HOME



picture info

Louis XIV Of France
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), also known as Louis the Great () or the Sun King (), was from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the of any monarch of a sovereign country in history. Louis XIV's France was emblematic of the in Europe. The King surrounded himself with a variety of significant political, military, and cultural figures, such as , , , the , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and . Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661, after the death of his chief minister, the . An adherent of the concept of the , Louis continued his predecessors' work of creating a governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the to inhabit his lavish , succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the rebellion during his minority. By these means he became one of the most powerful French monar ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

King Of France
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de France, french: link=no, Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was among the most powerful states in Europe and a great power from the ... ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the West Franks in 843 until the fall of the Second French Empire The Second French Empire (; officially the French Empire, ), was the 18-year regime of from 14 January 1852 to 4 September 1870, between the and the , in France. Historians in the 1930s and 1940s often disparaged the Second Empire as a p ... in 1870, with several interruptions. Between the period from King Charles the Bald Charles the Bald (13 June 823 – 6 October 877) was a 9th-century king of West Francia In medieval history, West Francia (Medieval Latin, Latin: ''Francia occidentalis'') or the Kingdom of the West Franks (''regnum Francorum occidentalium'') ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Portrait Of Louis XIV
''Portrait of Louis XIV'' in Coronation Robes was painted in 1701 by the French painter Hyacinthe Rigaud after being commissioned by the king who wanted to satisfy the desire of his grandson, Philip V of Spain, Philip V, for a portrait of him. Louis XIV kept it hanging at Versailles. This portrait has become the "official portrait" of Louis XIV. Context On the death of King Charles II of Spain on 18 November 1700, Spain was beset by the dynastic ambitions of other European powers, resulting in a succession war. The Spanish king's will ruled out any idea of sharing and placed Philip V of Spain, Philip, Duke of Anjou, second son of the Louis, Grand Dauphin, Grand Dauphin and grand-son of Louis XIV at the forefront of legitimate contenders for the crown. The future king of Spain, eager to take with him the image of his grandfather, convinced Louis XIV to order Hyacinthe Rigaud to paint what would become the absolute image of royal power and the reference picture for generations to com ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Louis César, Count Of Vexin
Louis César de Bourbon, ''Légitimé de France'', Count of Vexin (Génitoy, 20 June 1672 – Paris, 10 January 1683) was a son of Louis XIV of France Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), also known as Louis the Great () or the Sun King (), was from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the of any monarch of a sovereign country in ... and his mistress Mistress is the feminine form of the English word "master" (''master'' + ''-ess'') and may refer to: Romance and relationships * Mistress (lover) A mistress is a woman who is in a relatively long-term sexual and romantic relationship with a ... Madame de MontespanMadame may refer to: * Madam Madam (), or madame ( or ), is a polite and formal form of address for women, often contracted to ma'am (pronounced in American English and in British English). The term derives from the French ''madame'' (); in F .... He was the Abbot of Saint-DenisSaint Denis ma ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Roman Catholicism
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian rite of initiation, admission and Adoption (theology), adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity. It may be per ... Catholics worldwide . As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, and European civilization, is the heritage of social norms, ethical values, tradition A tradition is a belief A bel ....O'CollinsO'Collins is a common anglicized surname In some cultures, a surname, family name, or last name is the portion of one's personal name that indic ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Basilica Of St Denis
In Ancient Roman architecture Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture Ancient Greek architecture came from the Greeks, Greek-speaking people (''Hellenic'' people) whose Ancient Greece, culture flourished on the Gre ..., a basilica is a large public building with multiple functions, typically built alongside the town's forum Forum (plural forums or fora) may refer to: Common uses * Forum (legal), designated space for public expression in the United States *Forum (Roman), open public space within a Roman city **Roman Forum, most famous example *Internet forum, discus .... The basilica was in the Latin West Greek East and Latin West are terms used to distinguish between the two parts of the Greco-Roman world Roman Theatre of Mérida, Spain. The term "Greco-Roman world" (also "Greco-Roman culture" or ; spelled Graeco-Roman in the Commonwealth), ... equivalent to a stoa A stoa (; plural, stoas,"stoa", ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Versailles (city)
Versailles () is a city in the departments of France, department of the Yvelines, Île-de-France, renowned worldwide for the Palace of Versailles, Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Located in the western suburbs of the French capital, from the Kilometre Zero, centre of Paris, Versailles is in the 21st century a wealthy suburb of Paris with a tertiary sector of the economy, service-based economy, as well as a major tourist destination. According to the 2017 census, the population of the city is 85,862 inhabitants, down from a peak of 94,145 in 1975.Population en historique depuis 1968
INSEE
A new town founded at the will of King Louis XIV, Versailles was the ''de facto'' capital of the Kingdom of France for over a century, from 1682 ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Palace Of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles ( ; french: Château de Versailles ) is a former royal residence located in Versailles, about west of Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ..., France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses .... The palace is owned by the French Republic and has since 1995 been managed, under the direction of the French Ministry of Culture The Ministry of Culture (french: Ministère de la Culture) is the Ministry (government department), ministry of the Government of France in charge of List of museums in France, national museums and the ''Monume ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Kingdom Of France
The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de France) is the historiographical name or umbrella term In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the m ... given to various political entities of France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a List of transcontinental countries, transcontinental country spanning Western Europe and Overseas France, overseas regions and territories in the Ame ... in the medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ... and early mode ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Saint-Germain-en-Laye () is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically hold a common social, politica ... in the Yvelines Yvelines (, ; ) is a Departments of France, department in the western part of the Île-de-France Regions of France, region in Northern France. In 2016, it had a population of 1,431,808. Its Prefectures in France, prefecture is Versailles, Yveline ... department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivision), a geographical and administrative division within a country, for e ... in the Île-de-France The Île-de-France (, ; literally "Isle of France") is the most populous of the eighteen regions of France France France (), offic ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Château De Saint-Germain-en-Laye
The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye () is a former royal palace This is a list of royal s, sorted by continent. Africa * , * , * , * , * * * * Imperial Palace- Massawa Eritrea * * Lozitha Palace * Royal Palace Maseru * * Al Manar Palace * , *, * , * , * , * Olowo of Owo's Pal ... in the commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically hold a common social, politica ... of Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye () is a Communes of France, commune in the Yvelines Departments of France, department in the Île-de-France (region), Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, from the Kilometr ..., in the ''département In the administrative divisions of France, the department (french: département, ) is one of the three ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

House Of Bourbon
The House of Bourbon (, also ; ) is a European of French origin, a branch of the , the royal . Bourbon kings first ruled France and in the 16th century. By the 18th century, members of the held thrones in , , , and . Spain and have monarchs of the House of Bourbon. The royal Bourbons originated in 1272, when the youngest son of King married the heiress of the .. ‘'Histoire de la Maison Royale de France'’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 144–146, 151–153, 175, 178, 180, 185, 187–189, 191, 295–298, 318–319, 322–329. (French). The house continued for three centuries as a , serving as nobles under the and kings. The senior line of the House of Bourbon became extinct in the male line in 1527 with the death of . This made the junior branch the genealogically senior branch of the House of Bourbon. In 1589, at the death of , the became extinct in the male line. Under the , the head of the house of Bourbon, as the senior representative of the s ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Louis Alexandre, Count Of Toulouse
Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, ''comte de Toulouse'' (1681), ''duc de Penthièvre'' (1697), (1711), (6 June 1678 – 1 December 1737), a Legitimacy (family law), legitimated prince of the blood royal, was the son of Louis XIV and of his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. At the age of five, he became grand admiral of France (Grand Admiral of France). Biography Born at the Château de Clagny in Versailles (city), Versailles, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon was the third son and youngest child of Louis XIV born out-of-wedlock with Madame de Montespan. At birth, he was put in the care of Madame de Montchevreuil along with his older sister Françoise-Marie de Bourbon. Louis Alexandre was created Count of Toulouse in 1681 at the time of his legitimation, and, in 1683, at the age of five, grand admiral. In February 1684, he became colonel of an infantry regiment named after him and in 1693 ''mestre de camp'' of a cavalry regiment. During the War of Spanish Succession, he ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]