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Ramzan Kadyrov
Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (russian: Рамзан Ахматович Кадыров, p=rɐˈmzan ɐxˈmatəvʲɪtɕ kɐˈdɨrəf; ce, Къадар Ахьмат-кӏант Рамзан (Q̇adar Aẋmat-khant Ramzan); born 8 October 1976) is a Chechen politician currently serving as the Head of the Chechen Republic. He was formerly a member of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Chechen independence movement. He is the son of former Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov, who was assassinated in May 2004. In February 2007, Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president, shortly after he had turned 30, which is the minimum age for the post. He was engaged in Sulim Yamadaev–Ramzan Kadyrov power struggle, violent power struggles with Chechen commanders Sulim Yamadayev and Said-Kakiyev for overall military authority, and with Alkhanov for political authority. Kadyrov is an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He founded the Akhmat Fight Club and established an internat ...
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Ramzan Kadyrov
Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (russian: Рамзан Ахматович Кадыров, p=rɐˈmzan ɐxˈmatəvʲɪtɕ kɐˈdɨrəf; ce, Къадар Ахьмат-кӏант Рамзан (Q̇adar Aẋmat-khant Ramzan); born 8 October 1976) is a Chechen politician currently serving as the Head of the Chechen Republic. He was formerly a member of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Chechen independence movement. He is the son of former Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov, who was assassinated in May 2004. In February 2007, Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president, shortly after he had turned 30, which is the minimum age for the post. He was engaged in Sulim Yamadaev–Ramzan Kadyrov power struggle, violent power struggles with Chechen commanders Sulim Yamadayev and Said-Kakiyev for overall military authority, and with Alkhanov for political authority. Kadyrov is an honorary member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. He founded the Akhmat Fight Club and established an internat ...
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Head Of The Chechen Republic
The Head of the Chechen Republic or Head of Chechnya (russian: Глава Чеченской Республики, italic=yes, ce, Мехкада Нохчийн Республика; formerly President of the Chechen Republic or President of Chechnya until 5 March 2011) is the highest office within the Politics of Chechnya, political system of the Chechnya, Chechen Republic, as Head of State and Head of Government of Chechnya. The office was instituted in 2003 during the course of the Second Chechen War, when the Politics of Russia, Russian federal government regained control over the region and after a constitutional referendum approved the current Constitution of the Chechen Republic. Eligibility According to the article 66 of the Constitution of the Chechen Republic, a citizen of Russia, no younger than thirty years old, may be elected Head. The term is for five years, with no limits on serving multiple terms (prior to the 2007 Chechen constitutional referendum, 2007 constituti ...
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Torture
Torture is the deliberate infliction of severe pain or suffering Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual. Suffering is the basic element that makes up the negative valence of affective ... on a person. Torture has been carried out or sanctioned by individuals, groups, and states throughout history from ancient times to modern day, and forms of torture can vary greatly in duration from only a few minutes to several days or longer. Reasons for torture can include punishment Punishment, commonly, is the imposition of an undesirable or outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an —in contexts ranging from to —as a response and deterrent to a particular action or that is deemed undesirable or unacceptab ..., revenge Revenge is committing a harmful action against a person or group in response to a grievance A grievance () is a wr ...
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Forced Disappearance
An enforced disappearance (or forced disappearance) is the secret abduction or imprisonment of a person by a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine ''State Magazine'' is a digital magazine published by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Global Talent Management. Its mission is to acquaint Department o ... or political organization A political organization is any organization An organization, or organisation (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Angl ..., or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law. According to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court The Rome Statute ...
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Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization A non-governmental organization, or simply an NGO, is an that is, generally, formed independent from . They are typically s, and many of them are active in or the ; they can also include and that provide services to their members and other ..., headquartered in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from , or NYC for short, is the in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over , New York City is also the major city in the United States. Located at the s ..., that conducts research and advocacy Advocacy is an activity Activity may refer to: * Action (philosophy), in general * Human activity: human behavior, in sociology behavior may refer to all basic human actions, economics may study human economic activities and along with cybern ... on human rights Human rights are Morality, moral principles or Norm (social), n ...
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State Council (Russia)
The State Council (russian: Государственный Совет) is an advisory body to the Russian head of state, which deals with issues of the highest importance to the state as a whole. The council was established by a Decree of the President of Russia, decree of the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, on September 1, 2000. History The current State Council is the third in the history of Russia. It is the successor of the State Council of the Soviet Union, Soviet State Council, which was the (indirect) successor of the State Council (Russian Empire), Imperial State Council. The President signed the decree forming the State Council on the basis of articles 80 and 85 of the Constitution and the newly passed Federal Law “On the Procedure for Forming the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.” The President formed the State Council in order to harness the potential of regional leaders. In doing so, he took into account the requests an ...
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Adlan Varayev
Adlan Abuevich Varayev (russian: Адлан Абуевич Вараев; 2 January 1962 – 4 May 2016) was a Russian-Chechen welterweight freestyle wrestler who won a silver medal at the 1988 Olympics. He won the 1987 World Championships, beating Dave Schultz (wrestler), Dave Schultz in the final, and placed second in 1986. Varayev held the European welterweight title in 1986–1988. After retiring from competitions worked as a wrestling coach and administrator. He trained the Russian national freestyle team and served as vice-president of the Russian Wrestling Federation. He accidentally drowned after a bad fall into the Argun River (Caucasus), Argun River. References

1962 births 2016 deaths Soviet male sport wrestlers Olympic wrestlers of the Soviet Union Wrestlers at the 1988 Summer Olympics Russian male sport wrestlers Olympic silver medalists for the Soviet Union Olympic medalists in wrestling Chechen martial artists Chechen sportsmen Honoured Masters of Sport of t ...
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Russian Academy Of Natural Sciences
The Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Russian language, Russian: Российская Академия естественных наук) is a Russian non-governmental organization founded on August 31 1990 in Moscow in the former Soviet Union, following a decree by the Supreme Soviet of Russia. , the Academy operates under the Federal Law of August 23, 1996 No. 127-FZ "On Science and State Scientific-Technical Politics". The academy states that it seeks to unite scholars in different fields for the betterment of Russia. As of 2020, its president is and its Vice President and Chief Secretary is Lida Vladimirovna Ivanitskaya. The academy is not associated with the Russian Academy of Sciences. It has been criticised because many members lack scientific credentials and some espouse pseudoscience, pseudoscientific theories such as Anatoly Fomenko's "New Chronology (Fomenko), New Chronology".Опасность лженауки("Danger of Pseudoscience") Currently, the Russian Aca ...
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Sulim Yamadayev
Sulim Bekmirzayevich Yamadayev (; 21 June 1973 – 30 March 2009) was a Chechen people, Chechen rebel commander from the First Chechen War who had switched sides together with his brothers Dzhabrail Yamadayev, Dzhabrail, Badrudi Yamadayev, Badrudi, Isa Yamadayev, Isa and Ruslan Yamadayev, Ruslan in 1999 during the outbreak of the Second Chechen War. He was the commander of the Russian military Special Battalion Vostok unit belonging to the GRU. As such, until 2008, he was officially in command of the biggest pro-Moscow militia outside the control of the current Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov.Eighteen said killed in Chechnya gun battle
''International Herald Tribune'', 15 April 2008
From 1 to 22 August 2008 Yamadayev was wanted in Russia on a federal warrant. Nevertheles ...
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Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad-Haji Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (russian: Ахмат-Хаджи Абдулхамидович Кадыров; ce, Къадири lабдулхьамидан кlант Ахьмад-Хьажи; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War. At the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, offering his service to the Russian government, and later became the President of the Chechen Republic from 5 October 2003, acting as head of administration since July 2000. On 9 May 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists in Grozny, using a bomb blast during a World War II memorial victory parade. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led Kadyrovtsy, his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic. Early life Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov was born in Karaganda in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic on 2 ...
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