states for ratification. The amendment is ratified on December 5, ending
prohibition in the United States Prohibition Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage (whether in barrel A barrel or cask is a hollow cylindrical container with a ...
. *
February 27 Events Pre-1600 *380 Year 380 ( CCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. ...
Reichstag fire The Reichstag fire (german: Reichstagsbrand, ) was an arson attack on the Reichstag building, home of the German parliament in Berlin, on Monday 27 February 1933, precisely four weeks after Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany. Hit ...
: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the
Reichstag building The Reichstag (german: Reichstagsgebäude ; officially: ''Deutscher Bundestag – Plenarbereich Reichstagsgebäude'' ) is a historic building in Berlin which houses the Bundestag, the lower house of Germany's parliament. It was constructed to ...
, is set on fire under controversial circumstances. *
February 28 It is the last day of February February is the second month of the year in the and s. The month has 28 days in s or 29 in s, with the 29th day being called the ''leap day''. It is the first of five months not to have 31 days (the other ...
** The
Reichstag Fire Decree 250px, '' Das Andere Deutschlands final issue, announcing its own prohibition (''Verbot'') by the police authorities on the basis of the Reichstag fire decree The Reichstag Fire Decree (german: Reichstagsbrandverordnung) is the common name of th ...
is passed in response to the Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties. **
English cricket team in Australia in 1932–33 A cricket team representing English cricket team, England toured Australia in the 1932–33 season. The tour was organised by the Marylebone Cricket Club and matches outside the Tests were played under the MCC name. The tour included five Test cric ...
: The
England cricket team The England cricket team represents England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to ...
wins
The Ashes The Ashes is a Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...

The Ashes
using the controversial
bodyline Bodyline, also known as fast leg theory bowling, was a cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in whic ...

bodyline
tactic.


March

*
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
– The original film version of ''King Kong'', starring
Fay Wray Vina Fay Wray (September 15, 1907 – August 8, 2004) was a Canadian/American actress best remembered for starring as Ann Darrow in the 1933 film ''King Kong (1933 film), King Kong''. Through an acting career that spanned nearly six decades, Wr ...

Fay Wray
, premieres at
Radio City Music Hall Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue at 1260 Sixth Avenue (Manhattan), Avenue of the Americas, within Rockefeller Center, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Nicknamed "the Showplace of the Nation", it is the headquarters for the Roc ...

Radio City Music Hall
and the RKO Roxy Theatre in New York City. *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
** Ching Yun University is established in
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
. ** The
Mount Rushmore National Memorial Mount Rushmore National Memorial is centered on a colossal sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore (Lakota ''Tȟuŋkášila Šákpe'', or Six Grandfathers) in the Black Hills The Black Hills ( lkt, Ȟe Sápa; chy, Moʼȯ ...

Mount Rushmore National Memorial
is dedicated in
South Dakota South Dakota () (Sioux The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin (; Dakota Dakota may refer to: * Dakota people, a sub-tribe of the Sioux ** Dakota language, their language From this origin, Dakota may also refer to: Places United States * Dako ...

South Dakota
. **
1933 Sanriku earthquake The occurred on the Sanriku coast of the Tōhoku region The , Northeast region, or consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu , historically called , is the largest and most populous main island of Japan , image_flag ...
: A powerful earthquake and
tsunami A tsunami ( ; from ja, 津波, lit=harbour wave, ) is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. Earthquake An earthquake (also known as a quake, t ...

tsunami
hit
Honshū , historically called , is the largest and most populous main island of Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, ...
, Japan, killing approximately 3,000 people. *
March 4 Events Pre-1600 * AD 51 AD 51 ( LI) was a common year starting on Friday A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
**
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
(FDR) is
sworn in Traditionally an oath (from Old English, Anglo-Saxon ', also called plight) is either a utterance, statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of verity. A common legal substitute for those who c ...
as the 32nd President of the United States, beginning his " first 100 days". In reference to the
Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe economic downturn than a economic recession, recess ...
, he proclaims "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself" in his inauguration speech. It is the last time
Inauguration Day ) The inauguration of the president of the United States is a ceremony to mark the commencement of a new four-year term of the president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of gov ...
in the United States occurs on March 4. **
Frances Perkins Frances Perkins (born Fannie Coralie Perkins; April 10, 1880 – May 14, 1965) was an American workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position. She made history as ...

Frances Perkins
becomes
United States Secretary of Labor The United States secretary of labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States The Cabinet of the United States is a body consisting of the vice president of the United States The vice president of the United States (VPOTUS) is th ...
and first female member of the
United States Cabinet The Cabinet of the United States is a body consisting of the vice president of the United States The vice president of the United States (VPOTUS) is the second-highest officer in the executive branch The executive (short for executive ...
. ** The
Parliament of Austria The Austrian Parliament (german: Österreichisches Parlament) is the bicameralism, bicameral federal legislature of the Austrian Republic. It consists of two chambers – the National Council (Austria), National Council and the Federal Council ...
is suspended because of a quibble over procedure;
Chancellor Chancellor ( la, links=no, cancellarius) is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. The original chancellors were the ''cancellarii Cancelli are lattice-work, placed before a window, a door-way, the tribunal o ...
Engelbert Dollfuss Engelbert Dollfuss (german: Engelbert Dollfuß, ; 4 October 1892 – 25 July 1934) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor of Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern ...

Engelbert Dollfuss
initiates authoritarian rule by decree, an origin of
Austrofascism The Fatherland Front ( de-AT, Vaterländische Front, ''VF'') was the right-wing Right-wing politics embraces the view that certain social orders and Social stratification, hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically ...
. *
March 5 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout hist ...
** The
Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe economic downturn than a economic recession, recess ...
: President
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
declares a " Bank holiday", closing all United States banks and freezing all financial transactions (the 'holiday' ends on
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
). **
March 1933 German federal election Federal elections were held in Germany on 5 March 1933, after the Nazi seizure of power on 30 January and just six days after the Reichstag fire. Nazi stormtroopers had unleashed a widespread campaign of violence against the Communist Party of Ger ...
:
National Socialists Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In ...

National Socialists
gain 43.9% of the votes. *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
– Mayor
Anton Cermak Anton Joseph Cermak ( cs, Antonín Josef Čermák, ; May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician who served as the 44th mayor of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_ca ...
of Chicago dies of the wound he received on February 15. *
March 7 Events Pre-1600 *161 – Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius. *1138 – Konrad III, Konrad III von Hohenstaufen was elected king of Germany ...
– The real-estate trading board game ''
Monopoly A monopoly (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxi ...
'' is invented in the United States. *
March 9 Events Pre-1600 *141 BC __NOTOC__ Year 141 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Pompeius (or, less frequently, year 613 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
– Great Depression: The
United States Congress The United States Congress is the legislature of the federal government of the United States. It is Bicameralism, bicameral, comprising a lower body, the United States House of Representatives, House of Representatives, and an upper body, t ...

United States Congress
begins its first 100 days of enacting
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory Systems theory is the interdisciplina ...
legislation. *
March 10 Events Pre-1600 *241 BC __NOTOC__ Year 241 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Atticus and Cerco (or, less frequently, year 513 ''Ab urbe condita''). The ...
– The 6.4 Long Beach earthquake shakes
Southern California Southern California (sometimes known as SoCal; es, Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the southern portion of the U.S. state of California California is a in the . With over 39.3million resi ...

Southern California
with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (''Severe''), killing 115 people. *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression An economic depression is a sustained, long-term downturn in economic activity in one or more economies. It is a more severe economic downturn than a economic recession, recess ...
:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States The president of the United States ...
addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States, in the first of his "
Fireside chats The fireside chats were a series of evening radio addresses given by Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, between 1933 and 1944. Roosevelt spoke with familiarity to millions of Americans about recovery from the Great Dep ...
". *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
– Indonesian Association football club
Persib Bandung Persatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Bandung, commonly referred to as Persib Bandung, or simply Persib, is an Indonesian professional Association football, football club based in Bandung, West Java, that competes in Liga 1 (Indonesia), Liga 1, the ...
is founded as Bandoeng Inlandsche Voetbal Bond. *
March 15 In the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A calendar date, date is the desig ...
** The
Dow Jones Industrial Average The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), Dow Jones, or simply the Dow (), is a price-weighted measurement stock market index In finance, a stock index, or stock market index, is an Index (economics), index that measures a stock market, or ...

Dow Jones Industrial Average
rises from 53.84 to 62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains the largest 1-day percentage gain for the index. ** Austrian Chancellor
Engelbert Dollfuss Engelbert Dollfuss (german: Engelbert Dollfuß, ; 4 October 1892 – 25 July 1934) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor of Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern ...

Engelbert Dollfuss
keeps members of the
National CouncilNational Council may refer to: Conservation * National Council for Science and the Environment, a US-based non-profit organization which has a mission to improve the scientific basis for environmental decisionmaking * National Council for the Cons ...
from convening, starting the Austrofascist dictatorship. *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
**
Dachau , , commandant = #Commandants, List of commandants , known for = , location = Upper Bavaria, Southern Germany , built by = Nazi Germany, Germany , operated by = ''Schutzstaffel'' (SS) , original use = Political ...

Dachau
, the first
Nazi concentration camp From 1933 to 1945, Nazi Germany operated more than a thousand concentration camps, (officially) or (more commonly). The Nazi concentration camps are distinguished from other types of Nazi camps such as forced-labor camps, as well as concent ...
, is completed (it opens
March 22 Events Pre-1600 *106 106 may refer to: *106 (number) 106 (one hundred ndsix) is the natural number File:Three Baskets.svg, Natural numbers can be used for counting (one apple, two apples, three apples, ...) In mathematics, the natural num ...
). ** First of a series of meetings in the United States called by Jewish organizations calling for an international
anti-Nazi boycott The anti-Nazi boycott was an international boycott of German products in response to violence and harassment by members of Hitler's Nazi Party against Jews following his appointment as Chancellor of Germany (German Reich), Chancellor of Germany on ...
in response to the persecution of German Jews. **
Giuseppe Zangara Giuseppe "Joe" Zangara (September 7, 1900 – March 20, 1933) was an Italian immigrant and naturalized United States citizen who attempted to assassinate then- President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 15, 1933, seventeen days befo ...
, the attempted assassin of
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
, is executed by the
electric chair Execution by electrocution, performed using an electric chair, is a method of Capital punishment, execution originating in the United States in which the condemned person is strapped to a specially built wooden chair and Electrocution, electrocu ...

electric chair
. *
March 22 Events Pre-1600 *106 106 may refer to: *106 (number) 106 (one hundred ndsix) is the natural number File:Three Baskets.svg, Natural numbers can be used for counting (one apple, two apples, three apples, ...) In mathematics, the natural num ...
– President Franklin Roosevelt signs an amendment to the Volstead Act known as the
Cullen–Harrison Act The Cullen–Harrison Act, named for its sponsors, Senator Pat Harrison and Representative Thomas H. Cullen, enacted by the United States Congress on March 21, 1933, and signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt the following day, legalized the ...
, allowing the manufacture and sale of "3.2 beer" (3.2% alcohol by weight, approximately 4% alcohol by volume) and light wines. * March 23 – The ''Reichstag (Weimar Republic), Reichstag'' passes the Enabling Act of 1933, Enabling Act, making
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Cha ...

Adolf Hitler
dictator of Germany. * March 27 – Japan announces it will leave the League of Nations (due to a cancellation period of exactly two years, the egression becomes effective March 27, 1935). * March 29 – Welsh journalist Gareth Jones (journalist), Gareth Jones makes the first report in the West of the Holodomor famine-genocide in Ukraine. * March 31 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established, with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States.


April

* April 1 – The recently elected Nazism, Nazis (under Julius Streicher) organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany. * April 2 – As a member of the English cricket team in New Zealand in 1932–33, English cricket team touring New Zealand, 1933, batsman Wally Hammond scores a record 336 runs in a test match at Eden Park, Auckland. * April 3 ** An anti-monarchist rebellion occurs in Siam (Thailand). ** The first flight over Mount Everest is made by the British Houston-Mount Everest Flight Expedition, led by the Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston. * April 4 – American airship ''USS Akron (ZRS-4), Akron'' crashes off the coast of New Jersey, killing 73 of its 76 crewmen. It is the worst aviation accident in history up to this date (and until 1950). * April 5 ** The International Court of Justice in The Hague decides that Greenland belongs to Denmark, and condemns Erik the Red's Land, Norwegian landings on eastern Greenland. Norway submits to the decision. ** President of the United States
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
declares a national emergency and issues Executive Order 6102, making it illegal for U.S. citizens to own substantial amounts of monetary gold or bullion. * April 7 ** Sale of some beer is legalized in the United States under the Cullen-Harrison Act of March 22, eight months before the full repeal of Prohibition in December. ** The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service is passed in Germany, the first law of the new regime directed against Jews (as well as political opponents). * April 11 – Aviator Bill Lancaster (aviator), Bill Lancaster takes off from Lympne in England, in an attempt to make a speed record to the Cape of Good Hope, but vanishes (his body is not found in the Sahara Desert until 1962). * April 13 – The Children and Young Persons Act 1933, Children and Young Persons Act is passed in the United Kingdom. * April 19 – The United States officially goes off the gold standard. * April 21 – Nazi Germany outlaws the kosher ritual shechita. * April 24 ** Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany begins, with seizure of the Bible Students' office in Magdeburg. ** Jewish physicians in Nazi Germany are excluded from official insurance schemes, forcing many to give up their practices. * April 26 ** The Gestapo secret police are established in Nazi Germany, by Hermann Göring. ** Editors of the ''Harvard Lampoon'' steal the Sacred Cod of Massachusetts from the State House (it is returned two days later). * April 27 ** The Stahlhelm organization joins the
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...

Nazi
party. ** The John Lewis (department store), Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, is acquired by the John Lewis Partnership (its first store outside of London).


May

* May 2 ** ''Gleichschaltung'':
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (; 20 April 188930 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician who was the dictator of Nazi Germany, Germany from 1933 to 1945. Adolf Hitler's rise to power, He rose to power as the leader of the Nazi Party, becoming Cha ...

Adolf Hitler
prohibits trade unions. ** The first alleged modern sighting of the Loch Ness Monster occurs. * May 3 ** In the Irish Free State, Dáil Éireann abolishes the oath of allegiance to the British Crown. ** Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to be named director of the United States Mint. * May 5 – The detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is reported in ''The New York Times''. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy. * May 8 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 3-week hunger strike, because of the mistreatment of the lower castes. * May 10 ** In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings. ** Paraguay declares war on Bolivia. * May 12 – The Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted in the United States. * May 17 – Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form The Nasjonal Samling (the National-Socialist Party) of Norway. * May 18 –
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory Systems theory is the interdisciplina ...
: President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States The president of the United States ...
signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority. * May 26 – The
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...

Nazi
Party in Germany introduces a law to legalize eugenics, eugenic Human sterilization, sterilization. * May 27 **
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory Systems theory is the interdisciplina ...
in the United States: The Federal Securities Act is signed into law, requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission. ** The ''Century of Progress'' World's Fair opens in Chicago. ** Walt Disney's classic ''Silly Symphony'' cartoon ''Three Little Pigs (film), The Three Little Pigs'' is first released by United Artists.


June

* June – The Holodomor famine-genocide in Ukraine reaches its peak, with 30,000 deaths from man-made starvation each day. The average life expectancy for a Ukrainian male born this year is 7.3 years. * June 5 – The Congress of the United States, U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard, by enacting a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold. * June 6 – The first drive-in theater, drive-in movie theater opens in Pennsauken Township, New Jersey, Pennsauken Township, near Camden, New Jersey. * June 12 – The London Economic Conference is held. * June 17 – Kansas City massacre, Union Station massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills an FBI agent, 3 local police, and the person they intended to rescue, captured bank robber Frank Nash. * June 21 – All non-
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...

Nazi
parties are forbidden in Germany. * June 25 – Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin to protest against the persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany. * June 26 – The ''American Totalisator Company'' unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine, at the Arlington Park race track near Chicago.


July

* July 1 ** The London Passenger Transport Board begins operation. ** Business Plot: Smedley Butler becomes involved in a coup attempt led by Gerald MacGuire against President of the United States
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician and attorney who served as the 32nd president of the United States The president of the United States ...
which fails (according to his own testimony in 1934). * July 4 – Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi is sentenced to prison in India. * July 6 – The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago. * July 8 – The first rugby union Test match (rugby union), test match is played between the Australia national rugby union team, Wallabies of Australia and the South Africa national rugby union team, Springboks of South Africa, at Newlands in Cape Town. * July 14 – In Nazi Germany: ** Formation of new political parties is forbidden. ** The Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring is enacted, allowing compulsory sterilization of citizens suffering from a list of alleged genetic disorders. * July 15 ** The Four-Power Pact is signed by Britain, France, Germany and Italy. ** The Left Opposition, International Left Opposition (ILO) is renamed the International Communist League (ICL). * July 20 – Reichskonkordat: Vatican state secretary Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signs an accord with Germany. * July 22 ** Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world, landing at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, New York, after traveling eastabout in 7 days 18 hours 45 minutes. ** "Machine Gun Kelly" and Albert Bates (criminal), Albert Bates kidnap Charles Urschel, an Oklahoma oilman, and demand $200,000 ransom. * July 24 – Several members of the Barrow Gang are injured or captured during a running battle with local police, near Dexter, Iowa.


August

* August 1 – The Blue Eagle emblem of the National Recovery Administration in the United States is displayed publicly for the first time. * August 2 – The Stalin White Sea–Baltic Canal, a 227 km ship canal constructed using forced labour in the Soviet Union, opens, connecting the White Sea with Lake Onega and the Baltic Sea, Baltic. * August 7 – Simele massacre: More than 3,000 Assyrian people, Assyrian Iraqis are killed by Iraq government troops. * August 12 – Winston Churchill makes his first speech publicly warning of the dangers of German rearmament. * August 14 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Oregon Coast Range, Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying . * August 25 – The 1933 Diexi earthquake, Diexi earthquake shakes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people. * August 30 – German-Jewish philosopher Theodor Lessing is shot in Marienbad (Mariánské Lázně),
Czechoslovakia , , yi, טשעכאסלאוואקיי, , common_name = Czechoslovakia , life_span = 1918–19391945–1992 , p1 = Austria-Hungary , image_p1 = , s1 = Czech Re ...

Czechoslovakia
, dying the following day.


September

* September 12 ** Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain. ** Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction. * September 26 – A 1933 Tampico hurricane, hurricane destroys the town of Tampico, Mexico.


October

* October 1 – A failed assassination attempt against
Engelbert Dollfuss Engelbert Dollfuss (german: Engelbert Dollfuß, ; 4 October 1892 – 25 July 1934) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor of Austria Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a landlocked country in the southern ...

Engelbert Dollfuss
, leader of the Fatherland's Front in Austria, seriously injures him. * October 7 – Air France is formed by the merger of five French airline companies, beginning operations with 250 planes. * October 10 – 1933 United Airlines Boeing 247 mid-air explosion: A bomb destroys a United Airlines Boeing 247 on a transcontinental flight in mid-air near Chesterton, Indiana, killing all 7 on board, in the first proven case of sabotage in civil aviation, although no suspect is ever identified. * October 12 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a Prison, penitentiary. * October 13 – The British Interplanetary Society is founded. * October 14 – Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations and the World Disarmament Conference, after the U.S., the U.K. and France deny its request to increase its defense armaments under the Versailles Treaty. * October 14–October 16, 16 – The Constitution of Estonia#Second Constitution (1934–1938), new constitution of Estonia is approved only on the October 1933 Estonian constitutional referendum, third consecutive referendum. * October 16 – Parricides committed in the United States by Victor Licata lead to calls for the legal prohibition of Cannabis (drug), cannabis. * October 17 – Scientist Albert Einstein arrives in the United States, where he settles permanently as a refugee from Nazi Germany, and takes up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey.


November

* November 5 – Spanish Basque people 1933 Basque autonomy referendum, vote for autonomy. * November 8 –
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory Systems theory is the interdisciplina ...
: U.S. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed. * November 11 – Dust Bowl: In
South Dakota South Dakota () (Sioux The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin (; Dakota Dakota may refer to: * Dakota people, a sub-tribe of the Sioux ** Dakota language, their language From this origin, Dakota may also refer to: Places United States * Dako ...

South Dakota
, a very strong dust storm, ("the great black blizzard"), strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands (one of a series of disastrous dust storms that year). * November 12 – Japan Precision Optical Industry, as predecessor for Canon Inc., Canon, camera and Photocopier, complexcopier brand in worldwide, founded in Japan. * November 16 ** The United States and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomacy, diplomatic relations. ** American aviator Jimmie Angel becomes the first foreigner to see the Angel Falls in Venezuela (they are named after him). * November 17 – The Marx Brothers' anarchic comedy film ''Duck Soup (1933 film), Duck Soup'' is released in the U.S. * November 19 – Second Spanish Republic: General elections result in victory by the right-wing parties. * November 22 – The Fujian People's Government is declared in Fujian Province, China.


December

* December 5 – The Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, repealing Prohibition. * December 6 – U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that James Joyce's novel ''Ulysses (novel), Ulysses'' is not obscene. * December 15 – The 21st Amendment officially goes into effect, making alcohol legal in the United States. * December 17 - The 1933 NFL Championship Game, first NFL Championship game is played. * December 21 ** Dominion of Newfoundland, Newfoundland returns to Crown colony status, following financial collapse. ** The British Plastics Federation (the oldest in the world) is founded. * December 23 – Lagny-Pomponne rail accident: A train crash in Lagny, Oise, Lagny, France kills over 200. * December 26 ** The Nissan Motors, Nissan Motor Company is organized in Tokyo, Japan. ** Frequency modulation, FM radio is patented. * December 29 – Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania.


Date unknown

* Nazi Germany forms the ''Expert Committee on Questions of Population and Racial Policy'', under Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick. * U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt rejects socialism and government ownership of industry. * The first doughnut store under the Krispy Kreme name opens in Nashville, Tennessee. * 15 million are unemployed in the United States. * Turkey concludes a treaty with the creditors of the former Ottoman Empire to schedule the payments in Paris (Turkey succeeds in clearing all the debt in less than twenty years). * The first dated Inter-School Christian Fellowship group is started in Australia at North Sydney Boys High School, with the group continuing into the 21st century. * The ''Adélaïde Concerto'', a spurious work attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, is published as "edited" (actually composed) by Marius Casadesus.


Births


January

* January 1 – Joe Orton, British playwright (d. 1967) * January 2 – On Kawara, Japanese conceptual artist (d. 2014) * January 6 – Oleg Grigoryevich Makarov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2003) * January 7 – Diane Leather, English athlete (d. 2018) * January 8 – Supriya Devi, Indian Bengali actress (d. 2018) * January 12 – Liliana Cavani, Italian film director and screenwriter * January 13 – Tom Gola, American basketball player (d. 2014) * January 14 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003) *
January 15 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – Otho Marcus Otho (; born Marcus Salvius Otho; 28 April 32 – 16 April 69) was for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the . A member of a noble family, Otho was initi ...
– Ernest J. Gaines, American author (d. 2019) * January 16 – Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004) *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
** Dalida, French singer (d. 1987) ** Shari Lewis, American ventriloquist (d. 1998) ** Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (d. 2003) * January 18 ** David Bellamy, English author, broadcaster, environmental campaigner and botanist (d. 2019) ** John Boorman, English film director * January 21 – Habib Thiam, Senegal politician (d. 2017) *
January 23 Events Pre-1600 * 393 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the ...
** Bill Hayden, Australian politician, 21st Governor-General of Australia ** Chita Rivera, American actress, dancer * January 25 – Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (d. 2009) * January 27 ** Nikolai Fadeyechev, Soviet and Russian ballet dancer and teacher (d. 2020) ** Ary Fontoura, Brazilian actor


February

*
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 – Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (''Breviarium Alaricianum'' or ''Lex Romana Visigothorum''), a collection of "Roman law". *880 – Battle of Luneberg Heath, Battle o ...

February 2
– Tony Jay, English-American actor and voice artist (d. 2006) *
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
** Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann, Nicaraguan diplomat, politician and priest (d. 2017) ** Jörn Donner, Finnish writer, film director and politician (d. 2020) * February 8 ** Archduke Joseph Árpád of Austria, Austro-Hungarian royal (d. 2017) ** Elly Ameling, Dutch soprano * February 12 – Costa-Gavras, Greek-born director, writer * February 13 ** Paul Biya, 2nd President of Cameroon ** Kim Novak, American actress ** Emanuel Ungaro, French fashion designer (d. 2019) * February 14 – Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969) * February 16 – Tom Hickey (politician), Tom Hickey, Canadian politician (d. 2020) *
February 17 Events Pre-1600 *1370 Year 1370 ( MCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year ...
** Craig L. Thomas, American Senator (d. 2007) ** Syed Sajjad Ali Shah, 13th Chief Justice of Pakistan (d. 2017) * February 18 ** Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer, artist and widow of John Lennon ** Sir Bobby Robson, English soccer player, manager (d. 2009) **Frank Moores, second Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador (d. 2005) * February 21 – Nina Simone, African-American singer (d. 2003) * February 22 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent, British royal, musician and patron of the arts * February 23 – Lee Calhoun, American athlete (d. 1989) * February 26 ** Godfrey Cambridge, American actor and comedian (d. 1976) ** Lubomyr Husar, Ukrainian Catholic bishop (d. 2017) *
February 28 It is the last day of February February is the second month of the year in the and s. The month has 28 days in s or 29 in s, with the 29th day being called the ''leap day''. It is the first of five months not to have 31 days (the other ...
– Charles Vinci, American weightlifter (d. 2018)


March

* March 1 – P. J. Sheehan, Irish politician (d. 2020) *
March 3 Events Pre-1600 *473 – Gundobad (nephew of Ricimer) nominates Glycerius as emperor of the Western Roman Empire. *724 – Empress Genshō abdicates the throne in favor of her nephew Emperor Shōmu, Shōmu who becomes emperor of Japan. ...
** Alfredo Landa, Spanish actor (d. 2013) ** Tomas Milian, Cuban-American-Italian actor (d. 2017) ** Lee Radziwiłł, American socialite, sister of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (d. 2019) *
March 5 Events Pre-1600 * 363 – Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout hist ...
– Evgeni Vasiukov, Russian chess grandmaster (d. 2018) *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
– Augusto and Michaela Odone, Augusto Odone, Italian creator of ''Lorenzo's Oil'' (d. 2013) *
March 7 Events Pre-1600 *161 – Marcus Aurelius and L. Commodus (who changes his name to Lucius Verus) become joint emperors of Rome on the death of Antoninus Pius. *1138 – Konrad III, Konrad III von Hohenstaufen was elected king of Germany ...
– Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1998) *
March 9 Events Pre-1600 *141 BC __NOTOC__ Year 141 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Pompeius (or, less frequently, year 613 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
– Lloyd Price, African-American R&B singer *
March 10 Events Pre-1600 *241 BC __NOTOC__ Year 241 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Atticus and Cerco (or, less frequently, year 513 ''Ab urbe condita''). The ...
– Abdul Hay Mosallam Zarara, Palestinian artist (d. 2020) *
March 12 Events Pre-1600 *538 Year 538 ( DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Iohannes without colleague (or, less ...
** Barbara Feldon, American actress, model (''Get Smart'') ** Jesús Gil, Spanish right-wing politician, construction businessman, and football team owner (d. 2004) *
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
– Mike Stoller, American songwriter *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
** Michael Caine, Sir Michael Caine, English actor and author ** René Felber, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 2020) ** Quincy Jones, African-American music producer, composer *
March 15 In the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A calendar date, date is the desig ...
** Philippe de Broca, French film director (d. 2004) ** Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 2020) * March 17 – Penelope Lively, English writer * March 18 – Unita Blackwell, African-American civil rights activist (d. 2019) * March 19 ** Philip Roth, American author (d. 2018) ** Edward G. Robinson Jr., American actor (d. 1974) ** Michel Sabbah, Israeli patriarch ** Renée Taylor, American actress, screenwriter, playwright, producer and director ** Richard Williams (animator), Richard Williams, Canadian-British animator (d. 2019) *
March 22 Events Pre-1600 *106 106 may refer to: *106 (number) 106 (one hundred ndsix) is the natural number File:Three Baskets.svg, Natural numbers can be used for counting (one apple, two apples, three apples, ...) In mathematics, the natural num ...
** Abolhassan Banisadr, 1st President of Iran ** May Britt, Swedish actress ** Buddy MacKay, American politician, diplomat, 42nd Governor of Florida * March 23 – Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, professor emeritus at Stanford University * March 24 – William Smith (actor), William Smith, American actor * March 28 ** Tete Montoliu, Catalonian jazz pianist (d. 1997) ** Frank Murkowski, American politician * March 30 – Jean-Claude Brialy, French actor and director (d. 2007) * March 31 – Nichita Stănescu, Romanian poet and essayist (d. 1983)


April

* April 1 ** Dan Flavin, American artist (d. 1996) ** Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel laureate * April 4 ** Frits Bolkestein, Dutch politician ** Brian Hewson, English athlete * April 5 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (''Batman (TV series), Batman'') (d. 2005) * April 6 – Henryk Niedźwiedzki, Polish boxer (d. 2018) * April 7 ** Wayne Rogers, American actor (''M*A*S*H (TV series), M*A*S*H'') (d. 2015) ** Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Persian-American Islamic scholar * April 9 ** Jean-Paul Belmondo, French actor ** Gian Maria Volonté, Italian actor (d. 1994) * April 11 – Denis Goldberg, South African social campaigner (d. 2020) * April 12 ** Montserrat Caballé, Catalan operatic soprano (d. 2018) ** Ben Nighthorse Campbell, American politician * April 14 ** Yuri Oganessian, Russian nuclear physicist ** Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, Boris Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian science fiction author (d. 2012) * April 15 ** Roy Clark, American country musician (d. 2018) ** Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (''Bewitched'') (d. 1995) * April 16 – Marcos Alonso (footballer, born 1933), Marcos Alonso, Spanish footballer (d. 2012) * April 19 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967) * April 21 – Ian Carr, Scottish jazz musician, composer, writer and educator (d. 2009) * April 23 – Frederic Pryor, American economist (d. 2019) * April 25 – Jerry Leiber, American composer (d. 2011) * April 26 ** Carol Burnett, American actress, singer and comedian ** Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel laureate ** Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (d. 2005) * April 29 ** Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium ** Rod McKuen, American singer, songwriter and poet (d. 2015) ** Willie Nelson, American singer, songwriter, musician, actor, producer, author, poet and activist * April 30 – Vittorio Merloni, Italian entrepreneur (d. 2016)


May

* May 3 ** James Brown, African-American soul musician (''I Got You (I Feel Good)'') (d. 2006) ** Steven Weinberg, American physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel laureate * May 5 – Ratnasiri Wickremanayake, 2-time Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (d. 2016) * May 7 ** Johnny Unitas, American football player (d. 2002) ** Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer and actress (d. 2020) * May 10 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer * May 11 – Louis Farrakhan, African-American Muslim leader * May 14 – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress * May 18 ** H. D. Deve Gowda, Indian politician, 11th Prime Minister of India ** Carroll Hardy, American baseball player (d. 2020) * May 21 – Maurice André, French trumpeter (d. 2012) * May 22 – Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (d. 1996) * May 23 – Joan Collins, English actress (''Dynasty (1981 TV series), Dynasty'') * May 27 – Edward S. Rogers Jr., Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 2008) * May 29 – Helmuth Rilling, German conductor


June

* June 1 ** Charlie Wilson (Texas politician), Charles Wilson, American politician (d. 2010) ** Haruo Remeliik, 1st President of Palau (d. 1985) * June 3 – Celso Torrelio , 58th President of Bolivia (d. 1999) * June 4 – Godfried Danneels, Belgian cardinal (d. 2019) * June 6 – Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013) * June 7 ** Juan R. Torruella, Puerto Rican Olympic sailor and jurist (d. 2020) ** Beverly Wills, American actress (d. 1963) * June 8 – Joan Rivers, American actress, comedian, television host (d. 2014) * June 10 – F. Lee Bailey, American lawyer * June 11 – Gene Wilder, American actor (d. 2016) * June 12 – Eddie Adams (photographer), Eddie Adams, American photographer and photojournalist (d. 2004) * June 13 – Sven-Olov Sjödelius, Swedish sprint canoeist (d. 2018) * June 14 ** Svetlin Rusev, Bulgarian artist (d. 2018) ** Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), Henri, Count of Paris, French noble (d. 2019) * June 15 – Mohammad-Ali Rajai, 2nd President of Iran, 47th Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1981) * June 17 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970) * June 19 – Viktor Patsayev, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971) * June 20 ** Danny Aiello, American actor (d. 2019) ** Peter T. Kirstein, British computer scientist (d. 2020) * June 21 – Bernie Kopell, American actor and comedian * June 22 ** Libor Pešek, Czech conductor ** Dianne Feinstein, American politician, Senator, and former mayor of San Francisco * June 23 – Abel Alier, South Sudanese politician and judge * June 24 ** Ngina Kenyatta, former First Lady of Kenya ** Sam Jones (basketball, born 1933), Sam Jones, American professional basketball player * June 25 ** Hong Sook-ja, South Korean politician, feminist ** James Meredith, African-American civil rights activist, writer, political adviser and Air Force veteran ** Álvaro Siza, Portuguese architect * June 26 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (d. 2014) * June 27 ** Louise Bishop, American politician ** L. James Sullivan, American firearms inventor * June 28 – V. Sasisekharan, Indian molecular biologist * June 29 – Hayes Alan Jenkins, American figure skater * June 30 – Lea Massari, Italian actress


July

* July 2 – John Antrobus, English playwright and script writer * July 3 ** Carmen Barbará, Spanish comics artist, illustrator ** Maximilian, Margrave of Baden, German prince ** Lidy Stoppelman, Dutch figure skater * July 6 ** Reza Davari Ardakani, Iranian philosopher ** June Kenney, American actress * July 7 ** J. J. Barrie, Canadian songwriter and singer ** Richard Ravitch, American politician and businessman ** Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner ** David McCullough, American historian and author * July 9 – Oliver Sacks, English-born neurologist (d. 2015) * July 10 – Bernard P. Randolph, United States Air Force General * July 11 ** Joyce Piliso-Seroke, South-African educator, activist, feminist and community organizer ** György Czakó, Hungarian figure skater ** Robert Spence (engineer), Robert Spence, British engineer * July 14 ** Franz, Duke of Bavaria, German royal ** Dumaagiin Sodnom, 13th Prime Minister of Mongolia * July 15 ** Julian Bream, English guitarist and lutenist (d. 2020) ** Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (d. 2003) ** M. T. Vasudevan Nair, Indian writer * July 16 ** Julian Klymkiw, Canadian retired ice hockey player ** Julian A. Brodsky, American businessman ** Gheorghe Cozorici, Romanian actor (d. 1993) * July 17 – Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici, 9th Prime Minister of Malta * July 18 ** Gaston Orellana, Spanish painter ** Syd Mead, American industrial and conceptual designer (d. 2019) ** Jean Yanne, French film actorand director (d. 2003) ** Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (d. 2017) * July 19 – Michel Lévêque, French diplomat and politician * July 20 – Cormac McCarthy, Pulitzer Prize-winning author * July 21 – Herman Timme, Dutch decathlete * July 23 – Richard Rogers, Italian-born British architect * July 24 – John Aniston, American actor * July 25 – Jukka Virtanen (director), Jukka Virtanen, Finnish entertainer and author (d. 2019) * July 26 – Kathryn Hays, American television, soap opera actress * July 29 – Lou Albano, Italian-American professional wrestler, manager, and actor (d. 2009)


August

* August 1 – Dom DeLuise, American actor, comedian (d. 2009) * August 2 – Tom Bell (actor), Tom Bell, English actor (d. 2006) * August 4 ** Sheldon Adelson, American businessman and casino magnate (d. 2021) ** Anthony Anenih, Nigerian politician (d. 2018) * August 6 – Suchinda Kraprayoon, 19th Prime Minister of Thailand * August 7 ** Elinor Ostrom, American economist, academic and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012) ** Jerry Pournelle, American science fiction writer (d. 2017) * August 9 - Tetsuko Kuroyanagi, Japanese actress, Goodwill Ambassdor for UNICEF * August 10 ** Silvia Caos, Cuban-Mexican actress (d. 2006) ** Doyle Brunson, American poker player ** Lynn Cohen, American actress (d. 2020) * August 11 – Jerry Falwell, American evangelist, conservative political activist (d. 2007) * August 14 ** Robert Harold Porter, Canadian businessman, farmer and politician (d. 2018) ** Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate * August 15 – Lori Nelson, American actress and model (d. 2020) * August 16 ** Julie Newmar, American actress (''Batman (TV series), Batman'') ** Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (d. 1994) ** Ricardo Blume, Peruvian-Mexican actor and theater director (d. 2020) * August 17 – Gene Kranz, American NASA Flight Director * August 18 ** Roman Polanski, Polish film director ** Fiachra Ó Ceallaigh, Irish Roman Catholic prelate (d. 2018) * August 20 – George J. Mitchell, American lawyer, businessman, author, and politician * August 21 – Janet Baker, Dame Janet Baker, English mezzo-soprano * August 23 – Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate * August 24 ** Guillermo Bredeston, Argentine actor (d. 2018) ** Ham Richardson, American tennis player (d. 2006) * August 25 ** Wayne Shorter, American jazz saxophonist and composer ** Tom Skerritt, American actor * August 26 – Robert Chartoff, American film producer (d. 2015) * August 27 – Kerstin Ekman, Swedish novelist * August 28 – Jean Weaver, American female professional baseball player (d. 2008) * August 29 ** Dickie Hemric, American basketball player (d. 2017) ** Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor * August 31 – Claudio Rodríguez, Spanish voice actor (d. 2019)


September

* September 1 ** Ann Richards, Governor of Texas (d. 2006) ** T. Thirunavukarasu, Sri Lankan Tamil politician (d. 1982) ** Conway Twitty, American country music artist (d. 1993) * September 2 ** Ed Conlin, American basketball player (d. 2012) ** Mathieu Kérékou, 5th President of Benin (d. 2015) * September 3 – Tompall Glaser, American singer (d. 2013) * September 8 – Asha Bhosle, Indian musician * September 9 – Michael Novak, American philosopher, author (d. 2017) * September 10 ** Yevgeny Khrunov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2000) ** Karl Lagerfeld, German fashion designer, artist (d. 2019) * September 11 – William Luther Pierce, American author, activist (d. 2002) * September 13 ** Eileen Fulton, American stage, soap opera actress ** Mahant Swami Maharaj (b. Vinu Patel), Indian Hindu guru * September 14 – Hillevi Rombin, Swedish athlete, model and Miss Universe 1955 (d. 1996) * September 15 ** Henry Darrow, Puerto-Rican American actor (d. 2021) ** Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor (d. 2014) * September 17 ** Arsenio Corsellas, Spanish actor (d. 2019) ** Evelyn Kawamoto, American competition swimmer (d. 2017) ** Dorothy Loudon, American actress, singer (d. 2003) * September 18 ** Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach ** Robert Blake (actor), Robert Blake, American actor ** Fred Willard, American actor and comedian (d. 2020) * September 19 – David McCallum, Scottish actor * September 21 – Anatoly Krutikov, Russian footballer and manager (d. 2019) * September 24 – Raffaele Farina, Italian cardinal, archivist of the Holy Roman Church * September 25 – Hubie Brown, American basketball coach, broadcaster * September 27 ** Greg Morris, African-American actor (''Mission: Impossible (1966 TV series), Mission: Impossible'') (d. 1996) ** Kathleen Nolan, American actress, first female president of the Screen Actors Guild ** Will Sampson, American actor (d. 1987) * September 29 – Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (d. 1986) * September 30 ** Ajitesh Bandopadhyay, Indian actor, playwright and director (d. 1983) ** Cissy Houston, African-American singer ** Dirce Migliaccio, Brazilian actress (d. 2009)


October

* October 2 ** John Gurdon, British developmental biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ** Dave Somerville, Canadian singer (The Diamonds) (d. 2015) ** Waldo Von Erich, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2009) * October 3 – Abdon Pamich, Italian Olympic athlete * October 9 – Peter Mansfield, British physicist and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel laureate (d. 2017) * October 10 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (d. 1969) * October 11 – Thomas Atcitty, American politician (d. 2020) * October 13 – Mark Zakharov, Soviet and Russian film and theater director (d. 2019) * October 17 ** William Anders, American astronaut ** Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun, known as "The Singing Nun" (d. 1985) * October 18 – Firuz Mustafayev, Azerbaijani politician (d. 2018) * October 19 – Geraldo Majella Agnelo, Dom Geraldo Majella, Brazilian Roman Catholic Cardinal * October 24 ** Draga Olteanu Matei, Romanian actress (d. 2020) ** Reginald Kray, British gangster (d. 2000) ** Ronald Kray, British gangster (d. 1995) * October 27 – Jan Hettema, Springbok cyclist and five times South African National Rally Champion (d. 2016) * October 28 – Garrincha, Brazilian footballer (d. 1983)


November

* November 1 ** Samir Roychoudhury, Indian Bengali poet, philosopher of the Hungry generation (d. 2016) ** Vyacheslav Adamczyk, Belarusian journalist, writer, playwright and screenwriter. (d. 2001) * November 3 ** John Barry (composer), John Barry, British film score composer (d. 2011) ** Ken Berry, American actor, dancer and singer (d. 2018) ** Jeremy Brett, British actor (d. 1995) ** Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995) ** Michael Dukakis, American politician, 1988 Democratic presidential candidate ** Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate ** C. K. Jaffer Sharief, Indian politician (d. 2018) * November 4 – Charles K. Kao, Chinese electrical engineer, physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel laureate (d. 2018) * November 6 ** Else Ackermann, German physician, pharmacologist, and politician (d. 2019) ** Knut Johannesen, Norwegian speed-skater * November 9 – Lucian Pintilie, Romanian film director, screenwriter (d. 2018) * November 10 ** Don Clarke, New Zealand rugby football player (d. 2002) ** Seymour Nurse, Barbadian cricketer (d. 2019) * November 11 – Keiko Tanaka-Ikeda, Japanese artistic gymnast * November 14 – Fred Haise, American astronaut in Apollo 13 * November 19 – Larry King, American talk show host (d. 2021) * November 21 – T. Rasalingam, Sri Lankan Tamil politician * November 23 – Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer and conductor (d. 2020) * November 25 ** Tunku Abdul Rahman (born 1933), Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysian aristocrat (d. 1988) ** Kathryn Crosby, Kathryn Grant, American actress * November 26 – Robert Goulet, American entertainer (d. 2007) * November 28 – Hope Lange, American actress (d. 2003) * November 29 ** Francisco Cuoco, Brazilian actor ** John Mayall, English blues musician


December

* December 1 ** Lou Rawls, American singer, songwriter, actor, voice actor and record producer (d. 2006) ** Jamal Nebez, Kurdish linguist, mathematician and writer (d. 2018) * December 2 – Mike Larrabee, American Olympic athlete (d. 2003) * December 3 – Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2021) * December 4 ** Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Queen of Malaysia (d. 1988) ** Horst Buchholz, German actor (d. 2003) ** Wink Martindale, American game show host and disc jockey * December 6 – Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (d. 2010) * December 8 – Johnny Green (basketball), Johnny Green, American basketball player * December 10 – Mako (actor), Mako, Japanese-born actor (d. 2006) * December 11 – Aquilino Pimentel Jr., Filipino politician (d. 2019) * December 12 – Manu Dibango, Cameroonian saxophonist (d. 2020) * December 13 – Lou Adler, American film and record producer * December 14 ** Justin Rakotoniaina, 3rd Prime Minister of Madagascar (d. 2001) ** Eva Wilma, Brazilian actress * December 15 ** Tim Conway, American actor and comedian (d. 2019) ** Ralph T. O'Neal, 4th and 6th Premier of the Virgin Islands (d. 2019) * December 17 – Shirley Abrahamson, American jurist, Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court * December 18 – Lonnie Brooks, American blues singer and guitarist (d. 2017) * December 19 – Galina Volchek, Soviet and Russian actress (d. 2019) * December 20 – Jean Carnahan, American politician * December 22 – Abel Pacheco, 44th President of Costa Rica * December 23 – Akihito, 125th List of Emperors of Japan, Emperor of Japan * December 25 – Phan Văn Khải, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (d. 2018) * December 26 ** Emmanuel Dabbaghian, Syrian Armenian Catholic patriarch (d. 2018) ** Caroll Spinney, American puppeteer (d. 2019) * December 30 – Andy Stewart (musician), Andy Stewart, Scottish singer, entertainer (d. 1993)


Date unknown

* Jalal Talabani, Kurdish President of Iraq (d. 2017)


Deaths


January

* January 3 ** Wilhelm Cuno, German businessman, politician and 15th
Chancellor of Germany The chancellor of Germany, officially the Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (german: Bundeskanzler(in) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is the head of the federal government of Germany The Federal Cabinet or Federal Govern ...
(b. 1876) ** Jack Pickford, Canadian-born actor, film director, and producer (b. 1896) *
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
**Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872) **J. M. Robertson, British Liberal Party (UK), Liberal Party politician, writer, and journalist, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade (b. 1856) * January 7 – Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (b. 1892) * January 9 ** Kate Gleason, American engineer (b. 1865) ** Daphne Akhurst, Australian tennis champion (b. 1903) * January 10 – Roberto Mantovani, Italian geologist (b. 1854) *
January 17 Events Pre-1600 *38 BC __NOTOC__ Year 38 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar ...
– Louis Comfort Tiffany, American stained glass artist, jewelry designer, son of Charles Lewis Tiffany * January 25 – Lewis J. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1870) * January 29 ** Thomas Coward, British ornithologist (b. 1867) ** Sara Teasdale, American lyrical poet (b. 1884) * January 31 – John Galsworthy, British writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)


February

*
February 5 Events Pre-1600 * – in , Italy. * – , leader of a against the , declares himself emperor and establishes the .Volume 217 of ' recorded that An crowned himself emperor on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 1st year of the Zhide e ...
** James Banning, American aviation pioneer (b. 1900) ** Josiah Thomas, Australian politician (b. 1863) * February 12 ** Henri Duparc (composer), Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848) ** Sir Sir William Robertson, 1st Baronet, William Robertson, British Field Marshall (b. 1860) * February 14 – Carl Correns, German botanist, geneticist (b. 1864) *
February 15 Events Pre-1600 *438 Year 438 ( CDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contain ...
– Pat Sullivan (film producer), Pat Sullivan, Australian-born director, producer of animated films (b. 1885) * February 18 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866) * February 26 ** Spottiswoode Aitken, British-American actor (b. 1868) ** Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia (b. 1866) *
February 27 Events Pre-1600 *380 Year 380 ( CCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. ...
– Walter Hiers, American actor (b. 1893)


March

* March 1 – Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900) *
March 2 Events Pre-1600 * 537 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoth The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn ...
- Thomas J. Walsh, American politician (b. 1859) *
March 6 Events Pre-1600 *12 BCE __NOTOC__ Year 12 BC was either a , or or a (link will display the full calendar) of the (the sources differ, see for further information) and a of the . At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship ...
**
Anton Cermak Anton Joseph Cermak ( cs, Antonín Josef Čermák, ; May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician who served as the 44th mayor of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_ca ...
, Mayor of Chicago, Illinois (assassinated) (b. 1873) ** Cyril R. Jandus, American lawyer and politician (b. 1867) *
March 10 Events Pre-1600 *241 BC __NOTOC__ Year 241 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Atticus and Cerco (or, less frequently, year 513 ''Ab urbe condita''). The ...
– Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi, Chief of the Senussi order in Libya (b. 1873) *
March 13 Events Pre-1600 *1567 __NOTOC__ Year 1567 ( MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) i ...
** Andon Dimitrov, Bulgarian revolutionary leader (b. 1867) ** Robert T. A. Innes, South African astronomer (b. 1861) *
March 14 Events Pre-1600 *1074 Year 1074 (Roman numerals, MLXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring – Norman mercenari ...
** Balto, American sled dog (b. 1919) ** Antonio Garbasso, Italian physicist, politician (b. 1871) *
March 15 In the Roman calendar The Roman calendar was the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, weeks, months and years. A calendar date, date is the desig ...
- Gustavo Jiménez, Interim President of Peru (b. 1886) * March 18 – Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italian mountaineer, explorer, and admiral (b. 1873) *March 19 - Erhard Heiden, German Nazi officer and 3rd commander Reichsführer-SS of the Schutzstaffel (b. 1901) *
March 20 Typically the March equinox falls on this date, marking the vernal point in the Northern Hemisphere and the autumnal point in the Southern Hemisphere. Events Pre-1600 *235 – Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed Roman emperor. *673 – Emper ...
Giuseppe Zangara Giuseppe "Joe" Zangara (September 7, 1900 – March 20, 1933) was an Italian immigrant and naturalized United States citizen who attempted to assassinate then- President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 15, 1933, seventeen days befo ...
, American attempted assassin of
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
(b. 1900) * March 26 – Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902) * March 30 – Dan O'Connor (prospector), Dan O'Connor, Canadian prospector (b. 1864) * March 31 – Baltasar Brum, 23rd President of Uruguay (b. 1883)


April

* April 1 – Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, British politician and colonial governor, Viceroy of India (b. 1868) * April 2 – Ranjitsinhji, Indian cricketer and ruler of Nawanagar State, Nawanagar. (b. 1872) * April 4 – William A. Moffett, U.S. admiral (crash of airship ) (b. 1869) * April 7 - Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria (b. 1860) *April 15 - Mary Isabella Macleod, North American pioneer (b. 1852) * April 17 – Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876) * April 20 - William Courtenay (actor), William Courtenay, Canadian actor, director (b. 1875) * April 22 ** Prince Ludwig Philipp of Thurn and Taxis (b. 1901) ** Henry Royce, Sir Henry Royce, English car manufacturer (b. 1863) * April 23 – Tim Keefe, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1857) * April 30 – Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro, 77th Prime Minister of Peru, 48th President of Peru (assassinated) (b. 1889)


May

* May 2 – Leonard Huxley (writer), Leonard Huxley, British writer (b. 1860) * May 3 – Frederick Kerr, English actor (b. 1858) * May 6 – Li Ching-Yuen, Chinese herbalist, martial artist, and tactical advisor * May 13 – Ernest Torrence, British actor (b. 1878) * May 15 – Hermann von François, German general (b. 1856) * May 16 – John Henry Mackay, German writer (b. 1864) * May 19 – Thomas J. O'Brien (Michigan politician), Thomas J. O'Brien, American politician, diplomat (b. 1842) * May 22 – Sándor Ferenczi, Hungarian psychoanalyst (b. 1873) * May 24 ** Ludovic Arrachart, French aviator (b. 1897) ** Percy C. Mather, British Protestant missionary (b. 1882) ** Rosslyn Wemyss, 1st Baron Wester Wemyss, British admiral (b. 1864) * May 26 – Jimmie Rodgers (country singer), Jimmie Rodgers, American country singer (b. 1897)


June

* June 2 – Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878) * June 7 – Cyrus H. K. Curtis, American publisher (b. 1850) * June 15 - Hildegard Burjan, German Roman Catholic nun and blessed (b. 1883) * June 21
Halbert Benton Cole
Georgetown University Law School Alumni, American Attorney in Black River Falls, Wi and Hamilton, Montana (b. 1879]
Cole, H.B.
* June 25 ** Jean Cugnot, French Olympic cyclist (b. 1899) ** Giovanni Giacometti, Swiss painter (b. 1868) * June 29 – Roscoe Arbuckle, American actor, comedian, film director, and screenwriter (b. 1887)


July

* July 3 ** Hipólito Yrigoyen, 18th President of Argentina (b. 1852) ** Franz Wilhelm Seiwert, German painter, sculptor (b. 1894) * July 6 - Robert Kajanus, Finnish conductor and composer (b. 1856) * July 11 - Edward Dillon (actor), Edward Dillon, American actor, director (b. 1879) * July 15 ** Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (b. 1865) ** Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (b. 1890) ** Léon de Witte de Haelen, Belgian general (b. 1857) * July 18 -- Charles Prince (actor), Charles Prince, French actor (b. 1872) * July 27 – Nobuyoshi Mutō, Japanese field marshal, ambassador (b. 1868)


August

* August 1 – Sulejman Delvina, Albanian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1884) * August 10 – Alf Morgans, Australian politician, 4th Premier of Western Australia (b. 1850) * August 13 – Hasan Prishtina, Albanian politician, 8th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1873) * August 18 – James Williamson (film pioneer), James Williamson, British film director (b. 1855) * August 22 – Alexandros Kontoulis, Greek general (b. 1858) * August 23 ** Marie Cahill, American singer, actress (b. 1870) ** Adolf Loos, Austrian-Czechoslovak architect (b. 1870) * August 30 – Kustaa Ahmala, Finnish politician (b. 1867)


September

* September 2 – Francesco de Pinedo, Italian aviator (b. 1890) * September 7 ** Max Adalbert, German actor (b. 1874) ** Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, British statesman (b. 1862) * September 8 – King Faisal I of Iraq (b. 1885) * September 10 – Giuseppe Campari, Italian opera singer, Grand Prix driver (b. 1892) * September 17 ** Jules Culot, French entomologist (b. 1861) ** Joseph De Piro, Maltese Roman Catholic priest, missionary and Servant of God (b. 1877) * September 20 – Annie Besant, British Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator (b. 1847) * September 21 – Kenji Miyazawa, Japanese novelist and poet of children's literature (b. 1896) * September 24 – Dorothea Baird, British actress (b. 1875) * September 25 ** Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch physicist (b. 1880) ** Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885) * September 26 – William Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick, British-born flying ace (b. 1896) * September 28 ** Alexander von Krobatin, Austro-Hungarian field marshal and politician (b. 1849) ** G. R. S. Mead, British writer (b. 1863)


October

* October 4 – Edward Lyon Buchwalter, American Union captain and businessman (b. 1841) * October 5 – Renée Adorée, French actress (b. 1898) * October 7 – Jo Labadie, American labor organizer (b. 1850) * October 16 – Ismael Montes, Bolivian general and political figure, 26th President of Bolivia (b. 1861) * October 18 - Christine Murrell, English medical doctor, first female member of the British Medical Association's Central Council (b. 1874) * October 29 ** George Luks, American painter (b. 1867) ** Albert Calmette, French bacteriologist, immunologist (b. 1863) ** Paul Painlevé, French mathematician and statesman, 62nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1863)


November

* November 3 – Pierre Paul Émile Roux, French physician (b. 1853) * November 5 – Texas Guinan, American actress, producer and entrepreneur (b. 1884) * November 6 – Andrey Lyapchev, 22nd Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1866) * November 8 ** Pietro Albertoni, Italian psychologist, politician (b. 1849) ** Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1883) * November 16 – Kyrillos III of Cyprus, archbishop of the Cypriot Orthodox Church (b. 1859) * November 18 - Francisco Javier Gaxiola, Mexican diplomat, lawyer and politician (b. 1870) * November 20 - Augustine Birrell, English politician and author (b. 1850) * November 21 - Inez Clough, American actress (b. 1873) * November 23 – François Albert, French journalist (b. 1874) * November 30 – Arthur Currie, Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian general (b. 1875)


December

* December 2 ** Clarence Burton, American actor (b. 1882) ** Émile Meyerson, Polish-French epistemologist, chemist and philosopher (b. 1859) * December 4 – Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868) * December 6 – Auguste Chapuis, French composer (b. 1858) * December 8 ** Yamamoto Gonnohyoe, Imperial Japanese army officer, 8th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1852) ** Karl Jatho, German airplane pioneer (b. 1873) ** John Joly, Irish physicist (b. 1857) * December 10 – János Hadik, 19th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1863) * December 16 – Robert W. Chambers, American writer (b. 1865) * December 17 **Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876) **Oskar Potiorek, Austro-Hungarian general (b. 1853) * December 18 – Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (b. 1852) * December 19 ** George Jackson Churchward, English Great Western Railway chief mechanical engineer (b. 1857) ** Friedrich von Ingenohl, German admiral (b. 1857) * December 21 ** Dora Montefiore, English suffragist and socialist (b. 1851) ** Tod Sloan (jockey), Tod Sloan, American jockey (b. 1874) * December 24 – Prince Aribert of Anhalt * December 25 – Francesc Macia, Francesc Macià, President of the Generalitat (autonomous government of Catalonia) (b. 1859) * December 26 ** Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary (b. 1875) ** Eduard Vilde, Estonian writer (b. 1865) * December 29 – Ion G. Duca, 35th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1879)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Erwin Schrödinger, and Paul Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – not awarded * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – Thomas Hunt Morgan * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – Norman Angell, Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)


References


External links


The 1930s Timeline: 1933
– from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia {{DEFAULTSORT:1933 1933,