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Layering
Layering has evolved as a common means of vegetative propagation of numerous species in natural environments. Layering is also utilized by horticulturists to propagate desirable plants. Natural layering typically occurs when a branch touches the ground, whereupon it produces adventitious roots Important structures in plant development are buds In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialise .... At a later stage the connection with the parent plant is severed and a new plant is produced as a result. The horticultural layering process typically involves wounding the target region to expose the inner stem and optionally applying rooting compounds. In ground layering or simple layering, the stem is bent down and the target region is buried in the soil. This is done in plant nurseries A nursery is a place where plants are plant pr ...
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Cutting (plant)
A plant cutting is a piece of a plant that is used in horticulture for vegetative reproduction, vegetative (asexual) plant propagation, propagation. A piece of the Plant stem, stem or root of the source plant is placed in a suitable medium such as moist soil. If the conditions are suitable, the plant piece will begin to grow as a new plant independent of the Mother plant, parent, a process known as striking. A stem cutting produces new roots, and a root cutting produces new stems. Some plants can be grown from leaf pieces, called leaf cuttings, which produce both stems and roots. The scions used in grafting are also called cuttings. Propagating plants from cuttings is an ancient form of cloning. There are several advantages of cuttings, mainly that the produced offspring are practically clones of their parent plants. If a plant has favorable traits, it can continue to pass down its advantageous genetic information to its offspring. This is especially economically advantageous as it ...
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Layer (PSF)
Layer or layered may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Music Albums *Layers (Kungs album), ''Layers'' (Kungs album) *Layers (Les McCann album), ''Layers'' (Les McCann album) *Layers (Royce da 5'9" album), ''Layers'' (Royce da 5'9" album) Songs *"Layers", the title track of Royce da 5'9"'s Layers (Royce da 5'9" album), sixth studio album Other uses in arts, entertainment, and media *Mega Man X8#Maverick Hunters, Layer, a female Maverick Hunter in the ''Mega Man X'' series *Layer, an element in a digital painting Science * Stratum, a layer of rock or soil with internally consistent characteristics * Thermocline, a layer within a body of water where the temperature changes rapidly with depth *Layer, an area in the Neocortex#Layers, neocortex with specific structure and connection pattern among neurons Technology Computing * Layer (object-oriented design), a group of classes that have the same set of link-time module dependencies to other modules * Layers (digital image edi ...
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Coppicing
Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management A woodland () is, in the broad sense, land covered with trees, or in a narrow sense, synonymous with wood (or in the U.S., the ''plurale tantum A ''plurale tantum'' (Latin for "plural only"; ) is a noun that appears only in the plural The plu ... which exploits the capacity of many species of trees to put out new shoot In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Anci ...s from their stump or roots if cut down. In a coppiced wood, which is called a copse, young tree stems are repeatedly cut down to near ground level, resulting in a stool. New growth emerges, and after a number of years, the coppiced tree is harvested, and the cycle begins anew. Pollarding Pollarding is a pruning system involving the removal of the upp ...
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Malling Series
Malling may refer to: * Malling Rural Sanitary District, Kent, England - (1875–1894) * East Malling East is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass. It is the opposite direction from west. Etymology As in other languages, the word is formed from the fact that east is direction where the sun rises: ''east'' comes from Middl ... and West Malling West Malling ( , historically Town Malling) is a historic market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market ri ..., a village and town in the above Rural Sanitary District * Malling Abbey, an abbey of Anglican Benedictine nuns located in West Malling * Malling series, rootstocks for apple trees, classified at the East Malling Research Station * Malling, Moselle, France * Malling, Denmark * Otto Malling, a Danish composer * Søren Malling, a Danish actor {{disambiguation, geo ...
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Asexual Reproduction
Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process Biological processes are those processes that are vital for an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ὀργανισμός, ''organismos'') is ... that does not involve the fusion of gamete A gamete ( /ˈɡæmiːt/; from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply ...s or change in the number of chromosomes A chromosome is a long DNA molecule with part or all of the genome, genetic material of an organism. Most eukaryotic chromosomes include packaging proteins called histones which, aided by Chaperone (protein), chaperone proteins, bind to and D .... The offspring that arise by asexual reproduction from either unicellular or multicellular organism A ...
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Plant Reproduction
Plant reproduction is the production of new offspring in plants, which can be accomplished by sexual or asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction Sexual reproduction is a type of reproduction Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process Biological processes are those processes that are vital for an organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, ... produces offspring by the fusion of gamete A gamete ( /ˈɡæmiːt/; from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply ...s, resulting in offspring genetically different from either parent. Asexual reproduction Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process Biological processes are those processes that are vital for an organism In bio ...
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Cashew Of Pirangi
The cashew tree (''Anacardium occidentale'') is a tropical Evergreen, evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple Accessory fruit, pseudofruit. The tree can grow as high as , but the dwarf cultivars, growing up to , prove more profitable, with earlier maturity and greater yields. The cashew seed is often considered a Nut (fruit), nut in the culinary sense; this cashew nut is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. Like the tree, the nut is often simply called cashew. Culinary uses for cashew seeds in snacking and cooking are similar to those for all tree seeds called nuts. In 2017, Vietnam, India, and the Ivory Coast were the major producers. Cashew allergies are triggered by the proteins found in tree nuts, and cooking often does not remove or change these proteins. As well as the nut and fruit, the plant has several other uses. The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives that can be used in many applicatio ...
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Hedge Laying
Hedgelaying (or hedge laying) is a country skill practised mainly in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ... and Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ..., with many regional variations in style and technique. Hedgelaying is the process of bending and partially cutting (pleaching) through the stems of a line of shrubs or small trees near ground level and arching the stems without breaking them, so they can grow horizontally and be intertwined. The first description of hedgelaying is in Julius Caesar's ''Commentaries on the Gallic War ...
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Rooting Hormone
Rooting may refer to: * Gaining superuser access to a computer system ** Rooting (Android), attaining root access on Android devices ** Jailbreaking (iOS), overriding iOS software restrictions * Cutting (plant), a plant propagation technique * the rooting reflex {{disambiguation ...
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Plastic
Plastics are a wide range of syntheticA synthetic is an artificial material produced by organic chemistry, organic chemical synthesis. Synthetic may also refer to: In the sense of both "combination" and "artificial" * Synthetic chemical or synthetic compress, produced by the process ... or semi-synthetic materials that use polymer A polymer (; Greek ''wikt:poly-, poly-'', "many" + ''wikt:-mer, -mer'', "part") is a Chemical substance, substance or material consisting of very large molecules, or macromolecules, composed of many Repeat unit, repeating subunits. Due to thei ...s as a main ingredient. Their plasticity Plasticity may refer to: Science * Plasticity (physics), in engineering and physics, the propensity of a solid material to undergo permanent deformation under load * Neuroplasticity, in neuroscience, how entire brain structures, and the brain its ... makes it possible for plastics to be moulded, extruded allow bars to be joined with special connectors. Ex ...
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Cloth
A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibre Fiber or fibre (from la, fibra, links=no) is a natural Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, material world or universe The universe ( la, universus) i ...s or threads, which are produced by spinning Spin or spinning may refer to: Businesses * SPIN (cable system) SPIN (or South Pacific Island Network) was a submarine communications cable, submarine communications cable system that would connect the New Zealand to Tahiti and would connect sev ... raw fiber Fiber or fibre (from la, fibra, links=no) is a natural Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, material world or universe The universe ( la, universus) is all of space and time and their contents, including ...s (from either natural or synthetic sources) into long and twisted lengths. Textiles are the ...
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Sphagnum Moss
''Sphagnum'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), circumscribing) and classifying gr ... of approximately 380 accepted species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individu ... of moss Mosses are small, non-vascular flower A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom Cherry blossoms in Paris in full bloom. In botany, blossoms are the flowers of stone fruit fruit tree, trees (genus ''Prunus'') and of some other plant ...es, commonly known as "peat moss", although that term is also sometimes used for peat Peat (), also known as turf (), is an accumulation of partially deca ...
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