HOME



picture info

Pope Nicholas Iii
Pope Nicholas III ( la, Nicolaus III; Wiktionary:circa, c. 1225 – 22 August 1280), born Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 25 November 1277 to his death. He was a Roman nobleman who had served under eight popes, been made Cardinal-Deacon of ''San Nicola in Carcere, St. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano'' by Pope Innocent IV (1243–54), protector of the Franciscans by Pope Alexander IV (1254–61), Grand Inquisitor, inquisitor-general by Pope Urban IV (1261–64), and succeeded Pope John XXI (1276–77) after a six-month vacancy in the Holy See resolved in the Papal election, 1277, papal election of 1277, largely through family influence. Personal life The future pope, Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, was born in Rome, a member of the prominent Orsini family of Italy, the eldest son of Roman nobleman Matteo Rosso Orsini by his first wife, Perna Caetani. His father was Lord of Vicovaro, Licenza, Bardella, Cantalupo in Sabina, Canta ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Bishop Of Rome
A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Moravian Church, Moravian, Anglican, Old Catholic and Independent Catholic churches, as well as the Assyrian Church of the East, bishops claim apostolic succession, a direct historical Lineage (genetic), lineage dating back to the original Twelve Apostles. Within these churches, bishops are seen as those who possess the full priesthood and can ordain clergy, including other bishops. Some Protestant churches, including the Lutheran, Anglican and Methodist churches, have bishops serving similar functions as well, though not always understood to be within apostolic succession in the same way. A person ordained as a deacon, priest, and then bishop is understood to hold the fullness of the (ministerial) priesthood, given responsibility by Christ to govern, ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



William Wickwane
William de Wickwane (died 1285) was Archbishop of York, between the years 1279 and 1285. Life Wickwane's background is unknown, as is his place of education, but he was referred to as ''magister'' so he probably attended a university.Dobson "Wickwane, William de" ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'' He was prebendary of North Newald in Yorkshire by 1265 and also held the prebend of Ripon.Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Chancellors' He was elected Archbishop of York on 22 June 1279, and consecrated on 17 September 1279Fryde, et al. ''Handbook of British Chronology'' p. 282 by Pope Pope Nicholas III, Nicholas III at Viterbo.Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archbishops' On his return to England, he had his primatial cross carried in front of him through the see of Canterbury, thus reviving a centuries-old controversy between York and Canterbury. He was enthroned at York Minster on Christmas Day 1279. The matte ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Matteo Rosso Orsini
Matteo Rosso Orsini (1178–1246), called the Great, was an Italian politician, the father of Pope Nicholas III. He was named ''senatore'' of the City of Rome by Pope Gregory IX in 1241: in this capacity he took a firm stand against the ventures in Italy of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, and defeated him in 1243. He was an effective lord of the Eternal City during sede vacante of 1241 and had a considerable influence on the papal election, 1241, papal election of that year, when the cardinal electors were confined in the Septizodium by his orders. He extended the territories of the Orsini family. He was also a personal friend of Francis of Assisi, St Francis of Assisi and protector of Franciscan, his order. External linksThe Catholic Encyclopedia: Orsini family
{{DEFAULTSORT:Orsini, Matteo Rosso 1178 births 1246 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Orsini Family
The Orsini family is an Italian noble family The nobility of Italy (Italian language, Italian: ''Nobiltà italiana'') comprised individuals and their families of the Italian Peninsula, and the islands linked with it, recognized by the sovereigns of the Italian city-states since the Middle Ages ... that was one of the most influential princely families in medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ... Italy and Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. is a period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in ... Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Papal Election, 1277
The 1277 papal election (May 30 – November 25), convened in Viterbo after the death of Pope John XXI, was the smallest papal conclave, papal election since the expansion of suffrage to cardinal-priests and cardinal-deacons, with only seven cardinal (Catholicism), cardinal electors (following the deaths of three popes who had not created cardinals).Miranda, Salvator. 1998.Papal elections and conclaves of the 13th Century (1216–1294)" But see correction offered by John Adam accessed March 13, 2010; concerning Bertrand de Saint-Martin Because John XXI had revoked ''Ubi periculum'', the papal bull of Pope Gregory X establishing the papal conclave, with his own bull ''Licet felicis recordationis'', the cardinal electors were able to take their time. After six months of deliberation, the cardinals eventually elected their most senior member Giovanni Gaetano Orsini as Pope Nicholas III. From the end of the election until Nicholas III's first papal consistory, consistory on March 12, 12 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Holy See
The Holy See ( lat, Sancta Sedes, ; it, Santa Sede ), also called the See of Rome or Apostolic See, is the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Moravian Chu ..., known as the Pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o ..., which includes the apostolic episcopal see The seat or ''cathedra'' of the Bishop of Rome in the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran An episcopal see is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop's ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Phrases concerning actions occurring within o ... of the Diocese of Rome ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Pope Urban IV
Pope Urban IV ( la, Urbanus IV; c. 1195 – 2 October 1264), born Jacques Pantaléon, was the head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ... and ruler of the Papal States The Papal States ( ; it, Stato Pontificio), officially the State of the Church ( it, Stato della Chiesa, ; la, Status Ecclesiasticus; also '), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula The Italian Peninsula (Italian Ital ... from 29 August 1261 to his death. He was not a cardinal Cardinal or The Cardinal may refer to: Christianity * Cardinal (Catholic Church), a senior official of the Catholic Church * Cardinal (Church of England), two members of the College of Minor Canons of St. Paul's Cathedral Navigation * Cardina ...; only a few popes since ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Grand Inquisitor
Grand Inquisitor ( la, Inquisitor Generalis, literally ''Inquisitor General'' or ''General Inquisitor'') was the lead official of the Inquisition The Inquisition, in historical ecclesiastical terminology also referred to as the "Holy Inquisition", was a group of institutions within the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the , with 1. .... The title usually refers to the chief inquisitor An inquisitor was an official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government A government is the system or group of p ... of the Spanish Inquisition The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition ( es, Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición), commonly known as the Spanish Inquisition ( es, Inquisición española), was established in 1478 by the Catholic Monarchs The term Catho ..., even afte ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Pope Alexander IV
Pope Alexander IV (1199 or 1185 – 25 May 1261) was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Catholics Catholic Church by country, worldwide . As the wo ... and ruler of the Papal States The Papal States ( ; it, Stato Pontificio), officially the State of the Church ( it, Stato della Chiesa, ; la, Status Ecclesiasticus; also '), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula The Italian Peninsula (Italian Ital ... from 12 December 1254 to his death in 1261. Early career He was born as Rinaldo di Jenne in Jenne (now in the Province of Rome The Province of Rome ( it, Provincia di Roma) was one of the five province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, sub ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Franciscan
, image = FrancescoCoA PioM.svg , image_size = 250px , caption = A cross, Christ's arm and Saint Francis's arm, a universal symbol of the Franciscans , abbreviation = OFM , predecessor = , merged = , formation = , founder = St. Francis of Assisi Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone; it, Francesco d'Assisi; la, Franciscus Assisiensis; 1181 or 1182 – 3 October 1226), was an Italian , , and . He founded the men's , the women's , the and the . Francis is one of ... , founding_location = , extinction = , merger = , type = , tax_id = , registration_id = , status = , purpose = , headquarters = , location = , coords = , region = , services = , products = , methods = , fields ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Cardinal-Deacon
Cardinals ( la, Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally "cardinal of the Holy Roman Church") are the most senior members of the clergy Clergy are formal leaders within established s. Their roles and functions vary in different religious traditions, but usually involve presiding over specific rituals and teaching their religion's s and practices. Some of the terms used for ind ... of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ..., being second in precedence only to the Pope The pope ( la, papa, from el, πάππας, translit=pappas, "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff () or the Roman pontiff (), is the bishop of Diocese of Rome, Rome, chief pastor of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state o .... They are appointe ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Circa
Circa (or c.) is a Latin word meaning "about" or "around". Circa or CIRCA may also refer to: * CIRCA (art platform), art platform based in London * Circa (band) Circa (stylized as ''CIRCA:'') is a progressive rock Supergroup (music), supergroup founded by four musicians associated with Yes (band), Yes: current Yes member Alan White (Yes drummer), Alan White (drums), former Yes member Tony Kaye (musician), T ..., a progressive rock supergroup * Circa (company), an American skateboard footwear company * Circa (contemporary circus) Circa Contemporary Circus (referred to as ''Circa'') is an Australian contemporary circus company. Based in Brisbane, Australia, Circa produces circus productions drawing on acrobatics, movement, dance, music and theatre that tour in Australia an ..., an Australian contemporary circus company * Circa District, Abancay Province, Peru * Circa, a disc-binding notebook system * Circa Theatre Circa Theatre is a professional theatre company in Wellingt ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]