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Bird Watching
Birdwatching, or birding, is a form of wildlife observation in which the observation of birds is a recreational activity or citizen science. It can be done with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars and telescopes, by listening for bird sounds, or by watching public webcams. Birdwatching often involves a significant auditory component, as many bird species are more easily detected and identified by ear than by eye. Most birdwatchers pursue this activity for recreational or social reasons, unlike ornithology, ornithologists, who engage in the study of birds using formal scientific methods. Birding, birdwatching, and twitching The first recorded use of the term ''birdwatcher'' was in 1891; ''bird'' was introduced as a verb in 1918. The term ''birding'' was also used for the practice of ''fowling'' or hunting with firearms as in William Shakespeare, Shakespeare's ''The Merry Wives of Windsor'' (1602): "She laments sir... her husband goes this morni ...
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Hunting
Hunting is the practice of seeking, pursuing and capturing or killing wildlife Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular A multicellular organism is an organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, living system that functi ... or feral animal in St. Kilda, Scotland, St Kilda, Scotland A feral animal or plant (from la, fera, 'a wild beast') is one that lives in the wild but is descended from Domestication, domesticated specimens. As with an introduced species, the introduction of ...s. The most common reasons for human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most abundant and widespread species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A speci ...s to hunt are to harvest useful animal product An animal product, also known as lacticinia, is any ...
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Netherlands
) , national_anthem = ( en, "William of Nassau") , image_map = EU-Netherlands.svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = BES islands location map.svg , map_caption2 = , image_map3 = Netherlands-CIA WFB Map-10-10-10.png , capital = Amsterdam , largest_city = capital , coordinates = , admin_center = The Hague , admin_center_type = Government seat , official_languages = Dutch language, Dutch , languages_type = Regional , languages_sub = yes , languages = , languages2_type = Recognised , languages2_sub = yes , languages2 = , ethnic_groups = , ethnic_groups_year = 2020 , ethnic_groups_ref = , religion = , religion_year = 2019 , religion_ref = , demonym = Dutch , membership = Kingdom of the Netherlands , ...
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George Montagu (naturalist)
George Montagu (1753 – 20 June 1815) was an England, English army officer and natural history, naturalist. He was known for his pioneering ''Ornithological Dictionary'' of 1802, which for the first time accurately defined the status of Britain's birds. He is remembered today for species such as the Montagu's harrier, named for him. Life and work George Montagu was born to James Montagu (1713–1790), who was great-great-grandson of Lord James Montagu (d. 1665), who was younger son of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester. Montagu is best known for his ''Ornithological Dictionary'' (1802) and his contributions to early knowledge of British birds. He showed that many previously accepted species were invalid, either because they were birds in summer or winter plumage or males and females of the same species. His study of harriers resulted in the discovery that the Montagu's harrier was breeding in southern England. He was also involved in the first British records of cirl buntin ...
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Thomas Bewick
Thomas Bewick (c. 11 August 17538 November 1828) was an English wood-engraver and natural history Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms, including animals, fungus, fungi, and plants, in their natural environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. A person who studies natural history ... author. Early in his career he took on all kinds of work such as engraving cutlery Cutlery includes any hand implement used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food Food is any substance consumed to provide Nutrient, nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or Fungus, fungal origin, a ..., making the wood blocks for advertisements, and illustrating children's books. He gradually turned to illustrating, writing and publishing his own books, gaining an adult audience for the fine illustrations in ''A History of Quadrupeds''. His career began when he was apprenticed to engraver Ralph BeilbyR ...
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Gilbert White
Gilbert White FRS FRS may also refer to: Government and politics * Facility Registry System, a centrally managed Environmental Protection Agency database that identifies places of environmental interest in the United States * Family Resources Survey, a survey to c ... (18 July 1720 – 26 June 1793) was a "parson-naturalist A parson-naturalist was a cleric (a "parson A parson is an ordained Christian person responsible for a small area, typically a parish. The term was formerly often used for some Anglican Anglicanism is a Western Christianity, Western Chri ...", a pioneering English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ... naturalist Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organism In biology, an organism () is any organic, life, ...
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American Birding Association
The American Birding Association (ABA) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that o ..., founded in 1969, dedicated to recreational birding Birdwatching, or birding, is a form of wildlife observation in which the observation of bird Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrates constituting the class (biology), class Aves , characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaw ... in Canada and the United States. It has been called "the standard-bearer for serious birding in North America." Originally concentrated on finding, listing, and identifying rare birds, the ABA now seeks to serve all birders with a wide range of services and publications. History In December 1968, in the first issue (volume 0, number 0) of ''The Birdwatcher's Diges ...
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Life List
A life list, or life-list, is a list of all biological species seen by a person. The phrase is particularly common among bird watchers, some of whom compete with each other to have the most complete list. References

Birding and birdwatching {{biology-stub ...
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Twitchers' Vocabulary
Twitchers' vocabulary is the set of jargon Jargon is the specialized terminology associated with a particular field or area of activity. Jargon is normally employed in a particular Context (language use), communicative context and may not be well understood outside that context. The conte ... words used by twitcher Birdwatching, or birding, is a form of wildlife observation in which the observation of birds is a recreational activity or citizen science. It can be done with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars and telescopes ...s (committed birdwatchers who travel long distances to see a new species to add a species to their "life list A life list, or life-list, is a list of all biological species seen by a person. The phrase is particularly common among bird watchers, some of whom compete with each other to have the most complete list. References Birding and birdwatching ...", year list or other list). Some terms may be specific to region ...
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Golden-winged Warbler
The golden-winged warbler (''Vermivora chrysoptera'') is a New World warbler. It breeds in southeastern and south-central Canada and in the Appalachian Mountains in northeastern to north-central United States. The majority (~70%) of the global population breeds in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Manitoba. Golden-winged warbler populations are slowly expanding northwards, but are generally declining across its range, most likely as a result of habitat loss and competition/interbreeding with the very closely related blue-winged warbler, ''Vermivora cyanoptera''. Etymology The genus name ''Vermivora'' is from Latin ''vermis'' "worm", and ''vorare'', "to devour", and the specific ''chrysoptera'' is from Ancient Greek ''khrusos'', "gold", and ''pteron'', "wing". Description This is a small warbler, measuring long, weighing , and having a wingspan range 20 cm. The male has black throat, black ear patch bordered in white, and a yellow crown and wing patch. Females appear similar to males, w ...
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Kent
Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ... in South East England South East England is one of the nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, ... and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London Greater London is an Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, administrative area governed by the Greater London Authority, and a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that covers the bulk of the same area ... to the north-west, Surrey Surrey () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or ot ...
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Sweden
Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact characteristics ( human geography), and th ... in Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern region of Europe. Narrower definitions may describe Northern Europe as being roughly north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea, which is about 54th parallel north, 54°N, or may be based on other geographic ....The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's formal name is the Kingdom of SwedenUNGEGN World Geographical Names, Sweden./ref> It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund Strait. At , Sweden is the larges ...
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