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Events


January–March

*
January 5 Events Pre-1600 *1477 – Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is defeated and killed in a conflict with René II, Duke of Lorraine; Duchy of Burgundy, Burgundy subsequently becomes part of France. 1601–1900 *1675 – Battle of Turckh ...
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
and the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town i ...
sign instruments of cession at
Pontremoli Pontremoli (; local egl, Pontrémal; la, Apua) is a small city, ''comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function T ...

Pontremoli
in the
Grand Duchy of Tuscany The Grand Duchy of Tuscany ( it, Granducato di Toscana; la, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of t ...
in Italy, with the Empire receiving control of Tuscany and the
Grand Duchy of Parma and Piacenza The Duchy of Parma is a noble estate and title created in Italy in 1545. Originally a title of the House of Farnese, Farnese family, in 1731 the Duchy passed to the House of Habsburg, Habsburgs and in 1748 to the House of Bourbon, Bourbons. It wa ...
, in return for being recognized as King of Naples and King of Sicily. *
January 9 Events Pre-1600 * 681 – Twelfth Council of ToledoThe Twelfth Council of Toledo was initiated on 9 January 681 by the new King Erwig. One of its first actions was to release the population from the laws of Wamba and recognise Erwig, a ...
– The Empires of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
and
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
enter into a secret military alliance that leads to Austria's disastrous entry into the Russo-Turkish War. *
January 18 Events Pre-1600 *474 __NOTOC__ Year 474 ( CDLXXIV) was a common year starting on TuesdayA common year starting on Tuesday is any non- leap year (i.e. a year with 365 days) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 Decemb ...
– In
Manila Manila ( , ; fil, Maynila, ), officially the City of Manila ( fil, Lungsod ng Maynila, ), is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are ...

Manila
, a peace treaty is signed between Spain's
Governor-General of the Philippines The Governor-General of the Philippines (Spanish language, Spanish: ''Gobernador-General de las Filipinas/Capitán General de las Filipinas''; Filipino language, Filipino: ''Gobernador-Heneral ng Pilipinas/Kapitan Heneral ng Pilipinas''; Japanes ...
, Fernándo Valdés y Tamon, and the Sultan
Azim ud-Din I of Sulu Muhammad Azim ud-Din I ( ar , مُحَمَّدعلیم الدین, Jawi script, Jawi:محمدعلیم الدیند also Muhammad Alimuddin; Religious Name, Christian Name: Don Fernando de Alimuddin) was Sultan of Sultanate of Sulu, Sulu fr ...
, recognizing Azim's authority over the islands of the
Sulu Archipelago The Sulu Archipelago ( Tausug: سوڬ, ms, كڤولاوان سولو, fil, Kapuluan ng Sulu) is a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arc ...

Sulu Archipelago
. *
February 20 Events Pre-1600 *1339 Year 1339 (Roman numerals, MCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * June – Battle of Laupen: The Canto ...
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
's Foreign Minister,
Germain Louis Chauvelin Germain Louis Chauvelin (26 March 1685 – 1 April 1762, Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 resident ...
, is dismissed by King
Louis XV Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved (french: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached ...
's Chief Minister, Cardinal
André-Hercule de Fleury André-Hercule de Fleury, Bishop of Fréjus, Archbishop of Aix (22 June or 26 June 165329 January 1743) was a French Cardinal (Catholic Church), cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV of France, Louis XV. Life and government He was ...
*
February 27 Events Pre-1600 *380 Year 380 ( CCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. ...
– French scientists
Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau (20 July 1700, Paris13 August 1782, Paris), was a France, French physician, naval engineer and botanist. Biography Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau was born in Paris in 1700, the son of Alexandre Duhamel, lord o ...
and
Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (; 7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788) was a French naturalist Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, living system that ...
publish the first study correlating past weather conditions with an examination of
tree rings Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century. It in ...

tree rings
. *
March 16 Events Pre-1600 *934 Year 934 ( CMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring and Summer – The Hungarians make a ...
– In
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
, representatives of
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
and
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who ...

Portugal
sign an armistice bringing an end to the Spanish–Portuguese War over the area now occupied by the nation of
Uruguay Uruguay (; ; pt, Uruguai), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay ( es, República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in South America. It shares borders with Argentina to its west and southwest and Brazil to its north and northeast; whi ...

Uruguay
and the area now occupied by the state of
Rio Grande do Sul Rio Grande do Sul (, , ; "Great River of the South") is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The St ...
in
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

Brazil
. The news does not reach the fighting parties until five months later. *
March 28 Events Pre-1600 *AD 37 AD 37 ( XXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year th ...
– The Battle of Delhi takes place between the
Maratha Empire The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Shivaji Shivaji Bhonsale I (; 19 ...

Maratha Empire
and the
Mughals The Mughal, Mogul, or Moghul Empire was an early modern The early modern period of modern history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of 's past. It is understood through , , , and , and since the , from and s. ...
.


April–June

*
April 5 Events * 823 – Lothair I Lothair I or Lothar I (Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''f ...
– French Jesuit priest Jean-François Régis is canonized as Saint Regis by the Roman Catholic Church under the reign of
Pope Clement XII Pope Clement XII ( la, Clemens XII; 7 April 16526 February 1740), born Lorenzo Corsini, was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billi ...

Pope Clement XII
. *
April 22 Events * 238 __NOTOC__ Year 238 (Roman numerals, CCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pius and Pontianus (o ...
– **In Afghanistan, Persian shah
Nader Shah Nader Shah Afshar ( fa, نادر شاه افشار; also known as ''Nader Qoli Beyg'' or ''Tahmāsp Qoli Khan'' ) (August 1688 – 19 June 1747) was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty The Afsharid dynasty ( fa, افشاریان) was an I ...

Nader Shah
begins the 11-month
Siege of Kandahar The Siege of Kandahar began when Nader Shah Nader Shah Afshar ( fa, نادر شاه افشار; also known as ''Nader Qoli Beyg'' or ''Tahmāsp Qoli Khan'' ) (August 1688 – 19 June 1747) was one of the most powerful Iranian rulers in Iran ...

Siege of Kandahar
against the Pashtun Emir of Afghanistan,
Hussain Hotak Shah Hussain Hotak, (Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language of the Indo-European family. It is known in Persian literature as Afghani (, ). The language is natively spoken by Pasht ...
. The surviving Afghanis surrender on March 24, 1738. **Lots are first advertised for sale in the new town of
Richmond, Virginia (Thus do we reach the stars) , image_map = , mapsize = 250 px , map_caption = Location within Virginia , pushpin_map = Virginia#USA , pushpin_label ...
, by the placement of a notice by William Byrd in the ''Virginia Gazette''. According to the paper, "... on the North Side of
James River The James River is a river in the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its with th ...

James River
, near the Uppermost Landing, and a little below the Falls, is lately laid off by Major Mayo, a Town, called Richmond, with Streets 65 Feet wide, in a pleasant and healthy Situation, and well supply'd with Springs of good Water. It lies near the Publick Warehouse at Shoccoe's, and in the midst of great Quantities of Grain, and all kind of Provisions. The Lots will be granted in Fee Simple, on Condition only of building a House in Three Years Time, of 24 by 16 Feet, fronting within 5 Feet of the Street. The Lots to be rated according to the Convenience of their Situation, and to be sold after this April General Court, by me, William Byrd." *
May 28 Events Pre-1600 *585 BC The year 585 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was known as year 169 ''Ab urbe condita'' . The denomination 585 BC for this year has been used since the early med ...
– The
planet A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or Stellar evolution#Stellar remnants, stellar remnant that is massive enough to be Hydrostatic equilibrium, rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and ...

planet
Venus Venus is the second planet from the Sun. It is named after the Venus (mythology), Roman goddess of love and beauty. As List of brightest natural objects in the sky, the brightest natural object in Earth's night sky after the Moon, Venus can ...

Venus
passes in front of
Mercury Mercury usually refers to: * Mercury (planet) Mercury is the smallest planet in the Solar System and the closest to the Sun. Its orbit around the Sun takes 87.97 Earth days, the shortest of all the Sun's planets. It is named after the Roman g ...

Mercury
. The event is witnessed during the evening hours, by the amateur
astronomer An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who focuses their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth. They observe astronomical objects such as stars, planets, natural satellite, moons, comets and galaxy, g ...

astronomer
John Bevis John Bevis (10 November 1695 in Salisbury, Wiltshire – 6 November 1771) was an English (people), English Physician, doctor, electrical researcher and astronomer. He is best known for discovering the Crab Nebula in 1731. Bevis also observed a ...
, at the
Royal Greenwich Observatory The Royal Observatory, Greenwich (ROG; known as the Old Royal Observatory from 1957 to 1998, when the working Royal Greenwich Observatory, RGO, temporarily moved south from Greenwich to Herstmonceux Herstmonceux ( , ) is a village and ci ...
. As of
2006 2006 was designated as the International Year of Deserts and Desertification and the International Asperger syndrome, Asperger's Year. Events January * January 1 – Russia cuts the shipment of natural gas to Ukraine over a Russia–U ...
, it is still the only such planet/planet occultation that has been directly observed. *
June 21 This day usually marks the summer solstice The summer solstice, also known as estival solstice or midsummer Midsummer is the period of time in the middle of the summer. The exact dates vary among different cultures, but is primarily hel ...
– In
Britain Britain usually refers to: * United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United ...

Britain
, the Theatrical Licensing Act requires plays to be submitted to the
Lord Chamberlain The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is the most senior officer of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom The Royal Households of the United Kingdom are the collective departments that support members of the British ...
for
censorship Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information. This may be done on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient". Censorship can be conducted by governments ...

censorship
. *
June 30 Events Pre-1600 * 296 __NOTOC__ Year 296 ( CCXCVI) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday ...
Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739:
Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (россияне), Russian language term ...

Russian
forces under
Field Marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space force ...

Field Marshal
Munnich storm the
Ottoman Ottoman is the Turkish spelling of the Arabic masculine given name Uthman (name), Uthman (Arabic: عُثْمان ''‘uthmān''). It may refer to: Governments and dynasties * Ottoman Caliphate, an Islamic caliphate from 1517 to 1924 * Ottoman Empi ...
fortress A fortification is a military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, gov ...

fortress
of
Ochakov Ochakiv also known as Ochakov ( uk, Очаків, russian: Очаков, crh, Özü, ro, Oceacov and ''Vozia'', and Alektor ( in Greek) is a small city in Mykolaiv Oblast (region) of southern Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraina ...

Ochakov
, and take prisoner 4,000 Turks.


July–September

*
July 9 Events Pre-1600 *AD 118, 118 – Hadrian, who became emperor a year ago on Trajan's death, makes his entry into Rome. *381 – The end of the First Council of Constantinople, First Council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinop ...
– The direct male line of the
Medici The House of Medici ( , ) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social ...

Medici
family becomes extinct, with the death of
Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Gian Gastone de' Medici (Giovanni Battista Gastone; 24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany The rulers of Tuscany varied over time, sometimes being margraves, the rulers of handfuls of border countie ...
. *
July 12 Events Pre-1600 * – The armies of attack the walls of after . Three days later they , which enables the army to the . * – King , King of , and accepted the overlordship of King of England, leading to seven years of peace i ...
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
enters the
Russo-Turkish War The Russo-Turkish wars (or Ottoman–Russian wars) were a series of twelve wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 20th centuries. It was one of the longest series of military conflicts in History of Europe ...
as an ally of Russia against the Ottoman Empire. *
July 17 Events Pre-1600 * 180 – Scillitan Martyrs, Twelve inhabitants of Scillium (near Kasserine, modern-day Tunisia) in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. *104 ...
– The British ship ''Catherine'' founders in a storm off of
Nova Scotia ) , image_map = Nova Scotia in Canada 2.svg , Label_map = yes , coordinates = , official_lang = English (''de facto'') , RegionalLang = French, Scots Gaelic , capital ...

Nova Scotia
's
Cape Sable Island Cape Sable Island, locally referred to as Cape Island, is a small Canada, Canadian island at the southernmost point of the Nova Scotia peninsula. It is sometimes confused with Sable Island. Historically, the Argyle, Nova Scotia region was known as ...
during its voyage from Ireland to
Boston Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the capital city, capital and List of municipalities in Massachusetts, most populous city of the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States and 21st List of Unit ...

Boston
, killing 98 of the 201 people on board. *
August 4 Events * 598 – Goguryeo-Sui War: Emperor Wéndi of Sui orders his youngest son, Yang Liang Yang Liang (楊諒) -- courtesy name A courtesy name (), also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition ...
– Austria's army is defeated by the Ottoman Army and Bosnian defenders in the Battle of Banja Luka. *
August 15 Events * 636 – Arab–Byzantine wars: The Battle of Yarmouk between Byzantine Empire and Rashidun Caliphate begins. * 717 – Arab–Byzantine wars: Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik begins the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople, which will ...
– The Portuguese frigate ''Nossa Senhora da Boa Viagem'' arrives at Maldonado (now in
Uruguay Uruguay (; ; pt, Uruguai), officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay ( es, República Oriental del Uruguay), is a country in South America. It shares borders with Argentina to its west and southwest and Brazil to its north and northeast; whi ...

Uruguay
) as Captain Duarte Pereira brings the news that the Spanish–Portuguese War ended by an agreement signed on March 16. *
September 1 Events Pre-1600 *1145 – The main altar of Lund Cathedral, at the time seat of the archiepiscopal see of all the Nordic countries, is consecrated. *1173 – The widow Stamira sacrifices herself in order to raise the siege of Ancona by ...
– The oldest existing
English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spoken language), g ...

English language
newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential segments ...

newspaper
in the world, ''
The News Letter ''The News Letter'' is one of Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots ...
'', is founded in
Belfast Belfast ( ; , ) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. It is the 12th-largest city in the United Kingdom and the second-largest on the island of Ireland. It had a popul ...

Belfast
,
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
. *
September 20 Events Pre-1600 *1058 Year 1058 ( MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calend ...
Runner Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move rapidly on foot. Running is a type of gait characterized by an aerial phase in which all feet are above the ground (though there are exceptions). This is i ...

Runner
Edward Marshall completes his journey in the
Walking Purchase sources along northeast border between the colonial Province of Pennsylvania and West New Jersey in the Province of New Jersey The Province of New Jersey was one of the Middle Colonies of Colonial America The colonial history of the Uni ...
, forcing the cession of of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the
Pennsylvania Colony The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was a British North American colony founded by William Penn William Penn (14 October 1644 – 30 July 1718) was an English writer A writer is a person who uses writ ...
.


October–December

*
October 7 Events Pre-1600 *3761 BC – The epoch reference date epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar. *1403 – Venetian–Genoese wars: The Genoese fleet under a French admiral is defeated by a Venetian fleet at the Battle of Modon (140 ...
– At least 300,000 people are killed when a
tropical cyclone A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of Atmosphere of Earth, air and together with oc ...
strikes the
Bay of Bengal The Bay of Bengal is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface ...

Bay of Bengal
in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
and modern-day
Bangladesh Bangladesh (, bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geography, geographical and culture, ethno-c ...

Bangladesh
. The storm sends high waves over the
Sundarbans Sundarbans is a mangrove A mangrove is a shrub A shrub (often called a bush) is a small- to medium-sized perennial A perennial plant or simply perennial is a plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of th ...

Sundarbans
delta, and overflows the
Hooghly River The Hooghly River (''Hugli''; Anglicized alternatively spelled ''Hoogli'' or ''Hugli'') or the Bhāgirathi-Hooghly, called the 'Ganga' or the 'Kati-Ganga' in mythological texts, is the eastern distributary of the Ganges River The Ganges ...

Hooghly River
. *
October 11 Events Pre-1600 *1138 Year 1138 ( MCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that conta ...
– The first national stage in
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that ...

Sweden
opens, when
Carl Gyllenborg Count Carl Gyllenborg (7 March 1679 – 9 December 1746) was a Sweden, Swedish statesman and author. Biography He was born in Stockholm, the son of Count Jacob Gyllenborg (1648-1701). His father was a Member of Parliament and of the Royal Council ...
's play ''Den svenska sprätthöken'' is performed in the
Swedish language Swedish ( ) is a North Germanic language The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages—a sub-family of the Indo-European languages—along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germ ...
, by the first native actors, on the stage of ''
Bollhuset Bollhuset, also called (The Big Ball House), (Ball House Theater), and Gamla Bollhuset (Old Ball House) at various times, was the name of the first theater in Stockholm, Sweden; it was the first Swedish theater and the first real theater buildin ...

Bollhuset
'' in
Stockholm Stockholm (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smalle ...

Stockholm
. *
October 16 Events Pre-1600 *456 – Ricimer defeats Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the Western Roman Empire. *690 – Empress Wu Zetian ascends to the throne of the Tang dynasty and proclaims herself ruler of the Chinese Empire. *912 &n ...
– An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 9.3 occurs off the shore of
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...

Russia
's
Kamchatka Peninsula The Kamchatka Peninsula (, ''Poluostrov Kamchatka'', ) is a peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other pla ...

Kamchatka Peninsula
. Tsunamis up to high follow in the Pacific ocean.Tsunami: Where they Happen and Why
- Fathom
*
November 4 Events Pre-1600 * – : . * – reaches and . * – (later 's first wife) meets , Henry VIII's older brother – they would later marry. * – : In , Spain captures (which is after three days). 1601–1900 * – The ...
– The ''
Teatro di San Carlo The Teatro Reale di San Carlo (''Royal Theatre of Saint Charles''), as originally named by the Bourbon monarchy but today known simply as the Teatro di San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ; grc, ...
'', the oldest working
opera house An opera house is a theatre building used for performances of opera Opera is a form of theatre Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to present ...

opera house
in
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
, is inaugurated in
Naples, Italy Naples (; it, Napoli ; nap, Napule ), from grc, Νεάπολις, Neápolis, lit=new city. is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy, after Rome and Milan, with a population of 967,069 within the city's adminis ...

Naples, Italy
. *
December 24 Events Pre-1600 * 502 – Chinese emperor Emperor of China, or ''Huáng dì'' was the monarch of China during the History of China#Imperial China, Imperial Period of Chinese history. In traditional Chinese political theory, the empero ...
– General
Baji Rao I Baji Rao I (18 August 1700 – 28 April 1740), born as Visaji, also known as Bajirao Ballal, was the 7th Peshwa (Prime Minister) of the Maratha empire. In his 20-year military career, he never lost a battle and is widely considered as one of the ...

Baji Rao I
of the
Maratha Empire The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Shivaji Shivaji Bhonsale I (; 19 ...

Maratha Empire
in India defeats the armies of the rulers of
Hyderabad Hyderabad ( , , ) is the capital and largest city of the India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest country by area, the ...
,
Oudh The Oudh State (, also Kingdom of Oudh, or Awadh State) was a princely state A princely state, also called a native state, feudatory state or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a under a local or indigenous o ...
,
Bhopal Bhopal (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller low ...
and
Jaipur Jaipur (; hi, जयपुर; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscu ...
in the
Battle of Bhopal The Battle of Bhopal, was fought on 24 December 1737 in Bhopal between the Maratha Empire The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was a power that dominated a large portion of the in the 18th century. The empire formally existed f ...
. * December –
John Wesley John Wesley (; 2 March 1791) was an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which ha ...

John Wesley
leaves
Savannah A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland A woodland () is, in the broad sense, land covered with trees, or in a narrow sense, synonymous with wood (or in the U.S., the ''plurale tantum'' woods), a low-density forest forming open habitats ...
,
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
, and returns to England.


Date unknown

*
Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin ( April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States The Founding Fathers of the United States, or simply the Founding Fathers or Founders, were a group of American revolutionary Patriots (also ...

Benjamin Franklin
creates the
Philadelphia Philadelphia (colloquially known simply as Philly) is the largest city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is ...

Philadelphia
Police Force – the first city-paid force. * The
Georg August University of Göttingen Georg may refer to: * ''Georg'' (film), 1997 *Georg (musical) Georg may refer to: * Georg (film), ''Georg'' (film), 1997 *Georg (musical), Estonian musical * Georg (given name) * Georg (surname) * , a Kriegsmarine coastal tanker See also * Geor ...
in Saxony is opened to students. *
Our Lady of Guadalupe Our Lady of Guadalupe ( es, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe ( es, Virgen de Guadalupe), is a Catholic title of Mary, mother of Jesus associated with a series of five Marian apparitions in December 1531, and ...

Our Lady of Guadalupe
is designated the patron saint of
Mexico City Mexico City ( es, link=no, Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX; nah, Āltepētl Mēxihco) is the capital city, capital and largest city of Mexico, as well as the List of North American cities by population, most populous city in North Americ ...

Mexico City
. *
Lancaster County PrisonThe Lancaster County Prison is a county prison A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British, Australian, and to a lesser extent Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This co ...
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Lancaster, Pennsylvania Lancaster, ( ; Pennsylvania German language, Pennsylvania German: ''Lengeschder'') also known as the Red Rose City is a city in South Central Pennsylvania, that serves as the county seat, seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, L ...
is first constructed, in response to the seven preceding violent years of the ongoing Cresap's War in the
Maryland Maryland ( ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware ...
-
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania ( , elsewhere ; pdc, Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basi ...
boundary dispute and war.


Births

*
January 4 Events Pre-1600 *46 BC – Julius Caesar fights Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 – Battle of Reading (871), Battle of Reading: Æthelred of Wessex and his brother Alfred the Great, Alfred are defeated by a Danish invasio ...
Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau Louis-Bernard Guyton, Baron de Morveau (also Louis-Bernard Guyton-Morveau after the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) was a period of radical political and societal change in France France (), officially the French Re ...

Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau
, French chemist, politician (d. 1816) * January 23 – John Hancock, American politician and revolutionary (d. 1793) * January 29 – Thomas Paine, British-born American patriot and pamphleteer (d. 1809) * March 23 – Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (d. 1818) * April 27 – Edward Gibbon, English historian and politician (d. 1794) * May 2 – William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1805) * June 20 – Tokugawa Ieharu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1786) * August 5 – Johann Friedrich Struensee, Danish royal physician (d. 1772) * August 14 – Charles Hutton, English mathematician (d. 1823) * August 29 – John Hunter (New South Wales), John Hunter, second governor of New South Wales (d. 1821) * September 9 – Luigi Galvani, Italian physician and physicist (d. 1798) * September 14 – Michael Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1806) * September 15 – Miklós Küzmics, Hungarian Slovenes writer, Catholic priest (d. 1804) * September 19 – Charles Carroll of Carrollton, only Roman Catholic signer of the American Declaration of Independence (d. 1832) * December 26 – Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815) * ''date unknown'' – ** Frances Abington, English actress (d. 1815) ** Gelelemend, Indigenous American (Lenape) leader (d. 1811)


Deaths

* January 24 – William Wake, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1657) * January 29 – George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666) * February 14 – Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685) * March 12 – Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, regent of the Kingdom of Serbia (1720-1733) (b. 1684) *
March 16 Events Pre-1600 *934 Year 934 ( CMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * Spring and Summer – The Hungarians make a ...
– Benjamin Wadsworth, American President of Harvard University (b. 1670) * May 3 – James Johnston (Secretary of State), diplomat, Secretary of State for Scotland (b. 1655) * May 4 ** Eustace Budgell, English writer (b. 1686) ** Ferdinand Kettler, Duke of Courland and Semigallia (b. 1655) * May 10 – Emperor Nakamikado of Japan (b. 1702) * May 17 – Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (b. 1661) * June 6 – Pierre Joseph Garidel, French botanist (b. 1658) * July 26 – Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy, French Catholic priest, bishop and cardinal (b. 1657) *
July 9 Events Pre-1600 *AD 118, 118 – Hadrian, who became emperor a year ago on Trajan's death, makes his entry into Rome. *381 – The end of the First Council of Constantinople, First Council of Christian bishops convened in Constantinop ...
Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Gian Gastone de' Medici (Giovanni Battista Gastone; 24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany The rulers of Tuscany varied over time, sometimes being margraves, the rulers of handfuls of border countie ...
(b. 1671) * July 26 – Johan Cronman, Swedish general (b. 1662) * July 27 – Maria Maddalena Martinengo, Italian nun (b. 1687) * September 27 – John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor (b. 1680) * October 12 – François Catrou, French historian and Jesuit priest (b. 1659) * October 26 – Rinaldo d'Este (1655–1737), Rinaldo d'Este, Duke of Modena (b. 1655) * November 11 – Claude de Visdelou, French missionary (b. 1656) * November 20 – Caroline of Ansbach, queen of George II of Great Britain (b. 1683) * December 11 – John Strype, England, English historian and biographer (b. 1643) * December 18 – Antonio Stradivari, Italian luthier (b. 1644) * December 19 – James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667) * December 21 – Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect, mathematician (b. 1691) * December 27 ** William Bowyer (1663-1737), William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663) ** Victor-Marie d'Estrées, Marshal of France (b. 1660) * Date unknown – Sally Mapp, English lay bonesetter


References


The Annual Catalogue
– List of History, Divinity, Law, Poetry, Plays, Novels, Painting, Architecture, and all other Sciences books published in London in 1737 {{DEFAULTSORT:1737 1737,