Limit Of A Sequence
As the positive integer n becomes larger and larger, the value n\cdot \sin\left(\tfrac1\right) becomes arbitrarily close to 1. We say that "the limit of the sequence n\cdot \sin\left(\tfrac1\right) equals 1." In mathematics, the limit of a sequence is the value that the terms of a sequence "tend to", and is often denoted using the \lim symbol (e.g., \lim_a_n).Courant (1961), p. 29. If such a limit exists, the sequence is called convergent. A sequence that does not converge is said to be divergent. The limit of a sequence is said to be the fundamental notion on which the whole of mathematical analysis ultimately rests. Limits can be defined in any metric or topological space, but are usually first encountered in the real numbers. History The Greek philosopher Zeno of Elea is famous for formulating paradoxes that involve limiting processes. Leucippus, Democritus, Antiphon, Eudoxus, and Archimedes developed the method of exhaustion, which uses an infinite sequ ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Archimedes Pi
Archimedes of Syracuse (;; ) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and inventor from the ancient city of Syracuse in Sicily. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Considered the greatest mathematician of ancient history, and one of the greatest of all time,* * * * * * * * * * Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying the concept of the infinitely small and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems. These include the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, the area of an ellipse, the area under a parabola, the volume of a segment of a paraboloid of revolution, the volume of a segment of a hyperboloid of revolution, and the area of a spiral. Heath, Thomas L. 1897. ''Works of Archimedes''. Archimedes' other mathematical achievements include deriving an approximation of pi, defining and invest ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Grégoire De SaintVincent
Grégoire de SaintVincent  in latin : Gregorius a Sancto Vincentio, in dutch : Gregorius van StVincent  (8 September 1584 Bruges – 5 June 1667 Ghent) was a Flemish Jesuit and mathematician. He is remembered for his work on quadrature of the hyperbola. Grégoire gave the "clearest early account of the summation of geometric series." Margaret E. Baron (1969) ''The Origins of the Infinitesimal Calculus'', Pergamon Press, republished 2014 by ElsevierGoogle Books preview/ref> He also resolved Zeno's paradox by showing that the time intervals involved formed a geometric progression and thus had a finite sum. Life Gregoire was born in Bruges 8 September 1584. After reading philosophy in Douai, he entered the Society of Jesus 21 October 1605. His talent was recognized by Christopher Clavius in Rome. Gregoire was sent to Louvain in 1612, and was ordained a priest 23 March 1613. Gregoire began teaching in association with François d'Aguilon in Antwerp from 1617 to 20. Moving to Lo ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

E (mathematical Constant)
The number , also known as Euler's number, is a mathematical constant approximately equal to 2.71828 that can be characterized in many ways. It is the base of the natural logarithms. It is the limit of as approaches infinity, an expression that arises in the study of compound interest. It can also be calculated as the sum of the infinite series e = \sum\limits_^ \frac = 1 + \frac + \frac + \frac + \cdots. It is also the unique positive number such that the graph of the function has a slope of 1 at . The (natural) exponential function is the unique function that equals its own derivative and satisfies the equation ; hence one can also define as . The natural logarithm, or logarithm to base , is the inverse function to the natural exponential function. The natural logarithm of a number can be defined directly as the area under the curve between and , in which case is the value of for which this area equals one (see image). There are various other characteri ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Decimal Representation
A decimal representation of a nonnegative real number is its expression as a sequence of symbols consisting of decimal digits traditionally written with a single separator: r = b_k b_\ldots b_0.a_1a_2\ldots Here is the decimal separator, is a nonnegative integer, and b_0, \ldots, b_k, a_1, a_2,\ldots are ''digits'', which are symbols representing integers in the range 0, ..., 9. Commonly, b_k\neq 0 if k > 1. The sequence of the a_i—the digits after the dot—is generally infinite. If it is finite, the lacking digits are assumed to be 0. If all a_i are , the separator is also omitted, resulting in a finite sequence of digits, which represents a natural number. The decimal representation represents the infinite sum: r=\sum_^k b_i 10^i + \sum_^\infty \frac. Every nonnegative real number has at least one such representation; it has two such representations (with b_k\neq 0 if k>0) if and only if one has a trailing infinite sequence of , and the other has a trailing infin ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Floor And Ceiling Functions
In mathematics and computer science, the floor function is the function that takes as input a real number , and gives as output the greatest integer less than or equal to , denoted or . Similarly, the ceiling function maps to the least integer greater than or equal to , denoted or . For example, , , , and . Historically, the floor of has been–and still is–called the integral part or integer part of , often denoted (as well as a variety of other notations). Some authors may define the integral part as if is nonnegative, and otherwise: for example, and . The operation of truncation generalizes this to a specified number of digits: truncation to zero significant digits is the same as the integer part. For an integer, . Notation The ''integral part'' or ''integer part'' of a number ( in the original) was first defined in 1798 by AdrienMarie Legendre in his proof of the Legendre's formula. Carl Friedrich Gauss introduced the square bracket notation in hi ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Real Numbers
In mathematics, a real number is a number that can be used to measure a ''continuous'' onedimensional quantity such as a distance, duration or temperature. Here, ''continuous'' means that values can have arbitrarily small variations. Every real number can be almost uniquely represented by an infinite decimal expansion. The real numbers are fundamental in calculus (and more generally in all mathematics), in particular by their role in the classical definitions of limits, continuity and derivatives. The set of real numbers is denoted or \mathbb and is sometimes called "the reals". The adjective ''real'' in this context was introduced in the 17th century by René Descartes to distinguish real numbers, associated with physical reality, from imaginary numbers (such as the square roots of ), which seemed like a theoretical contrivance unrelated to physical reality. The real numbers include the rational numbers, such as the integer and the fraction . The rest of the real num ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Converging Sequence Example
Convergence may refer to: Arts and media Literature *''Convergence'' (book series), edited by Ruth Nanda Anshen * "Convergence" (comics), two separate story lines published by DC Comics: **A fourpart crossover storyline that united the four Weirdoverse titles in 1997 **A 2015 crossover storyline spanning the DC Comics Multiverse * ''Convergence'' (journal), an academic journal that covers the fields of communications and media * ''Convergence'' (novel), by Charles Sheffield * ''Convergence'' (Cherryh novel), by C. J. Cherryh Music * ''Convergence'' (Front Line Assembly album), 1988 * ''Convergence'' (David Arkenstone and David Lanz album), 1996 * ''Convergence'' (Dave Douglas album), 1999 * ''Convergence'' (Warren Wolf album), 2016 Other media * ''Convergence'' (2015 film), an American horrorthriller film * ''Convergence'' (2019 film), a British drama film *''Convergence'', a 2021 Netflix film by Orlando von Einsiedel * ''Convergence'' (Pollock), a 1952 oil painting by Jacks ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Karl Weierstrass
Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass (german: link=no, Weierstraß ; 31 October 1815 – 19 February 1897) was a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis". Despite leaving university without a degree, he studied mathematics and trained as a school teacher, eventually teaching mathematics, physics, botany and gymnastics. He later received an honorary doctorate and became professor of mathematics in Berlin. Among many other contributions, Weierstrass formalized the definition of the continuity of a function, proved the intermediate value theorem and the Bolzano–Weierstrass theorem, and used the latter to study the properties of continuous functions on closed bounded intervals. Biography Weierstrass was born into a Roman Catholic family in Ostenfelde, a village near Ennigerloh, in the Province of Westphalia. Weierstrass was the son of Wilhelm Weierstrass, a government official, and Theodora Vonderforst both of whom were catholic Rhinelanders. His int ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Bernard Bolzano
Bernard Bolzano (, ; ; ; born Bernardus Placidus Johann Gonzal Nepomuk Bolzano; 5 October 1781 – 18 December 1848) was a Bohemian mathematician, logician, philosopher, theologian and Catholic priest of Italian extraction, also known for his liberal views. Bolzano wrote in German, his native language. For the most part, his work came to prominence posthumously. Family Bolzano was the son of two pious Catholics. His father, Bernard Pompeius Bolzano, was an Italian who had moved to Prague, where he married Maria Cecilia Maurer who came from Prague's Germanspeaking family Maurer. Only two of their twelve children lived to adulthood. Career Bolzano entered the University of Prague in 1796 and studied mathematics, philosophy and physics. In 1796 Bolzano enrolled in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Prague. During his studies he wrote: "My special predilection for Mathematics is based in a particular way on its speculative aspects, in other words, I greatly apprec ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Carl Friedrich Gauss
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (; german: Gauß ; la, Carolus Fridericus Gauss; 30 April 177723 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physicist who made significant contributions to many fields in mathematics and science. Sometimes referred to as the ''Princeps mathematicorum'' () and "the greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had an exceptional influence in many fields of mathematics and science, and he is ranked among history's most influential mathematicians. Also available at Retrieved 23 February 2014. Comprehensive biographical article. Biography Early years Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on 30 April 1777 in Brunswick (Braunschweig), in the Duchy of BrunswickWolfenbüttel (now part of Lower Saxony, Germany), to poor, workingclass parents. His mother was illiterate and never recorded the date of his birth, remembering only that he had been born on a Wednesday, eight days before the Feast of the Ascension (which occurs 39 days after Easter). Ga ... [...More Info...] [...Related Items...] OR: [Wikipedia] [Google] [Baidu] 

Joseph Louis Lagrange
JosephLouis Lagrange (born Giuseppe Luigi LagrangiaJosephLouis Lagrange, comte de l’Empire ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' or Giuseppe Ludovico De la Grange Tournier; 25 January 1736 – 10 April 1813), also reported as Giuseppe Luigi Lagrange or Lagrangia, was an Italian and , later naturalized 