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Wu Chinese
The Wu languages (; Romanization of Wu Chinese, Wu romanization and Romanization of Wu Chinese#IPA, IPA: ''ngu1 ngiu2'' [], Mandarin pinyin and IPA: ''Wúyǔ'' []) is a major group of Sinitic languages spoken primarily in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Zhejiang Province and the part of Jiangsu, Jiangsu Province south of the Yangtze River, which makes up the cultural region of Wu (region), Wu. The Suzhou dialect was the prestige dialect of Wu as of the 19th century and it formed the basis of Wu's koiné dialect, Shanghainese, at the History of Shanghai, turn of the 20th century. Speakers of various Wu languages sometimes inaccurately labelled their mother tongue as "Shanghainese" when introduced to foreigners. The languages of #subdivision, Northern Wu are mutually intelligible with each other, while those of #subdivision, Southern Wu are not. Historical linguistics, Historical linguists view Wu of great significance because it distinguished itself from other varieties of Chinese by preser ...
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Shanghai
Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze River, with the Huangpu River flowing through it. With a population of 24.87 million , it is the List of cities in China by population and built-up area, most populous urban area in China, the List of largest cities, most populous city proper in the world and the only List of cities by GDP, city in East Asia with a GDP greater than its corresponding capital. Shanghai is a global center for Global Financial Centres Index, finance, Shanghai#Economy, business and economics, List of cities by scientific output, research, Shanghai#Education and research, education, list of technology centers, science and technology, manufacturing, List of tourist attractions in Shanghai, tourism, Culture of Shanghai, culture and Tran ...
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Historical Linguistics
Historical linguistics, also termed diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change Language change is variation over time in a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing ... over time. Principal concerns of historical linguistics include: # to describe and account for observed changes in particular languages # to reconstruct the pre-history of languages and to determine their relatedness, grouping them into language families A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. Most languages have a writing system composed of glyphs to inscribe the original soun ... (comparative linguistics Comparative linguistics, or comparative-historical linguistics (formerly comparative philology) ...
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Standard Mandarin
Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca A lingua franca (; ; for plurals see ), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vehicular language, or link language, is a language or dialect The term dialect (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a ... among the speakers of various Mandarin and other varieties of Chinese Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, w ... (Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government ...
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Xinmin Weekly
''Xinmin Weekly'' (), literally meaning "New People Weekly", or "New Citizen Weekly", is a weekly news magazine published in Shanghai, China. It is owned by the Shanghai United Media Group. The magazine was officially launched on January 4, 1999. References External links Official website of ''Xinmin Weekly''Official website of ''Xinmin Weekly''
1999 establishments in China Chinese-language magazines (Simplified Chinese) Magazines established in 1999 Magazines published in Shanghai News magazines published in Asia Weekly magazines published in China Weekly news magazines {{news-mag-stub ...
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Pingtan (art Form)
''Pingtan'' (), also known as Suzhou pingtan, is a regional variety of ''quyi'' and a musical/oral performance art form popular in southern Jiangsu, northern Zhejiang, and Shanghai (the Jiangnan region of China). It originated in the city of Suzhou. It is a combination of the Chinese narrative musical traditions ''Pinghua (storytelling), pinghua'' and ''tanci''. It dates back to Song dynasty and is influenced by Wuyue culture. Created by the work of the Pingtan artists, this art form enjoys great popularity in Jiangnan. The long history has also laid a solid foundation for its development. Its contents are rich, though the form is simple. "story telling, joke cracking, music playing and aria singing" are the performing techniques, while "reasoning, tastes, unexpectedness, interest and minuteness" are the artistic features. Although it originated in Suzhou, Pingtan flourished in Shanghai with the development of commerce and culture at the turn of the 19th century and the 20th cen ...
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Shanghai Opera
Shanghai opera (), formerly known as Shenqu (), is a variety of Chinese opera from Shanghai typically sung in Shanghainese. It is unique in Chinese opera in that virtually all dramas in its repertoire today are set in the modern era (20th and 21st centuries). This arose from Yue opera's dominance in Shanghai in the 1940s. ''Huju'' is particularly popular in Baihe, the oldest town in the Qingpu District, Shanghai, Qingpu District of Shanghai. There are eight to ten ''huju'' ensembles in the Baihe, and many local residents hire these ensembles to perform for weddings and funerals. ''Huju'' is accompanied by Traditional Chinese musical instruments, traditional Chinese instruments, including ''dizi (instrument), dizi'' (transverse bamboo flute), ''erhu'' (two-stringed fiddle), ''pipa'' (pear-shaped lute), ''yangqin'' (hammered dulcimer), and percussion. The instrumentation and style are closely related to the instrumental genre of ''Jiangnan sizhu''. The well-known Chinese composi ...
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Yue Opera
Yue opera, also known as Shaoxing opera, is the Chinese opera genre. Only Peking opera is more popular nationwide. Originating in Shengzhou, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province in 1906, Yue opera features actresses in male roles as well as femininity in terms of singing, performing, and staging. Despite its rural origin, it has found a second home in Shanghai, China's most affluent city, where it managed to out-compete both Peking opera and the native Shanghai opera. As Yue opera uses is performed speaking in a variant of Wu Chinese, Wu, it is most popular in Wu-speaking areas including southern Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai. In addition, the opera also has a sizeable following in Hong Kong due to Shanghainese migration to the city. Like its performers, Yue opera fans are mainly women, resulting in a disproportionate number of love stories in its repertoire and very little acrobatic fighting. History Pre-history Prior to 1906, the antecedent to Yue opera was story-singing. It was ...
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Kitchen Language
A kitchen is a room (architecture), room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation in a dwelling or in a commercial establishment. A modern middle-class residential kitchen is typically equipped with a Kitchen stove, stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator, and worktops and kitchen cabinet (furniture), cabinets arranged according to a Modular Kitchen, modular design. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher, and other electric appliances. The main functions of a kitchen are to store, prepare and cook food (and to complete related tasks such as dishwashing). The room or area may also be used for dining (or small meals such as breakfast), entertaining and laundry. The design and construction of kitchens is a huge market all over the world. Commercial kitchens are found in restaurants, cafeterias, hotels, hospitals, educational and workplace facilities, army barracks, and similar establishments. These kitchens are generally larger and ...
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Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca A lingua franca (; ; for plurals see ), also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vehicular language, or link language, is a language or dialect The term dialect (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a ... among the speakers of various Mandarin and other varieties of Chinese Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, w ... (Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government ...
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State Language Commission
State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, United States * ''Our State'', a monthly magazine published in North Carolina and formerly called ''The State'' * The State (Larry Niven), a fictional future government in three novels by Larry Niven Music Groups and labels * States Records, an American record label * The State (band), Australian band previously known as the Cutters Albums * State (Todd Rundgren album), ''State'' (Todd Rundgren album), album by American rock musician Todd Rundgren * States (album), ''States'' (album), 2013 album by the indie folk band The Paper Kites * ''States'', an album by Klinik * The State (album), ''The State'' (album), a 1999 music album by Nickelback Television * The State (1993 TV series), ''The State'' (1993 TV series), an American sketch-comedy ...
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Checked Tone
A checked tone, commonly known by the Chinese calque In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the me ... entering tone, is one of the four syllable types in the phonology Phonology is a branch of linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of language. Linguistics encompasses the analysis of every aspect of lan ... in Middle Chinese Middle Chinese (formerly known as Ancient Chinese) or the Qieyun system (QYS) is the historical variety of Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country .... Although usually translated as "tone", a checked tone is not a tone Tone may refer to: Col ...
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