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National Salvation Government
The National Salvation Government ( ar, حكومة الإنقاذ الوطني) was a government body formed by politicians from the General National Congress's blocs that lost the June 2014 elections in Libya. The NSG was led by Khalifa al-Ghawil. The term Libya Dawn Coalition was used to refer to the armed groups and/or the wider political movement supporting the NSG. The NSG was one of the major sides in the Libyan Civil War (2014–2020), Second Libyan Civil War from its formation August 2014 until its dissolution in April 2016. History Formation A faction of the General National Congress (GNC) claimed to be the legitimate parliament of Libya, but did not represent a majority of the membership of that congress, refused to hand over power to the HoR. The majority of the GNC members belonged to groups now participating in a separate Libyan parliament, the House of Representatives (Libya), House of Representatives. The NSG was backed by the Muslim Brotherhood's Libyan party, ...
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Libya
Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, the east, Sudan to Libya–Sudan border, the southeast, Chad to Chad–Libya border, the south, Niger to Libya–Niger border, the southwest, Algeria to Algeria–Libya border, the west, Tunisia to Libya–Tunisia border, the northwest, and maritime borders with Malta and Greece. The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 700,000 square miles (1.8 million km2), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, the fourth largest in the Arab world and Arab League behind Algeria and the 16th List of countries and outlying territories by total area, largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest List of countries by proven oil reserves, proven oil reserves of any cou ...
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Presidential Council (Libya)
The Presidential Council ( ar, المجلس الرئاسي, ''al Majlis al Riyasiu'') is a body formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015. The Council carries out the functions of head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ... of Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ... and is to take command of the Libyan Armed Forces , image = , alt = , caption = , image2 = , alt2 = , caption2 = , motto = , fou ...
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Government Of Libya
The politics of Libya is in an uncertain state due to the collapse of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in 2011 and a Second Libyan Civil War, recent civil war between the House of Representatives (Libya), House of Representatives in Tobruk and its supporters, the New General National Congress in Tripoli and its supporters, and various jihadists and tribal elements controlling parts of the country. On 10 March 2021, a Government of National Unity (Libya), national unity government unifying the Second Al-Thani Cabinet of the House of Representatives and the Government of National Accord was formed, which will hold power until the next Libyan general election is held. Libyan Political Agreement (2015) Members of the House of Representatives (Libya), House of Representatives and the New General National Congress signed a political agreement on 18 December 2015. Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidential Council (Libya), Presidential Council and a seventeen-member interim ...
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Aftermath Of The First Libyan Civil War
The aftermath of the First Libyan Civil War has been characterized by marked change in the social and political order of Libya after the overthrow and Killing of Muammar Gaddafi, killing of Muammar Gaddafi in the 2011 Libyan Civil War, civil war that was fought in Libya in 2011. The country has been subject to ongoing proliferation of weapons, Islamic insurgencies, sectarian violence, and lawlessness, with spillovers affecting neighboring countries including Mali. After the interim National Transitional Council (NTC) declared that the country had been liberated in October 2011, it began a process to form a new government, prepare for elections and prosecute former Gaddafi officials. In the absence of an organized military, armed militias of former rebels continued to assert their role as "guardians of the revolution" around the country, and there were reports of vigilante justice and sporadic clashes between rival militias. International organizations voiced concerns over the proli ...
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2014 In Libya
The following lists events that happened in 2014 in Libya. Incumbents *Prime Minister of Libya, Prime Minister: Ali Zeidan (until 11 March), Abdullah al-Thani (starting 11 March) Events January * January 25 - Five Egyptian embassy staff are kidnapped in Tripoli. February * February 5 - At least 12 people are injured in a grenade attack on a school in Benghazi. * February 21 - 11 people are killed when a Libyan Air Force plane crashes from a suspected engine fire in Nabeul Governorate, Tunisia. * February 24 - Libyan police found the bodies of seven Egyptian Christians shot dead execution-style on a beach near the city of Benghazi. March * March 11 - The Libyan Parliament sacks Prime Minister Ali Zeidan and appoints former defense secretary Abdullah al-Thani as acting prime minister. * March 22 - The Libyan National Army fights with rebels occupying oil ports near Benghazi. April * April 14 - Two sons of former Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Al-Saadi Gaddafi and Saif al-Islam ...
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Syrian Salvation Government
The Syrian Salvation Government is a de facto alternative government of the Syrian opposition in Idlib Governorate, formed in early November 2017. There followed weeks of conflict between the Syrian Salvation Government (SSG) and the Syrian Interim Government (SIG), with reports of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) unilaterally disbanding several SIG-supported local councils across northwestern Syria. The SSG is led by a prime minister (currently Ali Keda, since 18 November 2019) who is elected by a legislative body named the General Shura Council, which is headed by a president (currently Mustafa al-Mousa, since 24 April 2020). Background Since 2014, large parts of Idlib Governorate, including Idlib City, in Northwest Syria have been largely in the military control of the al-Qaeda-linked al-Nusra Front which would later go on to form Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) along with five other groups, who have been at war with other rebel fighters, including the Free Syrian Army, and with the Syrian ...
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Tripoli International Airport
Tripoli International Airport () was an international airport built to serve Tripoli, the capital city of Libya. The airport is located in the area of Qasr bin Ghashir, from central Tripoli. It used to be the airline hub, hub for Libyan Airlines, Afriqiyah Airways, and Buraq Air. The airport has been closed intermittently since 2011 and as of early 2018, flights to and from Tripoli have been using Mitiga International Airport instead. As part of the 2014 Libyan Civil War, the airport was heavily damaged in the Battle of Tripoli Airport. The airport reopened for limited commercial use in July 2017. In April 2019, however, it was reported that Mitiga had become the last functioning airport in Tripoli during the 2019–20 Western Libya campaign. It was soon acknowledged that the ruling Government of National Accord (GNA) had bombed the airport in order to recapture it from the Libyan National Army (LNA). Mitiga was soon shut down as well after being bombed by the LNA, thus mak ...
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Tarhuna
Tarhuna (; ar, ترهونة), also Tarhoona or Tarhunah, is a Libyan town to the southeast of Tripoli, in the Murqub District. The city derives its name from that of its pre-Libya in the Roman era, Roman-era inhabitants, a Berbers, Berber tribe. The city was known as al-Boirat during the 19th through mid 20th century but assumed its current name after Libyan independence. The Tarhuna District, including the city of Msallata, had an urban population of about 296,000 (est. 2003). The population in Tarhuna proper was calculated to be 13,264 in 2011. Geographical boundaries: from the "Valley of the famm Molgha" west to "Burkaat Oueny" eastward. Then from the "Suq al Juma (Al-msab`ha)" north, " Al-mzawgha and Marghna" south. History In the city centre of Tarhuna, just opposite the Tarhuna mosque, there is a memorial to Ali Swidan Alhatmy, who was a hero in the 18 June 1915 Battle of El-Shqiga against the Italians. He was captured in 1922 and hanged by the Italians in the town squar ...
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High Council Of State (Libya)
The High Council of State, ( ar, المجلس الأعلى للدولة, ''al majlis al'aelaa lildawla''), is an advisory body for Libya formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015. The agreement resulted from United Nations supported peace talks and has been unanimously endorsed by the Security Council. The High Council of state is able to advise the interim Government of National Accord (GNA) and the Libyan House of Representatives, House of Representatives (HoR), currently based in Tobruk, and can express a binding opinion on these bodies under certain circumstances. The members of the council were nominated by remaining members of the General National Congress who in 2014 were not elected to the HoR. History The council met for the first time on 27 February 2016 and it was formally established at a ceremony at the Radisson Blu Al Mahary Hotel Tripoli, Radisson Blu Al Mahary Hotel in Tripoli on 5 April 2016. The council m ...
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Government Of National Accord
The Government of National Accord ( ar, حكومة الوفاق الوطني) was an interim government A provisional government, also called an interim government, an emergency government, or a transitional government, is an emergency government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a S ... for Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ... that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement The Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) ( ar, مجلس النواب, translit=Majlis al-Nuwaab, translation=Council of Deputies) is the legislature of Libya resulting from the 2014 Libyan parliamentary election, which had an 18% turnout. In la ..., a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is ...
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Omar Al-Hassi
Omar al-Hassi ( ar, عمر الحاسي) (born March 30 1959 in University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya) is a professor of political science at University of Benghazi in Libyan politician. He was the prime minister of the General National Congress-led National Salvation Government (Libya), National Salvation Government in Tripoli. Biography He is professor of strategic planning at University of Benghazi and president of The Middle East and Mediterranean Peace Research Institute. Omar al-Hassi founded The International Action Group for Peace in Libya with Dr. Mahmoud Refaat on May 12, 2018. Al-Hassi was the runner-up on April 29, 2014, in the first round of the Libyan parliament's disputed voting for prime minister. The proceedings were later declared illegal by the Supreme Court. He was set to run against Ahmed Maiteeq when gunmen stormed the parliament to prevent a second round vote from taking place on April 29. He served as Prime Minister of the western National Salvation Go ...
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